Country: Canada


Event: Pearl-MUN 2006

Student: Hamad Al-Saqer




Links to other sites on the Web:
Back to the 2005-2006 Team page
Back to the 2006 Pearl-MUN page
Back to the Briefing Book Library
Back to Teams
Back to Fruit Home

 




The Canadian National Anthem



Oh Canada

O Canada, terre de nos aieux,
Ton front est ceint de fleurons glorieux.
Car ton bras sait porter l'épée,
Il sait porter la croix.
Ton histoire est une épopée
Des plus brillants exploits.
Et ta valeur, de foi trempée,
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.

English:

O Canada!
Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!
From far and wide,

O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.



The Canadian Confederacy






Country Profile


Political Structure:

Canada is parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy that is also a federation. It was founded by French settlers who called Canada "new France". After few a years of pressure from Britain, a war broke out in 1760. In 1867 Canada demanded independence from the British. Three provinces rose to form an independent nation called the Confederation. After it gained its independence it still has ties with Britain. Canada’s sovereign is a monarch, the queen of the United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Ireland. The governor-general represents the queen in Canada. Canada, as a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, is under the direct control of the monarch of the United Kingdom. The federal, citizens all directly elect provincial, and territorial legislatures. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as the queen of Canada. She is the official head of state.

Canada is made up of ten provinces and three territories. Most Canadians live in the southern part of the country. More than three-quarters of them live in metropolitan areas, the largest of which are Toronto, Ontario; Montréal, Québec; Vancouver, British Columbia; Ottawa, Ontario; Hull, Québec; and Edmonton, Alberta. The federal, provincial, and territorial legislatures are all directly elected by citizens. It is also known that the Canadian people are satisfied with their country.

 

Geography:

It is located on the top north of North America. Other than having an abundance of natural resources, Canada is considered the second largest country, which is next to Russia. Its total area is 9,976,140 sq. km, which includes land and water. Its temperature also ranges from a normal temperature in the south to sub-Arctic in the north.

 

Natural resources:

Canada became a land of vast distances and rich natural resources. Since World War II, Canada turned itself from a rural economy into an industrial and urban one. Canada’s physical characteristics have very much influenced the course of its development. Canada is harsh country, which has half of its country under water or is rocky, marshy, mountainous, or otherwise not fit to live in. Although these characteristics are abundant, they also supply the nation with many resources. Most of the abundance goes to the fossil fuels.

Certain of its great natural resources, skilled labor and work force, and current principal stand, Canada gets pleasure from its solid economic prediction. Long distances and a challenging physical environment make transportation and communication across the country very difficult. This truth has made it a challenge for Canadians to keep up a sense of a nation.

 

Culture:

The population of Canada is 32,805,041. There are a diverse combination of races I this country. Half of the population is due to immigration. Although most of the population is made of immigrants, they form a large factor of the Canadian workforce. Canada’s immigration policy is very lenient, so it is responsible for the immigration. The Canadian constitution grants rights to every one, regardless of race, or even gender.

In the 1960s, new rules classifying immigrants into three groups were made: refugees fleeing political persecution, family members of Canadian citizens, and independent immigrants.

 

Economy:

Canada has an advanced economy. The majority of its citizens enjoy a high quality of life by world standards. Canada is recognized as a rich, industrial country. Since World War II, Canada turned itself from a rural economy into an industrial and urban one. The Canadian economy has grown more rapidly than other countries. This achievement is due to several factors, which apply to low inflation, low interest rates, and a low Canadian dollar value. All of these helped exports to grow.

The 1989 US-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) increased in trade for the country. Exports count for a third of GDP. During the period from 1986 to 1995, the Canadian economy grew 20.4 percent and reached a GDP of C$776.3 billion. Now it is counted in the trillion-dollar class.

 

Defense:

Being a state of the same population of California, it does not need to spend on and have a strong military. Even though Canada has an age standard of 16 to enter the military, it does not increase the amount of army forces. There are 6,740,490 people in the Canadian military service. Their government spending for military services is $9,801.7 million. This counts as 1.1% of the countries GDP. This makes an obvious point that Canada does not make military an economical concern. Canada is a member of two large defense unions. It is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which it was a founder in 1949, along with the United States and several other leading European nations. Canada partakes mutually with the United States in the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). This agency coordinates air and space defense of North America.


 

Views on world problems:

Canada is one of best peace keeping countries in the world. During time of crisis, Canada is known to take the side that preserves the peace. It is a member of the United Nations (UN), and is currently on of the temporary members of the Security Council. Also, it is a guest of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). The Group of 7 (G-7) is an organization that Canada values its membership in. This organization co-ordinates the world’s free trade. It is also a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

 

History:

Canada was home to many indigenous people. After a 500 year conflict, 1867 gave way for both people to unite. In 1867 Canada demanded independence from the British. After developing a union and the death of Prime Minister Macdonald in 1896, Canada was assured to have a Prime Minister. The new Prime Minister was Wilfrid Laurier, a charming, educated Quebec lawyer. Canada was granted full and complete independence in 1931. This overlooked the future of Canada to be one of the wealthiest and most economically grown countries in the world.

 

 

 

Policy Statements



1. Detention without Trial in the war on terrorism:

Canada is against anything that violates human rights. It is also a firm believer in innocent until proven guilty. That is why Canada is against this violation of human rights and is willing to help.

 

2. Improving living conditions in Africa:

As being a peaceful country, Canada tries to spread peace everywhere. It also tries to give and help other unfortunate countries. Like sending economical aid to Africa and also sending medical help to try and lower the rate of HIV and AIDS.

 

3. Censoring of the media:

Canada is a free country and has nothing to hide. So freedom of speech is normally found in Canada and it wants other countries to follow in its footsteps.

 

4. Eliminating arms proliferation:

Crime is not as common in Canada as it is in the US, So Canada tries to help lowering the rate of crime and murder. And the first step to solving this problem is to start taking illegal weaponry of the black market.

 

 

 

Resolution



Submitted by the delegate of: Canada.
Delegate: Hamad al Saqer
Issue: improving the living conditions in Africa

Alarmed by the fact that almost one third of Africans live on a dollar a day,

Knowing that Africa's GDP/capita is only $671,

Deeply disturbed that a large portion of the African population is incompetent,

Noting that it is the basis of every religion to give and help,

Fully aware of the other organizations that tries to alleviate this problem,

Believing that this organization has an immense chance to help these suffering people,

Talking into full consideration the responsibility handed to this organization,

Expressing its satisfaction to have the chance to help a developing country to its full and mighty potential,

Noting that starting an organization based on donations would fail due to the fact that donor fatigue is an issue is an issue proven after several natural disasters,

1. Resolves the creation of the UNOCAC (United Nations organization for the cultivation of African countries),
A. An agency that will provide small loans to African individuals to cultivate and use their available knowledge to start or maintain an agricultural business.
B. This organization will normally report to the United Nations about the economic conditions of the people;

2. Noting that this organization will be formed of:
A. Business men and accountants that will regulate and calculate the loans given to the African citizens,
B. Nature specialists that will help in cultivating Africa's land,
C. An administrative branch that will:
i. Report regularly to the UN,
ii. Execute orders from the UN;

3. Draws attention to the way the African land cultivated will:
A. Cultivated in groups,
B. Cultivated by using the most economic and technologic way;

4. Further resolves that these preparations will be carried out on land that is fertile and healthy, which includes most regions in Africa,

5. Noting that this movement will increase in the GDP/capital moderately,

6. Proclaims that the loan taken would be observed and noted that:
A. The loan is used wisely and only for the business,
B. The business is running well and is not facing bankruptcy,
C. The money loaned would be assured of returning,
D. No groups will be competing and all groups of farmers are equal;

7. Confirms that other groups of farmers will be encouraged to join and have an equal opportunity;

8. Encourages countries to help this organization by providing agricultural help;

9. Further proclaims that during the time of harvest the farmers will be:
A. Trained in terms that will maximize profits,
B. Trained in ways that will help increase the life of the soil used.

 

 

 

Opening speech:


O Canada!

Our home and native land!

These are the words Canadians repeat with patriotism every day. From its northern Arctic islands to the majestic mountains of the Western Cordillera and the windswept tip of Newfoundland, Canada encompasses an area of almost 4 million square miles. It is the largest country in North America but its entire population of approximately 30 million is equivalent to that of California. Most people reside close to the US border and the vast expanse of remaining landforms one of the most extensive wilderness areas in the world.