Country: The Federal Republic of Ethiopia

Event: DHOW-MUN 2001/KFSAC 2002



(DISARMAMENT)/AMBASSADOR: HESSA BADER MALALLAH

(SOCIAL)/VICE-AMBASSADOR: LATIFA BIN ESSA

(ENVIRONMENT): SARA AL DUKAIR

Participating as Acting Ambassador: Sara Al Dukair






Links to other sites on the Web:

Back to the Model UN 2001-2002 page
Back to the Dhow-MUN 2001 page
Back to the KFSAC-MUN 2001 page
Back to the Briefing Book Library
Back to Teams
Back to Fruit Home

The Ethiopian National Anthem

Ethiopia

 







Country Profile

 

Political Structure:

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, as named, is a federal republic government. There are three main branches of the government. The Executive branch is made up of the President, the Council of State and the Council of Ministers. Executive power resides with the Prime Minister. The Legislative branch consists of the House of Federation (members are chosen by state assemblies to serve five-year terms) and the House of People's Representatives (members are directly elected by popular vote from single-member districts to serve five-year terms). The third branch is the Judicial. The Judicial branch consists of the Federal Judicial Administrative Council and the Federal Supreme Court.

The Head of State is the president, who is elected by the Council of People's Representatives. A president may not serve more than two six-year terms. The government also nominates a Prime Minister from among its members. The Prime Minister is the chief executive and chairs the Council of Ministers, made up of representatives from a combination of parties constituting a majority in the government.

In 1991 two allied rebel movements overthrew Ethiopia's Marxist-Leninist government. A new constitution was introduced in 1994. The chief of state is the current president of Ethiopia, Negasso Gidada. The head of government and the person with the power is Meles Zenawi, the current Prime Minister.

 

Natural Resources:

The principal resources of Ethiopia are small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, and hydropower. The most valuable natural resource is the soil. It is potentially highly productive for traditional and modern agriculture, but this potential is largely unmet. In parts of Ethiopia soil resources suffer from declining fertility and erosion. The decline results from the continuous inefficient use of the soil, including the cultivating of land that is better for grazing or that should be left fallow, or unplanted, for a while. This is partly the result of a socioeconomic system that does not reward investment in soil protection and partly the result of the increasing demands of a rapidly growing population. As a consequence, agricultural production per person has declined in the late 20th century. This decline in agriculture is common not only in Ethiopia but also in much of the rest of Africa. Little has been done to find possible mineral resources in Ethiopia. Those known and exploited include gold, platinum, manganese, and salt. There is little extraction of either metallic ores or mineral fuels such as coal or petroleum

 

Cultural Factors:

Ethiopia’s ethnic composition is extremely diverse as a result of a racial blending that began empowering in ancient times. There are more than 80 ethnic groups in Ethiopia. The population of Ethiopia is 60,967,436 where 40% of the total population is Oromo (rural people who live mainly in central and southwestern Ethiopia), The Amhara (whom founded the original nation) and the Tigre together make up about 32%, the Sidamo make up 9%, the Shankella 6%, the Somali make up 6%, the Afar constitute 4%, The Gurage make up 2% and the other less important ethnic groups make up about 1% of the total population. The Amhara, however, are traditionally the dominant group. Many Oromo speak Oromo as a second language.

Problems between ethnic groups in Ethiopia are regular. In the past, the ethnic groups have disagreed about the type of government they should have. In an effort to please the ethnic groups, the constitution established Ethiopia in 1994 as a federation and created nine regions for the country's main ethnic groups. Since 1994, the ethnic groups have learned to communicate with each other but problems are yet present between them.

Religions in Ethiopia are not as diverse as the ethnic groups. About 40% of Ethiopia’s people are Christians; Christianity is also predominant in the north. All the southern regions have Muslim majorities, who represent about 45% of the population. The south also contains considerable amounts of animists (who believe in the existence of individual spirits that inhabit natural objects and phenomena).

Over 70 languages are currently spoken in Ethiopia. These various kinds of languages include the Gecez, Amharic, Tigrinya, and Tigre. Amharic, the country's official language, is spoken by more than half of the population. Many of the people also speak English and Arabic.

The Currency of Ethiopia is the birr. The 1.00 birr (Br) is equivalent to 0.119976 in American currency. (8 Birr = 1 US Dollar)

The most significant area of Ethiopian culture is in the field of literature. Mainly translated Greek and Arabic works represents the literature, and other works in other languages, includin music and philosophy.

 

Defense:

In mid 1991, the Ethiopian armed forces were estimated to be approximately 438,000; among those were 200,000 members of the People's Militia. The air force consisted of approximately 4,500, navy 3,500, and ground forces of 430,000. After the Mengistu (regime) downfall, the armed forces were dismantled and collapsed, but is standing up again slowly nowadays again.

Ground forces were organized into 5 revolutionary armies that included:

31 - Infantry divisions

32 - Tank battalions

40 - Artillery battalions

12 - Air defense battalions

8 - Command brigades

The air force was organized into 7 fighter-ground attack squadrons, a transport squadron, and another training squadron.

The equipment only included 150 combat air-crafts; the navy included 2 vessels and 24 patrol/coastal combatants.

The forces currently branched into:

Transitional Government of Ethiopia Forces

Air Force

Police

The manpower availability is 7,392,677 fit for military out of 14,184,072. Males aged 15-49 expected to join military forces approximate in an annual rate of 686,801. (According to 2000 estimations on the CIA World Fact Book)

Military expenditures are of US$138 million, and 2,5% GDP (98/99) [which proves to be lower than the USA].

 

Geography:

Ethiopia sits surrounded by open land on the eastern side of the continent, the Horn of Africa. To its west is Sudan, to the north Eritrea, to the east the tiny country of Djibouti and Somalia, which also stretches around the southern border, and to the south Kenya. Ethiopia covers about 1,127,000 sq km (439,530 sq mi), and is dominated by a high central plateau (flat terrain), cut by deep gorges (narrow valley) including the Great Rift Valley. Only around 12% of Ethiopia is used for agriculture (farming), mainly around the flood plains of the Blue Nile, in the west of the country, and in the highlands, and most of this is survival growing. Although Ethiopia is relatively close to the equator, the central plateau has a temperate climate, with an average annual temperature of 16°C (60°F). Only in the east, towards the Red Sea, and west, near Sudan, does it get very hot. The main rainy season occurs between mid-June and mid-September, and there's also a bit of light rain in March and April.

 

Views on World Problems:

A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A two and a half year border war with Eritrea that ended with a peace treaty on 12 December 2000 has strengthened the ruling coalition, but has hurt the nation's economy.

Most of the southern half of the boundary with Somalia is a Provisional Administrative Line; as a result of the 12 December 2000 peace agreement ending a two year war with Eritrea, the UN will administer a 25-km wide temporary security zone within Eritrea until a joint boundary commission delimits and demarcates a final boundary; dispute over alignment of boundary with Eritrea led to armed conflict in 1998; a peace accord signed in December 2000 provides for UN-assisted arbitration and demarcation of the border.

Ethiopia is trying, otherwise, to re-establish relations with the USA and thUK. As of problems with other parts of Africa, problems in the relationship with Somalia is being dealt with accordingly as "peacefully as could be dealt with".

 

Economy:

Secessionist wars have damaged an impoverished (poor), underdeveloped economy. Most Ethiopians are involved in subsistence farming, but drought (lack) and overgrazing have led to desertification. Coffee is the main foreign currency earner. The end of finance from former Communist (collective) countries has increased Ethiopia’s difficulties. Aid from international relief agencies is gigantic. The currency is Ethiopian Birr.

 

History:

Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Sub Saharan Africa. The first recorded kingdom in Ethiopia grew around Axum during the 3rd century BC. It was an offshoot of the Semitic Sabeam kingdoms of southern Arabia, and became the greatest ivory market in the north-east.

Christianity was adopted in the country by a Syrian youth named Frumentius, who grew up in Axum and caused the king's converting. The youth was later made the first Bishop in 330AD. Later, Axum conquered parts of Yemen and southern Arabia and remained a great power until the death of the prophet Mohammed. Islam was expanding and affected the cutoff of Ethiopia from its former Mediterranean trading partners and allies. Muslims replaced the Egyptians in the Red Sea ports accordingly. Ethiopians were allowed to concentrate their Bishops in Cairo and pilgrims were allowed to travel to (currently) Jerusalem.

In the 12th century, the Muslim expansion began. As independent trading kingdoms grew up along the coast of the Red Sea, they expanded to the Awash Valley. Their wealth was based mainly upon a trade in gold, slaves, and ivory. During the 13th and 14th centuries, the Red Sea kingdoms became Ethiopian vassal states. In the 18th century, the empire broke down into constituent provinces, and a hundred years of constant warfare between existing war lords and their successors followed.

Ras Kassa was crowned emperor at Axum under a different name, "Tewodros" in 1855 when he constructed an army to reunite the provinces of Tigre, Amhara, and Shoa. He shot himself because the British blockaded his fortress in 1867, John the 4th took power by using British arms and was forced to accept a powerful, young vassal King of Shoa as his heir. He built large stores of European arms, and used them to defeat the Italians in 1896 at Adowa. He enlarged the empire at the expense of Afars, Somalis of Harrar, and Ogadam, and the Gallas.

In 1916, Haile Selassie, born Prince Ras Tafari Makonnen, led a revolution and became Prince Regent, heir to the throne. He became the emperor in 1930. Mussolini, from Italy, overran the country in 1936. Selassie fled to England where he lived as an outlaw. The Italians remained in Ethiopia until 1941 when Selassie returned as emperor.

After World War II, Ethiopia continued to be independent, although the province of Eritrea remained under British control until 1952, when is was federated with Ethiopia. Muslims were unhappy about the federation and so in 1962, it fell and dissolved. The province was annexed by Selassie, and in consequence, started the Muslim Vs. Christianity epic.

Ethiopia was plunged into dictatorship when leadership fell in Mengitsu Haile Miriam's hands. He threw out the Americans and instituted a number of radical reforms. The military regime in Addis Ababa was at a point of collapse, but then, the Russian and the Cuban troops intervened. With the help from Moscow, Mengitsu was able to turn the Somalis back across the border. He tried "African Socialism". Mengitsu's policies also created people committees called Kebeles, which controlled everyday lives of people in great detail. The forcibly moved people around the country, attempting to counter famine. The army eventually called on every man from 18 to 70 years old.

As matters went from bad to worse, Mengitsu found himself between a shrinking population, mostly of women. He hastily left the country to Zimbabwe. A new government was led by Meles Zenawi who set out a policy to pursue multi-party democracy. Eritrea became independent, led by Isias Afwerki, a friend of Zenawi, but current worries concern Meles converting to dectatorship in his turn…

 

 

 

Policy Statements

Delegate: Hessa Bader Othman (Ambassador)

Commission: Disarmament

Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons

The world today is threatened by the current development of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction that the use of which in any conflict could bring havoc not only upon parties concerned, but also the whole world. Members of the United Nations have been urging for a long period of time that UN and the super powers to play a significant role in decreasing the threat of nuclear weapons. Among these members is the Republic of Ethiopia, also a significant African leader of the African Union, which foresees the dangers of nuclear warfare. Technology and insists in all UN conferences that the world should world seriously to reduce the amount of nuclear weaponry and ban nuclear testing and have a nuclear-free space. It believes that the UN should increase its role regarding these issues and contribute to faithful negotiations between super powers to reach treaties that forbid the first nuclear strike in any war; that means to use nuclear weapons only as a defensive strategy, which will eliminate the possibility of a first strike. Ethiopia, moreover, thinks that international arrangement concerning this issue should also include underdeveloped countries which, if owned nuclear weapons, use its danger is imminent because of lack of control over such weaponry and lack of political stability. A good example for this is the war against terror in which Pakistan plays a significant yet sensitive role as an underdeveloped nuclear state and Mosharraf’s government is facing an increasing fundamentalist opposition that threaten the overthrowing of the existing government. If this happens, a fundamentalist extremist government will have access to nuclear power which is very dangerous.

 

Compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti Ballistic Missile Systems

This treaty will save nations from destruction. For all Ethiopia knows, missiles could be deployed by "accident" and a missile could wipe out millions. Not only will the compliance with this treaty affect the under- and post-developed countries reach a more stable state, but it will also help keep super-powers from starting a super-war.

Disarmament and nonproliferation negotiations between super powers has begun at late 60s and continued throughout up to now. So many things have been positively achieves for the sake of international peace and security, and for a better world for all people. The significant move in this direction was the siding of the 1972 treaty between the former Soviet Union and the US, and continued by ban treaties and testing of nuclear weapons. The following treaties between the super powers achieved significant improvement in disarmament specially with the end of the Cold War after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Ethiopia and other African nations, members of the AU (African Union) welcomed disarmament treaties and supported them in the General Assembly (GA). As the chair of the AU, Ethiopia expressed the wish of African nations that the 1972 treaty reaches full implementation and world support.

 

Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security

Modern information technology (IT) is playing a vital role in all aspects of today’s world. The advancement of international exchange of information, views, and intelligence has made the world a global "neighborhood" which contributed to international peace and security. Countries became neighbors where everyone has access to "see", "listen", and "watch" the others and they, all together, can see and detect the source of dangers and threats to international security. Through developed IT, information and intelligence on te, drug trafficking, and money laundry can be easily exchanged between national authorities and within such a cooperation, the world can face these dangers. Despite these developments, no perfection could ever be achieved, proven by the September 11th 2001 attacks against the US which demonstrated that IT systems might be short of achieving maximum security.

As an unstable country with vast land and a multi-ethnical race, and suffering from internal and external conflict and instability, IT is of great significance to Ethiopia’s security. Moreover, international cooperation in the fields of terror and other world crimes is very important to Ethiopia, a country that suffers from terror as well as weakness of national intelligence.

 

Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such forearms

The issue of civilian access and ownership of firearms is a two fold issue. In developed countries, such as the United States, the issue involves civil liberties (freedom) and laws. That means access and ownership of firearms is regulated by laws and controlled by legal institutions and that in a society where political and personal disagreement rarely turns into violence (or so it is believed). In contrast, the issue in underdeveloped countries such as Ethiopia, the issue involves chaos, violence, and high crime rate where the civilian’s access and ownership of firearms in a society full of ethnic, political, and tribal conflicts would facilitate the use of arms in the settlements of these conflicts constituting violence and, possibly, civil war. Unfortunately, control of civilian access and ownership of arms is regarded by the UN as a national issue to be handled by national laws which leaves a limited role by the UN to be played in this regard. However, arm traffic is regarded internationally illegal because it is a transnational practice which has significant threat on regional and international security.

 

The connection between development and disarmament

This issue can have 2 ways of interpretation. There’s the developed interpretation, and the underdeveloped interpretation. In the developed countries, development does not require disarmament. The developed countries have enough financial abilities to have development and armament going on. The underdeveloped countries, on the other hand, don’t. They have armament when there is a crisis or war, and they put all their resources, therefore, in for armament, and development cannot be accomplished. Only in time of peace can they shift their resources back to development in fields such as education and so.

Developed countries can have armament and development because of their available financial resources. Underdeveloped don’t have that ability because their resources are too scarce to be able to be concentrated on more than one thing.

 

 

Delegate: Latifa Bin Essa (Vice Ambassador)

Commission: Social

Global code of ethics for tourism

Ethiopia strongly believes that a global code of ethics for tourism should be taken into action. Ethiopia is a country that welcomes tourists who are interested in observing the social and cultural traditions and practices of the Ethiopian people. Unfortunately, the tourists that visit Ethiopia have a destructive impact on its environment and on it’s people. Not only are the tourists visiting Ethiopia for sexual pleasures but also they are doing so at an increasingly alarming rate. Ethiopia condemns the tourists who participate in such activities and believes that the Ethiopians participate only because the pervasive poverty, migration to urban centers, and limited educational and job opportunities. 

Ethiopia urges the United Nations to take actions upon the global code of ethics for tourism and Ethiopia believes that it can be done by either safeguarding heritage, cultures and educating visitors to help create awareness or by economic aid from the UN to be able to at least feed the people of Ethiopia to stop them from such activities.

 

Elimination of debt burden in less developed countries

Ethiopia believes that the issue of elimination of debt burden in less developed countries is important, undoubtedly. Ethiopia is only one of the many African countries who believe that the elimination of debt burden will not only help the economy, but will actually improve it. Ethiopia believes that in eliminating the debt burden, the world will be a better place. Ethiopia finds the issue of the elimination of debt burden an important one and believes that the UN should take action on getting rid of the burdens immediately.

 

Exploitation of children in the labor market.

Ethiopia addresses this issue as a grave issue that needs immediate action. Children only work in the labor market because there is not enough money to fill their stomachs, to clothe, or to shelter themselves. The children work so that they can earn money for their families and themselves. Thusly, in doing so, they are depriving themselves from an education and better job opportunities.

For this reason, Ethiopia firmly believes that the UN should take immediate action in giving economic aid in the less developed countries who have child labor because it is not a choice whether the children want to work or not, it is a must.

Implementation on the UN program on Human Immune Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)

Ethiopia regards the issue of the implementation on the UN program on HIV/AIDS as a very serious issue that needs to be discussed. Ethiopia is now aware of the troubling rate of increase of HIV and AIDS across the country. Ethiopia now contains 4 million people living with HIV/AIDS and 280,000 deaths have resulted in the past year. Ethiopia will do its best to educate Ethiopians and aware them on the consequences of sexual contacts and pleasures. The UN, however, should help Ethiopia with economic aid because the sole reason of sexual pleasure in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is the need of money; and Ethiopia is in debt. Ethiopia believes that the UN should help educate countries and people about HIV/AIDS and give them financial aid whenever needed to stop prostitution for money

 

Human cloning, organ harvesting and stem cell research

Ethiopia is in no concern of this issue. It does not exist in Ethiopis since it is not a very developed country; that is not in need of economic aid and has financial expenses to be wasted on human cloning, organ harvesting, and stem cell research. Ethiopia has better priorities.

 

 

Delegate: Sara Al-Dukair

Commission: Environmental

Question of moratorium on commercial whaling and the establishment of whale sanctuaries.

Our nation is not on a coastline, so Ethiopia has no actual concern with sea animals. Although when Ethiopia occupied Eritrea it had a coast but with no whales in it. Ethiopia believes that whales should be protected somehow and not to be killed for no reason. This issue will allow nations such as Norway, Korea, and Japan to discuss their views of this topic because they have a multitude of whales. Ethiopia is with the idea of having sanctions on whales to help them live in their environment and not to posses them to extinction. Korea, Norway, and Japan all have good relations with Ethiopia so we as a nation belive that we should encourage these countries to work together in finding all the right choices and solutions to this issue.

 

Land reform policies with particular regard to Southern Africa.

Ethiopia believes that the land reform policies with particular regard to Southern Africa should be dealt with just as Zimbabwe is dealing with it right now. Ethiopia and the other African countries should encourage Zimbabwe to follow neutral solutions to solve this problem. This issue should be focused on so it could reach an active solutiuon. Ethiopia also applause’s Zimbabwe for its hard work in solving this issue. This issue is as important to Ethiopia as it is for Zimbabwe.

 

Measures to control population growth.

Ethiopia believes that this issue should be restricted to some nations of the world. Ethiopia knows that this issue can help a nation’s economy a lot ifthe nation knows exactly how to restrict the population growth. Some Ethiopians might believe that there should be no measures to control population growth because the country is in war and loosing many innocent lives, and because it is under starvation and that possesses the population to decrease.

We believe that each family in Ethiopia should be restricted to a specific number of children. If the population increases, then all that’ll happen is that more people will die. Ethiopia does not have enough resources to feed all its population. Ethiopia should have measures to control its population growth. Ethiopian women can’t afford birth control pills nor condoms so the other alternative is for the United Nations to approach this issue for the financial aid.

 

Effective implementation of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves.

Ethiopia should not allow any poaching within its borders. Ethiopia has the rarest animals in the world, and those should be protected so they would reproduce more of themselves. Wildlife in Ethiopia could be very useful if planned very well. If the wildlife is protected then it might help as a source of income if a safari was to be planned. There are many benefits for Ethiopia to gain. Ethiopia might be a wildlife tourist country to whom enjoys being on a safari. This issue is environmental as well as being a question of a person’s own conscience. How could anyone poach an animal just for the sake of earning money? Money comes and goes, it’s just an illusion, but the wildlife animals are reality. The animals in Ethiopia could be a source of income by using its milk, meat, or fur. Certain policies should be restriced such as a fine if a person was catched poaching. Or even put in jail. If the government agrees to set polices then the policies should be figured out. The most important thing now is to agree on not killing the wildlife animals.

 

 

 

 

Resolutions:

Delegate: Hessa Bader Othman (Ambassador)

Commission: Disarmament

Issue Highlighted:Development in the fields of information and telecommunication in the context of international security.

Defining development in the field of information and telecommunication in the context of international security as "the determination of the best techniques for applying a new advice or process to production of goods or services in the wide range of knowledge derived from study, experience, and/or instruction and the science and technology of communication at a distance by electronic transmission of impulses, such as radio, cable, and television, in the area of freedom of danger, risk, doubt, anxiety, fear (etceteras) in any country;"

Condemns tension and fear currently attributing from terrorism that is being induced in the name of religion or other causes;

Deeply regrets the lack of development in information and telecommunications in the context of international security in less-developed countries;

Bearing in mind the results of the Ministerial Conference on Terrorism, held in Paris July 30th, 1996, and the recommendations it made regarding internet security;

Applauds the report by the Secretary General on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security (document A/55/140) which led to General Assembly, in its resolution 54/49 of December 1st, 1999, inviting all Member States to inform the Secretary General of their views and assessments on the questions of:

a) General appreciation of the issues of information security;

b) definition of basic notions related to information security, including unauthorized interference with, or misuse of, information and telecommunications systems and information resources;

c) the advisability of developing international principles that would enhance global information and telecommunications systems, and help to combat information terrorism and criminality.

Recalling the UN’s resolutions: 53/70 of December 4th, 1998, and the considerable progress that has been achieved in developing and applying the latest information technologies and means of telecommunication;

Reaffirming the UN’s resolutions on the role of science and technology in the context of international security, in which they recognize that scientific and technological developments could have both civilian and military applications, and that progress in science and technology for civilian applications need to be maintained and encouraged, however, while maintaining national security;

Calls upon all Member States to further attend to this issue and start thinking about the coherence of telecommunications, information, and security, and to apprehend the current pace of development, and all underdeveloped countries to recognize their need for development in the field of information and telecommunications in order to establish further regional and international security;

Condemns the Interpol for taking no action in such an important issue;

 

 

 

Delegate: Latifa Bin Essa

Commission: Social

Issue Highlighted: Implementation on the UN program on Human Immune Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)

 

Defining AIDS as "acquired immune deficiency syndrome in which certain cells of the body’s immune system are destroyed by a virus, and the patient acquires a life-threatening disease",

Gravely concerned that despite continued improved effort by countries, international organizations and non-government organizations, HIV/Aids is still a challenge to the world,

Emphasizes the significance of an action plan that aims at preventing the increase of people with HIV/Aids,

Noting with deep concern that at the end of 2001, 38.1 million people worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS, 90 per cent in developing countries and 75 per cent in sub-Saharan Africa,

Noting with grave concern that Africa is currently the worst-affected region, where HIV/AIDS threatens development, social stability and security and life expectancy and imposes a devastating economic burden,

Convinced that countries should remain to play an active role and make an effectual contribution the world HIV/Aids problem,

Resolves that all member states unite as one to reduce the increasingly alarming rate of people infected with HIV/Aids in the world,

1. Calls upon all countries to adopt effective measures, including national laws and regulations to reduce the number of people infected with HIV/Aids;

2. Supports the efforts of member states who have acknowledged the growing epidemic of HIV/ Aids and have developed national programs to aware the public on the effects of HIV/ Aids;

3. Draws the attention that external debt and debt-servicing problems have significantly guarded the capacity of many developing countries to finance the fight against HIV/AIDS;

4. Confirms that HIV/Aids severely effects the individual, physically, mentally, and emotionally, the family of the individual, the society, and the country,

5. Resolves that the governments of Member States in the UN will raise national awareness through,

(a) Articles in magazines, newspapers, handouts, etc.

(b) Forming a HIV/Aids awareness month,

(c) Television and radio,

(d) Education,

(e) Make every effort to guarantee access to available techniques in the areas of: health support, prevention, and care and treatment,

6. Urges international aid finance to the least developed countries struggling with the growing epidemic of HIV/AIDS by eliminating the debt burden of the undeveloped countries;

7. Further reminds countries that the aims of reducing the epidemic of HIV/Aids include;

Social security and stability,

Improvement in undeveloped countries to be able to depend upon themselves financially,

8. Further resolves that member states unite and help each other to prevent the increase of HIV/Aids across the world;

9. Expresses its hope that the world will begin to take action upon the increasingly alarming rate of people living with or have died from HIV/Aids.

 

 

 

Delegate: Sara Al – Dukair

Commission: Environmental

Issue Highlighted: Measurement to control population growth

Emphasizes that the ideal family size is one with 5.3 children, implying that many Ethiopian women stillprefer large families,

Aware of the point that Ethiopia’s population grows 3.9 per cent yearly—one of the fastest rates in the world and is Africa’s third most populous country, after Nigeria and Egypt,

Noting with deep concern that the ten countries which will contribute most to world population growth over the next 30 years are India, China, Pakistan, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Indonesia, United States of America, Bangladesh, Zaire, and Iran,

Keeping in mind that the widespread poverty and recurring famine, the prevalence of unsafe abortion, and limited access to health services, have resulted in some of the highest maternal, infant, and child morbidity and mortality rates in Africa,

Recognizing the financial aid and efforts of the United Nations Population (UNFP), United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), and National Population Council (NPC),

1. Urges all nations to unite and come together to set measures and active solutions to control population growth,

2. Calls upon all nations, organizations, people, and governments to take into consideration all the dangerous aspects of an increasing population in undeveloped countries,

3. Draws the attention to the importance of having state laws that have set rules of the population growth,

4. Requests the immediate action into this issue before it can get out of hand and will affect the country’s economy, human, social, and environment sectors,

5. Resolves that the Transitional Government of Ethiopia has to take a deal with the situations by setting objectives such as:

(a) Closing the gap between high population growth and low economic productivity through planned reduction of population growth and increasing economic returns,

(b) Expediting economic and social development processes through holistic integrated development programs designed to expedite the structural differentiation of the economy and employment,

(c) Reducing the rate of rural to urban migration,

(d) Maintaining/improving the carrying capacity of the environment by taking appropriate environmental protection/conservation measures,

(e) Raising the economic and social status of women by freeing them from the restrictions and drudgeries of traditional life and making it possible for them to participate productively in the larger community,

(e) Significantly improving the social and economic status of vulnerable groups (women, youth, children and the elderly),

6. Further Resolves that The National Population Council will be responsible for:

(a) Developing specific policies and programs pertaining to population and development to be undertaken in the various sectors of the economy and creating conditions conducive to an inter­sector collaboration,

(b) Defining a broad legal framework within which population and development related information that is to be accessible to the general population by various governmental and non-governmental groups,

(c) Reviewing short, medium and long term plans of actions leading to a significant reduction of the current high level of fertility as soon as possible and recommending same for adoption by government,

(d) Determining the relevance of population related goals objectives and strategies and ensuring that such goals, objectives and strategies are set by taking into account prevailing economic realities in the Region and its subdivisions,

(e) Identifying unmet needs in the sphere of population related activities and services and mobilizing regional and zonal resources for the purpose of strengthening existing services and creating new ones where they do not exist,

(f) Issuing guidelines on ways and means of financing family planning services,

(g) Consulting with the Office of Population in regard to legislative and administrative measures to be taken at the regional level to make service delivery more effectively accessible to the peoples of the regions.

 

 

 

OPENING SPEECH: