Country: Qatar



Event: Pearl-MUN 2006

Student:
Danny Ben Salem




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Qatar




The Qatari National Anthem



 

Country Profile

Political structure: -

The State of Qatar is an important country in the Arabian Gulf. Its government is a traditional monarchy. The government consists of three branches, which are the executive branch, legislative branch, and the judicial branch.

In Qatar, the ruling Al Thani family continued to hold power following the declaration of independence in 1971. The Emir functions as head of state, and the right to rule Qatar resides within the Al Thani family. Qatar has started to evolve from a traditional society in the direction of a modern welfare state. It will assume primary responsibility for the welfare of its citizens, as in matters of health care, education, employment, and social security. In order to meet the requirements of social and economic progress, the authorities have established Government departments.

The executive branch consists of the chief of state (the president) and the crown prince (also the commander-in-chief in the armed forces). The government heads are the Prime Minister, the deputy Prime Minister, the first deputy Prime Minister (also foreign minister), and second deputy Prime Minister. The legislative branch consists of the Consultative or Majlis al-Shura, which has 45 members. The judicial branch consists of the Court of Appeal.

There are no elections for choosing the president. Like the USA for instance. The people choose their presidents by voting (i.e. Bush and Algor). For the monarchy is hereditary. The Qatari authorities seem to keep a relatively tight rein on freedom of expression and moves for equality; but when compared to neighbors like Saudi Arabia, Qatar boasts one of the best standards-of-living and quality-of-life in its region.

 

Geography: -

Qatar is like almost any other country in the Arabian Peninsula from the point of view of land (geography). The state of Qatar is a semi-island (it is surrounded by water from three sides). It lies in the Middle East, on the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. Its total area is 11,437 sq. km. When compared to a size of another country or state, it is slightly smaller than Connecticut, USA. Qatar has a mild and pleasant winter, and very hot summers that are humid.

The land is mostly flat and desolate desert covered with loose sand and gravel. The lowest point is the Persian Gulf (0m), and the highest point is Qurayn Abu al Bawl (103m). The country's natural hazards are dust storms, haze storms, common sandstorms, and haze. Also, Qatar has a strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits.

 

Natural resources: -

The State of Qatar's natural resources are mainly petroleum, natural gas, and fish. The country has petroleum reserves estimated at 15 billion barrels (2.4 km≥). A coastline of 563km provides Qatar with plenty of fish and holds up a high part of the natural resources. The small amount of natural resources for Qatar is due to the size of it. Fruits, vegetables, poultry, dairy products, and beef are part of the agricultural products.

Like any other Arabian country, petroleum is one of the most important natural resources it could have. It produces 790,500 bbl/day.

 

Cultural factors: -

Qatar clearly uses Wahhabi law as the basis of its government, and the vast majority of its citizens follow this specific Islamic policy. In the early 20th century, when the Al-Thani family realized that converting to the doctrine of their larger neighbor might bode well for the survival of their regime, they imported Wahhabi Islam from Saudi Arabia to Qatar. Perhaps as an effect of the importation, Wahhabism takes a less strict form in Qatar than in Saudi Arabia, though it still governs a large portion of Qatari mores and rituals (Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia will eventually lead many people to becoming extremists). For example, almost all Qatari women wear the black abaya.

However, Qatar does not universally impose the style on foreigners (i.e. tourists or people from other countries that have come on a business trip or have come to search for work). The foreigners are treated as any other citizen, a calm, peaceful, and non-racism way. No problems usually occur between the foreigners and the people of Qatar.

 

Economy: -

Qatar is the third most country to export gases and is expected to be the first most country to export gases in 2007.

Qatar has the highest GDP per capita in the developing world. Qatar is also one of the two least taxed sovereign states in the world with no income tax.

Qatar does not export petroleum, or electricity. Its exports are worth $24.9 billion f.o.b. Its export commodities are liquefied natural gas, petroleum products, fertilizers, and steel. The export partners are Japan 41.9%, South Korea 15.8%, Singapore 9.1%, and India 5.4%. Qatar does not import and of the natural resources it has, but imports machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals. The imports are worth $6.706 billion f.o.b. and its import partners are France 26.6%, US 9.5%, Saudi Arabia 9.4%, UAE 6.3%, Germany 5.2%, Japan 5.2%, UK 5.1%. Qatar is not aided economically but is owed $20.63 billion in debt. Its currency is the QAR (Qatari rial). Every one-dollar is equal to 3.64 rials.

Most Qatari people work in the government branches. A few percent of which has private companies and investments. Some foreigners get jobs or work for the government of Qatar. Like workers at building sites for instance. However, most governmental branches have Qatari people working for them.

 

Defense: -

Qatar's military consists of the Qatari Amiri Land Force (QALF) with 8,500 men, Qatari Amiri Navy (QAN) with 1,800 men and Qatari Amiri Air Force (QAAF) with 1,500 men.

Qatar signed a defense agreement with France in which it agreed to purchase several Mirage 2000-5 aircraft in 1994. Qatar has also recently signed defense pacts with the United States and United Kingdom Qatar plays an active role in the collective defense efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council.

Voluntary military service age is 18. Most of the volunteered men are non-professional and know only of the basics. The total amount of military manpower is about 11,800 men. The military also includes the non-nationals. The military expenditures are $816 million. The Military expenditures - percent of GDP: is 8.1%.

Qatar has also recently signed defense pacts with the United States and United Kingdom. Which now holds Qatar by having its own manpower defending it, and the help of two of the most powerful countries in the world. If Iran invaded Qatar for instance, and Qatar had slim chances of being victorious, the USA and UK would be gladly willing to help out. So there is a major protection unit the USA and UK hold at the moment.

 

Views on World Problems: -

The relations Qatar has with other countries are nothing close to bad. Qatar has a sovereign policy that many countries agree to. Qatar advises all countries to do what is right for the world, and make it a better place. Also, Qatar has no enemies at the time, and has many good relationships with a lot of countries. It is a firm country that has not done any harm to any country, and has not taken any harm from any country.

 

History:

Qatar's history takes us back 200 years. After domination by Persians for thousands of years and more recently by Bahrain, by the Ottoman Turks, and by the British, Qatar became an independent state on September 3, 1971. Unlike most nearby emirates, Qatar declined to become part of either the United Arab Emirates or of Saudi Arabia. Although the peninsular landmass that makes up Qatar has sustained humans for thousands of years, for the bulk of its history the arid climate fostered only short-term settlements by nomadic tribes. Clans such as the Al Khalifa and the Al Saud (which would later ascend the thrones of Bahrain and of Saudi Arabia respectively) swept through the Arabian Peninsula and camped on the coasts within small fishing and pearling villages. The clans battled each other for lucrative oyster beds and lands, frequently forming and breaking coalitions with one another in their attempts to establish territorial supremacy.

In 1867 the Al Khalifas launched a successful effort to quash the Qatari rebels by sending a massive naval force to Wakrah. Bahraini aggression however violated an 1820 Anglo-Bahraini Treaty, and the diplomatic response of the British Protectorate set into motion the political forces that would eventuate in the founding of the state of Qatar. In addition to censuring Bahrain for its breach of agreement, the British Protectorate (per Colonel Lewis Pelly) asked to negotiate with a representative from Qatar. The request carried with it a tacit recognition of Qatar's status as distinct from Bahrain. To negotiate with Colonel Pelly the Qataris chose a respected entrepreneur and long-time resident of Doha, Muhammad bin Thani. His clan, the Al Thanis, had taken relatively little part in Persian Gulf politics, but the diplomatic foray ensured their future participation and dominion as the ruling family, a dynasty that continues to this day. The negotiation results left Qatar with a newfound sense of political selfhood, although it did not gain official standing as a British protectorate until 1916.

The imperial reach of the British Empire diminished after the Second World War, more so after India became independent in 1947. Momentum for a British withdrawal from the Persian Gulf Arab emirates increased during the 1950s, and the British welcomed Kuwait's declaration of independence in 1961. Seven years later, when Britain officially announced that it would disengage (politically, not economically) from the Persian Gulf in three years time, Qatar joined Bahrain and seven other Trucial States in a federation. Regional disputes however quickly compelled Qatar to resign and declare independence from the coalition that would evolve into the seven-imarat United Arab Emirates. Thus 1971 marked the inauguration of Qatar as an independent sovereign state.

 

 

 

Policy Statements


Issue #1: The Question of detention without trial in the war on terrorism:

Qatar is a country of the Arabian Peninsula from which almost all countries think of it as one of the countries that is a source of terrorism. Terrorism will only take down Qatar's reputation and destroy it eventually. The Arabian Peninsula is not the main source of terrorism. For terrorism lurks in every part of the world, waiting to strike an unsuspecting area of a dangerous conflict it will be facing.

The State of Qatar is obviously against the Question of detention without trial on war on terrorism. If the detention of war on terrorism were to happen, then more terrorism would develop rapidly and increase. That will happen because terrorists will have no barrier to stop them from damaging the world and turning it into a wasteland. Qatar would like to put an end to this issue, with the help of the UN, because it will only cause more harms to the world. Terrorism should be fought.

 

Issue #2: Improving the living conditions of Africa:

Improving the living conditions of Africa is an issue that involves a very big part of the world. Africa's land is mostly desert or savanna. Starvation roams most of the countries, lethal diseases, and natural hazards too. Africa needs one thing now more than ever. AID! Qatar, as a rich country of the Arabian Peninsula, is known to be helpful to countries in need. After help, it still builds strong relations with the country for future plans.

Qatar agrees to this issue because helping other countries in need of help is one way of leading to world peace. This would prevent countries form fighting for resources or wealth. Qatar cannot stand helplessly and watch Africa get destroyed piece by piece. Aid from the UN is necessary too to make Africa a continent like any other normal one.

 

Issue #3: The control and guidance on the media:

The control and guidance of the media issue absolutely concerns Qatar. Not only Qatar, but also the Moslem world as a whole. Every country knows what the media has done to the Moslem world's image. It spread a bad impression about the Moslem world that even when non-Moslem people hear the world Moslem, they hear fear, terrorism, and disgrace (not all people). For instance, the recent Danish and the Prophet Mohammed's image issue. The TV media made almost the entire planet know about it. That caused the Moslems to burst in anger and rage and almost end all relations with Denmark. Qatar's majority of the population are Moslems! Eventually, this would've lead to war due to the conditions of the countries and their "love of war".

The State of Qatar would like to control the media because of the many problems it is causing. This issue concerns a big part of the world, so a sufficient amount of aid should be made by the UN to make the world a peaceful place where all humans are equal.

 

Issue #4: Towards eliminating arms proliferation:

Whenever a person sees a gun in an Arabian/Moslem's hand, they automatically think he/she is a criminal, or even as terrorist. Also, crimes are being committed in schools where people get into a fight and someone shoots the other right in the forehead. That's not a very good sight to see. Bigger crimes are happening on the streets too. A person sees an ordinary person walking on the sidewalk, and suddenly he/she feels like killing him. Is that a marvelous sight to see? These crimes are happening almost in every single country of the world. People simply go to weapons and arms stores and either trade or buy weapons whenever they want to.

Qatar agrees to eliminate arms proliferation due to the various problems the world is facing politically, socially, and economically. Arms should ONLY be proliferated for the use of the Military. They are not to be sent out of any Military base whatsoever. Even if a license is present, nobody has the right to purchase arms except for Military purposes.

 

Issue #5: Integration of women in development:

In Islam, women should be separated from men, and are not to interact physically, Except for family members or married couples. Islamic beliefs have said that women are meant to be at home, raising and taking care of children, while the men do all the hard work and gain money to have the family continuing to live on a good life. Women are not masculine humans like men are. Women are very sensitive humans with a heart that is more caring for children than any man on earth. The men do the first 50% of life's work, and the women do the rest.

Qatar is against this issue because women should not be integrated with men in development. Women should be separated from men during all times, except family gathering, or if the man and woman are married. All women are obligated to wear the hijab at the age of puberty and above. That is Islam's regulation towards women.

 

 

 

Resolution

Delegation: Qatar
Forum: GA
Issue: Improving the Living Conditions of Africa
Conference: Pearl MUN 2006

Keeping in Mind that half of sub Saharan Africa's population are suffering from endemic drought.

Alarmed by the fact that 300 million African people have no access to safe drinking water, and lack adequate sanitation

Having Studied that the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), concluded that the first reason to water scarcity, is poor water policies,

Deeply disturbed that the African government spends less than one per cent of the national budget on water sanitation and basin maintenance,

Bearing in Mind that if several organizations help solve this issue, Africa's water supply will greatly increase, and sanitary water will be available at all times,

Noting Further that the more the organizations to help with this issue, the less time it will take to increase Africa's water supply and sanitation, and more lives can be saved,

Expressing Its Appreciation to any organization that can and is willing to help improve the living conditions of Africa,

1) Calls Upon UNICEF, The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), World Hydrological Cycle Observing System (WHYCOS), and other organizations to start helping Africa:
A. The organizations will act as one unit,
i. This unit will consist of many several branches,
ii. Each branch will help a certain country;

2) Draws the attention that these organizations will:
A. Be held in a country of central Africa and start moving to countries from there, while helping every country to regain its safe water supply and sanitation,
B. Improve household water security, especially drinking water supply and sanitation,
C. Support to governments to improve water and sanitation services and enable greater access at the community level,
D. Improve protection of water resources in drainage basins,
i. Rehabilitate and improve the network for monitoring water quality within basins;

3) Supports any safe and sanitary water donations that are sent to the African population at any time;

4) Further Resolves that a pickup zone/base for donations will be available in the same country of central Africa:
A. The donations will be organized to be set equal for every country in need of safe water,
B. The pickup zone/base will have some of the unit's experts to make sure every item is safe from African citizen larceny;

5) Urges all countries who have the ability to be part of this unit, to come and make the unit better, and expand its branches and potential.

 

 

 

Opening Speech


Honorable chair, fellow delegates,

Assalam Alaikum. May peace be upon you. Humans are meant to be equal, and express their reliable ideas or concepts in any way they wish to, to help make their country a better place. Qatar is not a country of desert hot land like most people think it is a country of a wide variety of tourism, sports, and Arabian culture. It provides the best education possible to help keep its economy growing. After all, the future depends on the new generations of humans.

Qatar supports a very important issue that is facing the world. Africa. Qatar wants to help Africa in any way it can possibly do. If we help Africa get rid of starvation, diseases, and poor economies, we could make Africa a better place. Eventually, that will lead the world to be a better place. Qatar wishes everyone to be concerned about this issue, for it will create world peace and equality between people. That is all Qatar wants. Assalam Alaikum. May peace be upon you.

 

 

 

Statement of the Delegate


At the PEARL MUN event for 2006, the Delegation of Qatar constantly raised his placard, yet the governor general refused to choose me. She said that all the delegates should have a chance to speak. Well, she just did the opposite of what she said. She kept choosing delegates over and over again. I never had a chance to speak for the Gulf Countries in the crisis issue. The delegation of Qatar had a big part in that issue because it concerned the Gulf Countries as a whole. The co-president kept saying to the governor general to pick Qatar, but she still refused. Itís not personal, but I donít know why she didnít give me a chance to speak. I also have no chance to speak for the African issue, due to the same reasons. I was to speak for the G.C.C on the crisis issue, and represent the Gulf. Therefore, I am looking forward to having a chance in the upcoming MUN events. My last words go to the person who made it all happen. Dr. Daniel R. Fruit. Wishing him all the happiness in his life. May Peace Be Upon You All.