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Put on...Against All Odds..

The DHOW-MUN 2001"

After the sudden delay of KFSAC 2001 to KFSAC 2002, Al-Bayan Bilingual School sponsored an event at BBS, inviting any school that wished to come. Among others, the English Academy took up our offer. The event became the Dhow-MUN. The name takes significance because to find pearls, you need a Dhow, and Dhow-MUN preceded our main event, the Pearl-MUN

The event appeared in write-ups for both the local press and the Arabic language newsite, both noted below.

Issues Debated at the Dhow-MUN

Security Council
(1) Security problems in West Africa,
(3) Macedonia and the former Yugoslavia
(4) Security council reforms
(5) The deteriorating security situation in Northern Ireland

Social Committee
Global code of ethics for tourism
(2) Elimination of debt burden in less developed countries
(3) Exploitation of children in the labour market
(4) Implementation of the UN program on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
(5) Human cloning, organ harvesting and stem cell research

Human Rights Commission (HRC)
Promotion and protection of the rights of children and youth
(2) Questions of capital punishment, prison overcrowding and alternate sentencing
(3) Limitations and restrictions on the right of freedom of speech with regard to the restriction of coverage of military and police actions
(4) Use of children in warfare
(5) Economic migrancy into developed nations.

Disarmament Commission (DC)
Effective international arrangements to assist non nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons
(2) The relationship between disarmament and development
(3) Compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti Ballistic Missile systems
(4) Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms
(5) Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.

Environment Commission (EC)
Use of Herbicides and defoliants in drug control programs
(2) Ratification and implementation of the Kyoto Protocol
(3) Land reform policies with particular regard to Southern Africa
(4) Measures to control population growth
(5) Deforestation and the economy of indigenous peoples
(6) Effective implementation of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves.


Delegation Listings And Briefing Books

Since the groups were split up into more countries, only some of the following have briefing books under the names of the countries represented at Dhow-MUN.

As KFSAC-MUN largely contains the same group of countries, most of the briefing books are listed as both KFSAC briefing books and Dhow-MUN books.

Disarmament Chair/Environmental: Saad al Ghawas
Security Council: Mustafa Malaki
Social/Human Rights Chair: Nabil al Khaled

The African Union.

Khaled Al Rubei-Environment

Chad (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

1. Adel Al Omar-Disarmament/Social/SC
2. Abdullah Burhama-Vice Ambassador-Human Rights
3. Faisal Al Ibrahim-Social
4. Khaled Al Humaidhi-Environment


Ghazi Al Sharhan


Bader Al Tukhaim-Ambassador/Social

Chad (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Sarah Al Dukair-Environment/Ambassador


Nouf Al Fraih-Ambassador/SC


1. Fay Al Tukhaim-Ambassador/Environment
2. Ahmad Abduljader-HR
3. Abdullah Al Kulaib-Social

India (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

1. Abdullah Al Asousi-Ambassador-Disarmament
2. Zooman Al Mesbah-social-Vice Ambassador
3. Abdulrahman Al Shatti-environment
4. Mohammad Al Essa-human rights

Kenya (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

1. Khaled Shahroor-Disarmament-Acting Ambassador
2. Fahed Sultan-Environment

Liberia (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

1. Shadi al Suwayeh-ambassador(Environmental)
2. Hamad Sultan-Social-Vice-ambassador
3. Ahmad Kulaib-Disarmament

Nigeria (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

1. Talal Al Rashoud-Ambassador/SC
2. Nada Abduljader-HR
3. Yousef Dashti-Env.

Russian Federation

Hessa Al Othman-SC

Sierra Leone

Hamad Al Essa-Guest Ambassador

Tunisia (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

1. Aziz Al Ateeqi-Ambassador (sort of)/SC
2. Sajaa Fakhral-Deen-Disarmament
3. Sulaiman Al Omar-Human Rights
4. Faisal Al Obeid-Social

United Kingdom

Latifa Ben Essa-Ambassador/SC

United States

Mohammad Fakhral-Deen-Ambassador/SC


An Interview With Daniel R. Fruit,
Regarding Dhow-MUN 2001

as published on the KUNA website.

Haneen: What exactly is "Dhow-MUN."

Dan F: Well, Model United Nations is just that, a model United Nations, in which students play the roles of ambassadors, dealing with real life political issues and trying to obtain solutions.

Haneen: and the "Dhow."

Dan F: BBS hosts Pearl-MUN each spring, which is our main MUN event. Kuwaitis, of course, went to sea looking for Pearls, from which we get "Pearl-MUN." To find those pearls, first you need a Dhow. Hence, to find Pearl-MUN, first you have "Dhow-MUN," the first offical MUN event in Kuwait.

Haneen: How many "countries" participated?

Dan F: We had a total of 25 countries in our General Assembly, along with a nine nation Security Council. The event started on Wednesday with a Security Council Session while General Assembly countries lobbied and merged their resolutions; then we had the official opening with a guest speaker and opening speeches. On Thursday, we had committee sessions, a second Security Council Session, and we ended with a General Assembly and awards ceremony.

Haneen: Who was your guest speaker?

Dan F: We were very honored to have Dr. Ahmad Al Rubei, a former Minister of Education and and current MP in Parliament. He gave a speech on "Diplomacy in a World Gone Mad." It was quite an interesting speech, delivered in Arabic.

Haneen: Arabic?

Dan F: While Arabic is not an official UN, or MUN, language, ours is a bilingual school. Students translated the main points of it later.

Haneen: What were some of the highlights of the event?

Dan F: Well, the emergency situation was very interesting. In response to a coup attempt, Liberia launched an invasion of Sierra Leone, whose ambassador's arrival Wednesday night came as a complete surprize to the delegates. Nigeria, ECOWAS, the UK, and USA all had to try to deal with Liberia's invasion when each country did not have complete information about what had really happened.

Haneen: I'll bet that kept things exciting.

Dan F: That's for sure. Some other highlights included Ethiopia's passing of its AIDS bill in the General Assembly. India's resolution on arms control has a vote so close that they had to revote three times! The Security Council session only passed one very short resolution on Northern Ireland, but they were trying to deal with the Liberian crisis also.

Haneen: This sounds exhausting.

Dan F: It was. Particularly since we started the event after a full day of school Wednesday, and I planned it in only a week.

Haneen: A week?

Dan F: The circumstances are very complex. The bottom line is that we had to put together an event in a week or not have one at all. It says something about BBS that we could do a quality event in that short amount of time. I mean, we raised our support staff three hours before the event.

Haneen: Who would you credit the most for the event's sucess?

Dan F: Well, we have a very experienced group who've planned and officered Pearl-MUN over the years. Nabil Al Khaled and Saad Al Ghawas ran the committees as well as the General Assembly. Mustafa Malaki ran the Security Council. Together they served as Governors-Generals.

Haneen: Did any particular performances stand out?

Dan F: Of course, I'd remark on Sarah Al Dukair, Ethiopia, and Abdullah Al Asousi, India, who passed their GA resolutions. In addition, the GA officers recognized, again Sarah Al Dukair, Maryem Al Bahar, Vietnam, and Abdullah Al Bourhamah, Chad. In the Security Council Mohammad Fakral-Deen, USA, Talal Al Rashoud, Nigeria, and Adel Al Omar, Chad also received awards.

Haneen: Anyone else?

Dan F: Oh, I'd particularly like to recognize the entire English Academy of Jabriya, our special guests. They only found out about the event a week before, and they brought their countries. Maryam Al Bahar, who received the award, made a nice speech at the end thanking us for inviting them.

Haneen: And whatever happened to Liberia?

Dan F: Well. It didn't turn out so well. Nigeria invaded to remove the Liberian government. The Liberians, however, made the last speech and embarrassed the USA and UK. Perhaps it's a tragic ending, but Sierra Leone got back its freedom.

Haneen: It sounds like a real quality event.

Dan F: Considering the time of year, the time for planning, I would say that the Dhow road through some awfully tough waters but delivered the goods.





Al-Bayan Bilingual School Hosts Dhow-MUN

The following story appeared in the Kuwait Times

(1) What should the world do about AIDS?
(2) What should the world do about the extinction of animals?
(3) How should the world react to a Liberian invasion of Sierra Leone?

Only two forums in the world debate these events, the United Nations and the Model United Nations. In the Model United Nations students play the roles of ambassadors to the United Nations and its commissions and try to deal with just these sort of event.

This last weekend, Al-Bayan Bilingual School (BBS) students and guests from around Kuwait dealt with just these very issues at Dhow-MUN 2001, a multi-school MUN event. Dhow-MUN included a 10 nation Security Council; Human Rights, Social, Disarmament, and Environmental Commissions; and as a General Assembly. Over twenty nations and organizations attended this event.

Dhow-MUN began with an appopriate speech by guest speaker Dr. Ahmad Al Rubei on "Diplomacy in a World Gone Mad." Dr. Rubie, a member of parliament and well-known political commentator, holds a PhD from Harvand and currently holds a seat in Kuwait's parliament. Rubei's speech attempted to come to grips with an important question: Why do nations come to hate each other? He traced the roots of national rivalries, misunderstandings between groups, and the inability to see through the eyes of others.

Certainly the misunderstandings formed an integral part of the two day event. That very evening, a stunned General Assembly learned that had Liberia invaded Sierra Leone, apparently in response to a coup attempt by Sierra Leone, and that ECOWAS planned to send troops immediately. Peace seemed elusive at best as Liberia defied Nigeria, the key nation in ECOWAS, and Sierra Leone protested the Liberian surprize assault.

The Security Council dealt with this and other issues during the two days. The Council tried to come up with a plan for new Council representation only to have the notion tabled. Next, the SC attempted to end the 50 year stalement over the status of Kashmir with little more sucess than that of the real United Nations. Eventually, it suceeded in passing a short resolution on Northern Ireland. The SC recognized Mohammad Fakral-Deen, the US, Talal Al Rashoud, Nigeria, and Adel Al Omar, Chad, as outstanding delegates.

Meanwhile, the General Assembly, in subcommittees, passed seven resolutions. The top two reached the General Assembly. Ethiopia's AIDS resolution, authored by Latifa Ben Essa, passed by a comfortable margin. India's resolution on arms control, however, resulted in an even division of the GA before finally the Governor-General cast the deciding affirmative vote. The GA recognized Maryam Al Bahar, Vietnam, Sarah Al Dukair, Ethiopia, and Abdullah Bourhamah, Chad as its outstanding delegates.

Meanwhile, the Security Council tried to deal with the ongoing Liberian crisis. The UK, USA, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria all tried to get Liberia to sign a treaty to no avail. Eventually, the Security Council passed a resolution authorizing the use of force. This passed on a vote of 6-4. However, after the Security Council announced its "solution" to the crisis, Liberia revealed information implicating the UK in the original coup attempt. Liberia's government went down, but with political costs to USA and UK.

Veteran BBS MUN students Nabil Al Khaled, Saad Al Ghawas, and Mustafa Malaki together served as governor-generals putting the event together in a space of just two weeks. The English Academy, coached by John Speakman, received special recognition for their appearance at Dhow-MUN.


For a small event, the Opening Ceremonies posted a significant number of exciting events, including Dr. Rubei's speech on diplamacy and the beginnings of the Security Council crisis on Liberia.

The General Assembly prepares to start.

Guest Speaker: Dr. Rubei

Delegates prepare for their opening speeches.

The IMF hasn't the money to dress better than this.

Abdullah, as India, seems unfazed.

Kenya makes its opening speech.

Liberia talks about AIDS.

Vietnam quotes from Karl Marx.

The Emergency Situation Begins

The emergency situation involved a plot by Charles Taylor to try to use the United States and the UK to help him take conquer Sierra Leone and its lucrative diamond mines.

This emergency situation simulated imperfect information in that not all ambassador had the complete picture. In fact, some of them had no correct information at all. Liberia, alone, knew everything and had to try to use its information to outwit the other countries. To read more about the emergency sitation, click on: crisis situation, to hear about the "Diamonds in the Ruff."

Sierra Leone trashes Charles Taylor.

Nigeria looks angered by Liberia's threats.

The African Union tries to calm tempers.

ECOWAS tries to calm its membership.

Liberia denies any wrong-doing.

Committee Sessions

Amazingly, the event featured four committees. Nabil Al Khaled led the combined social/human rights committee while Saad Al Ghawas and Yousef Dashti led the environment/disarmament committee.

Chad in action in Disarmament.

Liberia speaks in social.

Chad speaks to environment.

Chad, Faisal Ibrahim, speaking with passion.

Chad ask a challenging question.

Ethiopia speaks on the environment.

Ethiopia speaks on AIDS.

India happily addresses the social committee.

India addresses the environment.

India sells its human rights policy.

Kenya addresses disarmament.

Liberia, future victim of global warming.

A pensive Nigeria talks about human rights.

Tunisia makes a stand in disarment.

Tunisia lauds its own human rights record.

The Ukraine gets into the discussion.

Vietnam discusses its next speech.

The Security Council Sessions

Despite the short duration of its sessions, the Security Council managed to pass a short resolution on Kashmir despite the disappearance of Pakistan's proxy,

Tunisia. Further, the Security Council passed a 6-4 resolution on the crisis situation. When Liberia defied this resolution, this led to various events mentioned in the SC crisis resolution.
Mustafa gives his opening speech.

The whole council in one place.

Chad talks about the African crisis.

China unexpectedly backs the neutrals.

France proposes a clause.

Nigeria refuses to bow to UK pressure.

Russia doesn't back armed intervention.

The UK walks the dangerous tightrope.

The Ukraine backs Russia.

The US tries to bury the Liberian issue.

Vietnam tries a neutral stance.

Sierra Leone senses a sell-out.

Mustafa tries to come to a solution.

Behind the Scenes

BBS and EAJ's MUN directors

Saad and Nabil run the General Assembly.

Mr. Dan gives the crisis resolution.



Event Award Winners

Passed Resolutions

Ethiopia-Latifa Ben Essa (author)/Sara Al Dukair (ambassador)

India-Abdullah Al Asousi

Click resolutions to read all the resolutions sucessfully lobbied and merged.

SC Top Three Delegates
1. Mohammad Fakhal-Deen, USA
2. Adel Al Omar-Chad
3. Talal Al Rashoud-Nigeria

The General Assembly Top Three Delegates
1. Sara Al Dukair
2. Abdullah Al Bourhamah
3. Maryam Al Bahar

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