Country: Republic of Chad
Event: Dhow-MUN 2001/KFSAC 2002
The Delegation of Chad
·Adel Al OMAR (Ambassador, SOCIAL)
·Faisal Al Ibrahim (Vice-Ambassador, Environment)
·ABdulla Borhama (Disarmament)
·Khalid al Humaidhi (Human Rights)
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Chad is a landlocked, meaning it does not have a view on sea. This raises some problem related to exporting and importing. The natural resource are petroleum, Uranium, Natron, Kaolin, Fish (Lake Chad). Lake Chad is the only lake in Chad and plus Chad doesn’t has sea, so it is highly significant for Chad in supplying both water and fish. Uranium is another important resource because of its high price. Agriculture plays a major role in exports, making up to 46% of Chad’s exports including cotton, Arabic gum, livestock, fish, peanuts, millet, sorghum, rice, sweet potatoes, cassava, dates. The weather in Chad is hot and dry. Dusty harmattan winds occur in the North; periodic droughts; and locust plagues occur repeatedly. Chad agreed on many Environment international agreements such as Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, and Wetlands.
The Population of Chad is 8,707,078. The Population growth rate is 3.29%. The birth rate is 48.28-births/1,000 population the death rate 15.4 deaths/1,000 population which means that health care is somehow good compared to other African countries. The net migration rate is 0-migrant(s)/1,000 population, which also means that there is stability and people are satisfied. There are more than 200 ethnic groups in Chad. Those in the North and East are generally Muslim; most southerners are Animists and Christians. This makes Chad in a way similar to Sudan. Through their long religious and commercial relationships with Sudan and Egypt, many of the peoples in Chad's eastern and central regions have become more or less Arabized, speaking Arabic and engaging in many other Arab cultural practices as well. Chad's southern peoples took more readily to European culture during the French colonial period. The percentage of population based on religion is: Muslim 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs (mostly Animism) 25%. As for the languages, French and Arabic are Chad’s official languages. In the South they communicate by the Sara and Sango language. Notably, there are more than 100 different languages and dialects.
Believe it or not France also plays a significant role in Chad's security. With French support, a reorganization of the armed forces was initiated early in 1991. The reorganization goal is to reduce the armed forces from 50,000 to 25,000 and to restructure it into a ground army of approximately 20,000, consisting of a republican guard, infantry regiments, and support battalions. Also included in the new structure is a gendarmerie of about 5,000 and an air force of about 400. Well, in 1999 Chad maintained an army of 25,000 members and an air force of 350. The country has signed defense agreements with France, which gives Chad's army technical and other aid.
The army, gendarmes, police, National and Nomadic Guard (GNNT), and intelligence services are responsible for internal security. Officers from President Deby's Zaghawa ethnic group dominate the Rapid Intervention Force (FIR), and the National Security Agency (ANS), a counterintelligence organization that has acted as an internal political police force. The security forces continued to commit serious human rights abuses.
Chad is a large African country that lies between Central Africa and Sought of Libya. The majority of Chad is land, which is 1,259,200 sq km, and 24,800 sq km of Chad is made up of water. The total land of Chad (1,259,200 sq km.) added to the total water (24,800 sq km) brings Chad up to 1.284 million sq km.
Seven countries encircle Chad including the Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, and Sudan. Chad is known for its tropical weather in the South, and desert in North. In Chad, the lowest point is (Djourab Depression: 160m deep) and the highest point is (Emi Koussi: 3,415 m).
Views on world problems:
Chad is officially has close relations with France, the former colonial power, and other members of the Western community. It receives economic aid from countries of the European Community, the United States, and various international organizations. Libya supplies aid and has an ambassador resident in N'Djamena. Chad decided to recognize the "State of Palestine," which maintains an "embassy" in N'Djamena. Chad as not recognized the State of Israel. This leads us in concluding that they have close relations with Arab and Islamic countries. Chad has generally good relations with its neighbors except for Libya. Although relations with Libya improved with the arrival of the Deby Government, some strains still persist.
As for its relations with the US, good relations are maintained. The United States enjoyed close relations with the Habre regime, although strains over human rights abuses developed prior to Habre's fall. Friendly relations with the Deby Government continue. The USAID program is expanding, both in terms of project assistance and emergency aid. Approximately $15 million in emergency assistance was granted to combat a cholera epidemic and to prevent famine in 1991. USAID works with several American voluntary agencies such as CARE, AFRICARE, and VITA on some of its projects. This all shows that the US has good relations with Chad.
Also Chad maintains good relations with countries like Taiwan which in 1997 committed $125 million. Other countries that Chad has strong relations with include Portugal, Germany, Thailand, Costa Rica, South Africa, France, Cameroon, Nigeria, and India.
Chad is very poor. With an annual per capita income of $230, Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world and is ranked 167th out of 174 countries on the United Nations' human development index. The agricultural sector is the main sector in Chad's economy. Cotton, the major cash crop, accounted for 59% of Chad's exports in 1998. However, cotton made up only 36% of exports in 1999 due to a sharp decline (decrease) in world cotton prices. In 2000, Chad's economy rebounded, posting a real GDP growth rate of 3% accompanied by a 3% rise in consumer prices. In January 2000, the IMF for Chad under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) equivalent to $49.9 million to support Chad's 1999/2002 economic program. The Doba oil project, for which construction recently began following World Bank approval, may transform Chad's economy. In addition to roughly doubling the government's annual budget, the project is expected to double Chad's GDP by 2004. What is good is that Chad's military expenditures are only 3.5% of the GDP, thus we can be trusted with money.
Three decades of continual warfare have left Chad as one of the poorest countries in the world. Though the economy has shown recent signs of improvement, a poor transport infrastructure, and continued reliance on cotton and other crops vulnerable to drought has limited the country's potential for prosperity.
Social Committee: Adel Al Omar (Ambassador)
1. Global Code of Ethics for Tourism.
Chad believes that the Global Code of Ethic for Tourism is fundamental in that it sets a frame of reference for the responsible and sustainable development of world tourism at the dawn of the new millennium. International tourism is predicted to nearly triple over the next 20 years makes and because of that, Chad emphasizes that the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism is fundamental. It is an effective weapon that minimizes the negative impacts of tourism on the environment and on cultural heritage, while maximizing the benefits for residents of tourism destinations and by that achieving the desired outcome.
Chad stresses that the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism is to the interest of all countries, helping maintain essential ethical values in the tourism sectors and achieving aggregation and social stability, which are necessary in the development of any kind of economic market. Chad highlights the significant affect of promoting and developing tourism, which adds contributions to economic development, international understanding, peace, and prosperity.
2. Elimination of debt burden in less developed countries.
Although Africa is arguably one of the world’s richest regions in natural resources, the African people are among the world’s poorest, and they are getting poorer in this age of accelerating economic globalization. Chad would like to highlight the imminent problem of debts. Instead of developing, most of Africa is "falling out" of the global economy. Globalization is skirting the heart of Africa, as industrial nations reduce the levels of aid and focus their trade strategies on emerging markets.
Chad believes debt problems are being measured in terms of cold financial data, but the debt crisis wears a human face. It is the face of a young child denied an opportunity for the education which could lift her out of poverty because some governments regard national debt repayment as a higher priority than her schooling; it is the face of a child whose mind and body are not growing properly because of recurrent infectious diseases that could be prevented by transferring a fraction of what is spent on debt to primary health care. Chad uncovers these faces of people whose lives are affected by debts.
Chad urges all nations to implement debt elimination that would provide the resources needed for a sustained assault on poverty, making an important contribution by increasing the financial resources available for investment in people. Debt elimination would make a ultimate contribution to a broader social development strategy. The Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) is working on debt elimination, but the framework fails in achieving our goals. In particular, the time-frame for implementation is too long and debt relief has not been integrated into a broader program for advancing human development. Reforms are needed in each of these areas. Chad would like to point out that the IMF has played a highly destructive role. Previously, the IMF denied the existence of a debt problem and ruled out participation in any debt reduction. Chad regrets it evident that one of the primary concerns of the Fund has been to minimize the costs to itself of financing debt relief, placing narrow institutional self-interest over the needs of the world's poorest countries. A firm stand by the international community should be taken in eliminating debts since their repayments hugely exceed social expenditures which result in the lost opportunities for health, education, poverty reduction, and the potential human welfare gains.
3. Exploitation of children in the labor market.
Chad stresses that children will be exploited in the labor market as long as the governments are in debts. Our government is increasing its assistance to the education sector, but sadly we can’t increase it furthermore because of our debt responsibilities. Chad fully agrees that the protection and promotion of human rights are the duty of all States, however, financial resources are required to stop the violations of human rights. Why would a child go to work? Wouldn’t he want to play or gain education? It is poverty ladies and gentlemen. Poverty forces these children into working, and because of that, we should all put our hand together and solve the roots of the problem or else it can never be solved. The exploitation of children in the labor market is a serious problem in the world and specifically Africa. This problem requires us all to establish long-term plans, which will put an end to child labor. Highlighting the need for a solution for such a severe problem, Chad emphasizes the need for solving the problem from its roots by debt elimination. As long as poverty is present be certain that child labor will be present too. Chad calls upon all nations to save the innocence of childhood.
4. Implementation of the UN program on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS).
More than 22 million people have died from AIDS and an estimated 36 million others are believed to be living with HIV, the virus that causes the disease. An estimated 75 percent of the infected live in sub-Saharan Africa. Chad would like to know what is the reaction of the international community to such statistics? Shocked? Perhaps we need to be keep the words and show deeds. The international community has to work together in solving this threatening problem. The debt elimination would also be our first step when faced with this terrifying disease. The UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan warned that unless every sector of society joins in the fight against the epidemic, "I am afraid that we are going to fail." Chad completely agrees with Mr. Kofi Annan. The UN program on HIV/AIDS should be implemented by all nations.
Chad highlights the need for a global fund, run as a public-private partnership to channel money to poor AIDS-stricken countries. The funds are essential in order to provide AIDS drugs, education programs on AIDS prevention, and the dire need for greater access to affordable therapies. Chad sadly points out that there is a wide gap between promises made at gatherings to discuss AIDS and implementation on the ground. Faced by a limited budget, African nations cannot afford the drug and even if the drug cocktails were free and had no side effects, the cost of delivering these drugs and enforcing daily compliance in rural Africa would be overwhelming. Chad believes that there is a persistent need for implementing the UN program on AIDS and more programs are needed in our war against this dangerous widely-spreading disease.
5. Human cloning, organ harvesting and stem cell research.
Chad believes that this issue is not significant. The need for our concentration on other more serious issues is vital. The fast pace of development is leaving Africa behind with no guide or hand to help it develop. We urge the developed countries to solve more serious issues such as debts, child labor, and AIDS which are killing our people without us having the resources to defend ourselves. The resources are in your hands and you can stop the continuos tragic death of people worldwide especially in Africa. Chad stresses that scientific research is important, however, taking measure that would help save millions of people’s lives is more significant.
Environment Committee: Faisal Al Ibrahim (Vice-Ambassador)
1. Use of Herbicides and defoliants in drug control programs:
Drugs are the biggest problem in the world. Every country suffers for drugs. Many people die every day from that poison. We have to fight poison before it kills more and more people. If the country does not want to fight this poison we have to fight it, because if we didn’t fight today, tomorrow it will reach our families. Countries have to work together in fighting drugs. The rich have to help the poor in fighting drugs. Herbicide and defoliants are an important way of controlling drugs. If there is anther good solution we are more than welcome to support it. If not, that is the only solution.
2. Ratification and implementation of the Kyoto Protocol:
As we all know, carbon dioxide is unhealthy to human beings. Currently, the percentage of the carbon dioxide is increasing. Plants play a major role in changing carbon dioxide into oxygen, but uncertainly the number of plants is decreasing. The Kyoto protocol plans to decrease the amount of carbon dioxide through placing filters in all the factories that produce large amounts of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a negative externality affecting our society and effective measures towards maintaining the healthy condition of societies is needed.
Chad agrees to the idea of reducing the amount of carbon dioxide, but not with the Kyoto Protocol for various reasons. First, this plan requires tremendous funding capabilities. It is a fact that there are many poor countries that cannot pay their debts, so how can we ask them to pay for the implementation of the Kyoto protocol? This leads to another assumption that if the poor countries wouldn’t pay, why would rich countries pay? Chad believes the Kyoto protocol is a waste of money. This money can be spent money in planting trees, which filter the air. Many other serious problems such as AIDS should be our priority instead of implementing a protocol such as the Kyoto protocol.
3. Land reform policies with particular regard to Southern Africa:
Everyone must have equal rights. The white people take most of the rich lands. Although they own by them, but the land had been illegally and unequally given to the people. This means that the lands must be distributed to every person in the country equally by taking the lands from them and redistributing it again to the people. This is what should happen in Southern Africa.
4. Measures to control population growth:
The population growth of the world is very quickly increasing, especially in the underdeveloped and developing countries. Currently, this growth is increasing because of the facilities and uneducated people. Because people are uneducated and have the facilities, they think that it is easy to have many children. The large growth of population causes pollution and more use of natural resources. Educating more people is the solution, but poor countries cannot offer that which requires rich countries to pay for education because pollution effects every one in the world.
5. Deforestation and the economy of indigenous people:
Indigenous peoples are the original people who lived in a land that people lived in for a very long time. This means that these people have the right to live in that area and exercise their freedoms like any other citizen. They also must be honored because they are the people who started this country. We see that in some countries their rights are taken. Deforestation is forcing indigenous people out of their homes and by that affecting their economy. Chad believes that indigenous people should have the same rights as all citizens and deforestation should be stopped if it results in negatively affecting the indigenous people and their economies.
6. Effective implementation of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves:
Humans are part from the animal kingdom, which means that we are animals. If humans have their right, which means that all animals must have rights. All animals are related to each other in the food chain. If one of the species becomes extinct or endangered, other animals will also be endangered and extinct. That means that that effects us so we have to take care of the animals. Now everyone is killing wild animal without rules that stop them. Although there are some rules, but they are easy to break because it is very hard to capture the hunters. We need the help of rich countries by money and instructions to help us catch them. All countries should ban all endanger animals of entering their countries to stop poaching wildlife reserves.
Disarmament Committee: Abdullah Borhama
1. Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons:
Large economic and powerful countries are using the power of nuclear weapons to the limit. Powerful countries are threatening small and slightly helpless countries so that they would agree to the terms that the powerful countries want. This issue has concerned Chad strongly for a long period of time and still concerns. Chad believes that these countries are using the power of nuclear weapons in bad and inconvenient ways, which effect the countries that are threatened and punished for one reason, the lack of owning a nuclear silo. Chad also believes that the UN should take drastic measures towards this issue and work to solve this problem immediately. Chad is also trying its best to convince other countries to help them with this issue, and that is why it is at this event.
2. The relationship between disarmament and development:
Countries mainly develop in two major ways. The first way a country might develop is when you disarm weapons a country would develop. Other countries believe that when a country has massive power weapons the country would develop. Those are the two major ways that countries think they can develop.
Chad believes that when a country disarms massive and powerful weapons the country will then develop. The major reason Chad thinks is true because when a country spends all of its budget on powerful nuclear weapons or any other type of power weapon, its economy will crash because they are not funding the major component in a countries development.
3. Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms:
Through out the past several years’ civilians have had firearms to kill people with. One of the main reasons why these civilians have these firearms is because there are civil wars going on inside these countries.
Chad believes that civilians should not be allowed in any circumstance to have a deadly firearm in their hands. The UN should also have an active role toward building programs, which first of all prevent civil war, and another program to stop the illegal trafficking of these firearms. Chad also urges all countries to take more secure inspections in their country borders and firm up on their laws on such firearms.
4. Development in the fields of information and telecommunication in the context of international security:
When a criminal from Chad some how leaves the country and goes to a country near or even far from Chad, Chad would like the country that is holding the criminal to help capture the criminal and him over to Chad right away. That is an example of international security when a country helps another country with its security problems. Chad strongly believes that all countries or at least most countries should have this mutual relationship. Chad also agrees that countries should have a healthy relationship with each other by developing in the field of information and telecommunication.
Human Rights Committee: Khalid Al Humaidhi
Submitted by: Chad
Delegate: Adel Al Omar
Question of: Elimination of debt burden in less developed countries.
Deeply regrets that the debt burden in less developed countries results in the lose of opportunities for health, education, poverty reduction, and the potential human welfare gains.
Pointing out that after several years of the World Bank’s Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, which includes 31 African countries, it is clear that the program is having only a marginal impact in reducing Africa’s debt burden, which cripples the continent’s chances for significant economic growth
Disturbed that some of the most powerful Group of Seven (G7) countries - Germany, Japan, and Italy - opposed the initiative from the outset, and are now using their influence on the Boards of the IMF and World Bank to delay implementation and minimize the level of debt relief provided.
Fully alarmed that unfortunately, the US, a strong supporter of the HIPC framework is now seeking to delay implementation, even for countries with exemplary track records.
Bearing in mind that applied with flexibility and common sense, the HIPC framework could make a critical contribution to poverty reduction. Instead, the initiative is being implemented more with a view to minimizing the costs to creditors than to maximizing the benefits for debtors, and poverty reduction considerations remain of marginal concern.
Reminds that delaying debt relief sends the wrong political signals to countries in which governments have undertaken politically painful economic reforms e.g. According to the Ugandan Government, the finance lost as a consequence of delaying debt relief will amount to around $193 million over the next year
Deeply disturbed that lethal interaction between the debt crisis and the fiscal crisis results in the growing inability of governments to finance spending on basic services such as health and education out of domestic revenues.
Recalling the World Bank Vice-President, Mr. Madavo’s statement, when he said, "Chances of misusing the funds are minimal."
1. Draw the attention to the fact that the total cost of the HIPC framework for forty one countries over an eight year period is estimated at around $5 billion, equivalent to:
a. slightly over 1 per cent of public spending in Britain,
b. roughly one-twentieth of the sum spent by Germany in financing re-unification,
c. less than US citizens spend annually on training shoes.
2. Urges countries to implement debt elimination, which would provide:
a. Resources needed for a sustained assault on poverty,
b. An important contribution by increasing the financial resources available for investment in people,
c. A broader social development strategy.
3. Requests that the time-frame of the HIPC must be accelerated through:
a. Setting the end of the current decade as a target date for ending the HIPC debt crisis.
b. Reducing the period of eligibility for multilateral debt reduction from 6 to 3 years.
4. Resolves that more weight should be attached by the HIPC to fiscal criteria by creating an upper ceiling of 15% as the proportion of government revenue absorbed by debt repayments since expenditure in excess of this level is likely to represent an unacceptable diversion of resources from investment in priority social services.
5. Further resolves that Poverty reduction incentives should be integrated into the HIPC framework and countries willing to engage in a dialogue aimed at converting debt relief into poverty reduction initiatives should be rewarded with an accelerated time-frame for debt relief.
6. Further requests that the HIPC budget is to be increased by an additional 20% increase in the G7’s share of the Budget, bearing in mind that:
a. Doubled spending on HIPC, would cost less than the resources mobilized by the IMF to finance Mexico's financial rescue package.
b. Tripled spending on HIPC would still cost less than the New York City budget.
Delegate: Faisal Al Ibrahim
Question of: Effective implementation of anti-poaching policies in wildlife reserves.
Defining poaching as To trespass on another's property in order to take fish or game.
Taking in consideration that animals are part of the food chain and we are part of it.
Aware of: that all countries are involved in that problem that problem because animals are everywhere on earth. Animals are parts of the ecosystem and we are part of it too. If it is destroyed we will be destroyed.
Emphasizing that there are more than ten thousand elephants in Africa that are dying from poaching and not been replaced according to the WWF organization.
Knowing that there are more than 100 organizations such as (NAWS) that take care of this problem but are not being so effective to solve this problem because there is no law to protect the animals or do not have the right to enter some places.
Fully believing thatWWF is the world's largest and most experienced independent conservation organization with 4.7 million supporters and a global network active in some 100 countries. WWF's mission is to protect nature and the biological diversity that we all need to survive.
Keeping in mind: that every year, millions of men, women and children legally and responsibly take to the woods and waters to enjoy the beauty and bounty of the wildlife. But most of them kill any kind of animals and leave them around without any use.
1) Supports all organizations that are working on fighting poaching such as North American Wildlife Safeguard (NAWS) and (WWF).
2) Urges all countries to ban the follow products to enter their bourder and if it was sold in a store the store would pay 5,000$:
a) All clothes that are made from fur or skin of animals unless it is proved that it are from private farms or need for serious decease without affecting the number of the animals.
b) All accessories that made from animals e.g. (shoes, bags etc…)
3_Creates an organization that is called the International Anti Poaching Police (IAPP) that is part of the United Nations and exercise the following procedure:
a) they can enter any countries without any excuses by the country.
b) punishing all people whom exercise hunting in wild life areas and are punished by ether jail or money.
c) the budget for that would be from the United Nations.
d) confiscate all the animals and the guns of the people who hunted the animals by the international policy.
Five) it will be in charge of claus number two.
4) Accepts cooperation from the following sources that proves that there are some place that are not detected by the international police:
a) group of people that all agree on that information.
b) an organization that fight the poaching.
5) Rewarding the people or organizations that give any information about the place that are not detected. (for close four)
6) Establishes in each region an conservation that no one can enter that has the endanger species that is funded by the United Nations.
7) Further reminds countries to cooperate with the United Nation to provide experienced professionals that volunteer to provide information through:
One) Through articles in the newspaper, television programs internet and other media.
Two) providing some lessons in schools that talk about the importance of fighting the poaching its effect on the human himself.
FORUM: Disarmament Committee
QUESTION OF: Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.
DELEGATION: The Republic of Chad
DELEGATE: Abdullah Bourhamah
Aware of the fact that non-nuclear states are being threatened massively by nuclear states.
Having considered that some nuclear states do not do this despicable act, and appreciates those nations.
Deeply concerned by the fact that these non-nuclear states are suffering from the fact that nuclear states are threatening them non-stop.
Noting with appreciation that nations around the world are cooperating to eliminate this action.
Emphasizing that the United Nations should take measures to improve and increase its efforts towards this action.
1- Draws the attention to the increase of threats from nuclear states towards the non-nuclear states,
2- Congratulates the United Nations and other nations on their efforts towards the act of nuclear threats,
3- Regrets those nations that are not willing to help prevent nuclear states threatening non-nuclear states,
4- Further resolves that any nation willing to help form an international committee to prevent these threats towards non-nuclear states called the Non-Nuclear States Protection Committee (NNSPC), that would try to do its best at all times, and will meet twice a year, The NNSPC:
a) will meet at a different country every time they meet, and this country will be chosen randomly,
b) would have an agreement with nuclear states that will consist of a signed agreement from every nuclear state saying
i) that they would not attack non-nuclear states or threaten them with nuclear weapons,
ii) that they would even try to sell these nuclear weapons to non-nuclear states to make them a NUCLEAR state,
c) would also have an agreement with non-nuclear states willing to enter this committee to sign an agreement that consists of the following:
i) that any nation would not acquire a nuclear weapon from any available source,
ii) that any nation would not start the production of nuclear weapons even if the reasons were significant,
5- Further Resolves that the NNSPC will eliminate the use and threatening of nuclear weapons by establishing and reinforcing the following:
a) Strictly applying punishments for countries who signed the agreement but broke on of the rules of the agreement,
i) these countries that committed these crimes would be sent to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for punishment which includes:
ii) the nation that committed this crime would be striped of all nuclear weapons and,
iii) would be unable to produce a nuclear weapon again,
b) form reasonable agreements with nations so that the use or threat of nuclear weapons would not be needed,
6- Encourages all countries willing to help to place a 3% tariff on its highest imports, like oil, and especially the oil rich countries to help fund the NNSPC,
7- Calls upon donations to the NNSPC from any source possible,
8- Urges the IMF for financial support,
9- Further Requests the UN to help the NNSPC in any way possible,
10- Urges all nations across the world that aid this committee would help it in any way the nation would help it
Delegate: Khalid Al-Humaidhi
Committee: Human Rights
Issue: Question of Prison Overcrowding
Defining prison over crowding as a situation in which the number of prisoners exceeds the capacity of the prison.
Regrets that prison over crowding leads to:
a) Starvation, because of lack of food,
b) Diseases, because of the poor maintenance of prison and lack of medicine and medical aids,
c) Sexual harassment;
Deeply Concerned with the fact that prison over crowding is increasing in especially African regions;
Noting With Appreciation that the ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross) have been cooperating in trying to minimize the amount of prison overcrowding in the world, by upgrading prison facilities;
Noting the reason for prison over crowding:
a) Insufficient funding to build new prison facilities with better organization.
1. Draws Attention to the fact that prison over crowding has been increasing yearly 12%.
2. Urges all countries to cooperate with the ICRC and help with all means possible in solving the issue of prison over crowding.
3. Requests that the UN gives financial aid to the ICRC so it will be easier to get rid of prison overcrowding.
4. Resolves that the ICRC sends specialized teams to countries with high rates of prison overcrowding, and they will be in charge of:
a. Checking the maintenance and health of the prisons.
b. Checking the food supply and the medical facilities in comparison to the prisons inmate capacity.
c. Checking the management of the prisons and make changes to the management if necessary.
d. Writing a financial report to be able to manage the ICRC’s budget so that they will be able to upgrade the defaults in prison facilities.
5. Looks Down Upon all countries that do not cooperate with the ICRC to end the issue of prison overcrowding worldwide.