Countries: Albania, Italy, Iran, the Netherlands and the RP



LEMUN 2006: All GA Resolutions

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ALBANIA


FORUM: Political and Decolonization

QUESTION OF: Improving the Cooperation between Governments in order to Take Active Measures against Criminal Actions of Pirates in the Indian Ocean.

SUBMITTED BY: Albania (Mariam F. Dashti)

Noting with deep regret that according to IMB reports, the United States and NATO have warships in the region to protect vessels in the deeper waters farther from shore, but they are not permitted to operate in Somalia's territorial waters,

Recognizing Somalia for appealing for international help to combat pirates, who use speed boats, automatic weapons and satellite phones to target UN.-chartered ships and other vessels,

Further recognizing pirates have launched 23 attacks against ships off Somalia since March 15, the London-based International Maritime Bureau, which tracks piracy around the world, said on its web site,

Deeply disturbed that ICC’s International Maritime Bureau (IMB) warns that acts of piracy are on the rise in Somali waters because since March 2005, there have been at least five attempted hijackings, two of which escalated into full blown acts of life-threatening piracy,

Noting with concern that the pirate attacks are becoming more dangerous since it's now including violence like murder, and hostages,

1. Calls for a committee by the name of Piracy Elimination Organization (PEO), which will have headquarters in Geneva, that will consist of a board of directors that will supervise and examine all actions that pass through PEO in the meeting that will be held every 3 months and in case of an emergency situation an emergency meeting will be announced:
A. The board of directors will consist of 24 members, 4 members will be chosen from each continent not including Antarctica:
1. the members will be chosen by the continents' member nations, based on their experience on related field, several procedures must be taken to assure the experience of the member applying,
2. the members of the board will change every 3 years to allow other representation opinion, and ideas,
B. The board will meet to discuss the issue and problems mentioned in the report by the action branch, and look at any improvement by the committee, and will look at the proper actions towards the issue,
C. The board will decide whether or not the people under the attack of the pirates will receive replacements of the items that have been stolen,
D. The decision that will be made between the directors will be decided by a vote;

2. Calls upon the formation of a sub-branch under the PEO that will consist of experts in the field of combating piracy that will:
A. Create a research branch that will:
1. conduct research on the history of piracy and past actions that have taken place,
2. research and decide on what the issues' roots are,
3. recommend proper actions that can take place in order to eliminate piracy with its roots,
B. Create action branches in each continent whose locations will be decided upon after the resolution has passed using the information the research team has come up with that will:
1. keep track of reported or unreported piracy operations,
2. make sure that all the people that have been in the middle of the piracy attack return safely,
3. keep tack of all updated news concerning all piracy attacks (i.e. if a pirate attack involved hostages and demand ransom, that branch will report it to the board of directors, and keep up with all the updated news)
4. catch any pirates that have been involved in pirates attacks and send the person to his/her country and the country will have the authorization of prosecuting the person,
C. be able to do so by:
1. each branch will be assigned a certain number of countries depending of the rate of piracy attacks in every country,
2. the branch shall make a report every 6 months, that will include the increase or decrease of the rate of piracy,
3. trying to trap the pirates by missions and safeguard polices in the ocean that will be carried out after the approval of the board of directors;

3. Assuring that after the formation of the following committees all nations will be part of the issue and the governments will be working together in order to eliminate the issue;

4. Requests the formation of a donating committee under the PEO that would replace the items that have been stolen by the pirates with the authorization of the board of directors and this donating committee:
A. Would be run by a new committee that would consist of 18 members that would be chosen from the 6 different continents, and would be changed every five years, and the process of choosing them would be similar to the ones of the directors,
B. Would use the money, with the authorization of the director after voting on it, to replace a portion of the stolen merchandise in the piracy attacks,
C. Will perform fund-raisers and will accept donations from all countries;

5. Notes all nations that help will be recognized for their help and their great effort in cooperation,

6. Urges all UN members to donate battle ships to countries in need for it but can't afford it.

 

 

Delegate: The Republic of Albania (Muneera Al Jouan)
Commission: Disarmament & International Security
Question of: Combating Illegal Trade in Small Arms in South Asia

Defining this issue as "battling illicit trade in small weapons and armaments in South Asia,

Recognizing small arms as weapons such as hand guns, pistols, sub-machine guns, light missiles, and mortars,

Noting With Deep Concern that there are around 600 million small arms in exchange today around the world according to the UN,

Keeping In Mind that people use small arms because they are commonly available, are cheap and reusable,

Noting With Regret that the availability of small arms makes peace harder to accomplish,

Deeply Disturbed that in Bangladesh alone, 240,000 illegal arms are being used by terrorists and 30,000 licensed guns are in illegal use,

Approving the UN’s efforts and for starting the United Nations Conference on Illicit Traffic in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, and for adopting a program called the Program of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons, in All Its Aspects,

Deeply Concerned that according to the UN, 47 out of 49 major conflicts in the 1990s, were using small arms as their weapons of choice,

Noting With Regret that according to the UN small arms are responsible for about half a million deaths per year, 300,000 in armed conflict and 200,000 from homicides and suicides,

Emphasizing that the use of small arms and light weapons destabilize countries, extend conflicts, get in the way of relief programs, weaken peace plans, intensify human rights violations, slow down development, and encourage a culture of violence,

1. Resolves the creation of a committee called the Committee on Combating the Illegal Trade in Small Arms in South Asia (CCITSASA) under the Program of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons, in All Its Aspects, which will:
A. Be composed of:
1. A representative from each South Asian country ,
2. The representatives will be picked by the country itself based on their knowledge on the illegal trade in small arms, and disarmament,
3. A president and vice-president, which will be elected by the members,
B. Be headquartered in:
1. In New Delhi, India,
2. Will meet every year or whenever there is an emergency involving the illegal trade in small arms and light weapons,
3. Have a branch in every South Asian country,
4. Each branch will have a head and as much staff members as needed depending on the country,
5. The head will be chosen by the United Nations based on their knowledge on the trade of small arms in the country they will be a head of branch in and their knowledge on the trade in small arms in South Asia,

2. Further Resolves that the committee will appoint, with the permission of the country, inspectors in each country, who will:
A. Look where small arms and light weapons are being used and traded,
B. Be chosen by either the committee or the country,
C. Submit reports on their inspection to the committee,

3. Further Recommends that the countries who join the CCITSASA to oblige serious rules, which will be the following:
A. Once joining the CCITSASA, the country cannot withdraw,
B. Recommends that the countries should send undercover police to where the inspectors found small arms being used, so they can catch illegal small arms traders,
C. The country should make a law that any illegal small arms or light weapon traders will have severe punishments depending on what or how much they traded, which will be the following punishments:
1. Jail time, time depends on how much and what kind of weapon the person traded,
2. Will have to pay a fine, amount depends on how much and what kind of weapon the person traded,

4. Urges the countries to increase police controls around the country to prevent and to catch illegal trading in small arms, in the following places:
A. In the places where the inspectors found the small arms being traded,
B. In the border, since many small arms are trafficked and then traded,

5. Further Resolves that the public should be informed about the illegal trading of small arms, so they can report to the police if they see illegal small arms traders, they should be informed in ways, such as:
A. Campaigns,
B. Seminars explaining why illegal trading of small arms is dangerous, the dangers of small arms, and how people are using small arms,
C. Pamphlets explaining the dangers of small arms, why the illegal trading of it is dangerous and how people are using small arms,

6. Expresses Its Hope that all countries join the CCITSASA so we can be a step closer to preventing and ending the illegal trade of small arms and light weapons, and a step closer to having a peaceful world.

 

 

FORUM: Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural
QUESTION OF: Oppression of Ethnic and Religious Minorities
SUBMITTED BY: Albania (Dana)

Having studied almost all nations has one or more minority groups within their territories,

Recalling that a minority group generally refers to either a sub group that does not form the majority of the total population which is disadvantaged and has less power politically or economically,

Expressing with appreciation that there are many NGO's involved in this issue i.e. Amnesty International, Human Rights Congress for Bangladesh Minorities, Human Rights Watch, International Association for Religious Freedom, Minority Rights Group, etc.,

Realizing that in previous years in Rwanda where the Hutus and the Tutsis faced a problem even though they followed the same religion. It is difficult to determine the main cause of the conflict because there are many causes i.e. racial ethnical, religious, etc.,

Having considered that there is a higher risk of conflicts when multiple minority groups live together in one country. Lots of conflicts that occurred because of multiple minorities are Bosnia, China, India, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Indonesia, Middle East, Northern Ireland, Sudan, and Tibet,

Reaffirming that one of the basic aims of the United Nations is to encourage respect for human rights and freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion,

Bearing in mind the work that the United Nations system has accomplished so far like the Commission on Human Rights, the Sub commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities especially the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities,

Fully aware of article 1 from the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities which states: States shall protect the existence and the national or ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic identity of minorities within their respective territories and shall encourage conditions for the promotion of that identity,

Taking into account the important work which is done by intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations in protecting minorities and in promoting and protecting the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,

Recognizing the need to ensure even more effective implementation of international human rights instruments with regard to the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,

Deeply concerned, in particular, about the recent increase in the number of cases in which conflicts involving the protection and the right of participation of minorities have been deliberately provoked and have escalated into violence,

1. Calls for the creation of an agency The protection of Minority's Human Rights( PMHR) which will:
A. Make sure that minorities are protected as individuals and get their human rights through the rule of law in democracy by:
1. Choosing representatives by HRW and will have a president chosen by the UN, have to be experts on writing reports;
2. Staying in the country assigned for them and send reports that contain the conditions of the following for the minority:
a. health;
b. house/ shelter ;
c. enough food is provided for them;
d. equality for persons belonging to minorities with regard to access to education at all levels;
4. there will be as many representatives as needed;
5. these representatives and all the other members of the organization will meet every 3-5 months, they will meet in:
a. Geneva (headquarters.),
b. There will be as many branches needed in each continent,
B. Provide incentives for the governments, which is linked to WHO, and these incentives are:
1. health care centers/ medical care;
2. education;
3. food and shelter;
C. Ensure that governments are fully aware of the consequences of their actions by:
1. sending them warning and awakening them on the consequences they might get from oppressing minorities;
2. the second warning would refer the oppressing nation to the SC for consequences;
D. Make sure that minorities and their representatives:
1. seek peaceful solutions to their problems but still refrain from using violence in securing their rights;
2. hold meetings held every 2 months to determine relevant issues;

2. Encourages increasing the budget of the agency through:
A. donations by nations, individuals or other charitable organizations which will be used to :
1. institute education centers so that people are better informed on the issue;
2. provide health centers, education, shelter, food, etc.;

3. Carry out further necessary actions to protect minorities;

4. Urges nations to join the PMHR and to attend every meeting and come up with new ideas to help protect and eliminate oppression of ethnic and religious minorities.





Iran




Commission: Disarmament
Question: Reducing military budgets in order to provide peace and security
Delegate: The Islamic Republic of Iran
Student: Reem Al-Thekair

Threatened by the fact that the US military budgets accounted for 49'% of the (2) world's total in 2004 and along with the other top four countries, 70% of the world's total budget,

Acknowledging that the world's military budget increased by 18% in the years (5) 2002 and 2003 and continues to increase,

Noting with regret that the developing countries are being forced by developed countries to increase their military budgets to insure their safety and security,

Pointing out that if countries reduce their military budget they will have more money to solve other issues within their nations,

Further points that there are many countries in need of aid and assistance,

Defines peace as the absence of war or other hostilities; also an agreement or a treaty to end hostilities; www.dictionary.com,

Further defines security as the Freedom from risk or danger; safety,

Notes with regret that the poor countries are facing threat from the rich nations due to one reason "money";

1. Creation of an organization which will be named the World Military Budget Watcher Organization (WMBWO), which will:
A. Assign evaluators, recommended by state parties, to evaluate all nations of the world of their military budgets,
B. Insure all military budgets will be reduced and that the goal at hand is reached,
C. Consist of:
i. Evaluators,
ii. Watchers,
iii. Investigators,
iv. Army solders and officers,
D. All teams stated above will be recommended and chosen by state parties’ evaluation,
E. The WMBWO and the WMT will meet twice a year, more if needed, in the headquarters which is located in Geneva and more meetings will occur when needed. These meetings will:
1. Be composed of:
a. Three members from the most affected nations,
b. Two members from the affected nations,
c. One member from the least affected nations;
2. Talk about accomplishments, losses and needs that affect the topic at hand,
3. Discuss and make choices together on all decision making problems;

2. Creation of a list that will:
A. Prove to all nations which nations should be controlled and which nations are truly innocent,
B. Help the WMBWO decide on which country should be dealt with at first and which at last;

3. Create incentives, which are not created to bribe nations, to all nations who sign this resolution, such as:
A. Increasing their financial position, since they will not be spending a great deal on military expenses,
B. Decreasing in the rate of death from wars,
C. Giving other incentives will be decided during the annual meetings;

4. Further the creation of a fund organization which will be named the Nations' Fund Organization (NFO), which will:
A. Collect donations from countries who decide to aid the countries in need,
B. Evaluate all nations in need for economic aid,
C. Help all nations in need not only economically but also medically,

5. Calls upon all nations to realize that the nations who don’t sign this resolution are the nations whom we should be threatened by;

6. Congratulates and thanks all nations, organizations, governments and all whom have tried to solve this issue;

7. Invites an increased number of UN members to get involved;

 

 

Issue: Reducing Lack of Water in Relation to Desertification, Droughts, and Water Shortages
Country: The Islamic Republic of Iran
Delegate: Abdulaziz AL Mutawa
Commission: Environment and Ecology

Acknowledging Mr. Dwight D. Eisenhower on his very wide quote of : "Among these treasures of our land is water fast becoming our most valuable, most prized, most critical resource, a blessing where properly used, but it can bring devastation and ruin when left uncontrolled, ",

Alarmed by the rate of foul water that is being produced worldwide and sold as sanitary water to the less fortunate nations of the modern world,

Guided by ALLAH when he said in the holy Quraan " when we sacrificed water as the secret of life ", and the teachings of Islam and Allah that water is the secret of life and one must take an advantage of that precious gift before it runs out,

Deeply convinced that a number of misled governments are stealing water and have water being stolen from them right out in the open and no body in the international community is taking care of the issue,

Further alarmed by the fact that water shortages create extreme poverty issues, lay the extreme percentage of water being wasted global wise,

Extremely alarmed that according to the former Soviet union intelligence agency, the KGB, that the American Canadian borders are facing a very delicate issue on one of the five great lakes which they resolved by dividing the water to fifty percentage each,

Fully Aware that according to the Iranian national news agency (Iran) of the economic disaster Jordan is facing due to the lack of water in the agriculture based economy and losing an average of $2 billion a year,

Noting that according to the Iranian intelligence agency that starting a committee based on donations would fail due to the fact that donor fatigue is an issue after several natural disasters, as proven in Syria ,Peru, Israel, Turkey,

1.Resolves the creation of the Global Sea Security convention in Tehran (GSSCT) that will ensure that hygienic water will be delivered into all parts of the world in need of it, the convention will contain:
A. An Agency that will enforce the convention,
B. An administrative branch of the convention , that will take care of reports and office work,
1. Repots to the united nations,
2. Executive orders to the agency's branches ( if necessary),
C. A strict set of laws reinforcing the convention rules and regulations,

2. Calls upon the creation of the Global Water Security agency (GWSA) acting under the United Nations authority and subordinate to the GSSCT in all continents which will contain:
A. A research committee, that will
1. Receive complaints of the misusages of water around the globe,
2. Research the complaint and discuss effective ways to deal with the issue,
3. Propose suggestions on the ideal ways of solving the crisis,
4. Inform all sides of the complaints of the existing issues and that something has to be done,
B. A Legal committee that will in effect be responsible of:
1. Utilizing the aid from the Security Council and the authority of the International Court of Justice, issue the correct judgment that will effectively,
2. Solve the issue in a way that all nations are satisfied,
3. Ensure that the price of sanitary water will not be subsidized in any way possible,
4. Decide on the punishments of the violating nations,
a. Recommend to the Security Council for sanctions,
b. Recommend to the ICJ

3. Strongly obliges the nation violating the other nation’s rights to compensate any loss in any ways to any damage done by the lack of water,
A. An administrative committee that will be responsible of:
1. Sending monthly reports of any progress made in any of the complaints issues,
2. Take care of all national issues with subordinate nations to the convention,

4. Affirms that the members of each member in the GWSA will be:
A. Qualified researchers from around the globe specialized in environmental issues,
B. Experienced researchers of politics that will take care of national sovereignty issues with the complaining nations,
C. Certified global judges concerned in all environmental issues worldwide,
D. A group of environmental lawyers that may be appointed to the nations that comes with complaints, if the nations cannot afford the legal costs,
E. A group of experienced United Nations law makers that are familiar with the laws and their rules and regulations of the United Nations,
F. A number of highly recommended office staff that are dedicated on finding a solution for current important environmental issues,
G. A group of Administrative staff that is familiar with the procedures and regulations of the United Nations,

5. Affirms that the members of each member in the GWSA will be:
A. The Research committee:
1. Qualified researchers from around the globe specialized in environmental issues,
2. Experienced researchers of politics that will take care of national sovereignty issues with the complaining nations,
B. The Legal committee:
1.Certified global judges concerned in all environmental issues worldwide,
2.A group of environmental lawyers that may be appointed to the nations that come with complaints, if the nations cannot afford the legal costs,
3. A group of experienced United Nations law makers that very familiar with the laws and their rules and regulations of the United Nations,
C. The Administrative Committee :
1. A number of highly recommended office staff that are dedicated on finding a solution to current important environmental issues,
2. A group of Administrative staff that are familiar with the procedures and regulations of the United Nations,

6. Further resolves that the GSSCT will strictly enforce the following rules:
A. A nation must be either in need of sanitary water in order to be a part of the agency or a nation that has its full capacities to provide sanitary water, capabilities such as:
1. A strong economy,
2. A respected health department,
3. A Strong and respected and trusted government,
B. Any nation caught practicing illegal actions by providing clean water will be prosecuted by international law systems,
C. Any nation willing to help the GSSCT but has no direct connection with fresh water issues is more than welcome to do so, however in order to maintain the effectiveness of the agency and convention it shall not become a member of the any of the agencies,

7. Approves of the creation of a temporary board of directors that only meet when a crisis is at hand to decide on the incentives that may be provided to the nation that fully complies first,
A. The members will be the directors of the three branches of the agency,
B. The incentives may be numerous but some are:
1.Economic aid,
2.The Technology needed to start a sanitary water treatment plant to provide fresh water in all parts of infected nations,
3.The increase in credibility of the nation worldwide by publishing the great accomplishments of the mentioned nation,

8. Encourages Nations that are willing to help not to join the agency but join the convention due to the following reasons:
A. If the agency is listed with a roaster list of nations what is the difference from the General assembly,
B. The smaller the numbers of defected nations seeking help the more efficient an answer will be figured out,

9. Strongly urges all affected countries to submit annual reports about the situation of the water resource problem in the area
A. Statistics about the overall water consumption,
B. Data about the current situation of water pollution
C. the efforts of the state to improve the current situation.

 

 

Delegation: The Islamic Republic Of Iran
Delegate: Ahmed Al-Mughni
Forum: Environment
Issue: Effective Prevention and Instigation of Widespread Religious Humiliation of Muslim Detainees

Acknowledges that according to the Los Angeles Times reports, that at least 10 percent of the 625 war prisoners captured in Afghanistan and now held at the infamous US naval base prison in Guantanamo Bay have "no meaningful connection" with the Taliban or Al Qaeda and were brought into the camp with a gun pointed at the back of their heads,

Regrets that the majority of the world either believes or is scared to speak their opinion when Ms. Rice once stated, "We have always respected our international legal obligations and we have led the world in developing new international law",

Condemns the US by the devastating accounts WHERE in capturing innocent people such as A. Having the US forces locking up prisoners in buildings for beatings, including punching and kicking. a 115-page folder by ex-detainees alleges that one prisoner was left with brain damage after soldiers beat him as punishment for attempting suicide,
B Detainees forcibly were injected with drugs; shackled, hooded and forced to squat for hours or days; being kept without clothing in freezing air conditioning and less than minimum hours of sleep,
C. Sexual humiliation including photographing prisoners without clothing and subjecting them to unwarranted and brutal anal searches.
D. Psychological torture, including being held in isolation for weeks or months with threats to kill them. The ex-prisoner claimed that at Guantanamo, one US soldier told him, "You killed my family in the towers and now it’s time to get you back,
E. Religious harassment including the forced shaving of detainee’s beards and guards throwing prisoners Holy Quran into toilets,

Acknowledges that Mr. George W. Bush keeps denying the personal records (in picture and video) of ex-prisoners; all he keeps doing is denying, whereas statements by former British prisoners at Guantanamo Bay provide further proof that the sadistic torture used at Abu Ghraib in Iraq originated in Afghanistan and the Guantanamo bay. The declarations were followed by new evidence that Australian detainees in Guantanamo Bay (David Hicks and Mamdouh Habib,

Bearing in mind that the US are completely taking the matter as a joke, just ecently the US Secretary of Defense went out on international television while eating classy food, claiming it was what the detainees were eating at the torture camp; a scandalous disgrace to modern civilization,

Further Acknowledges that the US is also keeping quiet on the "Israeli" prisoner camps; "For all I care, they can starve to death!" stated the "Israeli" Minister for Internal Security Tzahi Hanegbi after a prisoner hunger strike because of the lack of the abundance of abuse going on,

Taking into consideration that there is video evidence of a young Tzahi and friends hunting Muslim students down with bicycle chains; who wouldn’t have expected the "Israel" mission to bring down Islam when such low-life human beings is leading Zionists,

Extremely alarmed that the IDF ("Israeli" Defense Forces) declare again and again that they are at war. And at such times, war permits them to commit acts such as "targeted eliminations", which, in any other situation, would be called murder. But in a war, one kills the enemy without court proceedings. And in general, the killing and wounding of people, demolition of homes, and all the other acts of the occupiers that have become daily occurrences are being justified by the state of war; in other words when a soldier wears uniform, he is justified to do so, and when he isn’t wearing uniform he is considered a criminal or terrorist (a.k.a the Palestinian Militias),

Noting with alarm that, according to the LA times, 40% of all prisoners held in Guantanmo Bay have "no connection with Al-Qaeda,"

1. Establishes the organization of RDP (Religious Degradation Prevention), which would thoroughly investigate interrogation camps that are suspected of having exceedingly savage interrogation techniques, the evidence must be credible and convincing to the RDP committee,

2. Approves that RDP investigators will be placed in a two month period (subject to the random checks given out) will have the power to;
A. Instantly halt a interrogation, placing interrogator generals and leaders into trial; and if found extremely guilty, they would be handed to a approved courtroom of the RDP,
B. Visit prisoners held in the RDP cells temporarily, just until the case’s verdict; the nations of the prisoner have the right to recall a person of their nationality and place a judgment by themselves (at that time only),
C. Give judges the power to shut down the camp completely (which can happen depending on the verdict),

3. Further approves that observers must be form from the most prominent country of the respective prisoner’s religion; and can be interviewed by the interrogation camp’s nation,

4. Confirms that the RDP investigators would be highly religious people elected by various nations in the UN, with the most worthy investigators would be chosen by the SC,

5. Affirms that integrators would also be from a nation most prominent of that religion of the prisoners; if there are minorities, a diminutive amount of instigators from the most prominent nation of that religion would be permitted,

6. Further confirms that stales nation detainees would stay at the RDP headquarters and be interrogated by a branch of the RDP used solely for interrogation using techniques that will be discussed between the RDP, SC, ICJ, and ICC representatives,

 

 

Submitted By: Iran
Commission: ECOSOC
Issue of: Controlling the High Level of Energy Consumption by Fast Developing Countries
Student: Abdulaziz Al-Bahar

Deeply Disturbed by information coming from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) concerning the United States’ role in wasting the world’s energy, as it uses up 25% of the world’s energy resources,

Noting with Concern according to the Foundation of American Scientists (FAS) the fact that Israel established its "Dimona" Nuclear Reactor and has tried to hide it from the world since its operation in 1964, let alone the fact that it is the primary plant used for the construction of its nuclear weapons,

Expressing Its Appreciation towards Japan for, as stated by the Al-Jazeera News Network, its successful and efficient establishment of the "Monju" Fast Breeder Reactor, paving the way for safer, less toxic nuclear energy research,

Fully Deploring the United States, as the US EIA proves, for having not built an active nuclear power plant in the past 2,

Noting according to the US EIA the environmental hazards that can result from usage of fossil fuels as an energy source, and further noting that the USA is responsible for 24% of the world’s carbon emissions due to their use of fossil fuels,

Viewing the statement of the head of the Federal Atomic Agency in Russia, as provided by the Moscow News, "There are no complaints against us from the IAEA, or against Iran, because we are following all the required procedures," to be completely true,

Congratulating China as stated by the US EIA, for consuming only 10% of the world’s energy, although it has around 22% of the world’s population and one of the largest industries in the world , unlike the energy-wasting, war-loving USA,

Welcoming research in the fields of nuclear technology that can be developed for peaceful purposes, and not for developing weapons of mass destruction;

1. Declares the formation of the United Nations Protocol on Energy Usage (UNPEU) which will be established under the guidance of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and whose signatory members will be all the member countries of the IAEA;

2. Resolves that nations signatory to the UNPEU who are currently noted to have nuclear weapons by the IAEA and have not been actively pursuing peacetime nuclear programs must pay taxes based on:
A. Percentage of world energy consumption:
1. Nations who consume above 10% of the world’s energy will pay taxes directly proportional to their consumption as stated in clause 5,
2. Nations who consume under 10% of the world’s energy will not have to pay taxes, but will pay funds equal to 5% of their funding for the UN;
B. Maintenance of recent nuclear power plants:
1. If a country has not built a nuclear power plant for energy generation during the last 20 years or more then it must pay taxes as stated in clause 5;
C. Amount of hazardous chemical emissions:
1. Countries that emit more than 10% of the world’s carbon emissions must pay taxes directly proportional to their emissions as stated in clause 5 and must prove within 5 years that they are trying to decrease emissions as much as possible,
2. Countries that emit less than 10% of the world’s carbon emissions must prove within 7 years that they are trying to decrease emissions as much as possible;

3. Designates the profits from the above payments to enter the International Nuclear Fund (INF) which will be established under the UNPEU and used to fund nuclear energy research for peaceful purposes, with surplis funding going to the UNDP, to countries using the IAEA’s definition of peaceful nuclear energy, in countries that are:
A. Actively pursuing peaceful nuclear energy programs,
B. Have a per capita GDP of at most $8,000,
C. Approved at an UNPEU session for requesting a reasonable amount of funds based on their needs,

4. Confirms that the United Nations will fervently support nations who display the following:
A. Show an avid interest in pursuing nuclear programs for peaceful purposes and show their potential in that area due to:
1. Benefits reaped for the country economically and environmentally,
2. Technological advancement that would benefit the world;
b. Having no history of threatening international security so as to quell hypes of possible nuclear weapons build-up,
c. Have a per capita GDP of under $8,000, because countries with a higher standard of living do not need such technology and are capable of developing it without outside help;

5. Affirms that the countries signatory to the (UNPEU) will meet every 6 months in a meeting place to be voted upon at each session separately, with the first meeting being in Geneva, Switzerland to:
A. Vote on the exact amount of the taxation,
B. Discuss developments of nuclear programs worldwide and come up with ideas on how to solve arising problems concerning nuclear energy and technology, and refer the discussion to the IAEA,
C. Hold emergency sessions, if there are any crucial issues that must be resolved and cannot wait until the next regular session;





Italy





Delegation: Italy
Forum: Disarmament
Question of: The Creation of a UN Army which will Remain Independent of Member Control.

Pointing out that an independent army is a tactical and administrative military unit organized for a specific cause,

Having studied, according to UN official documents, that up to one million soldiers, police officers and civilians have served under the UN flag in the last 56 years, as of June 2004, 97 countries were contributing a total of more than 56,000 uniformed personnel-the highest number since 1995, according to UN official documents,

Guided by, according to Encarta Encyclopedia, the NATO military and command structrue that has revealed success and competence in numerous cases such as in 1994 when NATO airstrikes help bring the war in Bosnia to an end, resulting in the Dayton Agreement,

Noting with regret, according to CNN, the fact that UN peacekeeping forces have been inefficient and keeping conflicts unresolved in many cases and still has more than 30 uncompleted missions (for e.x. United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan),

Taking into consideration that, according to UN.org, all member states are legally obliged to pay their share of peacekeeping costs under a complex formula that they themselves have established,

Noting with concern, that according to Wikipedia Encyclopedia, internal problems with UN peacekeeping operations have been isolated by the media, prime example of UN failure was the continued genocide in Rwanda, where the United Nations was unable to garner international support for aid to the country, where millions of deaths resulted UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan recently confirmed these issues with peacekeeping missions and vowed to reform,

Alarmed by that, according to Wikipedia Encyclopedia, the UN spends less per year on peacekeeping worldwide than the City of New York spends on the annual budgets of its fire and police departments, which makes UN peacekeeping forces cost effective,

Viewing with appreciation The European Security Strategy, which is the policy document that guides the European Union's international security strategy, and hopes that the UN will imitate those steps in order to internationalize the benefites and responsibiites,

Congratulating, based on UN official statistics Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Ghana, India, Ethiopia, South Africa, Uruguay, Jordan, and Kenya for being the 10 main troop-contributing countries to UN Peacekeeping operations,

1. Resolves the creation of a United Nations independent army through::
A. requiring all nations willing to be part of the UN Army program to sign a protocol which will include the following obligations:
i. donate troops to the UN army program, which will be trained by and paid by the UN,
ii. legal requirment to financially provide the army the same way they are required to fund the UN peacekeeping forces,
iii. states that choose not to sign the protocol will be excluded from the UN Army program,

2. Emphasizing that the UN army’s mission will be to protect signers of the protocol under the following circumstances:
A. attack from an offensive nation,
B. civil disputes within a state,
C. terrorism or organized crimes,

3. Declares that the UN army action will be initiated by the following:
A. the failure of the UN peacekeeping forces to enforce peace and security within an acceptable time horizon expressed by a UN peacekeeping report espressing their uncapability at handling the situation at hand,
B. an approval expressed by majority vote of all contributing nations:
I. votes will be weighed according to each states’ financial and materialistic contribution to the army,

4. Confirms that the UN army in a particular region will keep the signers up to date by send a monthly report concerning all developments;

5. Designates that there will be one military bases in each of the following continents Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America and will be ready for rapid action under all circumstances.

 

 

Delegation: Italy
Commission: Human Rights
Question of: The Situation of Democracy and Human Rights in Belarus

Noting with deep regret that, according to the Human Rights Watch (HRW), the actions by the government continued its crackdown on the opposition, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), the independent media, and religious groups causing the citizen life to demolish in Belarus,

Fully alarmed that, according to HRW, the events of September 11 and their aftermath again pushed Belarus far from the international spotlight,

Keeping in mind that many nations in the United Nations Security Council suggested imposing sanctions on Belarus including the USA and many of the European countries,

Deeply Regressing that, according to HRW, many citizens in the area suffered from the civil unrest like series of tax raids and confiscation of equipment and publications that accompanied the election campaign in 2001, causing the Belarusian authorities moved to a new level of intimidation of the media by launching criminal libel suits against journalists,

Deeply Disturbed that, according to HRW, an example of the disputed election is the situation of one of Lukashenka's major opponents, former Prime Minister Mikhail Chigir, was sentenced in July 2002 to three years in prison for tax evasion, with the execution of the sentence postponed for two years, and in 2001 the government had prevented Chigir from running for president by launching politically motivated charges of abuse of office and imprisoning him,

Bearing in Mind that, according to http://www.belarus-misc.org/bel-crisis.htm, some of the "Disappeared" Belarusian Leaders & Media Representatives are: Belarusian opposition activist and former Interior Minister, General Yury Zakharenko on May 7, 1999, Opposition leader Viktor Hanchar (Gonchar) and his associate Anatoly Krasovsky disappeared on September 16, 1999, Press photographer for Russian Public Television (ORT), Dmitry Zavadsky has been missing since his kidnapping at the Miensk airport on July 7, 2000. Zavadsky had been previously jailed in August, 1997,

Expressing Its Satisfaction at Georgia for, according to the information on the encyclopaedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_presidential_election%2C_2004, having a successful re-election procedure after a dispute in the previous elections, this lead to a successful re-formation of the government, the election was successful because of the efforts of the UN election monitors that proved their importance to make any fraud public,

Having studied many governments have passed in similar situation where the government have been accused of winning a disputed election, like the Republic of Philippines, when Marcos (ex-president) was force by the people to end his presidency after a disputed election, Georgia, and the Ukraine,

Expressing Its appreciation to the UN sub-organization under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs which serves as the Focal Point for Electoral Assistance Activities, called The United Nations Electoral Assistance Division (EAD) and its action in support for national election observers was provided in Mexico in 1994 and 1997, Ethiopia and Kenya in 1992 and subsequently provided to support the international observation of elections in Niger (‘93), Lesotho (‘93), Malawi (‘93 & ‘94), Tanzania (‘95), Armenia (‘95), Azerbaijan (‘95), Sierra Leone (‘96), Mali (‘97), Algeria (‘97),

Approving that Belarusian Government believes that the election won was a fair election, and that they were elected by the people of Belarus, They also do not find it necessary to run another election,

Noting with Regret that there are many other violations in Belarus some can be found on http://www.hrw.org/wr2k3/europe4.html, and the situation must be improved as soon as possible;

1. Urges Belarus to cooperate and allow the actions described further in this resolution to take place in Belarus;

2. Calls upon the use of EAD, after the approval of Belarus, to first:
A. deploy a major branch in Belarus,
B. Begin the procedure of re-electing the government of Belarus in actions described further in the resolution,
C. Initiate the process of democratic elections by:
i. Using experts from the UN in the field of democratic elections,
ii. Monitoring the process from all aspects to avoid fraud by, but not limited to:
1. Security cameras in voting booths,
2. Security guards to monitor/handle any mistreatments or illegal actions,
3. Any other way chosen by EAD
iii. Sending inspectors to inspect and insure the smooth flow of the procedures,
D. Have its workers/inspectors/experts selected by the UN to avoid any misemployment;

3. Encourages that EAD to make sure the elected government will properly carryout the specified tasks of a government, and approve any laws, decisions made to make sure it agrees with human rights;

4. Further urges the newly elected government to deal with any human rights violations and freedoms by, but not limited to:
A. Invalidate the law that limits the freedom of media,
B. Give a fair trail to criminals, and free all innocent convicts convicted by the pervious government should be released after proven innocent by court,
C. Allow public protests,
D. Enhance the security in the Belarus,
E. Employ experienced councilors to advise the government in making difficult laws;

5. Calls upon Belarus and all concerned states to cooperate and take serious actions to improve the situation in Belarus as this organization will serve Belarus and the situation in Europe to great deals after the Government of Belarus agrees to this resolution such as:
A. Offer reasonable financial aid to Belarus to help re-construct and compensate any effected side,
B. Request to increase World Bank and IMF loans,
C. Suggests Belarus for the SC as a non-permanent member,
D. Improve the human rights record in Europe;

6. Requests the Security Council, in case Belarus refuses to allow the organization to work at any time, to give permission to intended sides to enter and work on the situation of human rights in Belarus, seeing that the country violates many human rights and human freedoms, in ways described further in this resolution.





 

 

The Philippines






Delegation: Philippines
Commission: Disarmament
Question of Combating Illegal Trade in Small Arms in South Asia

Defines small arms and light weapons (SALW) as a weapon that a person can easily transport and fire, It describes personal weapons such as pistols, rifles, grenades, grenade launchers, mortars and machine guns, Small arms find a variety of uses including police and military uses, hunting, personal protection, crime, civil war and sports shooting,

Notes that, according to International Action Network on Small Arms "South and Central Asia" issue, that there are over 75 million firearms in South Asia, 63 million of which are in civilian hands, India and Pakistan overwhelmingly account for most of the weapons (40 million), while civilians in Nepal and Sri Lanka own an additional 23 million weapons,

Taking Note that, According to BBC "Foreign aid" issue, that Motaku Shipping Agency and the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), are on the UN leading ship donators,

Noting with regret that, according to Sri Lanka Ministry of the Interior, that over 20,000 unregistered civilian stockpiles are estimated to exist in Sri Lanka,

Notes that, according to the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) "Prospects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia" issue, the UN observers have been collecting data on small arms in the South Asian region with the cooperation of United Nations Military Observer Group (UNMOG) and the Security Council,

Bearing in mind that, according to global policy "small arms and light weapons" issue, that the UN SALW conference, UN Register of Conventional Weapons, International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA), and Interpol are the leading international organs that combat illegal use of SALW,

Recognizing that, according to Federation of American Scientists (FAS) "The Global Threat of Small Arms and Light Weapons" issue, that UN Register of Conventional Weapons trained a group of governmental experts that investigated the proliferation of small arms and light weapons,

Bearing in mind that, according to institute of peace and conflict studies "Small Arms and the Security Debate in South Asia" issue, that the flooding of the Pakistani market in weapons due to the cold war and the Afghani war, spilled over into the society of Kashmir,

Further Notes that, according to International Action Network on Small Arms "South Asia Small Arms Network" issue, nearly 4500 illicit fire arms have been seized from terrorist and criminal gangs in the past 10 years and almost 75,000 people (33% civilians) have been killed in the Jammu & Kashmir region,

Further Defines that, according to The American Society of International Law "Insights" issue, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe only pan-European security organization,

1. Resolves the creation of an agency called the South Asian Small Arms control which will be considered as a main organ of the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms, that shall:
A. have a main headquarters in Mumbai, India and Colombo, Sri Lanka,
B. consist of South Asian UN members and other UN members willing to cooperate,
C. A president, will be elected by the members of the SASAC,
D. Have a biannual meeting in each of the headquarters to discuss:
i. Improvements to be done on the conference and agency,
ii. New methods to decrease small arms,
iii. The data on the current situation presented by the research and investigation committee;
E. Have a research and investigation committee that shall:
i. Consist of 10 SASAC superior researchers and investigators from UN Register Panel of Experts and cooperative IANSA researchers,
ii. Be provided with the latest investigation technology from the SASAC,
iii. Collect data from current UN Observers and other NGOs in the region on the condition of situation based on their estimate of illegal small arms in the region,
iv. Present the most important areas in the region suffering from illegal small arms trade based on the estimates presented by the UN Observers and NGOs;

2. Declares that the SASAC shall identify the manufacturers of the illegal small arms found in the regions recognized, with the support of UN Register, IANSA, and OSCE and create a black list with all the manufacturers, which will,
A. Be publicized in the media through TV broadcasting, Interpol media press, major Internet websites, and radio broadcasting,
i. Publicizing the manufacture black list shall be aided by NGOs specializing in spreading blacklists,
B. Be renewed every 4 months depending on the number of manufacturers on the black list,
i. As the manufacturers on the black list increase the black list will be publicized longer,
ii. When the black list is renewed the current or new data will be put in place by the research and investigation committee,
c. Refer the illegal small arms' manufacturers, on the black list, to the Security Council or to their UN member nations for penalization

3. Calls upon the SASAC to create mobile conference based on the UN SALW, that shall move within the region, for the purpose of eliminating the ideology that small arms are needed by civilians, and urge member states to decrease small arm manufacturing and increase public development,
A. The conference shall be invited by needing states of the region;
B. Local UN observers, NGOs, and local head of state shall provide the SASAC conference with the data,
C. The conference shall include UN SALW experts, and NGO, IANSA specialists,
D. The conference shall establish the conference for a period of 1 week in every state and more if necessary depending on the SASAC members,
E. Create an incentive package that will consist of tangible aid requirements and an increase in foreign aid in exchange for South Asian nations' police or citizens, based on which one of them further decreases small arms,
i. The information shall be given by the local police about both the citizens' and the police's small arms in the area with evidence, which will then be negotiate by the SASAC with the cooperation of UN observer data and UN analysis for accuracy,
ii. If both sides show tremendous decrease of small arms then, with the analysis of UN observers and permission of the SASAC, they will both get the increase of foreign aid,
iii. If no decrease has been spotted by neither the citizens nor the police, the SASAC shall request the Security Council to decrease foreign aid;

4. Requests implementing a quarantine in the Palk Straits of South Asia, to stop illegal small arms from entering the region and:
A. Request the aid of UN members in increasing the security facilities of the straits,
B. Create an inspection group by the SASAC that will:
i. Inspect ships moving across the straits for small arms,
ii. Be aided with inspection ships by RAN, Mutako agency, and cooperating nations of the region,
iii. Be based in the straits harbors for necessary ship maintenance and increase security on small arm investigation,
iv. Cooperate with local police to penalize illegal traders of small arms,
v. Send illegal small arms to the research and investigation committee for identification,
vi. Cooperate with the local police to penalize illegal traders of small arms, and all traders of small arms too after the quarantine has been implemented,
C. Uncooperative nations in the region shall be referred to the Security Council and be publicized on the blacklist with manufacturers,
D. Request the assistance of SC, if necessary, to enforce the quarantine.

 

 

Human Rights Resolution:
Country: Republic of the Philippines
Commission:
Human Rights
Issue: Strengthening the Protection and monitoring of Human Rights of the Disabled

Defining that according Disabled Person International (DPI), disability is the functional limitation within the individual caused by physical, mental, or sensory impairment,

Noting that according the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, over 600 million people (10% of the world’s population) have a disability of one form or another in which 400 million of them are in developing countries,

Congratulating the USA for its part in working to help disabled persons enjoy equal opportunities with normal persons according to the Least Restrictive Environment law passed in 1996,

Taking into account the emergence of organizations of disabled persons all over the world and their positive influence on the image and conditions of persons with disability according to a publication by UNESCAP,

Noting with regret that according a major report published by the Open Society Institute and the Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities, many people with learning disabilities are being excluded from schools and jobs because of lack of resources and training especially in third world countries,

Recalling that according to resolution 37/52 adopted in 1982 by the GA, the purpose of World Program of Action Concerning Disabled Persons is to "promote effective measures of disability, rehabilitation and the realization of the goals of ‘full participation’ of disabled persons in social life and development, and of ‘equality’,"

Draws the attention to the fact that according to the UN Economic and Social Development council, not many countries are able to reach the World Program of Action Concerning Disabled Persons, especially developing countries because lack economic, medical and other related services to help these people with disabilities,

1. Calls for the implementation of the World Program of Action Concerning Disabled Persons;

2. Resolves the creation of a sub committee called the UN Disabled Persons Program (UNDPP) under the UNHCHR who will:
A. Have members of different UN countries participating in this program who are going to:
i. Include members that are part of the UNCHR,
ii. Meet every 6-10 months to discuss improvements that might help the disabled,
iii. Review reports that will be written by the governments themselves and/or specialized personnel in that country to make sure that everything is being done to help the disabled;
b. Implement the World Program of Action Concerning Disabled Persons in which it will work in the following developing countries that are going to be chosen by the members of the UNDPP not according to political affiliation but according to those countries who meet these conditions:
i. Who have disabled persons in their country, who are in need of help in their economical and social life,
ii. Who do not have enough resources and training to implement this program in which they need foreign aid;

3. Further Resolves that the UNDPP will work side-by-side with UN and international organizations in which specialized personnel will carry out the needed operations to reach the objectives of this program in which:
A. the UNESCO who will be responsible for:
i. Ensuring that the disabled are provided with quality education and plenty of opportunities in developing their skills,
ii. Making sure that the country is making all necessary actions to make sure that education is accessible to all disabled persons and make it illegal for any learning institution to deny admission to the disabled,
iii. Providing financial assistance to qualified disabled students who are pursuing their dream of wanting to get an education in which this assistance may include scholarship grants or student loans in both public and private institutions,
iv. Establishing and maintaining adequate educational programs for the deaf, blind, mentally retarded persons, and any other exceptional children in all religions;
B. The ILO (International Labor Organization) will be responsible for:
i. Using inexpensive local resources to ensure vocational rehabilitation and occupational safety measures;
C. The WHO and UNICEF who will be responsible for:
i. Providing measures that will help support maternal and child health services,
ii. Providing health education and disease control,
iii. Preventing disability by early diagnosis of disability, immunization, nutrition, environmental protection, and genetic counseling,
iv. Providing medical treatment and rehabilitation;
D. The FAO who will be responsible for:
i. Providing the improvement of nutrition;
e. The World Bank who will be responsible for:
i. Providing economists,
ii. Financing development projects involving disability components such as education, health care, infrastructure, and employment,

4. Strongly urges that the UN system to:
A. Make all its facilities such as education, jobs, etc., available to the disabled,
B. Encourage the employment of the disabled in various UN organizations and/or have job centers that are directly funded by the UN for disabled persons to work in those job centers,
C. Have the disabled working in various job levels such as general managers, assistant managers, workers, etc.;

5. Proclaims that this program is based on voluntarism of countries who want to participate to help its people get the betterment out of life by allowing various UN organizations to help the disabled in their country; 

6. Further urges all nations to provide a free data exchange regarding the situation of disabled persons and to want to help the disabled persons and in improving their way of living.

 

 

Delegation: Italy
Commission: Human Rights
Question of: The Situation of Democracy and Human Rights in Belarus

Noting with deep regret that, according to the Human Rights Watch (HRW), the actions by the government continued its crackdown on the opposition, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), the independent media, and religious groups causing the citizen life to demolish in Belarus,

Fully alarmed that, according to HRW, the events of September 11 and their aftermath again pushed Belarus far from the international spotlight,

Keeping in mind that many nations in the United Nations Security Council suggested imposing sanctions on Belarus including the USA and many of the European countries,

Deeply Regressing that, according to HRW, many citizens in the area suffered from the civil unrest like series of tax raids and confiscation of equipment and publications that accompanied the election campaign in 2001, causing the Belarusian authorities moved to a new level of intimidation of the media by launching criminal libel suits against journalists,

Deeply Disturbed that, according to HRW, an example of the disputed election is the situation of one of Lukashenka's major opponents, former Prime Minister Mikhail Chigir, was sentenced in July 2002 to three years in prison for tax evasion, with the execution of the sentence postponed for two years, and in 2001 the government had prevented Chigir from running for president by launching politically motivated charges of abuse of office and imprisoning him,

Bearing in Mind that, according to http://www.belarus-misc.org/bel-crisis.htm, some of the "Disappeared" Belarusian Leaders & Media Representatives are: Belarusian opposition activist and former Interior Minister, General Yury Zakharenko on May 7, 1999, Opposition leader Viktor Hanchar (Gonchar) and his associate Anatoly Krasovsky disappeared on September 16, 1999, Press photographer for Russian Public Television (ORT), Dmitry Zavadsky has been missing since his kidnapping at the Miensk airport on July 7, 2000. Zavadsky had been previously jailed in August, 1997,

Expressing Its Satisfaction at Georgia for, according to the information on the encyclopaedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_presidential_election%2C_2004, having a successful re-election procedure after a dispute in the previous elections, this lead to a successful re-formation of the government, the election was successful because of the efforts of the UN election monitors that proved their importance to make any fraud public,

Having studied many governments have passed in similar situation where the government have been accused of winning a disputed election, like the Republic of Philippines, when Marcos (ex-president) was force by the people to end his presidency after a disputed election, Georgia, and the Ukraine,

Expressing Its appreciation to the UN sub-organization under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs which serves as the Focal Point for Electoral Assistance Activities, called The United Nations Electoral Assistance Division (EAD) and its action in support for national election observers was provided in Mexico in 1994 and 1997, Ethiopia and Kenya in 1992 and subsequently provided to support the international observation of elections in Niger (‘93), Lesotho (‘93), Malawi (‘93 & ‘94), Tanzania (‘95), Armenia (‘95), Azerbaijan (‘95), Sierra Leone (‘96), Mali (‘97), Algeria (‘97),

Approving that Belarusian Government believes that the election won was a fair election, and that they were elected by the people of Belarus, They also do not find it necessary to run another election,

Noting with Regret that there are many other violations in Belarus some can be found on http://www.hrw.org/wr2k3/europe4.html, and the situation must be improved as soon as possible;

1. Urges Belarus to cooperate and allow the actions described further in this resolution to take place in Belarus;

2. Calls upon the use of EAD, after the approval of Belarus, to first:
A. deploy a major branch in Belarus,
B. begin the procedure of re-electing the government of Belarus in actions described further in the resolution,
C. initiate the process of democratic elections by:
i. using experts from the UN in the field of democratic elections,
ii. monitoring the process from all aspects to avoid fraud by, but not limited to:
1. security cameras in voting booths,
2. security guards to monitor/handle any mistreatments or illegal actions,
3. any other way chosen by EAD
iii. sending inspectors to inspect and insure the smooth flow of the procedures,
d. have its workers/inspectors/experts selected by the UN to avoid any misemployment;

3. Encourages that EAD to make sure the elected government will properly carryout the specified tasks of a government, and approve any laws, decisions made to make sure it agrees with human rights;

4. Further urges the newly elected government to deal with any human rights violations and freedoms by, but not limited to:
A. invalidate the law that limits the freedom of media,
B. give a fair trial to criminals, and free all innocent convicts convicted by the previous government should be released after proven innocent by court,
C. allow public protests,
D. enhance the security in the Belarus,
E. employ experienced counclers to advise the government in making difficult laws;

5. Calls upon Belarus and all concerned states to cooperate and take serious actions to improve the situation in Belarus as this organization will serve Belarus and the situation in Europe to great deals if the Government of Belarus agrees to this resolution including:
A. Offering reasonable financial aid to Belarus to help re-construct and compensate any effected side,
B. Requesting to increase World Bank and IMF loans,
C. Suggesting Belarus for the SC as a non-permanent member,
D. Improving the human rights record in Europe;

6. Requests the Security Council, in case Belarus refuses to allow the organization to work at any time, to give permission to intended sides to enter and work on the situation of human rights in Belarus, seeing that the country violates many human rights and human freedoms, in ways described further in this resolution.

 

 

Commission: Social
Delegate: Bader al Omairi
Issue: Maintaining Cultural Sites

Expecting UNESCO maintains world heritage sites;

Expressing its appreciation to UNESCO for maintaining 812 different properties;

Fully Believing that UNESCO should also research and maintain cultural and folklore traditions, that might be useful in the near future;

Deeply concerned that with the loss of forests to logging will lose the habitat and the culture will be lost with it;

Noting with deep concern In this sense, various forms of folk arts such as folk literature, folk songs and dances, and crafts, always struggle for existence on the fringes of mainstream society;

Deeply disturbed that Folklore scholarship has focused on cultural loss, decline of language and oral histories;

1. Calls upon all nations to create a sub organization of UNESCO to research and document cultural and folklore traditions called UNCFP ( UN cultural and folklore preservation) and it will be maid up of :
A. President to report to the UN every month about its progress.
B. The field agents will consist of cultural scientists and a translator in foreign areas
C. Main bass in New York and it will have other based in other counties that will be decided after the resolution passes,

2. Considers that its main objective to research and document any information found or used in a culture as well as:
A. publish useful scienctific and medical traditions used
B. publish about any lost cuture found
C. publish facts/true folklores as well as meaning

3. Further declares that it will fund nations by the conditions of:
A. if the country joins
B. has no research center in place to preserve their tradtion
C. has problems with other issue that interact with this such as:
i. terrorism
ii. moderninzation
iii. unstable government

4. Encourages nations to cooperate and agree to allow UNCFP to aid their research and peraservation of tradtions,

 

 

Security Council clauses:
Mays Abdul-aziz


Issue (1): The Tensions between the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan:

1. Resolves that a conference to be held sponsored by ASEAN that will:
A. Consist of:
i. All ASEAN members,
ii. China and its provinces,
iii. The other 4 permanent Security Council members as observers to the conference,
B. Taking place in Manila,
C. Have goals of:
i. Increasing trade between the ASEAN members and China and its provinces,
ii. Discussing economic issues between all parties present and try to solve them by cooperation between the parties,
iii. Signing a trade agreement treaty between the ASEAN members and China and its provinces that will be outlines as following:
a. China to decrease the number of missiles targeting at the Taiwanese province,
b. Will propose a trade alliance between ASEAN and China and its provinces,
c. Will exchange technology that will help in more efficient production means between ASEAN members and China and its provinces,
d. Creating a free trade zone between ASEAN members and China and its provinces,
e. Will have a semiannual meeting between ASEAN members and China and its provinces,
f. Will propose an exchange of personal experience between ASEAN members and China and its provinces in regards for economic development,
g. To create a training program for personals in the economic field between ASEAN and China and its provinces,
iv. Having China disarm its missiles targeted at the Taiwanese province in exchange of:
a. Getting the permission from ASEAN to drill oil from the Spratley Islands,
b. To become an active member of ASEAN;

 

Issue (2): The situation in Sudan:

Defines according to http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/su.html, the Darfur region is located in the southern area of Sudan,

Noting that accorging to http://www.darfurinfo.org/bbc.html, that the Sudanese government didn’t take much action in order to solve the problem,

Disturbed by the fact according to http://www.cbc.ca/story/world/national/2004/10/16/darfur041016.html, that the death toll of refugees in the region of Darfur has reached 70,000,

Taking note that according to http://www.cbc.ca/story/world/national/2004/10/16/darfur041016.html, WHO says at least 10,000 people a month are dying from disease,

Deeply disturbed according to http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4289924.stm, hundreds of houses are burnt by militia's in the region of Darfur,

1. Resolves the establishment of an oil for peace program in the region of Darfur that will:
A. Create a program with the following specifications:
i. Assign Paul Volcker as the head of the program,
ii. Appoint oil drillers and the number of the oil drillers will be determined by the United Nations Secretary General,
iii. Appoint engineers that are specialized in oil drilling and the number of engineers will be determined by the United Nations Secretary General,
iv. Appoint economic experts and the number of economic experts will be determined by the United Nations Secretary General,
v. Appoint political experts and the number of political experts will be determined by the United Nations Secretary General,
vi. Appoint legal attorneys that will be appointed by the United Nations Secretary General,
vii. Appoint heavily armed United Nations obserevers and their number will be determined by the United Nations Secretary General,
B. The cell will have tasks of:
i. Ensuring peace in the Darfur region by distributing oil in return of peace for the following parties:
a. The Sudanese government,
b. Rebels in the Darfur region,
c. Countries that contribute to the program,
ii. The distribution of oil between the three parties will be arranged by forming a committee from economic experts that will determine the percentage of oil revenue to be given to the three parties,
C. Establishing a Darfur Fund in the program that will:
i. Collect money from receiving donations, fundraising activities sponsored by the program, and by creating marathon runs that will be sponsored by the program,
ii. Collect money only for humanitarian needs, health measures, and helping the refugees,
iii. Send the money collected to the United Nations that will distribute the money to NGO's and United Nation's agencies working in the area of Darfur,
iv. Sending heavily armed United Nations observers into the region of Darfur,
v. Give the Sudanese government and the rebels in the region of Darfur 6 months to implement peace in the region since the start of the program and if the peace is not implemented then:
a. The legal attorneys will sue the Sudanese government or the militias if they did not implement peace,
b. Have sanctions on the Sudanese government of peace is not implemented and file legal charges against the militia's,
c. Send in United Nations troops into Darfur to disarm the rebels by any necessary means if the rebels did not implement peace and will locate the rebels with the help of the Interpol,
vi. Deduct the amount of oil revenue to the party that does not implement peace or uses the act of violence,
D. Will close down when the crisis ends and that will be determined by the head of the program,
E. Will have its headquarters based in Geneva, Switzerland;

2. Resolves the formation of a UN sub organization under the WHO called the UNOHCD ( United Nations Organization for Health Concerns in Darfur), the UNOHCD will:
A. Consist of:
i. 500 UN Peacekeeping troops,
ii. Doctors that are experts in different fields in medicine, and the doctors, and the number of doctors will be chosen by the UN Secretary General and his advisors,
B. Have a headquarter in Geneva,
C. Have the mission(s) of:
i. Studying the health concerns in the region of Darfur by:
a. The formation of an authority that will study the health concerns in the region of Darfur, and send the collected data to the main WHO headquarter that will provide the required amount of medication needed and send it to the UNOHCD that will distribute the medical aid,
ii. Distribute the medication needed to the people in need of medical care with the help of the UN Peacekeeping troops,
iii. Training Sudanese nurses and doctors to perform operation and medical care for the people that have serious health deteriorations,
D. The UNOHCD will close down when the crisis ends and if it is successful a similar organization will open in other regions where there are health crisis's ;

3. Resolves the formation of a UN sub organization under the UNHCR ( United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) called the UNROD ( United Nations Refugees Organization in Darfur) and the UNROD will:
A. Have a headquarters in Geneva,
B. Will consist of:
i. 500 UN Peacekeeping troops,
ii. Contractors chosen by the UN Secretary General and his advisors based on their experience and professionalism,
iii. Engineers chosen by the UN Secretary General and his advisors based on their experience and involvement in building refugee camps,
C. Have a mission(s) of:
i. To analyze and determine the required amount of construction needed in the region according to the information sent to the organization from NGO's,
ii. To construct refugee camps based on the data that they have collected,
iii. Rebuilt villages that have been devastated with the permission of the United Nations,
D. The UNROD will close down when the crisis ends and if it is successful a similar organization will open in other regions where there are devastated regions in result of combat ;




The Netherlands




Country: Netherlands
Forum: Disarmament
Topic: The Situation of Regions of South America, Including the Role of Drugs, Paramilitaries, and organized crime
Delegate: Yousef Khalaf

Defining that paramilitaries are groups of forces that are trained in a military way

Defining that organized crime is stealing large amounts of goods, murdering people, and the smuggling of illegal substances like drugs

Defining that soft drugs are drugs that do not have a major affect on the human body and are not lethal, like marijuana

Noting with approval that 667 paramilitaries were found in July 2005 and were all disarmed

Deeply disturbed by the fact that 12 new paramilitaries have formed near Colombia’s biggest coca farms

Noting with satisfaction that security around South America entry points have been tightened,

Noting with regret that despite the UN’s help to the authorities in South America by providing them with equipment, they have still not managed to progress in stopping drug trafficking,

1. Resolves the creation of the organization Peace in South America (PSA) that will:
A. Consist of all countries in Latin America,
B. Any country that wants to join the organization to help Latin America,
C. Have a biannual meeting, or sooner if needed, to discuss the issue at hand

2. Creates a sub-organization of the PSA called Organization of Drug Control in South America (ODGSA) that will:
A. Authorize the legalization of soft drugs in the South American region,
B. Create a law that states the maximum amount of soft drugs that an individual can consume in a certain amount of time,
C. Convince each country in the PSA to legalize drugs because of the benefits which are:
i. The country will then be able to monitor the trade of drugs within their boarders and that will stop the illegal trafficking,
ii. The country will be able to put a tax on the drugs and therefore benefit financially from the legalization of drugs by spending the money on things like:
A. Help rehabilitate drug addicts,
B. Improving educational standards and increase awareness about drugs,
C. Improving hospitals and other medical facilities like drug rehabilitation hospitals,
D. Using the money to solve economical problems,
iii. The elimination of organized crime because there will be no need for the illegal trade of drugs
iv. With the legalizing of drugs the government can collect data about areas with the most drug use and find possible solutions for these problems
D. Show the country that soft drugs’ like marijuana risks and compare to similar hazardous substances that have been legalized like cigarettes and alcohol
E. Provide the country with proper methods for selling the soft drugs like:
i. Having government owned stores that will have a record of who buys the drugs so that they don not exceed the amount that they are permitted to have
ii. How many stores should each region have and how many companies should be made for the selling of the drugs
iii. Set a price for the soft drugs

3. Further resolves the creation of a sub-organization of PSA that is called the organization of Stopping Paramilitaries and Organized Crime in South America (OSPOCSA) that will:
A. Send troops to countries with paramilitaries or organized crime, with their permission to tighten security and help stop paramilitaries and crime
B. Provide the latest equipment to the country and provide specialists so that they can operate them and the equipment will consist of:
i. Detection equipment,
ii. Set up watch towers in certain distances so they could keep a look out,
iii. Arms so that they can stop the paramilitaries,
C. If the country does not wish troops to enter then the OSPOCSA will provide financial aid and track it so that the country can secure the land,
D. Help the countries to develop better prison systems to avoid escape and other problems within the prison,
E. Allow countries to share expertise and knowledge in many fields like crime, controlling drugs, and stopping paramilitaries;

4. Urges all countries to aid the PSA by:
A. Joining the organization,
B. Providing financial aid to the countries of the organization to proceed with the projects mentioned above,
C. Sending specialists or providing equipment for the organization

5. Calls upon all South American countries to cooperate with the PSA by:
A. Allowing the PSA to enter the country in order to stop the paramilitaries and organized crime,
B. Agree to the legalization of the drugs so they can benefit from it and also eliminate the problem of drug trafficking and organized crime,
C. Join the PSA;

 

 

Commission: Social, Humanitarian, & Cultural
Submitted by: The Netherlands
Delegate: AbdulRazzaq Razooqi 10D
Question of: The protection of folklore and traditional knowledge

Defining traditional knowledge according to the UNESCO and the Internal Council of Science (ICS) as a cumulative body of knowledge and to know practices and representations maintained and developed by people with extended histories of interaction with natural environment,

Recognizing that the main source of folklore and traditional knowledge in any society is the indigenous people living in it,

Believing traditional knowledge is a complex issue because the protection of intellectual property derived from it is considered part of intellectual property laws and traditional system,

Realizing that indigenous communities depend on traditional knowledge to satisfy the need for health care and food,

Fully alarmed by the fact that the governments around the world who have amended their logical property protection laws, failed in protecting traditional knowledge;

1.Requests the formation of a committee the will be called the United Nations Committee on Folklore and Traditional Knowledge Issues (UNCFTKI) which will support the protection of folklore and traditional knowledge and will:
A. Meet quarterly each year and discuss those problems and try to find solutions for them,
B. Appoint inspectors who will:
i. Inspect all patents used by multinational companies to ensure that they are not using any traditional knowledge illegally,
ii. Ban subsidies or protection that is provided to them by local governments in case they are violating any laws,
c) Promote awareness through supporting folklore events, which can accompany main international conferences in order to create international awareness,

2. Recommends the UNESCO to protect and support folklore, traditional knowledge, and indigenous people by:
A. Giving indigenous people land to live and work in,
B. Giving indigenous people opportunities to exhibit their knowledge through exhibitions and documentaries,

3. Further recommends the establishment of institutions and museums in each country that will show the history of each country and its folklore which will be under the support of the United Nations Committee on Folklore and Traditional Knowledge Issues (UNCFTKI),

4. Further requests governments to affirm that their legal framework is effective in implementing the constitution required for indigenous people to have the right to their natural resources and tradition,

5.Calls upon the UNESCO, to review education curriculums in countries, to ensure indigenous people's human rights are well explained in the education system.