Huda al Mousa-Ambassador
Mohammad Fakhraldeen-SC
Saad al Ghawas-social
Nabil al Khaled-human rights
Shadi al Suwayeh-environment

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The French National Anthem

La Marseillaise
Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle.

Allons enfants de la patrie,
Le jour de gloire est arriv?
Contre nous de la tyrannie
L'?tendard sanglant est lev?
Entendez vous dans les campagnes,
Mugir ces f?roces soldats?
Ils viennent jusque dans nos bras
Egorger nos fils, nos compagnes!


Aux armes, citoyens!
Formez vos bataillons!
Marchons! Marchons!
Qu'un sang impur
Abreuve nos sillons!

Amour sacr? de la patrie,
Conduis, soutiens nos bras vengeurs!
Libert?, Libert? cherie,
Combats avec tes defenseurs!
Sous nos drapeaux, que la victoire
Accoure ? tes males accents!
Que tes ennemis expirants
Voient ton triomphe et notre gloire!


Nous entrerons dans la carriere
Quand nos ain?s n'y seront plus;
Nous y trouverons leur poussiere
Et la trace de leurs vertus.
Bien moins jaloux de leur survivre
Que de partager leur cercueil,
Nous aurons le sublime orgueil
De les venger ou de les suivre!



Ye sons of France, awake to glory!
Hark! Hark! the people bid you rise!
Your children, wives, and grandsires hoary
Behold their tears and hear their cries!

Shall hateful tyrants, mischief breeding,
With hireling hosts a ruffian band
Affright and desolate the land
While peace and liberty lie bleeding?


To arms, to arms, ye brave!
Th'avenging sword unsheathe!
March on, march on, all hearts resolved
On liberty or death.

Oh liberty can man resign thee,
Once having felt thy gen'rous flame?
Can dungeons, bolts, and bar confine thee?
Or whips thy noble spirit tame?

Too long the world has wept bewailing
That falsehood's dagger tyrants wield;
But freedom is our sword and shield
And all their arts are unavailing.

Country Profile

Poitical Structure:

For many centuries, France has had many different governments. The most recent one is called "The Fifth Republic" which was formed by Charles de Gaulle. In 1958, a referendum showed overwhelming support for de Gaulle. Consequently, de Gaulle submitted the new constitution, elected his ministers, dissolved the Parliament, and started a series of events that led to higher presidential power. Years later, in 1968, the people resented de Gaulle’s actions, and, after a referendum, 52 percent of the voters voted against de Gaulle. De Gaulle resigned as president the next day.

The governmental system of France is a presidential republic known as the Fifth Republic and is based on the constitution that was promulgated in October 1958. This document reduces the power of parliament to overthrow cabinets and markedly enlarges the authority of the president. It vests the sovereignty of the republic in the French people, who can exercise their political power through a representative parliament as well as through referenda. The French Parliament consists of the National Assembly (577 deputies) and the Senate (321 members). The former body is elected by direct universal suffrage, with each party's representation proportionate to its showing in the popular vote; deputies serve terms of up to five years. Senators are elected to nine-year terms by indirect popular suffrage-that is, by the membership of other representative bodies. The constitution of 1958 established a new body, the Constitutional Council, which has general power to supervise elections and referenda and to decide constitutional questions; the council consists of nine appointed members and all former presidents of the republic. France has a voting age of 18.

France is a very stable nation. Although it is bordered by many countries, it maintains good relations them. Since France is a democratic republic, and has a Parliament and Senate, it is generally stable internally. France’s colonies, however, have disputes between neighboring nations. France’s colonies, however, have disputes between neighboring nations. Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles each claim Tromelin Island; Madagascar also claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island; Comoros claims Mayotte; Suriname claims part of French Guiana; Mexico claims Clipperton Island; land claim in Antarctica (Adelie Land); maritime boundary dispute with Canada over Saint Pierre and Miquelon.



Several European countries border France. To the south west is Spain, to the bottom right is Italy and Switzerland, to the east and northeast is Germany and Belgium, to the north is the United Kingdom which is separated from France by the English Channel which is only 240 km wide at its widest point. France has normal relations with all of its bordering countries. France, the United Kingdom, and Italy all have especially strong ties since they were a part of the Allies during World War I and II.

The French landscape is typical of the diverse nature of continental Europe. Three main geological regions are distinguishable: the skeletal remains of ancient mountains that make up the principal massifs; the northern and western plains; and the narrow plains that lie between the rugged younger mountains of the south and southeast. The natural conditions of France are exceptionally favorable for agriculture and farming.

France has three kinds of climatic influences: oceanic, continental, and Mediterranean. It is largely exposed to winds from the Atlantic, which in temperate latitudes blow from the west to the east. About three-quarters of France is, for most of the year, under the influence of the great cyclonic depressions that come from the Atlantic. Their exact path is determined by the variations in the relative location of the polar and tropical masses of air. In winter, moreover, areas of high pressure frequently move over the eastern part of France, notably in the Alsation plains and the Saone region. This, added to the proximity of the Mediterranean in the south, gives France an extremely varied but generally temperate climate, as well as sufficient rainfall.

Natural Resources:

France is rich in its natural resources. They also have high nutrient and rich soils. France’s main resources are coal, iron ore, bauxite, fish, timber, zinc and potash. It also has very rich soils;

The maritime climate and deciduous forests of much of France promoted the development of what are generally called podzolic soils. The podzolic process involves the leaching, or carrying away, of material near the surface by moderately acidic water that has seeped through plant material on the forest floor. Podzolic soils are gray-brown and tend to be heavy, with a high clay content. They can be moderately productive for agricultural use when properly fertilized and carefully managed. In the Paris Basin, soils have been derived from limestone formations, which make them exceptionally rich in minerals useful for agriculture. In postglacial times this region was covered by a thin coating of fine, windblown material called limon (silt), much of which has high nutritive value. In contrast, where granites and related rocks are the base for soil formation, as in Brittany, the soils tend to be acidic and comparatively unproductive. Along many coastal areas, and especially in parts of the Aquitaine Basin, light sandy soils are impractical for agriculture. In mountainous regions, soil formation is difficult because of steep slopes, and soil erodes downward as it forms. Because of the lack of abundant grassland, France has only small amounts of the rich organic soils so vital to such regions as the American Midwest and the rich grain fields of Ukraine.

The total export cost is $249.2 billion (f.o.b., 1994 est.). Their main exports are machinery and transportation equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, agricultural products, iron and steel products, textiles and clothing. There main trade partners (exports) is with Germany 18.6%, Italy 11.0%, Spain 11.0%, Belgium-Luxembourg 9.1%, UK 8.8%, Netherlands 7.9%, US 6.4%, Japan 2.0%, FSU 0.7% (1991 est.).

The total import cost is $238.1 billion (c.i.f., 1994 est.). Their main import products are crude oil, machinery and equipment, agricultural products, chemicals, iron and steel products. There main trade partners (import) is with Germany 17.8%, Italy 10.9%, US 9.5%, Netherlands 8.9%, Spain 8.8%, Belgium-Luxembourg 8.5%, UK 7.5%, Japan 4.1%, FSU 1.3% (1991 est.).

Obviously France exports more than it imports. That is why France is a rich country.

Cultural Factors

French is the nation's language. There are also a number of regional dialects, which are largely declining in usage. Roman Catholicism is by far the largest religion in France. Separation of church and state was made final by law in 1905. The educational level in France is high.

60.9 million inhabitants as of January 1998. In population, France ranks 21st worldwide and accounts for 1.07% of the world population, which reached 5.5 billion in 1993.According to a 1990 census, immigrants represent around 6% of the population totaling 3.5 million people. Among them, 1.4 million come from the European Union.

France has traditionnaly been a country of immigrants: in 1881, there were already one million foreigners and three million in 1931. Although the growth of the foreign population has changed little since then, the number of Europeans has systematically declined in favor of immigration from former colonies in Africa and Southeast Asia.

In 1990, the highest number of immigrants were from Portugal, with 645,000 people, followed by 619,900 Algerians and 584,700 immigrants from Morocco. The rest of the foreign population consisted of 253,700 Italians, 216,000 Spaniards, 207,500 Tunisians, 201,500 Turks, 46,300 Poles and 51,700 from the former Yugoslavia.

Church and State have been separate since 1905. Throughout history, France has remained primarily Catholic and 81% of French people consider themselves as such. With four million Muslim living in France, Islam is the second largest religious group. There are also 950,000 Protestants, 750,000 Jews, 400,000 Buddhists, and 200,000 members of the Orthodox Church.

*France does not like the dominance of America in any field.


The franc, equal to 100 centimes, is the basic unit of currency of France. The French franc is convertible (5.12 francs equal U.S. $1; 1996). Among leading French banks are three nationalized in 1945: Banque Nationale de Paris, Credit Lyonnais, and Société Générale. Other major banks were nationalized in 1981 and 1982. In 1986, however, the French launched a privatization program. It was halted for a time in 1988, but a new wave of privatization began again in 1993. As a result, several banks were privatized, including Société Générale and Banque Nationale de Paris. In 1995 the French government approved a plan to rescue Crédit Lyonnais from insolvency. About 10 percent of the French workforce is employed in business and finance.

France does not depend on debt in any way. It has a very strong economy and does not have any financial problems. In fact, many nations, such as those in Africa, depend on France for debt. France does grant these nations debts. The franc is one of the strongest currencies in the world.

France is a member of many economic and trade organizations. Its presence is important in the World Trade Organization (WTO). It is also a non-regional member of the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Asian Development Bank (AsDB). France is a member of the International Monetary Organization (IMF). It is also one of the few members of the Gruop of 5 (G-5) and the Group of 7 (G-7).


The organization of the military administration was for a long time based on the division of the military into the army, navy, and air force. Since 1958 this distinction has become progressively blurred and replaced by an organization based on various functions. Thus, there are strategic nuclear forces, territorial-defense forces, mobile forces, and task forces. France has had the atomic bomb since 1960 and the hydrogen bomb since 1968. It used to carry out nuclear testing in the Pacific but stopped due to growing concern over the effects of nuclear explosions on the environment. It has a strategic nuclear force, and a basic delivery system. France also has the capability of experimenting with the neutron bomb.

France has little or no military dependence on other nations because it builds its own weapons and has all the resources needed to run a military operation. France has always been one of the leaders of the world militarily, starting with its huge involvement during WWI and WWII. France, Russia, China, and the US are the primary suppliers of military technology presently.

France is a member of the United Nations (UN) in which it is a permanent member of the Security Council. France also plays a large role as a member of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Military personnel are stationed in West Germany and in a number of African countries linked to France by cooperation agreements; many of the personnel in Africa are stationed in Djibouti. France is also a member of the Western European Union (WEU).

Views on World Problems

First of all, France is a member of the United Nations (UN), the European Union/European Community (EU/EC), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSGE), G7, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the West European Union (WEU).

France has maintained its relationships with many countries. It is working towards improvement. For cordial talks took place between the Prime Ministers of France and Algeria recently. They are both working together to forget their pasts and especially the civil war of 1992. France has also worked to improve its relationships with other African countries by joining Britain, (an "old rival" of France), in holding a meeting with the Foreign Ministers of Nigeria, Kenya, the Ivory Coast, and Gabon. This is a clear attempt from France to strengthen and deepen its connections with Britain, and the four African nations mentioned above. It is also an attempt to give African problems a higher profile and to present resolutions and policy statements regarding these matters and issues.

France has also strengthened its affinity with Israel. Netanyahu blocked all French involvement in the Middle East peace process during his reign, but when Barak was elected as the new Israeli president, ties between the two countries became more intact than before, for Mr. Barak has been more welcoming towards France. One thing that really impressed Israel was when Vedrine, the French Prime Minister, switched his planned stay in East Jerusalem from a Palestinian hotel to a Jewish Hotel.

France accused Britain and the United States of destroying the UN weapons inspection program in Iraq. France condemned both nations for this dangerous act; it said that the inspections should not stop due to security reasons in that particular region of the Middle East. Despite the above, France stated that it was prepared to help the United States and Britain in this campaign. Since Russia and China are the only Security Council countries that have shown support for Iraq, then Britain and the US would be against Iraq, which would make the other two somewhat outnumbered, putting them at a slight disadvantage. France is rather neutral when it comes to Iraq, for it is against the sanctions on Iraq, but it still feels that safety inspections and such should not stop in Iraq due to the need for the maintenance of safety in the Middle East.

France is utterly disappointed with Spain’s ETA bombers, and it was not long before French President Jacques Chirac was to fly for a short stay in Spain. This has happened before, and it has occurred several times before a big Franco-Spanish event. This could well affect ties dramatically between the two nations. These bombers have caused the deaths of many people through the use of dynamite, which resulted in huge explosions. French President Jacques Chirac said that he and the Romanian President urge rich countries to work together with them in order to revive shipping on the River Danube. The river was still disrupted after NATO’s air strikes on Yugoslavia. This could well hold good relations for both countries in the future.

As one of the six founding members of Europe, France played a key role in the construction of what is the first global economy. The first step was taken in 1951 when France, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, Germany, and Luxembourg created the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). In 1957, the Six gathered in Rome to sign the treaty that gave birth to the European Economic Community (EEC), aimed at implementing a progressive customs union. In 1973, French voters said yes to the first enlargement of the EEC. By referendum, the French approved, in 1992, the Maastricht Treaty defining the new stages of a political, economic and monetary union. The E.C. then became the European Union. The E.U. is due to be completed in 1999 through the implementation of the Monetary Union (a single currency). France and Germany play a leading role in the EEC, even in terms of the countries that don't have the EURO. There was an air of French-German leadership in the EEC.

The challenge today is to provide Europe with a genuine political and monetary identity and to prepare its institutions for the enlargement bringing the many States which have applied for accession. France strove towards this goal throughout the Intergovernmental Conference which ended with the signing of the Amsterdam Treaty on the 2nd of October, 1997, which also, as a result of its endeavors, strengthened Community measures in the spheres of social policy and employment.


1958 De Gaulle returns to power and founds the Fifth Republic, adopted by referendum.

1960: The French Union was transformed into the French Community, and most of France's African holdings became independent by 1960. In this year, France became a nuclear power.

1962: End of Algerian War, begun in 1954.

1966: De Gaulle withdrew French forces from the integrated command of NATO and forced all U.S. and NATO forces to leave France, although he proclaimed adherence in the event of an "unprovoked attack."

1968: In the spring of 1968 widespread student demonstrations against France's obsolete educational system were joined by striking workers and farmers.

1969-1974: Georges Pompidou elected President of the Republic. European construction strengthened.

1974-1981: Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, President of the Republic. Oil crisis followed by recession.

1981 Socialist candidate François Mitterrand is elected President of the Republic with a left-wing majority in the National Assembly; Abolition of the death penalty. Decentralization laws. Nationalization of large coorporations.

1982: The economic situation in France worsens due in part to decreased exports and pressure on the franc.

1986: Legislative elections; the Left loses out to conservative parties. Jacques Chirac, a conservative, is appointed Prime Minister. First cohabitation. Re-privatization.

1988: François Mitterrand is re-elected President of the Republic. The Left wins a majority in legislative elections.

1991: France agreed in June, 1991, to sign the 1968 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

1992: The French ratify the Maastricht Treaty on European Union by referendum (the currency: Euro).

1993: March 29, victory of the Right in legislative elections: second cohabitation government. Privatization program resumes.

1995: May 7, Jacques Chirac of the neo-Gaullist RPR party is elected President of the Republic. Alain Juppé is appointed Prime Minister.

1997: June 3, Lionel Jospin is named Prime Minister after Jacques Chirac has dissolved the National Assembly. Signing of the Amsterdam Treaty during October (travel around Europe without passport).

November 25, 1998: France ready to help African peace force in Bissau France is holding talks with African states to provide logistics and back-up for an African force to restore peace in Guinea-Bissau, a French general and African officials said on Wednesday.

January 12, 1999: France presents proposal for lifting embargo in Iraq. Along with France, Russia and China are eager to lift the embargo on Iraq and restructure Butler's commission, known as UNSCOM. Moscow has repeatedly called for his ouster; Butler hasn't said whether he would stay on the job beyond the end of his term June 30.

October 15, 1999: Doctors Without Borders Wins 1999 Nobel Peace Prize The winner of this year's Nobel Peace Prize is a group of volunteer doctors which asserts the right to go anywhere to treat the sick, wounded and starving. The Paris-based Medecins Sans Frontiers, or Doctors Without Borders, has focused much of its efforts in Africa.

From the beginning of the 50s to the end of the 60s France gains power and becomes an impressive country in the world. For example, in 1960 France became a nuclear power, and in 1966 France forced all NATO and US forces to leave France. France gave independence to its African holdings in 1960. From the start of the 70s to the end of the 80s France’s economic situation steadily grows worse. There are many reasons for this, such as the oil recession and decreased exports.

The 90s are a decade of change for France. In 1991 France signed the 1968 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, in 1992 France ratified the Maastricht Treaty on European Union by referendum (the currency: Euro), and in 1997 France signed the Amsterdam Treaty (travel around Europe without passport).

Policy Statements

Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Security Council

Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

Issue #2: The Security Situation in the Former Yugoslavia

The Former Yugoslavia was full of chaotic problems and scenes, and it still is. Milosevich, the President of the Former Yugoslavia, got away with killing thousands of Kosovars. For he, due to being in charge of the government of the Former Yugoslavia, led Serbs to attacking, harassing, and killing Kosovars. France realizes with deep regret that Yugoslavia has, through its devious actions, violated the human rights of Kosovars. Since Milosevic is the president and leader of Yugoslavia, then the International Court of Justice, (the ICJ), should prosecute him and all other criminals in Yugoslavia. France believes that Milosevic should be considered a criminal and, since he is a president, then he should be prosecuted internationally by the ICJ. France feels that he, and all other criminals involved in this matter, should be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.

France feels that Kosovo has been at the gunpoint of Serbia for too long for no reasonable explanation whatsoever. It condemns Serbia for the chaos it has put Kosovo through. It also doesn’t approve of it, and feels that NATO should have had a bigger and more effective role in reaching a peaceful end to this conflict. France believes that Yugoslavia should not be considered as an independent state for reasons that its actions explain with sheer clarity. France would like to call upon all sensible world countries to take France’s stand and face this issue justly. In the end, France would also like to thank the UN for putting together an Interim government in Kosovo.

Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Security Council

Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

Issue #2: The Security Situation in Kashmir

The tensions of the matter of Kashmir have been constantly increasing lately. Jammu and Kashmir is a region that has Southern and Western borders with India and Pakistan respectively. These two Asian countries of the Indian Sub-Continent have been fighting over Kashmir for many years now. Before the whole conflict aroused, India owned two-thirds of Kashmir, whilst Pakistan just owned one-third of it. This is still true in the cases of both countries. This conflict could grow even bigger than it already is, with the possibility of these two countries resulting to the deployment of their troops and weapons. So nuclear weapons are involved here, and the whole Asian continent, (if not the whole world), could be at stake.

France feels that this issue is very delicate and any decisions made, statements declared, and resolutions passed or failed are very vital and should be given a lot of time and thought. It believes that this issue deserves the dire attention of the UN. Despite the fact that two-thirds of Kashmir belong to India, there are mountain ranges between India and Kashmir. This is a very important point in this issue, for these natural borders reasonably implement that Kashmir cannot be part of India. Transport and communication between the two would be very hard, minimized, and possibly limited. It further feels that Pakistan would be more responsible and would give Kashmir much more political, financial, economical, and military care and help than India could give it. In Pakistani hands, France feels that Kashmir would be politically and governmentally successful, financially and economically stable, and militarily safe. France also feels that India would just involve Kashmir in more violence and problems (e.g. medical, military, political, religious, etc…). Another important point in here is the fact that Kashmir is a Muslim state, and so is Pakistan; whereas India just has a Muslim minority. In the end, France would like to reemphasize its support for Pakistan on this issue, and it welcomes all world countries to join it in its fair judgement and just stand of this matter.

Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Security Council

Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

Issue #3: The Security Situation in East Timor

East Timor has been aiming at a peaceful independence with nothing in its way; that is, until Indonesia decided to interfere. There has been a lot of chaotic destruction in East Timor due to the interference of Indonesian anti-independence troops. They have been burning down huts and houses in different regions of East Timor, leaving people homeless. They have also been causing havoc and devastation all over East Timor, especially in the cities surrounding the capital city of Dili. This is due to the presence of Australian-led UN forces in Dili. Therefore, France would like to call upon the UN to send more of its troops to East Timor for clear security reasons. This conflict has been gradually growing more and more out of hand, verifying the dire need for the presence and implementation of UN troops and the UN in general on the situation. For France wishes to promote further peace in the region of East Timor. France would also like to call attention to the mistreatment of refugees that fled East Timor to West Timor; they are being abused on their journey from West Timor back to East Timor.

France is completely against Indonesia’s unaccounted for actions of suppressing East Timor and the East Timorese people from wanting independence. For it is East Timor’s right to do so, and especially in regard to the fact that Indonesia took East Timor by force. France would like to reemphasize its deep concern for the East Timorese people and all the internal torture and external hardships that they are enduring. France feels that, in order to avoid any further problems and in order to avoid the possibilities of any new conflicts arousing between Indonesia and East Timor’s UN helpers, (such as Australia), Indonesia should recognize its terrible and hazardous deeds. Thus, it should not stand in the way of East Timor’s independence.

Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Security Council

Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

Issue #4: Reform of the Security Council

The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It is composed of five permanent members, the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and last, (but certainly not least), the United States of America. It is also composed of 10 non-permanent members, elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms, and they are not eligible for immediate reelection. The number of non-permanent members was increased from six to 10 by an amendment of the Charter that came into force in 1965.

France feels that the current state of the Security Council is excellent, and fulfills the goals and desires of the United Nations as a whole. France believes that the Security Council should not be reformed or changed in any way whatsoever and that also applies to the SC’s procedures and rulings, etc… France sees no point in doing so, and it also sees a lot of harms and disadvantages to many countries if the SC was reformed. For France sees a lot of serious and grave disabilities and obstacles that would be hard to lift, remove or face in the absence of any of the permanent five members of the Security Council. France also sees a lack of completeness in the presence of either less or more than ten non-permanent members in the SC at any time. Therefore, France sees no advantages whatsoever to any countries in the world, or to the United Nations, to reform and change the structure or methods of the Security Council.

Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Disarmament Committee

Delegate: Saad Al-Ghawas

Issue #1: Prohibition of the production, stockpiling, sale ans use of all forms of anti-personnel lindmine and measures to expedite and improve landmine clearance

France is totally against the use of landmines during or during peace. Landmines destroy the environment, the wildlife, the land, and the people. Landmines are not guided weapons. This means that by deploying landmines there is no guarantee that the intended target will be hit. Thousands of civilians and especially curious children are maimed, handicapped, and killed by unexploded landmines each year. These mines may be the residual effects of a war that ended long ago and yet the mines remain to effect people years after the war has ended. Landmines should not be produced, stockpiled, or sold. France fully supports any efforts to expedite and improve landmine clearance worldwide. Landmines are inhumane and should not be tolerated in the 21st century.

 Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Disarmament Committee

Delegate: Saad Al-Ghawas

Issue #2: Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use of nuclear weapons, including effective intenational arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon states against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons

France believes that nuclear weapons should never be used or threatened to be used by any country in the world. The world has seen the terrible effects that nuclear weapons have on the environment and the people of Japan when the US detonated two nuclear bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of WWII. France is currently Countries that do not have nuclear capabilities should not be forced into an arms race with neighboring countries that yield the threat of nuclear weapons. An example of this is India and Pakistan. There should be laws against the use of or threat of nuclear weapons as advised by the International Court of Justice. France believes that non-nuclear capable countries, or countries that do not have the technology needed to build or deliver nuclear warheads or nuclear related devices, should have an effective assurance against the nuclear threat. If this was the case in the world in the past and present then many nuclear arms races could have been prevented such as the India-Pakistan arms race.


Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Disarmament Committee

Delegate: Saad Al-Ghawas

Issue #3: Conventional arms control, including measure to curb illicit traffic in small arms

France has no doubt that the world has a huge problem with the illicit trafficking of small arms. France enforces its own policies concerning conventional arms control, and is currently enforcing policies concerning the illicit trafficking of conventional arms, especially small arms. France challenges the world to face this problem and enforce the laws that each country has set for itself. France supports freedom and self-defense which includes carrying a handgun or any other arm, but if this weapon is used in an offensive manner then that is abuse and it is prohibited. Illegal trafficking is the main cause of organized crime, juvenile crime, and youth shooting sprees as seen in the US. France supports any cause that intends to curb or stop the flow of illicit trafficking of small arms and other conventional weapons.


Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Disarmament Committee

Delegate: Saad Al-Ghawas

Issue #4: The relationship between disarmament and development

France believes that disarmament and development are linearly related. As disarmament increases, so does development and vice versa. France believes that when a country sets a high budget for defense, it can no longer use that money on development. This stunts a developing countries growth. France is in a position to aid countries that seek disarmament and will provide economic aid and military support for these countries. A war with another country is very costly and that money is simply wasted on fighting when is could be used to develop industry or promote trade. By disarming, countries are no longer creating a threat to which neighboring governments feel insecure. When this happens both countries will begin an arms race that could lead to a cold war or even outright war. Whatever the case, both country’s economies will weaken and that slows development which is illogical and against the all UN goals.


Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Human Rights Committee

Delegate: Huda A. Al-Mousa

Issue #1: The Elimination of Racism and Racial Discrimination

Racism is a widespread disease. It is often the result of the misinterpretation of a minority in a culture. France supports the elimination of racism and racial discrimination totally.

Most problems can be solved before they escalate into disasters. The ethnic cleansing of the Kosavars would not have occurred had their not been racial hatred and tension. France believes that there are many ways to combat racism, and among them is education.

Issue #2: The Human Rights and Welfare of Asylum Seekers

France believes that the rights of asylum seekers should be upheld and protected. Unfortunately, many people take advantage of the kindnesses other countries extend, and claim that they are seeking political asylum when their sole intent is economical gain. Therefore, France believes that people claiming they are asylum seekers should have proof, and that it is up to the countries granting asylum to decide on what basis or criteria they will accept this proof. Additionally, France suggests that it is up to these host countries to decide whom to grant asylum to.

Finally, France believes that should a country grant asylum to a person/persons, then only that country can extradite him without interference of other countries. Any such interference will be considered as an act of aggression on that country.

Issue #3: The Right of People to Self-Determination

France believes that all people are entitled to the right of self-determination, but France also believes that these people should be educated to the consequences of such actions. For example, the two islands of Comoros Islands withdrew from the protection of France. This resulted in great financial loss and economical crisis for these two islands. The islands wanted to return to France’s protection, but France had already granted them their independence. Therefore, France believes that countries should be educated to the ramifications of their actions. If they believe that the consequences are acceptable, then after several simple procedural steps, they should, by all means, gain their independence.

Issue #4: Review of the Work of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

France applauds the efforts of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR). It also applauds the adoption of the Declaration of Human Rights in the late 40’s. France would like to highlight UNHCHR work on the rights of women, children, and minorities, its stand against slavery and forced labor in the early fifties, its work on racial discrimination, and its condemnation of the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Environment Committee

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

Issue #1: Strengthening of international co=operation and co-operation to study, mitifate, and minimize the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster

France is totally for the idea of using nuclear power as a source of electricity. In the other hand France is against all countries using it carelessly. If a country wants to take the responsibility of doing or using something dangerous then they should do it with care. Countries that use nuclear power as electricity should maintain it, and to care of it constantly. In fact France’s electricity source is mosly based on nuclear power. It has many nuclear plants. More than 70% of France’s electricity is generated form nuclear power.

For example, Russia is using this power carelessly, and does not maintain it in the right way. In Chernobyl a big disaster happened because of the poor maintenance. There was a leek in one of the plants. It caused harmful radiation. The result was damage to the people, crops, animals, and other living things (Many people died from the radiation so as animals. Crops got infected and living things then at and became sick to death).

Countries have to maintain their equipment correctly. They also shouldn’t only take care of the problem within the nation. All countries in the world should cooperate together, because if one country has a problem, then most of the nieboring countries will have problems. The problems could also spread for away to farther countries. In conclusion France would like to say that using nuclear power as an electricity is one of the best sources. Not only because it works well but also because, it’s a source that doesn’t produce wastes. Also if countries wish to use nuclear power they should use it correctly.


Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Environment Committee

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

Issue #2: Question of Antarctica

Dumping wastes in deep hole is a bad thing to do (even in places where human doesn’t live in like Antarctica). It does effect the animals, fishes, and birds living there. It also affects the natural environment of a place where we still don’t know the value and the secrets off.

Not necessarily only government does this harmful task, but companies do to. So what France is asking to the UN is to forbid these dreadful acts and make extremely sure that nothing like that happens any more.


Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Environment Committee

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

Issue #3: Control of research, development and production od genetically modified foods

To change a bit or even completely change the genetic information of food should be considered as a big crime. If this method spreads around a country, then there will be a lot of cheating in food production. Not only cheating but it could also cause serious diseases and illnesses.

The UN should take serious and immediate action on this subject. If the problem spreads around it may be the end of the world. Everyone will start losing money. People will start to be sick and again many people. That is why this problem should stop spreading around.


Delegation: The Republic of France

Forum: Environment Committee

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

Issue #4: The management of water resources on a national and international level

In the world only 3% of the water are sweet, and about only 1% are drinkable. If people don’t start talking this problem into consideration, our future children will face big water lack problems. People are throwing trash in rivers, lakes, and streams. They are not taking care of it. Again this is carelessness problem. How do you think people will be able to drink all this polluted water? They won’t! With out water no human being will be able to survive. As well as all the other living things

What France thinks is that first every person should start to take care of the water (to start with the base). Then the countries will try to find a solution that will able to fill the problem of the lack of water. Not only individuals should help our fresh water, but also all the countries should.

Delegate: Nabil Al-Khaled

Committee: Social

Issue #1: Measures to eliminate international terrorism

Terrorism, originating from the word "terror," is something that is plaguing many parts of the world. France believes that all necessary measures should be taken in order to minimize and discourage terrorism. France feels that terrorism is one of the worst international crimes of all. We believe that the United Nations should not hesitate to extradite terrorists from countries who are harboring them. Also, France would like to raise attention to state sponsored terrorism. We, the members of the United Nations, should be working together to eliminate crimes such as terrorism. Instead, some governments encourage and sponsor terrorism. France condemns Cuba, Libya, Iran, Iraq, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Sudan, and Syria for sponsoring acts of terrorism.

For example, international terrorist Osama Bin Laden has been responsible for several acts of terrorism. His reasons for the bombings of US buildings in Saudi Arabia was that "US military presence is unnecessary since the Gulf War is over." The Afghan Taleban movement is harboring Bin Laden. France commends the United Nations for not recognizing the Taleban movement, as recognizing it would be an encouragement for more terrorism on Bin Laden’s part.

Issue #2: Strengthening the coordination of humanitarian and disaster relief assistance, including special economic assistance

France strongly believes that disaster relief assistance should be a large part of economic assistance. A nation is is most need of help after a natural disaster. France has been a key player in economic disaster assistance. France encourages all members of the United Nations, especially the developed and privileged ones, to assist developing countries during humanitarian and natural disasters. Therefore, we encourage the UN to coordinate relief programs for countries that have undergone natural and humanitarian disasters. France feels that the number of people killed by a natural disaster must be drastically minimized.

During Hurricane Mitch, which violently struck Central America in 1998, 10,000 people were dead, and some 100,000 people were evacuated. Fortunately, various countries were quick to respond. Large aid packages were sent from the United States and the EU to assist the troubled people of Honduras, Nicaragua, and Belize. France encourages countries to assist other nations during these crises. France also encourages the United Nations to coordinate aid immediately after such a disaster occurs.


Delegate: Nabil G. Al-Khaled

Issue #3: Review the implementation of the United Nations Program on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the fastest-growing disease in the world. France believes that immediate measures must be taken in order to decrease the rate at which AIDS is growing. The United Nations should implement this program in all seriously-infected areas. This program should work on solving the two main causes of AIDS: poorly-equipped hospitals and prostitution. All countries should welcome UN personnel who are involved in this program.


Issue #4: International Cooperation in Drug Abuse Control and Rehabilitation Programs

France believes that narcotics are bringing about the downfall of mankind. This is a grave issue in which countries should cooperate fully to reach a solution. The United Nations should increase awareness of drug abuse, especially in developing countries. Also, there should be tighter security at airports and seaports. Not only should there be a halt to drug abuse, but the should also be sufficient rehabilitation programs to ensure the recovery of the victims. France encourages all nations to welcome such rehabilitation programs into their country.




FORUM: Security Council
DELEGATION: The Republic of France
QUESTION OF: The Security Situation in the Former Yugoslavia

Affirming that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1945 was meant for all world people, despite race, color, gender, etc…

Believing that the human rights of Kosovars, as well as any other human beings, should not be violated,

Further Recalling that Yugoslavia, under the leadership of Milosevic, have been responsible for the deaths of approximately two thousand Kosovars, 40% of which are helpless children,

Realizing that no conflict, no matter how major, should lead to the killings of young helpless children,

Noting with Regret that Milosevic, the (former) President of the Former Yugoslavia, has been in charge of the killing and harassment of Kosovars,

Declaring that all international criminals and criminal suspects either directly or indirectly involved in the injustice that took place in Kosovo should be tried on an international scale by the International Court of Justice (ICJ),

Deeply Concerned about the current state of the Former Yugoslavia and its bad economical, financial, political, governmental, and humanitarian statuses,

Keep in Mind that the United States is just another country amongst others that have helped out in Kosovo, and that it does not represent a national or international organization,

Expressing its Appreciation for NATO’s and the UN’s efforts of maintaining peace and stability in the former Yugoslavia,

1. Affirms that Yugoslav military and paramilitary troops attacked, bombed, harassed, and killed Kosovars,

2. Notes with Deep Regret that the Russian Federation has shown its support for Milosevic’s regime,

3. Invites further help and aid from the:
a) UNHRC (the United Nation Human Rights Committee),
b) UNICEF (the United Nations International Children’s Fund),
c) IMF (the International Monetary Fund),
d) The World Bank,

4. Strongly Condemns the Russian Federation and all other nations that have supported the Yugoslav government,

5. Congratulates NATO for all its efforts in preventing an already catastrophic crisis from escalating into an even worse one,

6. Appreciates the efforts of the UN in Kosovo, which are shown through:
a) deploying the Kosovo Force (K-FOR),
b) creating the United Nations Interim Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) for maintaining the civil life in Kosovo,

7. Supports all organizations, groups and committees willing to stand up against the Yugoslav government and help Kosovo in its conflict,

8. Calls Upon all world countries to take France’s stand and look at this issue from all points of view, which are:
a) human rights: the human rights of Kosovars have been violated,
b) genocide: several thousand Kosovars have been brutally slaughtered,
c) trial: the compulsion of having to prosecute all international war and other criminals involved in this conflict,

9. Further Urges that all UN aid organizations work together and cooperate in:
a) further promoting peace in Yugoslavia,
b) encouraging and helping in any ways possible the prosecution of Milosevic and all other international criminals and criminal suspects involved in this conflict,

10. Resolves that criminal and suspected Serbs will be sent back to Serbia and that there will be no more migration of Serbs from any region to Kosovo or Albania,

11. Demands that US troops be withdrawn from Yugoslavia in recognition to the following:
a) the presence of UN troops in the region,
b) the presence of NATO troops in the region,
c) the above-mentioned two are international organizations,
d) the United States is a mere country amongst others,
e) the United Nations has the situation under control, especially since:
i) it has K-FOR troops deployed in the region,
ii) it has created UNMIK, which has maintained the civil lives of Kosovars,

12. Further Resolves that the (former) president of the Former Yugoslavia and all other war and other criminals and criminal suspects involved in this matter will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law by the ICJ.



FORUM: Disarmament Committee
DELEGATION: The Republic of France
QUESTION OF: Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use of nuclear weapons, including effective intenational arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon states against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons

Concerned that many developing countries that are part of an unstable region could be coerced into an arms race with neighboring countries which has many political, economic, and international negative effects,

Disturbed that India and Pakistan have both recently been a part of a nuclear arms race that brought much instability to the region and introduced the potential use or threat of use of nuclear weapons to the world,

Defining an unstable region as a region that has two or more bordering countries currently engaged in economic or armed conflict or has the potential to be engaged in such conflict,

Showing Its Appreciation to countries such as Japan which uses its nuclear technology for the sole purpose of producing power and not for use in building weapons of mass destruction,

Noting that the stockpiling, testing, technical advancement, threat of use, and use of nuclear weapons causes all forms of instability in the world and especially in the given region which could easily result in economic trouble and an international crisis such as the India-Pakistan situation,

1. Encourages nuclear capable countries to bring stability to their region by:
a) limiting their nuclear stockpiles,
b) halting technical nuclear advancements,
c) halting current nuclear testing and prohibiting future nuclear testing,
d) destroying current nuclear stockpiles or silos,

2. Condemns countries that continue to stockpile, test, or technically advance their nuclear programs,

3. Resolves that severe economic sanctions be placed on any country that seeks nuclear capability to use for weapons of mass destruction that will lead to stockpiling, testing, or technically advancing their nuclear arsenal,

4. Defining countries who seek nuclear capabilities as countries who are suspected by the UN who seek nuclear arsenals, which will be based upon the following criteria:
a) It has been proven by the UN that the country possesses a nuclear weapons program,
b) The country is actively pursuing and advancing its nuclear program,
c) The country is considered by its neighbors a hostile nation, and poses a direct threat to the peace and stability in the region,

5. Resolves that the United Nation will assign a special commission investigation team that will investigate the countries which fit in the above criteria, and the team will submit a detailed report to the Security Council; the SC will then decide whether or not sanctions will be imposed, as mentioned in clause three, and the length and severity of the sanctions,

6. Further Resolves that the United Nations will provide economic and military aid to any country that wishes to take steps in limiting and/or ultimately destroying its nuclear arsenal by,
a) preventing a nuclear arms race by giving full military support, if necessary, to provide stability in a region tha had the potentail threat of the use of nuclear weapons,
b) providing financial support to countries which need to rebuild their economies after an expensive arms race or other nuclear advancements,
c) offering aid in the destruction of existing nuclear stockpiles and/or silos, etc.



FORUM: Human Rights Committee
DELEGATION: The Republic of France
QUESTION OF: The Right of People to Self Determination

Defining the right to self-determination as the progressive exercise of peoples under colonial, foreign or alien occupation and their emergence into sovereign statehood and independence,

Deeply concerned at the continuation of acts or threats of foreign military intervention and occupation that are threatening to suppress, or have already suppressed, the right to self-determination of an increasing number of sovereign peoples and nations,

Expressing grave concern that, as a consequence of the persistence of such actions, millions of people have been and are being uprooted from their homes as refugees and displaced persons, and emphasizing the urgent need for concerted international action to alleviate their condition,

Reaffirming its resolutions 35/35 B of 14 November 1980, 36/10 of 28 October 1981, 37/42 of 3 December 1982, 38/16 of 22 November 1983, 39/18 of 23 November 1984, 40/24 of 29 November 1985, 41/100 of 4 December 1986, 42/94 of 7 December 1987, 43/105 of 8 December 1988, 44/80 of 8 December 1989, 45/131 of 14 December 1990, 46/88 of 16 December 1991, 47/83 of 16 December 1992, 48/93 of 20 December 1993, 49/148 of 23 December 1994, 50/139 of 21 December 1995 and 51/84 of 12 December 1996,

1. Reaffirms that the universal realization of the right of all peoples, including those under colonial, foreign and alien domination, to self-determination is a fundamental condition for the effective guarantee and observance of human rights and for the preservation and promotion of such rights,

2. Deplores the plight of the millions of refugees and displaced persons who have been uprooted as a result of the aforementioned acts, and reaffirms their right to return to their homes voluntarily in safety and honor,

3. Requests the Commission on Human Rights to continue to give special attention to the violation of human rights, especially the right to self-determination, resulting from foreign military intervention, aggression or occupation,

4. Resolves that people who seek self-determination should be educated to the consequences of their actions by educating them on:
a) the financial and economical ramifications of their actions,
b) the time it takes to form a government,
c) the complexity of running a sovereign nation,

5. Further Resolves that should people still wish to gain independence then the people of that area would have to win a 2/3 majority vote:
a) With the UN supervising the elections to ensure the elections are conducted fairly,
b) With government officials there to attend an important election that will decide the fate of their country.


FORUM: Environment Committee
DELEGATION: The Rupublic of France
QUESTION OF: Strengthening of international co-operation and co-operation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster

Congratulates all organizations, including the UN, that helped decrease the amount of damage caused by the Chernobyl crisis,

Deeply Disturbed that the people responsible for this crisis were poor and careless workers with no knowledge of what would happen with their continuous carelessness in maintaining the equipment and facilities used in the plant,

Fully Aware that this poor maintenance did not help the environment but worsened it and caused:
a) deadly and very harmful radiation,
b) contamination of approximately 130000+ sq. Km, and as a result:
i)Most of the life under water was destroyed,
ii) Thousands of animals died as a result of lack of food,
iii) The soil was contaminated and "de-fertilized," which caused the crops to die

Desiring that countries should not pose a threat to the environment by creating nuclear power plants if they are not able to maintain it properly, as displayed in the Chernobyl disaster,

a) UN (United Nation),
b) WHO (World Health Organization),
c) UNEP (United Nation Environment Programme),
d) OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe),
e) IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)

1. Condemns all those responsible for the Chernobyl crisis for not taking the necessary health, safety and security steps and procedures, and thus not taking the responsibility for maintaining the environment,

2. Urges the WHO and the UNEP to send a specialized team to the affected area of Chernobyl in order to study the after math of the Chernobyl incident on the flora and the fauna within 150 Km radius of Chernobyl,

3. Calls upon the OSCE to take the necessary steps and procedures in maintaining the security of the nuclear plants and facilities in Europe by;
a) conducting spontaneous inspection in all the power plants in Europe and checking the used equipment safety drills and design difficulties, if any,

4. Resolves that the UN will send IAEA-led groups to all nuclear plants and facilities in the world annually and they will be responsible for;
a) checking the maintenance of the equipment used,
b) ensuring the health of the employees and surrounding citizens,
c) making sure that monthly emergency drills take place,
d) ensuring the availability of many emergency escapes in case one or more cannot be used.

5. Further Resolves that all countries who do not maintain health, safety, and security rules and procedures in their usage of nuclear power plants and facilities will be:
a) given a first/initial warning to take more care and to show more concern for the rules and procedures mentioned above,
b) issued a second warning, which will state that:
i) their nuclear power plants and facilities will be closely monitored by the UN IAEA, with a small percentage of supervision by supervisors from the country itself,
ii) rates and figures concerning the nuclear plant will be constantly recorded and compared to past ones,
c) warned a third time, and this third warning will include:
i) closing the nuclear power plant,
ii) stopping all power flows to the nuclear power plant, prosecuting the head of the nuclear power plant and all chief employees or employees involved in the violations of the law, rules, orders, and procedures in the usage of the nuclear power plant,

6. Further Demands that the countries with well designed nuclear power plants help the countries with less safety structures in designing safe ones,

7. Demands the immediate attention, help, and aid of the UN in this drastically dangerous matter;


FORUM: Social Committee
DELEGATION : The Republic of France
QUESTION OF : Measures to eliminate terrorism

Defining terrorism as use of violence, or the threat of violence, to create a climate of fear in a given population,

Noting With Deep Regret that the United Nations is not taking the necessary steps to eliminate terrorism,

Referring to Resolution A/RES/49/60, which is firmly determined to eliminate international terrorism in all its forms and manifestations,

Bearing In Mind that terrorism creates an environment that destroys the freedom from fear of the people,

Profoundly Deploring the increasing number of innocent people, including women, children, and the elderly, killed, massacred, and maimed by terrorists in indiscriminate and random acts of violence and terror, which cannot be justified under any circumstances,

Deeply Disturbed by the increase of international terrorism in the Middle East,

Expressing Its Satisfaction to the United States Department of State for it policy of refusal to negotiate with terrorists in any way, which is a large step in discouraging terrorism,

1. Draws the Attention to the increase in terrorism,

2. Urges the members of the United Nations to solemnly reaffirm their unequivocal condemnation of all acts, methods, and practices of terrorism, as criminal and unjustifiable, wherever and by whomever committed, including those which jeopardize the friendly relations among nations, and threaten the territorial integrity and security of nations,

3. Declares that acts, methods, and practices of terrorism constitute a grave violation of the purposes and principles of the United Nations, which may pose a threat to international peace and security,

4. Resolves that the United Nations to declare that the International Court of Justice (ICJ) have complete jurisdiction over those persons who are suspected of international terrorism, and to vigorously prosecute such persons to the fullest extent of international law,

5. Further Resolves that the UN found the International Tribunal for Terrorism (ITT), which will be responsible for the extradition and trial of international terrorists, which will be funded by:
a) increasing the annual UN member dues by an amount of 1.5 percent,
b) donating the amount of 60 percent of the extra dues to all significant United Nations humanitarian organizations, which are the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO),
c) donating the remainder of the extra funds, 40 percent, to the International Tribunal for Terrorism (ITT),

6. Requests that the International Tribunal for Terrorism (ITT) be under the direct control of the International Court of Justice (ICJ),

7. Strongly Condemns the governments of Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, for contributing in State Sponsored Terrorism by:
a) engaging in terrorism themselves,
b) assisting terrorists by providing sanctuary, arms, training, logistic support, financial backing, or diplomatic facilities,

8. Strongly Urges the UN to immediately appoint a special team to investigate which countries are committing the crimes mentioned in the above clause, and impose immediate economic sanctions on these nations according to the following criteria:
a) the team has provided the United Nations with enough information and evidence that the government has sponsored terrorism, as defined in the previous clause,
b) the government has not responded to a warning that would be given to that government,
c) the General Assembly shall decide the extent of the sanctions when the team has submitted its report,

9. Supports nations who have pressured some of the nations in clause seven into decreasing the amount of State Sponsored Terrorism.


Opening Speeches

Honorable chair, fellow delegates, most distinguished guests.

France would like to welcome you to the 1999-2000 Model United Nations.

It is the dawn of a new era, a new millennium. We are at the threshold of an age of change, and we should embrace it. France had exactly that on its mind when it reviewed the issues to be discussed at this prestigious event.

France strongly supports the disarmament of nuclear weapons and has already taken steps in doing so. There are many factors that influenced France’s decision. For instance, by disarming nuclear weapons we come one step closer to attaining world peace, which is the objective of the UN. France encourages the nuclear capable nations of the world to follow in France’s example, in order to create a nuclear free environment for the generations to come.

France wishes everyone a good and dynamic session, and in the immortal words of Charles de Gaulle "je vous ze compre".

Statements of Delegates:


KFSAC MUN French Delegation

Presented by the distinguished Ambassador: Huda A. Al-Mousa

Saad al Ghawas, Disarmament,

Saad Al-Ghawas, distinguished representative of France in the Disarmament Commission. His seriousness was reflected in his attire. Not only was he a powerful speaker, but also was completely ruthless. Dubbed "the terminator," Saad took apart Cuba's resolution clause by clause. By the time he was through, the resolution was a sure failure. And so it was, that on November the 18'" 1999, the General Assembly voted against Cuba's resolution. Saad had upheld France's views on disarmament, and clearly voiced our opinions in the KFSAC Model United Nations.

Nabil al Khaled, Social

Nabil Al-Khaled, gentleman of the group. Formally dressed in his wonderfully tailored suit, he could have easily been mistaken for James Bond. Representing France in the Social Commission, Nabil handled everything like a pro. He fended off questions with complete ease and asked points of information that could trip up Koufi Anan. But as a gentleman, and a true representative of France, Nabil answered the prayers of a delegate in need. India's resolution was failing under fire, and no supporters were to be seen. Then, out of nowhere, our knight in shining armor appeared. He turned the General Assembly upside-down.

He stirred the delegates' hearts with moving speeches, and pointed out numerous excellencies in the resolution. Rallying all France's allies, and pulling some strings, Nabil was able to obtain a great deal of support for the resolution Unfortunately, by an extremely close vote, the resolution failed.

Shadi al Suwayeh, Environment

Shadi Al-Suwayeh, representative of France in the Environmental Commission, should have been placed in the War Commission, if such a thing were ever to be created. He was resilient and brutal, a natural born killer. France's own Rambo completely destroyed the U.S.'s resolution. With his versatility and brilliant use of words, Shadi was able to turn the tables on the United States. By the end of the day the resolution had failed, Shadi made sure of that. He had proven France's individuality and independence. He had made France proud.

Mohammed Fakhraldeen, Security Council

Mohammed Fakhraldeen, permanent Security Council member. What he accomplished in the few days at KFSAC would make anyone gasp. Writing resolutions on crises all over the world, Mohammed had to delve deep into his mind to understand France's view on the situations. He had to have a deep understanding of current events. Mohammed faced the crisis situation with serenity; he was extremely experienced with such matters. He immediately assessed the situation and formulated an ingenious plan. He withdrew French support to the United States in order to show that France would stand up for the right thing and was independent: it followed no country's lead. He also played a key role in the shaping of a treaty. Towards the end of the General assembly each Security Council member was asked to stand before the delegates and sign the treaty. After Mohammed signed the treaty, the applause began slow yet strong, and grew into a roar. He was the only delegate to receive such treatment.

Huda al Mousa, Ambassador and Human Rights

It was awe-inspiring, a truly memorable moment in time. Huda Al-Mousa, Ambassador of this band of rogues. She was also acting representative of France in the Human Rights Commission. There was a large responsibility placed on her shoulders: keeping the delegation together, and what work it was! But it all paid off in the end, each delegate had done her proud.

During one of the commission meetings, Huda watched as a fellow delegate was assailed with points information, her resolution was being crucified. Overcome by the feeling to do what was right, both for France and humanity in general, Huda stepped up to the podium. She presented a strong and brilliant case in support of the resolution. A lone ranger, she stood up for what was right. Unfortunately, it had as much use as pointing out the way to a blind man. The delegates had closed their minds; they had completely ignored their own foreign policies and would not listen to common sense. They had made up their minds the moment they entered the room, the resolution was doomed. However Huda stood her ground, fighting to the end, presenting France's view on the matter no matter what the costs; a truly unforgettable moment.

Additional Statement by Saad al Ghawas, Disarmament

Well I spoke about 20 times (speeches) and gave about 25 points of information which equals to about 325 points total. I spoke against all the resolutions except for one by Cuba on landmines which passed and I spoke against in the GA and another that was on the relationship between disarmament and development which also passed but was not debated in the GA. Every other resolution that I spoke against failed except for one by Jordan on landmines that passed despite my efforts to persuade the people to vote against. In the GA I spoke against Cuba’s resolution on landmines and bashed it. It failed. France’s explanation of why it kept on bashing resolutions and not amending them to help pass something useful was in the UN was "France is a strong believer in making the world a better place but France does not agree that any resolution should pass that clearly does not deserve to be passed in this committee because resolutions that are passed here should definitely solve more problems than they create, which is obviously not the case here." In another instance France was asked why it never presented amendments and the answer was "France believes that if this committee decided to resort to amendments then we would be here all day re-writing or "amending" resolutions and in this case no resolution has even one satisfactory clause that lives up to world standards…"