Briefing Book: Islamic Republic of Iran

Event: KFSAC 1999


Students:
Ambassador and Human Rights: Mustafa Malaki
Social: Shahd Dashti
Environment: Faisal al Shatti
Disarmament: Adal al Omar

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The Iranian National Anthem

The Words in Iranian script:



Iranian words in transliteration:

Sarzad as ofogh
mehr-e-khavaran
foroogh-e-deedeye hagh bavaran
Bahman farre eeman-e-mast

payamat ey emam esteghlal azadi
naghsh-e-jan-e-mast

Shaheedan peecheedeh dar khoon-e-jahan faryadetan
payandeh maeey-o-javedan
Jumhuriyyeh Eslamiye Iran.


Iran


Country Profile


Political Structure

The Islamic Republic of Iran originated primarily in the 1500s B.C.E., although it was not named "Islamic Republic" those days. It was occupied by the Medes and the Persians. The great empire of Persia was constituted by Cyrus the Great, who powerfully overthrew the Medes. The Persian Empire extended from the Indus, now in India, to the Nile River in Egypt in 525 B.C.E. About 2 centuries later, Alexander gained control of Persia; other Seulucids, the Parthians, the Sasanians, and the Arab Muslims succeeded in ruling Persia. In the 12th century, the Mongols invaded Persia. In the 16th century, the Persian-originated Safavids became the ruling family, and in less than 300 years, the Qajars became the next monarch of Persia.

The Islamic Republic of Iran is the first theocratic republic in the world. This theocracy allows a religious leader, the Faqih, to have supreme political and religious powers. The Faqih can appoint the commander of the military and approve of the elected president and cabinet. The Faqih also has the right to appoint the head of the judiciary. The Faqih's decision about any issue is ultimate and definite. The Faqih has the right to expel any authority, no matter how important it is. The Faqih has extreme control over all broadcasting television and radio stations, and is the head of the National Guard and Basij. The Faqih serves a lifetime term, and anyone insulting or dishonoring him will be immediately punished and maybe sentenced to death. The current Faqih of Iran is Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, who has applied strict Islamic rules on the people directly and indirectly through television and radio. He has also restricted and banned any type of relations with the west. He was chosen as a successor of Khomeini in 1989.

The president and Cabinet of the Islamic Republic of Iran have limited powers compared to those of the Faqih. The president is usually intact with the political issues, especially with those relating to foreign countries. The president can't do anything that disappoints the Faqih, or destroys the religious prestige of the country. The now-serving president of Iran is Hojjatol Islam Wal Moslemeen Seyyed Mohammed Khatami. The president serves a 4-year long term, and can't serve more than two terms. He is elected by the people. Khatami was elected as president in 1997. The Cabinet, or the Majlise Shoraye Islami, is responsible for passing minor proposals presented by the members. The members are elected every four years, while the head of the Cabinet is elected every year by the Faqih.

The Islamic Republic of Iran has been experiencing a cold current of relations between the Faqih and the president, especially since 1997. The Faqih, or the right wing, are being continuously criticized by the left wing, which are the president and his supporters. This has caused a lot of instability in Iran. Khamenei and Khatami can be now renamed as two religious men with different aspects. Khatami and his supporters, mostly the young people who make up 30% of all Iran's population, are trying to maintain a higher level of freedom and democracy in the country. On the other hand, Khamenei and his supporters are trying to limit the powers of Khatami, and to stay in power. In July 1999, 150 students were injured in the University of Tehran, as they protested against the closure of a reformist newspaper, called Salam. The situation took 7 days to end, through which students put buses and vehicles on fire, broke the glasses and doors of banks and stores, and violated all rules. The students were soon astonished, as Khamenei and Khatami agreed on organizing a march in favor of a stable government. Millions of Iranians around Iran participated, which returned all reformists including the young to despair and frustration. This event was largely covered by all broadcasting channels around the world, and was the strongest reformist movement since the revolution. Khamenei and Khatami are not on good terms in reality, but they do not want either to rise tension in public. 20 million Iranians, who were hopeful to live in a free and democratic Iran during his service, elected Khatami.


Geography

The strategic location between Caspian Sea and Persian Gulf and its large area allows the Islamic Republic of Iran to be a strong country and a permanent source of threat for the western countries' interests in the area. With an area of 1,648,000 sq. km, Iran ranks sixteenth in size among the countries of the world. Iran is about one-fifth the size of the continental United States. Iran's capital is Tehran and has a population of over 52,522,000 people. Iran shares its entire northern border with Former Soviet Union, including nearly 650 km of water along the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. Iran's western borders are with Turkey in the north and Iraq in the south, terminating at Shatt al Arab. The Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman littorals from the entire 1,770 km southern border. To the east lies Afghanistan on the north and Pakistan on the south.

Iran's different landscapes allow it to have people with different ideas, values, and cultures which supplies variations within the Iranian community. Iran consists of rugged, mountainous rims surrounding high interior basins. The main mountain chain is the Zagros Mountains. Rimming the Caspian Sea littoral is another chain of mountains, the narrow but high Alborz Mountains, containing the country's highest peak, Volcanic Mount Damavand (5,600 meters). The center of Iran consists of several closed basins that collectively are referred to as the Central Plateau. Iran has only two expanses of lowlands: the Khuzeztan plain in the southwest and the Caspian Sea coastal plain in the north. There are no major rivers in the country. Of the small rivers and streams, the only one that is navigable is the Karun, which is 180-km long. There are also several connected salt lakes along the Iran-Afghanistan border in the province eof Baluchestan va Sistan.

Iran has a variable climate, which helps shape the life of people in the country. In the northwest, winters are cold with heavy snowfall and subfreezing temperatures during December and January. Spring and fall are relatively mild, while summers are dry and hot. In the south, winters are mild and the summers are very hot, having average daily temperatures in July exceeding 40 degrees Celsius. On the Khuzestan plain, summer heat is accompanied by high humidity.


Natural Resources

Oil and gas are the most important resources in Iran as petroleum is the engine that drives Iranian economy. Other resources include fisheries, forestry, mining, and crop production. Petroleum has been the main industry in Iran since the 1920s. Iran was the world's fourth largest producer of crude oil and the second largest exporter of petroleum at the peak of its oil industry in the mid-1970s. Iran's mineral wealth, in addition to oil and gas, includes chromite, lead, zinc, copper, coal, gold, tin, iron, manganese, ferrous oxide, and tungsten. Commercial extraction of significant reserves of turquoise, fireclay, and kaolin is also possible. Most mining was small scale until modernization efforts in the 1960s led to the systematic recording of known deposits, as well as the systematic search for new ones. Industrialization increased the need for steel, which in turn boosted demand for coal, iron ore, and limestone. Construction of new roads and railroads since 1960s improved transportation among mining centers throughout the country, especially around the Kerman/Bafq area of south central Iran.

Plentiful rainfall, a mild climate, and a long growing season have combined to create a dense forest of high quality timber in the Caspian region. There is an extensive growth of temperature-zone hardwoods, including oak, beech, maple, Siberian elm, ash, walnut, ironwood, alder, basswood, and fig. About half of the Caspian forests consists of these trees; the remainder is low-grade scrub. The Zagros Mountains in the west and areas in Khorasan and Fars provinces abound in oak, walnut, and maple trees. Shiraz is renowned for icypresses.

The Caspian Sea and Persian Gulf remained the country's two largest fishing areas. A variety of fish were found in both bodies of water. Fishing in the Persian Gulf has declined since the onset of war with Iraq. Commercial fishing was controlled by two state-owned enterprises, the Northern Fishing Company operating in the Caspian Sea, and the Southern Fishing Company in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Sturgeon, white salmon, whitefish, carp, bream, pike, and catfish are predominate in the Caspian, and sardines, sole, tuna, bream, snapper, mackerel, swordfish, and shrimp predominate in the Persian Gulf. The Caspian sturgeon was of particular importance because it produces the roe that is processed into caviar. Known as Grey pearls, Iranian caviar is said to be the finest in the world and commands a high price.


Cultural Factors

Persians mark a high percentage of Iran's population; also Iran embodies several ethnic minorities. About two-thirds of the Iranian people are descendants of Asian origin called Aryans. They represent the largest ethnic group also known as Persians; they make up 60% of Iran's population. Most Persians live in central Iran and on the slopes of the surrounding mountains. Other ethnic groups include the Gilanis, Kurds, and Azerbaijanis, in addition to some Arabs, Armenians, Assyrians, and Jews. The Gilanis and the Mazandaranis are closely related to the Persians but speak a different dialect and have lower cultural levels. The Kurds are distinguished from the Persians by their religion (Sunni Muslims), by their physical appearance, by their ethnic origin, in their social organization and in their language. They are fiercely independent; they have tried to establish a Kurdish republic. The poorest people in Iran are the Baluchis, who are found in greater numbers in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Also, about one-third of the population consists of various Turkic-speaking ethnic groups. Since the revolution, Iran's leaders have faced much protest from ethnic groups that want greater political and cultural independence. From time to time, fighting has broken out between government troops and members of ethnic groups.

The official language of Iran is Persian. Other languages spoken in Iran include Arabic, Baluchi, Kurdish, and various Turkic languages.

The Islamic government has great influence on the culture as is evident in the art, literature, and social structure of the country. Also it has brought great changes in the Iranian way of life. It has eliminated the modernizing policies of previous governments and has tried to rid Iran of western influence. The government controls all entertainment and bans whatever it considers un-Islamic. Iran is a nation that takes great care in implementing Islamic regulations. For example, Iranian women are expected to wear a long black cloth that is draped over the head and body, their national clothing conceals a woman's body to prevent sexual-appeal. Also, Islam grants its believers several rights and privileges. Islam allows women to work as lawyers, physicians, and in other public and private sectors. Several women serve as deputies in the Majlis.

About 98% of the Iranian people are Muslims. The Islamic government has little tolerance for Iran's religious minorities e.g. the Bahais (Iran's largest religious minority) are forbidden from practicing their faith. The Constitution declares that "the official religion of Iran is Islam and the sect followed is Ja'fari Shi'ism," but it also states that "other Islamic denominations shall enjoy complete respect." Although Sunnis have encountered religious discrimination on the local level, and in many cases persecution based on ethnic origin, the regime has made efforts to reduce Shi'a-Sunni antagonism.


Economy

"Agriculture," was the historically most important sector of Iran's economy. Its share of the (GDP) has been declining since the 1930s due to the rise of manufacturing in Iran. Although agriculture started declining it is still a very wide spread economic activity in Iran though its importance relative to other sectors has been declining. Industry is the fastest growing sector of the national economy. Tehran is the main industrial center with over 50% of the factories, anthen comes Isfahan and Tabriz.

The mining sector, which is dominated by the production of oil, has grown rapidly since Iran nationalized its oil fields in the 1950s. Iran is also the world's largest producer of turquoise and the fifth largest producer of zinc. In 1973 the Atomic Energy Organization was set up to produce nuclear power needed for the base load electricity needs of the country. It is one of the two leading oil exporters and producers in the world with proved reserves of petroleum at 62.500 billion barrels in 1990. Iran is a member of OPEC. Its natural gas reserves are the second largest in the world after those of Russia.

Factory manufacturing has experienced periods of both rapid growth and stagnation. Trade and commerce activities have expanded with the country's increasing urbanization. During the late 1970s the Iranian economy appeared ready to grow to a level on par with the world's developed countries, but the 1979 revolution and the subsequent eight-year war with Iraq strained all economic sectors. However, the need to produce for the war effort actually spurred industrialization, as did government spending on infrastructure development. Nowadays Iran has recovered from debts, and has a small numbered debts as most countries of the world.

In the mid-1990s the service sector contributed the largest percentage of the GDP, followed by industry (mining and manufacturing) and agriculture which is a sign of an advanced economy. About 60 percent of the government's budget came from oil and natural gas revenues, and 40 percent came from taxes and fees. Government spending contributed to average annual inflation rates exceeding 20 percent. In 1995 the GDP was estimated at $90 billion, or $1,530 per capita. The Iranian economy is stable unlike most oil countries since oil and gas budget is 60%, when it's in others 90%. Because of these figures and the country's diversified but small industrial base, the United Nations classifies Iran's economy as semi-developed, when it shows to be advanced.


Defense

Iran's military structure is one of the strongest and largest structures in the Middle East when the GNP spent on this sector is only 2.4%. The military contains the army, airforce, and navy. The active troop strength is 623,000. The army is the most flamated sector containing more than 400,000 soldiers, then come the airforce and the navy. The Iranian army is a strong and large army compared to surrounding nations. As for the navy, Iran has the biggest navy force in the gulf (except for US forces cruising). The navy force consists of highly advanced submarines, aircraft carriers, and advanced boats. The airforce of Iran is the dominant. It includes various up-to-date fighters and fighters left from before the revolution. Most of the Iranian arms are either built in Iran using foreign plans, or is built by Russia, China or the USA secretly.

In Nov. 1986 it became known that senior U.S officials had secretly visited Iran and that the U.S. had provided arms in exchange for Iran's help in obtaining the release of U.S hostages held by terrorists in Lebanon. The revelation sparked a major scandal in the Reagan administration. This is an evidence of the US supplying Iran with arms. It would be extremely hard for Iran also with all this dominant power to take on Saudi Arabia or any other country in the gulf since all other countries would be on Saudi Arabia's side. The US is afraid from Iran since they have long range ballistic highly destructive missiles.


Views on World Problems

After the revolution, Iran was at odds with most countries of the world, including its neighbors. When Khatami was elected, the world counted him as an open-minded president. Countries in the Middle East and those surrounding the Persian Gulf. Khatami has tried since 1997, to get Iran back into the world, for it was theoretically, politically "isolated" from the rest of the world. Khatami's remarkable attempts in improving the foreign relations with other countries have been appreciated. Since his election, Khatami succeeded in strengthening Iran's political and economic relations with the European countries, such as Germany, France, Austria, Italy, and England. Khatami is now attempting to improve relations with the US, through dialogue. However, Khamenei, the Faqih, is completely against relations with the US, and has always discouraged and condemned any type of relations. Though Iran is experiencing a political struggle between the right and the left wing, but it has never give up to the US. The positive thing about both wings is that they cooperate together if any country, especially the US, politically or militarily attacks Iran.

Iran's general view of world problems today is mostly against that of the US. This does not imply that Iran does not support the promotion of peace where it should. The "Greater Satan" is what the religious people name the US in Iran. Iran always supports the enemies of the US. When the Kosovo crisis was going on, Iran refused NATO interference, while the US didn't. In Libya, Iran condemned the sanctions imposed by the US. Iran has also tried to improve relations with Cuba, and neutral countries. Iran's main concern about world problems is the issue of national sovereignty, where it believes that the internal affairs of any country are exclusive to itself, and not any other country. For instance, Iran greatly condemns any international interference into the crisis in Chechnya, and believes that Russia is capable enough to handle the situation. Iran is trying to prove to the world that the US is seeking its own interests in all areas, and that this should be prevented from happening. The clearest example is the build up of the number of US navy in the Persian Gulf. Iran believes that the gulf countries are being "laughed at" by the US, and that the GCC countries are not aware that this build up will lead to their own loss if a war starts between any two countries like Iran and the US.

In places where the conflict is not that important, Iran supports the settlement of peace. DR Congo, East Timor, and the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia are conflicts that can affect Iran in no way. Therefore, Iran wants peace in these problems as soon as possible.

Altogether, Iran's very strategic position in the world makes it the target of the strong countries. However, Iran is very resistant to any attempts made to overtake it, or overthrow its government, either by other enemies, or other Iranian resistant groups. Iran never intends to get involved in overthrowing governments of other nations, unless that government and it allies disturb peace in the world. If Iran is accused of aiding Islamic terrorists in Lebanon and Palestine, then that's because Israel has stepped over the national sovereignty of those nations, and has broken peace in this region, the Middle East. Iran has showed interest in improving relations with the US and other countries, but it should not be forgotten or ignored that only if one of its enemies tries to attack it, it will fight back. Iran believes that many countries allied with the US like the GCC countries, have actually "sold" themselves to this superpower. This is based on the fact that they are being influenced by the US, either politically or economically. If only one country is to survive from a war in the Middle East, there's no doubt that it will be Iran.


History

In 1500s B.C.E, Iran was occupied by the Medes and the Persians. However, in 525, the Persian king Cyrus the Great overthrew the Medes and became the ruler of the Persian Empire, covering the area from the Indus to the Nile.

By the Mid-800s Persia became an international scientific and cultural center. In the 12-century the Mongols invaded the area. The Safavid Dynasty (1501-1722) reinforced the Shi'ite Islam and the Qajar Dynasty that followed conquered from (1794-1925).

During the Qajar Dynasty, the Russians and British fought for economic control and during WW1 Iran became a battlefield for Russian and British troops. Resulting from a coup in 1921, Reza Kahn gained power. He became shah and changed his name to Reza Shah Pahlavi. He made an effort to modernize the country and abolish all foreign extraterritorial rights.

In WW2, the Anglo-Russian occupied Iran and the shah who was siding with the Germans was replaced by his son, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi. Pahlavi's Westernization programs alienated the clergy leading to massive demonstration (1970s). The shah responded by imposing martial law. In 1979, the shah and his family fled and the exiled cleric Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned to establish an Islamic theocracy. Khomeini revitalized Islamic traditions. He urged women to wear the veil, banned alcohol, Western music, shut down the media, closed universities, and eliminated political parties. Ayatollah Khomeini was supported by many other religious leaders. After the 1979 revolution, he drafted a Constitution for the new Islamic republic. Under the Constitution, the nation's supreme leader is the "FAQ" (a scholar in Islamic law and philosophy) and their religious leader. Khomeini was the first "FAQ" and that granted him tremendous power and placed him above all other government officials. The Shah had maintained his power with the support of the United States i.e. the CIA and military.

Revolutionary militants invaded the US embassy in Tehran (1979). They seized the staff members as hostages and stimulated an international crisis. Khomeni refused all appeal, even a unanimous vote by the UN Security Council demanding their release. He stated that the students were acting out on their choice and he had no control over them. He also emphasized that the student's rebellion is entirely the US's fault. The Iranian hostility intensified. A year later, Khomeini insisted on his original conditions: guaranty by the US not to interfere in Iran's affairs, cancellation of US damage claims against Iran, release of 8 billion dollars in frozen Iranian assets, an apology, and the return of the assets held by the former imperial family. Right before Reagan's election these conditions were met, and the 52 American hostages were release (Jan 20 1980).

In 1980, Iran regained much of the border area occupied by Iraq, that influenced the Iranian-Iraqi war, but Iraq made the first attempt to attack Iran and claim their land. Iran stated that it would not stop the war until Iraq agreed to pay for war damages and demanded the punishment of Iraqi government leaders. In 1988, Khomeini agreed to cease-fire negotiations with Iraq. Khomeini died in 1989, and Ayatollah Khamenei became supreme leader.

By 1991, the Islamic revolution had lost much of its militancy. In his attempt to revive he stagnant economy, President Rafsanjani attempted to decentralize the command system (reduce the power of the command system i.e. economic dictatorship) and introduce free-market mechanisms (improved market system).

Mohammed Khatami won the presidential elections in 1997, 70% of the vote. Khatami supported social freedom, political freedom, and made overtures for friendlier relations with the west.

His steps towards liberalization opposed the supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei. In 1998, Tehran mayor Karbasachi was sentenced to prison for embezzlement. Many saw this as a politically motivated attack aimed at Khatami.

In 1998, Iran deployed thousands of troops to its border with Afghanistan after the Talibans killed 8 Iranian diplomats and a journalist. Iranian Shi'ite supported rebels fight against Sunni Taliban. Although, the Iranian's hate the Talibans they supported them based on political reasons they preferred that they get off their grounds.

In 1999, pro-democracy students protested the closure of a reformist newspaper. The entry of security forces turned the matter into a 6-day riot that lead to the arrest of 1,000 students.

The case involved liberals who pressured President Khatami to implement greater freedoms against the military who had warned him of his reformist measures. Khatami hastruggled to keep to a middle course; his goal is to ensure that Iran eventually emerges as a nation of "lasting pluralism and Islamic democracy". In other words, a nation that allows distinct ethnic minorities as well as the Islamic democracy to live together in one nation.

 

 

Policy Statements




A. Human Rights Committee

1) Elimination of racism and racial discrimination

The Islamic Republic of Iran is not a supporter of racism. Iran believes that racism, in general, means the being prejudice towards people of different races. Iran is not having any problems with races in the country, mostly because all people are Caucasian. Even if there are any, which might be very minor, the government of Iran is able to control the situation in all cases.

There have been many cases in which the Islamic Republic of Iran has proven its opposition to racism and racial discrimination. After Khomeini succeeded in carrying out the revolution and forming an Islamic republic, Iran cut its relations with South Africa. Because it was an apartheid regime, Iran decided to cut the relationships between the two countries which had originated in the Shah's era. However, when President Mandella was elected, Iran restarted the relations with South Africa, for this president was trying to put an end to racism and racial discrimination in his country. Also, the government of Iran greatly accuses the US for its useless and unassertive efforts in ending racism in its country. As the entire world knows, the whites and blacks are having racism problems in the US. If we recall thirty years ago, the US, which was lead by a white government, didn't give the blacks their rights until Martin King, Jr. was able to do something. Iran believes that the US should stop accusing Iran and other countries of not respecting by the human rights in their countries, and that it should solve its own humanitarian problems before interfering into others' affairs. Iran believes that abolishing racism is one of the necessities that a country should do in order to be referred to as a respectful country for human rights, as it mentions in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Iran also notes than some western nations do not have as good as a record as Iran does. Iran believes that countries like the England and France have a slightly bad record, where racism has dominated in many areas.

However, this view of Iran is based on Islam, where the Holy Quran has stated that God created everyone to be equal, no matter what his or her races are. Iran believes that Islam has the ultimate word in its policy, and that it should never violate Islam as long as it is an Islamic country. However, and unfortunately, many people in Europe and US violate Christianity, their beloved religion, and have racism that causes terror and riots. Under Islam however, racism is abolished and condemned, and equality encouraged. Iran is proud to have a clean record of racism, which implies that it is totally acting within the borders Islam has created. Thus, Iran believes that the UN should take aggressive roles against nations violating the equality of all races, either by constituting another organization special for racism, or by forcing the UNHCHR to work more adequately.


2) The human rights and welfare of asylum seekers

Iran is very concerned with asylum seekers from all around the world, and therefore it has accepted many of them in Iran. Iran is now host to 5 million refugees and asylum seekers, of which 3 million are Afghan and 2 million are Iraqi. Not only that, but also many of these asylum seekers have received Iranian citizenship and passports. Nearly 3% of all Tehran's working population consists of Afghans. Iran has provided all asylum seekers with food, shelter, medication, education, and all rights that Iranian people entertain. The government of Iran has been able to distribute these asylum seekers evenly between its provinces, so that no province suffers from population imbalances.

Iran believes that its acceptance of the asylum seekers is evidence of how Iran treats innocent people, and respects their rights. It is hard to find a country with about 65 million people that welcomes asylum seekers from other nations. Iran believes that the oppressive Taliban regime in Afghanistan and Sadam Hussein's regime in Iraq has forced innocent and helpless people to flee away in search of a better life. Iran believes that these countries are abolishing human rights, and that these people are liable to asylum in neighboring countries. Meanwhile, Iran congratulates countries, such as Pakistan, that have accepted large numbers of Afghan refugees and asylum seekers from Afghanistan.


3) The right of people to self-determination

Iran completely gives its people the rights to self-determination. Through Iran's eyes, this idea means people's right to determine their government. Iran has always showed its respect to this right. During presidential, parliamentary, or provincial elections the people of Iran are always liable to vote. Many nations blame Iran for not allowing its people to vote. This is completely wrong and mistaken.

President Khatami's election as new president is a fact that proves Iran gives its people the right to self-determination. Khatami was elected upon the votes of 20 million people. The right wing could've easily elected Ali Akbar Nateq Nouri without people voting. This shows that the Iranian government has given Iranians this important right.

Iran believes that the opposing organizations such as the Mojahedeen-Khalq should be abolished and not aided by any country. Iran greatly appreciated France's careful steps to prevent any terror caused by the members of this group during Khatami's visit to France. Iran thinks that this group has caused terror since its establishment after the revolution. Iran also condemns this group and accuses it for killing a highly ranked military officer in April of this year.

Iran also believes that all people around the world should be given their rights to self-determination. All people should have the right to choose their own government. Fortunately, many nations are granting their people their right to vote and determine the government, which is a step towards more democracy.


4) Review of the work of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

Iran does not appreciate the efforts of the UNHCHR. The UNHCHR has continuously blamed and accused Iran for not giving its people their human rights. The UNHCHR and other countries believe that human rights is achieved if women are allowed to appear naked and without scarves. This is the wrong thing. Iran's policy is all based on Islam. Islam requires all Muslims to wear decently and requires women to wear scarves. Iran believes that every nation has its own religion that it has to comply with. Iran believes that it's the right of no nation or organization world wide to interfere and step upon Islam. The UNHCHR should realize that people of any religion are required to abide by its rules and not let anyone else to step upon it.

Away from Iran, the UNHCHR has not yet succeeded in achieving its goals. There are 22 million refugees in the worlds that are suffering. Iran believes that the UNHCHR should be at least reformed, or even replaced by a more efficient organization. The UNHCHR has not prospered in achieving its goals, and is blaming Iran every year for bad human rights records. Iran wants to know exactly what the UNHCHR means by human rights. Is it the right to let women wear what they want and violate religion? Is letting people take drugs and drink alcohol a right? Is having a religious leader assigned by the government, a violation of human rights? Isn't accepting refugees and asylum seekers from neighboring countries a very helpful evidence of respect of human rights in Iran? The Islamic Republic of Iran totally believes that Islam should be respected in this case too, as well as in all other cases. Iran believes that drugs are very harmful and fatal, where lately Iran captured suspects for trading 50 tons of heroine. This means that Iran has pulled away this self-destructing habit fromthe society. Islam and the Holy Quran have stated that women should wear decently and modestly, where hair and most body parts beyond the neck should be covered. The Holy Quran has directly stated the abolishment and prohibition of alcohol and all what harms the mind and body (drugs). Iran abides by all these requirements and believes that the Holy Quran has come to guide us in the rights direction, not to fool us. Unfortunately, it makes no sense for the UNHCHR to accuse Iran, Libya, Cuba, and Sudan for having bad human rights records. Noticeably, all four countries mentioned are enemies or half-enemies of the US, which leads to the idea that the US has dominated its interests in the decisions the UNHCHR proposes, and that it is in "control" of this useless organization.

 


B. Disarmament Committee

1) The question of the production, stockpiling, and sale of all forms of anti-personnel landmines

The Islamic Republic of Iran has a clear opinion on this issue. The production, stockpiling, sale and use of all forms of anti-personnel landmines is prohibited by the Islamic Republic of Iran. As for the production of anti-personnel landmines, the Islamic Republic of Iran doesn't produce anti-personnel landmines... and so if it doesn't produce it can't sell nor stockpiling. Yes... the Islamic republic of Iran, to be honest uses not all but some landmines, which are planted in between its borders with Iraq. These landmines are our "defensive" and "protective" weapon against the Iraqi regime which is not to be trusted. We want to stop landmines from killing "our" people but under some circumstances we cannot. All of us nations should take a big step through our goal... the clearance of anti-personnel landmines. Let's put measures to expedite and improve landmine clearance. We don't want ink on paper showing your approval... we demand an honest serious action!


2) Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use Nuclear Weapons, including effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon states against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons

The Islamic Republic of Iran finds this issue one of the most complicated but important issues. As most of you had recognized, it is strength and power that rule our world. Let's take nuclear weapons as an example. Most countries around the world are seeking to build up nuclear weapon, and the Islamic Republic of Iran is sadly announcing that its one of those countries... because a country doesn't gain weight and respect unless it has nuclear power and this should hurt and bother us all. This is a sad but real fact that we live. To be respected is to have the force to threat. The USA, Russia, UK, China, and France all gained respect and weight because they can threaten the world and not because of their scientific technologies.... If not then why isn't Japan a permanent member of the SC when it is the 2nd or maybe 1st place in advancement and technology. It is an unlawful world that we are living. To assure non-nuclear states the USA, UK, France, China, and Russia should change the political views and ways towards us nations with no nuclear power... and respect all countries that don't have nuclear weapons to stop the nuclear-weapons race.


3) Conventional arms control, including measure to curb the illicit traffic in small arms

As the Islamic Republic of Iran we thankfully have no problems concerning the issue of conventional arms control since our people are aware of the harms of these arms on our society, and are aware of the measures taken by our government. This issue is still important in our point of view because many countries and especially the USA have a problem with this issue. Our people are peaceful and were oriented on peace and so they don't need conventional arms to greet each other (murder) as in most developed countries and especially the USA where conventional arms control is out of hand. Measures to curb and illicit traffic in small arms should be stopped in the country of technology... because its ripple effects are effecting of adults. We as countries should help the country of technology in its crisis if it's incapable to handle it.


4)The relationship between disarmament and development

There is a very long relationship between disarmament and development in the point of view of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is seen that this relationship between disarmament and development is on of the most known and friendly relations since disarmament in most circumstances lead to development. Countries are developing in many areas but the worlds most concerns on the armament has and is costing us a lot. It's what's occurring and happening continuously now, "arms-race." We as the Islamic Republic of Iran positive development such as ineffective but helpful technologies are not valued a lot nowadays, but if you have arms then you are valuable. Development is everything that builds up more of the welfare of our people, but since armament kills our people it should be stopped. The problem is that nobody would stop!

 

C. Environmental Committee

1) The question of Antarctica

The Islamic Republic of Iran believes that the Antarctic Treaty is serving western countries ambitions although it seems to serve the scientific development worldwide and thus it is against it. The Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington D.C. on December 1st 1959 by 12 countries, among which is the United States of America, France, and United Kingdom, and came into force on June 23rd 1961. The spirit of the treaty is to foster the peaceful use of the continent and ensure the preservation of flora, fauna, and natural environment in the interest of mankind. Its salient points are: the suspension of territorial claims, the prohibition of all military activities, nuclear experiments, and the use of territory for nuclear waste disposal, the freedom of scientific investigation, with the sole exception of having to give notice of expeditions or the setting up of research bases, and finally international cooperation in scientific activities, with the exchange of information and personnel. All the countries adhering to the treaty have the right of access to the entire continent and to perform peaceful activities throughout the whole Antarctic area without any territorial discrimination. Personnel's operating in Antarctica comes under the exclusive jurisdiction of the state to which they belong. The Treaty distinguishes between two categories of member states, (not including Iran) Consultative Parties - the 12 original signatory nations - and Contracting Parties - nations who adhere to the Treaty, but have not acquired the rights of the Consultative Parties. Iran did not sign on this Treaty.

From this brief summary about the Antarctic Treaty, it could be recognized that this Treaty is partially a failure. Many flaws in this Treaty could be obtained, as if we look beneath the lines, it could be seen clearly that this Treaty has a political flavor. Western countries, lead by U.S.A., were from the first signers on this Treaty, and these countries usually don't do something unless it counts for their benefit. Research and researchers have proven that Antarctica might contain huge amount of oil, which equal a fortune. This oil is greater than the oil in the Middle East and the expected oil in the Caspian Sea. Thus having these countries control that rich area produces many question marks. If for instance, these western countries were able to get the oil in Antarctica out, they wouldn't need the oil elsewhere and hence there will be no need for countries in the Middle East who will be slaves to the western nations. This Treaty supplies all factors needed to succeed in that goal. For example, under the cover of scientific investigation and discovery, oil investigation could be made, and under the cover of cooperation and sharing in scientific activities, sharing the results of oil investigation and cooperation in getting it out could occur. Under the cover of having camps and supplies for scientists, Antarctica could be divided into territories for the 12 nations although the Treaty furiously attacks that. Iran would be certain to point out possible western uses of Antarctica for military purposes, which will effect international security and stability, and perhaps cause some environmental harm. Also dividing the signers into Consultative and Contracting parties makes inequality between the allowing some to behave as they wish, and others just come as listeners. By this it can be clearly observed that This Treaty has political views on the area that benefit the western nations under the cover of environmental protection and scientific development. Thus Iran encourages a total ban on any use of Antarctica except scientific researches supervised by experienced people not from the western world.


2) The question of strengthening of international cooperation and cooperation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster

The Islamic Republic of Iran is in favor of the strengthening of international cooperation and cooperation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster unless it prohibits nuclear industry in Iran. On 26 April 1986 the most serious accident in the history of the nuclear industry occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the former Soviet Union, near the present borders of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia. As a result of the accident, the reactor was destroyed and large quantities of radionuclides were ejected into the environment. Severe actions had to be taken to bring the release of radioactive material under control, to deal with the reaction debris, and subsequently to construct the so-called "sarcophagus" to cover the damaged reactor core. Effects included a polluted radioactive environment and victims suffering cancer, acute radiation sickness, and psychological consequences.

Iran thinks that the international cooperation to minimize the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are successful, but would have been better if more health care was implied to the people and environment most effected. What is important now, is to prevent this disaster from occurring anywhere in the world. That doesn't mean to close all nuclear power plants or some of them, but it means to have international safety regulations applied on each nuclear power plant. The key is to study what happened and to scrutinize the accident. A good sample program of prevention contains the following points: improved procedures for making it more difficult to disable safety systems in nuclear power plants, making plants automatically shut down if any mistake occurs in the operator, and changing the composition of fuel to increase effectiveness of emergency shutdown. A trained team from the UN should investigate each nuclear power plant checking for safety reasons to prevent the disaster from reoccurring, bearing in mind only environmental purposes, not political ones. However, this also must be under the supervision of the country itself and after its agreement. Any power plant that doesn't have the safety requirements, the team has the right stop it from working. Thus Iran believes that the key thing that must be down to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of Chernobyl is by putting safety regulations on each nuclear power plant to prevent the disaster from occurring again.


3) The question of the management of water resources on a national and international level

The Islamic Republic of Iran believes that water is a very important source, and thus water management on national level should be the responsibility of the country itself, and on the international level should be controlled by worldwide agreements and conventions. Water is a valuable source of life. No one can live without water; hence it is very essential. Since water is so important, it must be fairly managed and distributed. Water management on national basis is in some country lag and needs more attention paid towards it. These countries don't manage water resources well so they need to be educated and trained to use it well. On the international basis, water management involves in some case unfairness. An example is when some countries threaten to cut the river's water arrival to neighboring countries for a political disagreement. Also some countries don't manage water resources well on both levels international and national by polluting the water and killing sea organisms and destroying the water environment.

Iran believes that on the national level, water management should be embraced among the water resources in Iran. Iran's water resources are the Persian Gulf, Caspian Sea, small rivers, and small lakes. Iran uses the process of distillation and purification of these resources in order to have a pure water supply for drinking and other daily uses of water. This is the most common way of how Iran manages water resources on national level. On the International level Iran believes that each country is responsible for supplying its own water, but with the availability of assisting landlocked countries with water. Also Iran encourages the sharing of experiences in the area of water distillation and water purification and best ways to manage water resources. Iran also would like to highlight that it is not a country's right to prevent neighboring countries from river's water passing through both countries (Turkey threatens to cut the water to Iraq and Syria for political disagreement). All countries must stick to the international law of regulating movement in the sea and not go beyond it. Another important point is that countries shouldn't pollute the water resources in it or near it because it hurts the water environment. Several countries dump excess oil in the sea and factories dump their wastes in nearby water body, which all effect the sea organisms and pollute the water. The pollution of the Persia Gulf is not Iran's responsibility because Arabic Gulf nations also have oil and factories and they could be accused. On the other hand, all countries that are involved in oil trading dump excess oil in oil tankers in the sea, so if one country is punished, all other oil trading countries should be punished too. Also some of these polluting action are accidents and no one can punish anyone for an unintentional accident. However, water must be kept clean for the benefit of everybody because it is a valuable important source and is essential for the life of everybody on Earth.


4) The question of the control of research, development and production of genetically modified foods

The Islamic Republic of Iran is with the control of research, development and production of genetically modified foods. Genetic modification involves the insertion of genes from one organism into another to produce altered genetic material (DNA). The technology is being used to alter certain properties of food crops, for example, to make plants herbicide resistant, or delay rotting in tomatoes. As its use has become more widespread and sophisticated, there is increased public concern over the safety genetically modified plants, within food chain and within human foodstuff. At this stage in the development and application of genetic modification it is not possible to provide any guarantees against or insurance for mistakes. The precautionary principle should be applied in developing genetically modified crops or foodstuffs, as we cannot at present know whether there are any serious risks to the environment or to human health involved in producing GM crops or consuming GM food products. There should be a coordinated effort by industries and governments worldwide to ensure that the regulations and provisions affecting GM products do not favor the developed countries at the expense of other more vulnerable developing nations.

Although it has some benefits, the Islamic Republic of Iran is against the research done to genetically modify food and calls upon nations to control/partially stop it for several reasons. People doing these experiments claim that this would be for the benefit of humans as it will make them more healthy and prevent diseases because these experiments result in having the finest kind of the specie. However, those people themselves don't know whether there are bad effects on both the environment and people eating genetically modified foodstuff. A research done on some rats shows that the immune systems of these rats was harmed after feeding them genetically modified potatoes. Also other researcheshow that once genetically modified organisms are released into the environment they can't be controlled and might effect food chains and the environment in general. These researches involve playing with the food with a vague goal of improving them that has no real evidence and without knowing the harmful effects resulting from these experiments which are against Islam, the religion of the country. This doesn't mean that Iran is against the freedom to experiment but it is against experiments that result in harming people, economies, and environments rather than helping them. Anyway, unless it is proven to be good with no harm, Iran is against the researches done to genetically modify food and with controlling them.

 

 

D. Social Committee

1) International Cooperation in Drug Abuse Control and Rehabilitation Programmes

Iran has a very strict policy on drugs. This law mandates the death penalty for anyone caught with more than a small quantity of narcotics. Their president Mohammed Khatami stated during the UN's international day against drug abuse and trafficking "We have come together...to eliminate such a scourge from human society". He also said "Narcotic drugs and their prevalence in societies are the crucial factors stupefying the mind and wisdom and threatening the health of mankind and represents an obstacle to independence and development".

Although Iran is a key transit route for smugglers from Afghanistan and Pakistan, Iran is dedicated to fighting drug smugglers and trafficker. Also, their drug interdiction programs are highly effective. Examples of their adequate efforts to eliminate drug supply:
1) July 2nd, 1998 Iranian Officials torched 51 tonnes of heroin and opium enough to supply markets in Britain, Italy and France for more than a year.
2) In 1997, Iranian police seized 195 tonnes of drugs,
3) Iran as been cracking down on drug smugglers since 1988, and under their law they have hanged hundreds of traffickers.

To recognize Iran's anti-drug efforts, Pino Arlaechi (the head of the UN anti-drug effort) praised Iran's sufficient approaches and said other regional states must fallow suit. Also, President Clinton in December 7th, 1998, removed Iran from the official list of drug problem countries. In conclusion, Iran carries out a successful program to abolish drug abuse and supply, and supports the establishment and implementation of their law that mandates the death penalty in all cases of drug deals and abuse to cease its problems.


2) Measures to eliminate international terrorism

The Iranian Islamic revolutionary beliefs strive to establish a model Muslim society that would solve the economic, social, and political problems of the people. Its primary aim is to spread the Islamic message to the oppressed Muslims all over the world and encourage them to carry out their own revolution. In other words, the revolution fights for one objective, Islam. Accordingly, the Islamic ideology struggles against all alien ideological and cultural influences. The Iranian leaders call on all Muslims to unite under the banner "Jihad" to stand against the great power that oppose Islamic beliefs. Iran is and considers itself to be an important power in the Gulf region. It has legitimate interests to defend and expand. The Iranian government is worried that the people will abandon the revolution and religion. Iran views its movements as legitimate actions in the defense of Islam and reinforcements of morality and justice against the western corruption. In which case, the revolution and Islam are one and each supports the other. Therefore, an offense against the regime is an offense to Islam and hence a sin.

There are several strategic and political rationales behind Iran's policy on terrorism:
1) Iran has achieved important strategic, political, and economic assets through its tough policies.
2) The serious attacks performed by Iranian agents against the French government helped to reduce the military assistance given by France to Iraq.
3) Also, Iran's support in the Gulf was greatly enhanced. Subsequently, Iran is a model and chief supporter for many Islamic groups.

Despite the fact that the Iranian religious ideology and its methods are accepted and emulated by many Islamic organizations in the Middle East and North America, Iran is accepting and regulating certain possibilities for change. For example, Khatami recently sent Bill Clinton a message vowing that Iran would no longer support Islamic "so-called terrorist groups" that oppose the Middle East peace process. Also, the Iranian Culture and Islamic Guidance Minister stated that if Israel withdraws from Lebanon, then the military activities of Hizballah would be withdrawn also. Moreover, Iran regards their support of Hizballah as justice and Godly; hence their withdrawal is not based on acceptance of them as terrorists but of the Israelis giving them their objectives. They are not terrorists, they are freedom fighters.

Furthermore, the regime has strong ideological basis and receives its legitimacy from the revolutionary Islamic dogma. Terrorism is not the right term used to describe their movements. The outcome of their policies are formulated and decided upon by highest religious and governmental authorization and not terrorist organizations.


3) Strengthening the coordination of humanitarian and disaster relief assistance, including special economic assistance

Iran encounters several natural disasters that include earthquakes, aftershocks, and floods. In the case of the 1997 earthquake, the recorded rate of deaths was 1,560 and 2,810 were injured. Victims required food, blankets, hygiene items, and other relief supplies. Subsequently, Iran is a nation that aqcuires the assistance of organizations that coordinate humanitarian and disaster relief assistance. Although the Iranian Red Crescent Society does carry out distribution of food, health services and other relief items, other organizations including the UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs, International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, as well as the Norwegian Red Cross supported Iran by providing their financial assistance. Iran supports medical assistance, food contributions, and donations from the UN, for during natural disasters and war relief funds offer a succor for victims. In conclusion, Iran provides only limited disaster relief assistance because it requires the funding for itself.


4) Review and Implementation of the United Nations Programme on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)

With regards to the issue of the HIV/AIDS viruses, Iran has imposed Aids tests for all visitors to the country. The testing is intended to resist the spread of the virus. Also, Iranians who leave the country for at least 3 months would also be examined for HIV. The rate of Aids patients is 260 throughout the whole population. Subsequently, the aforementioned rate is extremely low, but Iran is taking great precautions to prevent its spread. In conclusion, Iran takes effective steps towards dealing with the HIV/AIDS viruses and would support strict policies that reinforce the importance of marriage and chastity to preserve ethics and cease disease.

 

 

Resolutions

 

FORUM: Disarmament DELEGATION:
The Islamic Republic of Iran
QUESTION OF: Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons including affective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear weapon states against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons-

Deeply disturbed by the role that many nuclear weapon states play in providing the constituents of building nuclear weapons to non-nuclear weapon states,

Congratulates all nuclear weapon states who don't use nuclear weapons to threaten other countries nor try to use them,

Fully aware of the last nuclear tests performed by India and Pakistan which had many ripple and side effects,

Pointing out the danger of war between India and Pakistan since both countries are nuclear weapons obtainers,

1. Reminds that many countries are in the process of building or are seeking for building nuclear weapons because
a. Many nuclear states use nuclear weapons in the process of threatening non-nuclear weapon states,
b. A state doesn't gain respect and weight unless it is a nuclear weapon obtainer state and uses threat to influence decisions of other states,
c. An arms race is conquering our world,
d. Political decisions atook taking note of the state obtains nuclear weapons or not,

2. Further Reminds that nuclear weapons are highly destructive and if third war occurs, then it's the end of our world and another chance would not be introduced,

3. Recommends all nuclear and non-nuclear weapon states to sign a treaty in which:
a. A treaty of banning Nuclear weapons tests is signed,
b. A treaty of banning the threat and use of nuclear weapons is signed,

4. Condemns all nations that don't sign the treaties and sign but go beyond it by:
a. Cutting donations to this nations,
b. Placing economic sanctions on this nation.

 

 

FORUM: Environmental
DELEGATION: The Islamic Republic of Iran
QUESTION OF: Antarctica

Defining Antarctica as that massive continent of ice centered by the South Pole and still is not inhabited by mankind,

Aware of the Antarctic Treaty signed on 1959 by Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Union of South Africa, Russia (former USSR), United Kingdom, and United States of America,

Deeply concerned that the Treaty is not achieving its peaceful purposes, but is encouraging territorial claims in Antarctica and making it a place for suspicious researches,

Noticing the countries that signed this Treaty and their purposes to benefit from Antarctica's environment even if that environment is harmed,

Bearing in mind the latest researches showing the presence of oil in large amounts under the ice sheet in Antarctica,

Convinced that something suspicious is done under the cover of Antarctica Treaty in Antarctica which is not in favor of peace,

Keeping in mind the dividing of the signers into Consultative Party, which are the 12 original signers, and Contracting Party who only adhere to the Treaty but really don't have the right to do anything in Antarctica unless they have the permission and supervision of the Consultative Party,

Noting some explosions and accidents which effected the environment of Antarctica as a result of some "scientific research" in the last years, and some incidents involving the strange death, illness, or disappearance of scientists working there under suspicious circumstances,

1. Draws the attention that Antarctica must be used only for peaceful purposes and scientific researches that benefit all people and doesn't harm the environment;

2. Calls upon the UN to send inspectors to investigate these camps in a sudden way to check what they are doing;

3. Recommends punishment to any camp or country doing activities or researches that effect the environment of Antarctica or destroys it and use its natural resources in an illegal way;

4. Accepts that the punishments on countries that use Antarctica for non-peaceful purposes are made by the UN;

5. Encourages professional environmentalists to check the quality of the environment in Antarctica and observe any harm effecting it occasionally;

6. Resolves that if any harm to the environment, territorial claims, nuclear experiments, and disposal of nuclear wastes are found by the UN inspectors, there should be a total ban on the use of Antarctica for any reason;

7. Condemns that countries that didn't sign the Treaty have the right to do anything as long as it doesn't contradict with clause number 1;

8. Demands that no country should use Antarctica for its own political and economical benefits,

9. Further resolves that Antarctica is a great threat to the world if any environmental disorder happens, so extra precautions must be made to ensure the safety of it.

 

 

QUESTION OF: The review of the work of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
COMMITTEE: Human Rights
DELEGATION: Islamic Republic of Iran

Defining human rights as all the rights that people entertain and that are defined by that country's culture, religion, and government, and that should be respected by every single individual and the government, including the right to live freely, the right to secure all facilities, the right to determine the government, the right to be treated equally etc.

Defining developed countries as countries who have developed countries as those countries that have a high level of industry and a GNP of over %20,000 per person per year;

Condemns the UNHCHR for accusing Iran, Cuba Libya, and Sudan for leading the list of human rights violators in the world;

Congratulates the government of South Africa for ending racism in the country to a certain point;

Deeply disturbed by the inadequate efforts of the UNHCHR officials to investigate human rights conditions in countries like Iran and Cuba thoroughly, which lead to misunderstandings between the two sides;

Deeply astonished by UNHCHR's ignorance of human rights violations in the US, China, and most European countries.

1. Resolves to replace the UNHCHR with a new and better organization that is able to:
a) set the right standards for human rights in each country based upon the country's culture and/or religion which in general are
b) evaluate the status of human rights in all countries in a correct way
c) pay attention to human rights in all countries equally
d) improve human rights in all countries,

2. Requests the UN to be in total control of this organization by
a) supervising all what is done by the organization
b) enforcing the organization to increase its efforts in controlling human rights if needed
c) paying equal attention to human rights issues and peace issues discussed in the GA and SC
d)appointing an economic committee that will be in charge of all the money received by the organization that would:
i) be sent into certain countries where human rights conditions are to be improved
ii) only guarantee that all the money received will be spent on human rights problems,
iii) thereby prevent any government of any country from misusing that money;

3. Requests the UN economic authorities to provide the financial basis for the establishment of the organization by:
a) using whatever amount of money that is left in the UNHCHR's budget
b) increasing the membership fees of the members by 2.5% for the developed countries, and by 1.5% for the undeveloped countries
c)asking the World Bank, IMF, and UNDP to provide a certain amount of money which will be paid back after the organization has been established, excluding interest
d) asking the developed countries to donate money, if they desire to, which will be used to establish a humanitarian organization that is in the best interest of all humans;

4. Calls upon the members of the UN to aid the organization in achieving its goals by complying with all human rights standards that are acceptable to the country, plus the general standards that all countries should have like:
a) total freedom to use all facilities provided by the government
b) fair social and judiciary treatment between the government and the people, and between the people themselves
c) the right to have the desired job
d) the right of political, social, and economic freedom under the guidelines set by the government, religion, and culture
e) the right to select the government
f) acceptable and good treatment of all prisoners
g) the right to live in native country without being forced to evacuate it;

5. Requests the organization to pay equal attention to human rights conditions in all countries without exception, and to try to improve them using the best methods;

6. Urges the UN members to abide to the requirements of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Geneva Convention, and urges the new organization to work within the borders of these two treaties;

7. Strongly urges the organization to start working immediately on human rights issues in cooperation with countries and to focus primarily on:
a) The elimination racism and racial discrimination
b) the right of people to self-determination
c) the condition and welfare of asylum seekers
d) the status of woman and the methods to improve it in certain countries
e) the elimination of all types of pornography through setting limits for media (TV, Internet, etc.);

8. Requires the new organization to be totally neutral in its mission, and to have a strong voice in the international community;

9. Requests the organization to carry out a monthly census about human rights conditions in every country;

10. Reminds the new organization that it can carry out its mission in a country, inspecting human rights conditions, if and only if the government of that country officially allows them to enter its grounds;

11. Asks the UN to appoint a president and vice-president for the organization that are liable enough to accept the responsibilities;

12. Asks the members of the new organization to accept the name UNHRO (United Nations Human Rights Organization), as a name for this new organization.

 

FORUM: Social
DELEGATION: The Islamic Republic of Iran
QUESTION OF: Drugs

Recalling Iran's fights against drugs e.g. Iranian officials on Thursday (2/7/98) torched 51 tonnes of heroin and opium, enough to supply markets in Britain, Italy and France for more than a year;

Fully alarmed by the problem of drugs,
a) On individuals,
b) On the stable structure of society,
c) On independence and development,

Affirming that drugs are a serious problem all over the world,

Deeply disturbed by a survey in 1997 that confirmed that 11.4 percent of youth age 12-17 use illicit drugs,

Deeply concerned of the effects of drugs on individuals' Mental health and Physical health,

Expressing its appreciation towards the UNODCCP (United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Preventation) anti-drug efforts,
a) Working with governments and countries and allowing them to become party to and give effect to UN drug control conventions,
b) Working with other organizations that are governmental and non-governmental,
c) Providing training materials and medical advice,

1. Emphasizes world-wide drug crisis in,
a) Heroin epidemic in Dublin,
b) Mexican drug traffickers,
c) US drug traffickers,

2. Supports a drug-free environment,

3. Encourages the establishment of campaigns against drug abuse within all countries that are members of the UN,
a) To reinforce an anti-drug attitude,
b) To educate citizens of drug problems,
c) To increase anti-drug efforts,

4. Condemns smugglers and drug dealers around the world,

5. Draws the attention that laws which provide imprisonment and fines have not eliminated drug problems,

6. Affirms that drug dealers, drug traffickers, and drug smugglers must be punished severely,
a) For jeopardizing the health of individuals,
b) For contributing to the breakdown of development and security,
c) For breaking the law against illicit drugs,

7. Confirms the need to establish severe laws against drug dealers and smugglers,

8. Further encourages that the UNODCCP increase its efforts to stop drug dealers and smugglers,

9. Resolves that extra funding should be granted to the UNODCCP,
a) The funds should be used for its anti-drug efforts,
b) The funds should be taken from the UN budget (1% of UN budget),
c) These funds will aid the UNODCCP to resolve the problem of drugs,

10. Requests the establishment of a law that mandates the death penalty to drug dealers, drug smugglers and drug abusers,

11. Further resolves the implementation of the aforementioned law,
a) The law should be implemented against anyone with more than a small amount of drugs,
b) Drug smugglers, drug dealers, and drug traffickers are extreme criminals and must be punished severely,
c) Anyone caught with a considerable amount of drugs must be killed,
d) This law offers effective results for the problem with drug-dealers and smugglers,
e) Established local bodies from all countries should deal with implementing this law,
f) The UN should adopt and reinforce this law for it provides a sufficient mean to resolve the problem.



Opening Speech


Iran would like to welcome all members of the General Assembly and wishes them the best of luck

Iran is a country that is abundant in minerals plus having a diverse natiure. It tries to maintain good relations with all countries, some of which have focused unwelcome attention on Iran.

Iran would like to hightlight the issue of drugs. Last week 32 soldiers were killed while tring to arrest drug traffickers. Iran has established many centers for the treatment of drug addicts.

> Thank you and good luck




Statements of Delegates

Mustafa Malaki, Ambassador and Human Rights:

As the ambassador of Iran to KFSAC at ASK, I was a successful leader. In my opening speech, I portrayed the current government of Iran. I spoke as the "new" Iran exactly with the same diplomacy they have right now. Unfortunately, I was in the Human Right commission, and I only spoke three times. However, as the delegate of Iran, I was able to speak as much or more than the delegates of the US, Russia, Great Britain, and France. In my speeches, I attacked the human rights conditions in these and many other countries and was able to answer all questions.

In the GA, I and my group were able to make one speech, and give two points of information. I made the speech, and answered several questions. One thing that I liked was when I wrote a question for the US, and told my teammate, Adel, to say it which was:

"Why does the US interfere in all world issues and internal affairs of other countries, then apologizes for its interference?!!"

The delegate of the US, who was incidentally in the SC, was not able to answer. We beat them in this one!


Faisal Al-Shatti, Environment

In the environmental committee, Iran showed a great deal of enthusiasm and excellent point of views. The placard was raised several times, five of which Iran was called on for speeches. In each speech, Iran showed its point of view to the resolution being debated. Iran also attacked two resolutions, going point by point until they failed. Furthermore, Iran defended one resolution which was very beneficial to it, and it hopefully passed. In points of information, Iran strongly asked challenging questions. Overall, Iran was represented in the best way.


Adel Al-Amar, Disarmament

I, Adel Al-Omar, played a great role in the disarmament committee of KFSAC. I represented Iran and helped to break down or defend a resolution. I destroyed a resolution which allowed the violation of some nations' national sovereignties including Iran. I said to Malaysia, "If the hear of this resolution fails to operate and do its job, then the whole resoluti on fails to operate and do its job."


Shahd Dashti, Environment

In my committee a resolution submitted by Cuba on the issue terrorism was debated. The delegate of the United States made a speech condemning Cuba for submitting the resolution and accusing Cuba of being a terrorist nation. I saw this as my opportunity to slam the US. I raised my placard and was allowed a point of information. I asked the delegate,

"Honorable Delegate of the US. How could you accuse Cuba of being a terrorist nation when the United States is the major source of terrorist activities?" My point information caught the delegate by surprise, and some delegates applauded me.

also made a speech for a resolution on refunds to encourage capable countries to further assist countries like Iran who suffer from natural disasters. All the resolutions that were submitted were thoroughly debated, and at times they were completely tom apart. Truly, my experience in the committee was positive, and I was proud to represent the Islamic Republic of Iran in the social committee