Briefing Book: Namibia (GA+SC)

Event: CACMUN 1999
Done by: Mustafa Malaki 10C


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The Namibian National Anthem

Namibia: Land of the Brave

Namibia land of the brave
Freedom fight we have won
Glory to their bravery
Whose blood waters our freedom
We give our love and loyalty
Together in unity
Contrasting beautiful Namibia
Namibia our country
Beloved land of savannahs
Hold high the banner of liberty

CHORUS

Namibia our Country
Namibia Motherland
We love thee


Namibia


Country Profile


Political Structure

Namibia's first government although not independent, formed after World War I when South African troops took control of it after surrendering the Germans. South Africa ruled Namibia as a territory of its own, using a mandate from the League of Nations, then the former UN. However, South Africans refused to hand Namibia over to the UN after World War II. Hence, Namibia's independent government was formed in 1990.

Namibia is a republic. The Constitution of the Republic of Namibia was adopted in 1990 and was put into action after March 21, 1990, when it gained full independence. The Constitution is the supreme law. It emphasizes on the equality of people and their rights despite their sex, religion, race, and others.

The president and Cabinet in the republic of Namibia have the administrative power. The current President is Sam Nujoma. The president is elected every five years and can't hold the office for more than two terms. The president is head of state and government, and the commander-in-chief of the defense force. The Cabinet is consisted of the President, Prime minister, and other ministers who are elected by the President. The Cabinet's most fundamental goals are directing governmental departments, formulating the budget, and helping the president of defense issues. The National Council and National Assembly are two parts of the parliamentary structure. The National Council consists of 26 members who serve for 6 years. The National Assembly has a lower rank than the National Council, having 78 members who serve for 5 years. Whenever there is an amendment to be made to the constitution, then two-third of the National Council's members should agree, reminding that Namibia never consults South Africa in these matters. The Supreme Court is the highest body in the judiciary system in Namibia. There are about 13 political parties in Namibia.

Namibia right now has internal and external stability. However, this can't be relied on. Namibia is located in an unstable region, where there is a war in DPR Congo, and a conflict in Angola. Because of its closeness to South Africa, a country which has occupied it before, it is still threatened. Therefore, Namibia is in a dramatic dangerous region where any country can attack it. Namibia is internally stable now, but any dispute between the political parties can lead to a civil war, which can be disastrous for a young country like Namibia.


Geography

Namibia is located is in Southwest Africa. It is bisected by the Tropic of Capricorn. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, by Botthe east, and by Angola to the north. It also shares borders with Zambia, through the Zambezi River that separates them. The Atlantic Ocean borders Namibia in the west.

Namibia has the driest climate in all of Africa. Its days are sunny and warm, while its nights are a bit cooler. In January, the temperature reaches 23 degrees Celsius, while falls down to 13 in winter. The rainy season starts from December till March, and the average amount of rain ranges between 0-10 inches.


Natural Resources

Namibia is a poor country in natural resources. It is not very suitable for agriculture because of its hot weather and poor soil. Only 1 % of Namibia is recommended for agriculture, which is very small. Main crops are corn, millet, and wheat. On the other hand, Namibia's coastal waters are considered one of the best places for fisheries in the world. Fish in coastal waters are abundant in all types. Namibia has very rich diamond mines. They are located on the border with South Africa. Large amounts of diamonds are taken out. Also, Namibia is wealthy in uranium. Because nuclear technology has not yet entered Namibia, most of the uranium is exported. Other minerals include lead and copper.

Namibia exports goods to South Africa, U.S., and Japan. Ninety percent of Namibia's products are exported Uranium, zinc, copper, diamonds, and fish are the major exports of Namibia to its three trade partners. South Africa is the main exporter of food to Namibia. Germany, U.K., and the United States are three other countries where Namibia imports goods. Namibia's imports are mostly food, coal, and petroleum.

Namibia is not self-sufficient especially in food. Namibia imports 85% of its goods from South Africa, which is very high. Fifty percent of this amount is all food. It also imports all petroleum and coal from South Africa. Namibia also has a link to a power grid in South Africa, which shows how dependant Namibia is on other countries to satisfy its needs. It even has no textile or other industries. Namibia, like all other countries, wishes to be self-sufficient, but its natural poor conditions and its poor economy stay as an obstacle to this ambition.


Cultural Factors

About 86% of Namibia's whole population is black, while only 6.5 are white and 7.5 are from mixed descents. There are two main black tribes in Namibia. One is the Ovambo, which includes 45% of the blacks, and the Kavango that includes only 9% of all the black population. The white community consists of Germans, Afrikaners, and English-speaking South Africans. Whites live mostly in cities and are more economically guaranteed than the blacks. Generally, the ethnic groups get along together except some minor disputes that might sometimes happen between the black tribes.

Ninety percent of Namibia's whole population is Christian, and 10% follow other traditional beliefs. Lutheran is the largest Christian denomination. Other denominations are Roman Catholic, Dutch Reformed, Anglican, and Methodist

The cultural history of Namibia lies within its tribal history. The first tribes in Namibia appeared in the Middle Ages, who were consisted mostly from gatherers. There were several tribes in Namibia. Museums are the only evidences of Namibian culture, of which Windhoek is the most popular, plus other local museums in Luderitz and Swakopmund.


Economy

Since its independence, Namibia has tried to encourage mixed economy and investments in Nam. Namibia has the basis for a sueconomy because of having large fisheries and precious minerals. However, Namibia is still economically dependent on South Africa. Namibia's dependency on other countries can be blamed on the government of whom 477,000 work. Because salaries and the average income of a family in a year is low, people do not put all their efforts in to work, and that is what has left Namibia behind. Namibia's budget is also low. A successful economy would require enough budgets. In 1990, foreign countries granted Namibia a total of about $200 million after it had lost $270 million to South Africa upon independence. The currency in Namibia is Dollar which is equal to 100 cents.

Namibia is a member of South African Customs Union and the South African Development Co-ordination Conference, which attempts to reduce southern African nations from depending on South Africa. It is also a member of the International Monetary Fund.


Defense

Namibia is very weak in its defense. It can be considered as one of the weakest third world nations. The only military branch in Namibia is the army. Until1990, only 9000 troops were in Namibia, only a few compared to the whole population, which are about 1,630,000 people.

Namibia would need to depend on other countries militarywise, because it does not have that improved technology as South Africa or other countries have. Importing weapons from other countries would be essential for Namibia because any country can now take advantage of the situation. The war in Angola might leak into Namibia and that would be when having weapons and enough power is the main worry.

Currently, Namibia is not part of any military alliance.


Views on World Problems

Namibia is a country that has similar views on most issues in the world. Namibia proved its tendency to view and solve problems when it peacefully gained ownership of Walvis Bay after negotiations with South Africa in 1993. Namibia wants peace in all parts of the world and does not intend to impose any violence on any country; first because it is powerless and weak, and second because it has experienced the bitterness of violence before its independence. That is why Namibia is keeping away of any wars and tries to take a peacemaking role in Angola and DPR Congo if possible. Namibia has also maintained good relationships with Iran, Nigeria, Cuba, Libya, and North Korea. It seems that Namibia is towards bad relationships with the US, especially that it has good relations with its enemies.

Namibia is a member of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) along with other African countries. It is also a member of the United Nations (UN), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Human Rights Organization, World Health Organization (WHO), and UNESCO. It is also a member of the following organizations: AFDP, ACP, C, CCC, G-77, Interpol, IFRCS, IOM, Intelsat, NAM, SACU, SADC, WCL, and WTO.


History

The independence of Namibia is the most important event in the last 15 years of this country's history. After the formation of SWAPO (a group that fought against South Africa to gain independence) which was headed by Sam Nujoma, the UN announced cease-fire in Namibia in 1989. South African troops gradually evacuated Namibia and handed it over to SWAPO on March 21, 1990. Sam Nujoma became the president and declared his executive power over the country, as the National Assembly and Cabinet were composed.


Policy Statements


Issue 101: The Condition and Treatment of Refugees

Namibia, as a third world nation, believes that refugees are not being treated as well as they should be. Currently, there are more than 23 million refugees all around the world who are living in harsh and poor conditions. Namibia states bravely that international humanitarian organizations such as the UNHCR are not performing their mission in an adequate way. A year ago, Kosovo experienced a very destructive conflict against Yugoslavia in which huge numbers of refugees became homeless and anticipated from healthy nutrition. Although many countries donated food and other necessities, the role of the superpowers here was very insufficient. Namibia believes and admits with shame that strong countries and the UN are acting irresponsibly towards refugees, who have been forced out of their countries by power.

The war in DPR Congo, the conflict between Eritrea and Somalia, and the conflict between Angola and its rebels are the most fundamental problems in Africa for now. As it is clear, the UNHCR and the superpowers like the US and the UK are not making any basic effort in order to rescue the powerless refugees in these countries. The war in DPR Congo has left the refugees uncertain of where to go, and now they are fleeing to surrounding countries. Namibia contains refugees from the Angolan rebels who are using this country as a hiding place for themselves. Although Namibia is concerned with the increase in crime rate after accepting Angolan refugees, it feels that refugees should have their own rights and should not be slaughtered in any country of the world.


Issue 102: The Role of Regional Organizations in Settling Wars

Namibia is also unsatisfied with the role of regional organizations in settling wars. Namibia got a bad image of the OAU when it first tried to gain independence. During the years it attempted to become an independent nation, Namibia received no important aid from the OAU. The OAU has also failed in settling the war in DPR Congo. Not only that, but the problem is that the OAU does not attempt to solve regional problems once they get started. The war between Ethiopia and Eritrea shows that the OAU is again too powerless.

Namibia wants these organizations to be strengthened. Namibia does not want these organizations to end, but wants them to work more diligently towards solving problems in Africa. Superpowers can give financial aid to the OAU and ANC in order to let them practice their job using the money. The OAU and ANC, although not very strong, should work more together to bring total peace in Africa. Namibia believes that the continuous wars in Africa are a result of carelessness by the OAU.


Issue 103: The Growth and Implementation of Information Technology on Global Communications

Namibia's position on this issue is very clear.. Namibia thinks that information technology is growing at a very fast rate, and that it has great effect on global communications. The Internet is one of the most obvious evidences of Namibia's policy towards this case.

Namibia believes that the G-7 and the industrial countries should bring technology into Africa with low prices. These countries are responsible to transfer some of their technology to Namibia and other African countries. The technology in Africa and mainly Namibia is very low, and so it would be a great idea to bring advanced technology into Namibia which can help the providers maintain better relationships with this country, thus encouraging trade between both sides.



Resolution


QUESTION OF: The condition and treatment of refugees.
FORUM: General Assembly
DELEGATION: Namibia

Defining refugee as a person who leaves his homeland because of persecution due to color, race, religion, or other political conflicts and who seeks safety and help in another country, and who does not or can not return back to his country;

Criticizing the world especially the superpowers and developed countries for paying little attention to refugees worldwide;

Noting with regret that there are currently over 22 million refugees in the world of which at least 2 million live in Africa;

Recognizing with appreciation all governments that welcome refugees in their countries, such as Namibia, Australia, Ivory Coast, the Islamic Republic of Iran, and other countries like Macedonia and Hungary for welcoming refugees from Angola, East Timor, Liberia, Afghanistan, and Kosovo respectively;

Recognizing the diligent efforts of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in providing food, shelter, and protection for about 1 million refugees in the world in the year 1998, according to the spokesman of the UNHCR;

Further recognizing the continuous efforts of all humanitarian organizations that haa role in the reduction of the number of refugees including the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs);

Further condemning countries such as Israel, Yugoslavia, DPR Congo, Cambodia, Indonesia, etc; for causing huge numbers of refugees through their engagement in armed conflicts;

Applauding the fact that the Federal Republic of Germany donated US$128,000 to Tanzania in order to support refugees from DPR Congo, and US$370,000 to UNHCR to provide aid and other services for refugees in DPR Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda.

1. Kindly asks the rich and developed nations and countries that have a strong political standing in the world to help improve the condition and treatment of refugees by:
a.cooperating with the UNHCR and UNWRA by:
b.financially helping the UNHCR to satisfy its economic needs to practicing its mission more efficiently,
c.providing military help for the safety and protection of the UNHCR and UNWRA officials in all parts of the world;

2. Requires countries engaged in wars that have resulted in large numbers of refugees to stop their conflicts by negotiating and reaching to a mutual consent in order to help refugees get back to their homes;

3. Further Requires the nations currently engaged in wars to cooperate with the UNHCR, UNWRA, and other humanitarian organizations by:
a. guaranteeing full security for the inspectors through: protecting all UNHCR and UNWRA officials from any physical abuse,
b.protecting all UNHCR and UNRWA officials from any insult and or discrimination;

4. Resolves that the UN and the OAU to be more assertivein solving the problems of refugees in Africa by strengthening international relations between nations in war through:
a.asking high officials of all African nations to attend meetings that hnon-political issues in order to:
-encourage between countries engaged in armed conflicts which will facilitate further political proceedings
b.Start holding negotiation sessions between countries in war supervised by the UN secretary-general and the president of the OAU that will use 0.2% of both organizations' budgets;

5. Demands the United Nations secretary general hold meetings and conferences in order to put a peaceful end to the most destructive conflicts in the world in order to:
a. allow all humanitarian organizations to help refugees by: returning them to their homes; supplying food, shelter, and protection for them;

6. Resolves that all of the money received by the international humanitarian organizations is spent on providing refugees with five kinds of assistance:
a.emergency assistance to refugees
b.care and maintenance which are provided to refugees after they have completely survived
c.voluntary repatriation which includes all preparations done for transporting refugees to their countries
d.local settlement assistance which is assistance given to refugees who cannot return home
e. assistance in resettlement which may be offered to refugees who are admitted in another country, or a country of asylum;

7. Further resolves that the UN takes operative decisions about countries engaged in wars by:
a. imposing economical sanctions on all countries engaged in armed conflicts who thereby make more than 5,000 refugees to flee to other countries;
b. Inflicting No Fly Zones on countries engaged in armed conflicts, in order to force them to stop the war, thus causing a decrease in the number of refugees and allowing them to get back to their countries;

8. Further resolves that the UN will create international war crimes tribunals for trying despotic leaders that are committing war crimes that will:
a. use money from the International Court of Justice's annual budget;
b. force leaders to stop wars that results in a noticeable decrease in the numbers of refugees;

9.Kindly requests all nations of which refugees flee away from because of reasons other than political ones such as religion, sex, or race to try and put an end to these problems in their countries without causing any internal instability by organizing meetings and negotiation sessions between them;

10. Urges the International Committee of the Red Cross to work hardly in performing its duties by affording refugees all around the world with food, shelter, and protection;

11. Requests all countries, especially Australia and Canada, to allow refugees from another country to stay in their territory even if for a short period until the UNHCR and UNWRA succeed in replacing the refugees and returning them home;

12. Calls upon the United Nations Relief and Work Agency to provide refugees all around the world with jobs besides satisfying them with basic needs;

13. Congratulates all countries that permit refugees from other countries to enter their lands and provide care for them temporarily or permanently by:
a. refunding them whatever money they have spent on refugees from the UNHCR and UNWRA's annual budgets;

14. Condemns all developed countries that sell to or provide countries in war with the most improved and destructive weapons that intensify the situation of wars.

 

GA Opening Speech

Good Afternoon Ladies and Gentlemen,

Namibia would like to welcome all the countries in the General Assembly, and wishes to acquire whatever best serves the world in a beneficial way. Namibia is a southern African country that is rich country in minerals and diamonds. Namibia's government is one that manages its local and foreign affairs in a logical way, respects civil rights of everyone in the society, and tries to improve the country's political, economic, social, and environmental conditions. Namibia's government is has always supported peace and equality around the world, whether in Africa or in the Australian continent. Namibia has never and will never impose any form of violence on any nation. The Republic of Namibia would also like to approve of and congratulate all of those nations that helped it gain independence.

Namibia desires to highlight a very important issue in this meeting. Right now, the world can be economically divided into two regions: the north and the south. The northern countries are those with high gross domestic products and high standards of living. The southern countries are those having low and lacking financial stability. Namibia is considered as a southern country, and so are most African countries. Namibia and all southern countries believe that the northern countries are not doing all they can do to help the southern nations. Not only that this financial aid helps the poor, but it will also benefit both sides, where they can maintain good relations in all areas. This way, we can make the world a better place to live on, where the rich and the poor are all equal and can all live happily.

Namibia would also like to proudly congratulate and thank those countries that have aided poor nations, and hopes that the poor countries can one day make up for it.




SC Policy Statements


The impending crisis between Russia, Chechnya, and Dagestan

Namibiaís policy towards the recent crisis in Russia is CLEAR. Namibia, as an African country, supports peace all around the world, and always tries to have a significant role in ensuring peace all around the world. Namibia is extremely concerned about peace in the world, especially in Africa. Namibia believes that if wars were to continue like it is right now, then the world should expect a third world war soon. Namibia believes that Russia should immediately stop bombing Chechnya and regret sending ground troops to that country. Russia had previously accused Chechnyan Islamic terrorists of the recent bombing that occurred in Moscow and Dagestan. However, Namibia believes that the government of Russia should formally and officially prove the Moslemís guilt by means of true and convincing evidence. Therefore, Russia should stop all attacks on Chechnya and certify the sponsors of the bombings before seeking military ways.

The Chechnyans have been requesting for full independence since decades, but still it hasnít become independent although it manages most of its affairs. Namibia believes that all countries in the world should have their own national sovereignty, and that it is the ambition of any country like Chechnya to become independent. However, this can cause many other problems. For example, Dagestan also wants independence now as it watches how the Chechnyans strive to get such a thing. This can successfully encourage other non-independent nations in that region to demand full independence, which can cause more and more problems and maybe armed conflicts like now.

Namibia would also like to point out the fact that it is the UN and EU duty to settle the conflict between Russia and Chechnya through resolutions presented in the SC that can end the war. The UN is responsible to encourage negotiation between the governments of Russia, Chechnya, and Dagestan. The members of the EU with strong political standings like Great Britain and France should cooperate more closely in order to prevent a replay of the 1994 scenario in Chechnya or even a worse one. It is now the responsibility of strong nations to stand with peace and ensure itís prevailing all around the world.


The ongoing issue of peacekeeping/UN involvement in East Timor

Namibia is totally appreciative of the current UN involvement in East Timor. It appreciates the efforts of those countries that have in some kind aided the UN in settling peace in East Timor. Namibia encourages all the capable countries to help settle the crucial situation in East Timor. About 7000-8000 troops are now involved in the missions led by Australia in East Timor. Namibia is a country that supports refugees, but can not accept large numbers of them.

Namibia believes that in spite of the UN mission in East Timor, the UN has always responded to crises with delay. Whenever there is a conflict getting larger, the UN should try to settle it at that point before it becomes worse. The UN is allowing conflicts to emerge spontaneously and get worse, and thatís when the UN starts asking aid from other countries to solve those conflicts. Namibia believes that the UN and regional organizations worldwide should deal seriously and quickly with conflicts as soon as they emerge.


The continuing crisis in DR Congo and surrounding states

Namibia is a supporter of the Democratic Republic of Congo in its war. Namibia, Angola, and Zimbabwe are currently aiding Laurent Kabila in his war against the rebels. Rwanda and Uganda are currently providing the rebels with all help. Namibia believes that Laurent Kabila was not given the chance to lead the country, but was attacked immediately after his election as president of DR Congo. Namibiaís support of Kabila is very STRONG AND FIRM.

As Kabila and his supporting rebels moved across Zaire to overthrow Mobutu, he began planning to repair the economic conditions in Zaire, which had been worsened during Mobutuís ruling of the country, who aimed to become one of the worldís richest men. Kabila reduced the duties on all exports and imports, and started encouraging foreign invin his country. Not only that, but he also succeeded in attracting foreign attention, because more than 30 investment bankers visited Kabila to discuss the process. This way, he attempted to bring political stability to his country, as well as developing the economics in his country.

Namibia believes that people of any country, especially Africans, should be more patient and give chances to whoever is in charge before they take any step towards violence. Namibia does not deny the fact that peace should take place. Namibia believes that peace procedures should be commenced by the OAU and the UN, in addition to countries like France, Belgium, and USA that have been influential in either colonial ties, cultural ties, and during the Cold War to restore the rightful acts of the Congolese government. That implies that the peace process should be one in which DR Congo deals with the rebels as a sovereign nation, not as between to warring parties of equal status. The world should acknowledge that a country or nation is much more important than a group of people, despite their number.


Ongoing issues in Kosovo

Namibia stands directly against the actions of the leader of Yugoslavia, Milosevic. Namibia believes that the level at which the Kosovars are treated is very severe. Hundreds of thousands of refugees fled away from Kosovo as Yugoslavia attacked them. Namibia acknowledges the fact that countries like USA, Britain, and France launched heavy attacks on Yugoslavia. Namibia believes that the Kosovar Albanians have the right of an independent country because it is not possible for them to live in such country ruled by a despotic leader that commits and has committed war crimes. It is now the task of international organizations to try Milosevic. Namibia believes that the superpowers should try to stop wars immediately, not to be present in such places to satisfy their own interests.



Redefinition of UN involvement in humanitarian issues

Namibia believes that the UN should enforce human rights in every country. Although Namibiaís population is consisted of white and black races, it does not have any main problems concerning racism, which is considered as human rights. The UN should at least issue resolutions that force countries to maintain the standard for human rights. The UNís responsible committee for human rights should take positive actions in the maintenance of the conditions of human rights all around the world.

Namibia is unsatisfied with the current human rights conditions in Kosovo, East Timor, Africa, and Chechnya. The world should acknowledge that humans are the most significant things on earth, but no one happens to realize this. Humanitarian organizations should use methods in improving human rights by helping refugees, asylum seekers, and those who suffer from their cruel governments.

What Namibia is also concerned with is "freedom from poverty." It is obvious that freedom is considered as human rights, so is freedom from poverty. Many countries that canít free themselves from the strict human rightrs conditions suffer from the lack of money. If humans are to be put down that much, theu why are they born? Namibia believes that all nations should work as a balance, where if one side is lighter than the other, the other could help the light side. Namibia believes that rich and developed countries should donate money to humanitarian organizations or the countries themselves. On the other hand, what Namibia is worried about is whether the money received by any of the sides will all get spent on improving human rights worldwide or not.


Instability in South Asia

Namibia believes that South Asia is experiencing a very unstable situation. The main countries concerned with are Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Namibia believes that the ongoing endless war between Taliban and the Afghan government has brought serious worry and instability into the region in the sense that bocountries like Iran and Pakistan are suffering from the huge numbers of Afghan refugees that have fled to these countries. Afghanistan is unable to solve its problem, which is threatening peace in Asia and in the world. Namibia believes that the Afghans should start negotiating and signing a cease-fire, using UN high officials in acting like helpful and influential mediators.

As for Pakistan and India, they are also threatening the world especially people in a very destructive way. Since and before their independence, these two countries had been the bases of tension in the region. Right now, these two countries are trying to improve their nuclear capabilities in order to be ready for any action. The dispute on Kashmir has also intensified the tension between both countries, which lets them prepare more for wars. These two countries are IGNORING the fact that if only one nuclear bomb is released, then it can kill billions. Namibia believes that India and Pakistan should not use nuclear methods if anything happens. Also, both countries have been recently trying their nuclear weapons. Namibia believes that nuclear weapons should be banned and should not be tested at any time.


The continuing war in Ethiopia/Eritrea and resulting regional instability

Namibia believes that the war between Ethiopia and Eritrea adds more stability to Africa. There are half a million soldiers involved in the conflict. These two countries should immediate stop the war by means of negotiation, which should be coordinated by the OAU and UN. Namibia appreciates the Eritrean consent to the proposals that were presented by the OAU to end the war in July. However, the war is still going on, but sooner or later, Eritrea and Ethiopia should put a definite end to their conflict.

Namibia supports peace in this conflict. It thinks that the war should stop in order to make Africa more stable. Everyday, new conflicts emerge in Africa, which makes it almost impossible for the OAU and other organizations to deal with all at the same time.



SC Resolution

QUESTION OF: The continuing crisis in DR Congo and surrounding states
FORUM: Security Council
DELEGATION: Namibia

Deeply concerned that in 1996 alone, 14 African nations were involved in armed conflicts;

Reminding that this war erupted in August 1998 when the Congolese rebels tried to overthrow Laurent Kabila, noting that they were supported by Rwanda and Uganda;

Deeply alarmed that this war has resulted in more than 350,000 refugees and displaced persons according to a press conference done by the head of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR);

Appreciating the fact that the United Nations (UN) has recently established a liaison office at the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in Addis Ababa in order to encourage diplomatic efforts between African diplomats, especially those of DR Congo, Rwanda, Uganda, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Angola;

Further Alarming that the Organization of African Unity (OAU) has failed to obtain useful achievements for this conflict even after holding several meetings and conferences to solve the problem;

Bearing in mind that the UNHCR is facing security problems in Central Africa, which are caused by the rebels and the hiding militia in the refugee camps;

Applauding the cease-fire signed by the leaders of DR Congo, Rwanda, Uganda, and the official rebel leaders in July 1999;

Recognizing with appreciation the suggestion of Laurent Kabila, the president of DR Congo, to hold a national dialogue between him and the rebels supervised by international mediators in order to reach a mutually-beneficial solution;

Condemning the Congolese rebels and the leaders of Rwanda and Uganda for not consenting to the idea of having international mediators in national dialogues.

1.Resolves to end the conflict of refugees by sending troops to the borders between DPR Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda in order to protect the refugees from the hiding militia set by the governments of the four countries, and to work as international peacekeepers in the area by:
a. using $15 million from the UNís annual budget for peacekeeping operations that is about $100 million
b. sending 3,00UN troops to the area
c. sending 5,000 OAU troops;

2. Resolves to place economic sanctions on Rwanda and Uganda for helping the Congolese rebels until the peace process ends by:
a. asking the Security Council members to agree with the sanctions for the sake of peace and security
b. asking the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to freeze all the money belonging to Rwanda and Uganda and prevent the mentioned countries from using them
c. allow all Rwanda and Uganda to get their money back after the peace process is over if and only if they had cooperated efficiently with the responsible authorities;

3.Strongly urges the countries afflicted in the war to stand with the UN and help it in peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding;

4. Encourages all African countries engaged in the war to participate in a peace summit in order to sign a peace accord through negotiation and reconciliation and to comply with all its requirements;

5.Strongly asks all countries that are selling weapons to the rebels, Rwanda, and Uganda to stop selling weapons and thereby have a useful role in the settlement of peace, even if this might negatively affect their economic conditions;

6. Congratulates countries that stop trade with Rwanda and Uganda and do not provide any kind of financial aid to war;

7. Requests the UN to send several humanitarian coordinators to the Dr Congo and surrounding borders that will do the following by the help of the OAU:
a. help the refugees, youths, and displaced persons return to the urban areas of the country
b. help the refugees, youths, and displaced persons to exercise a new civilian life in the urban areas by the process of rehabilitation and reconstruction
c. buy up the arms and weapons from the soldiers and the youths to force them on leaving the war
d. help innocent people, especially the youths, to find appropriate jobs;

8.Asks the UN to send a group of high officials to improve the internal political conditions in DPR Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda that will in turn lead to the settlement of peace in the region;

9.Further resolves to send a group of highly ranked UN inspectors to Central Africa to capture all rebel leaders and leaders of Rwanda and Uganda for the crime of starting "offensive war" that
a. works under a mandate of the UN
b. uses $3 million from the UNís annual budget to provide financial immunity for itself
c. is created by experienced judges from the International Court of Justice.
d. is created by experts from the International Law Commissione. finally and most importantly, ends the trials successfully and without any delay;

10.Urges all rebels against the current, recognized government of DR Congo to decease their efforts at resisting;

11.Threatens all nations around the world, especially those in Africa, that the current, destructive actions of the Congolese rebels can encourage other rebels around the world to start resisting their countries using force, which will break peace, unless the situation in DR Congo ends and peace emerges.



Opening Speech: Security Council

Good Morning/Afternoon Secretary General, Chair, and all honorable delegates:

The Republic of Namibia would like to welcome all countries of the Security Council, both the permanent and the temporary members. Namibia is very proud and delighted to attend this Security Council session with all other countries in order to cooperate with other nations on making the best decisions and passing the best resolutions that benefit the world as a whole.

Namibia is a peaceful and peace-wanting country not only for itself, but for all nations. What has been remarkable about a country that has been recently become independent, meaning Namibia, is its notable struggle for economic development. The current government of Namibia has been a successful one until now, for it has strongly encouraged foreign investment in all areas. Namibia would also like to point out its outstanding role in the development of world industry. Namibiaís mineral resources, especially gems and fine stones, are now being used in the industry of other nations. Apart from discussing world problems, Namibia invites all countries here to invest in it, and make lots of profit!

Although Namibia believes that all countries or most of them that are engaged in wars are trying to defend their rights, but it believes that seeking military methods is a wrong idea. Recently, and since May 1999, an armed conflict broke out between Ethiopia and Eritrea concerning their borders. Namibia is neutral in this conflict, and is completely ready to work as a peacemaker in the conflict. Namibia is certain that conflicts can be solved through negotiations and international dialogues, rather than using force. Namibia believes that international and regional organizations should make their best attempts to put an end to this recent war. It is far easier to end the conflict at its beginning that at the middle. Ethiopia and Eritrea should cooperate and coordinate to organize dialogues and negotiation sessions. The war in Yugoslavia and the war between Russia and Chechnya are two examples of intensifying wars. Both of these countries should be aware of the dangers of war, more refugees, breakdown of economy, and destroying their reputations in the world.

It is very important for Ethiopia and Eritrea to end this war immediately, and we hope to pass a resolution that satisfies both countries and makes peace prevail over instability in that sensitive region of Africa.

Thank you all.