Country: Liberia



Event: Dhow-MUN 2001/KFSAC 2001



Ghazi Al Sharhan: Ambassador, HR

Shadi Al Suwayeh: Vice-Ambassador, Social

Ahmad Al Kulaib: Disarmament

Hamad Sultan: Environment

 


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The Liberian National Anthem

Liberia

All hail, Liberia, hail!
(repeat)

This glorious land of liberty
Shall long be ours.
Though new her name,
Green be her fame,
And mighty be her powers,
(repeat)

In joy and gladness
With our hearts united,
We'll shout the freedom
Of a race benighted,
Long live Liberia, happy land!
A home of glorious liberty,
By God's command!
(repeat last two sentences)

All hail, Liberia, hail!
(repeat)

In union strong success is sure*
We cannot fail!
With God above
Our rights to prove
We will o'er all prevail,
(repeat)

With heart and hand
Our country's cause defending
We'll meet the foe
With valour unpretending.
Long live Liberia, happy land!
A home of glorious liberty,
By God's command!
(repeat last two sentences)

* Note the unintended irony

Liberia

 

 

Liberia Country Profile

 

Political Structure:

Liberia is a centralized republic, dominated by a strong presidency. The president is both the chief of state and head of government. Although the Constitution provides for three branches of government, there is no effective system of checks and balances, and presidents traditionally have wielded extraordinary power.

The Legislative branch is represented by the National Assembly, which consists of the Senate (26 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve nine-year terms) and the House of Representatives (64 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms).

Last, but not least, come the Judicial branch, which is represented by the Supreme Court.

 

Natural Resources:

The trees of Liberia’s extensive tropical forests include cotton, fig, mahogany, ironwood, and various kinds of palms, as well as rubber trees. Large numbers of pygmy hippopotamus are found, as well as chimpanzee, elephant, buffalo, and monkey. Liberia’s collection of minerals includes: iron ore, rubber, timber, diamond, and gold.

 

Cultural Factors:

The country, although small, is ethnically diverse. The population of about 3 million is made up of 16 indigenous ethnic groups and the Americo-Liberian minority--descendants of freed African slaves from the United States and the Caribbean--which until 1980 dominated the government and the public sector through the True Whig party. The indigenous ethnic groups generally speak distinct primary languages and they are concentrated regionally. No ethnic group constitutes a majority of the population.

 

-Ethnic Groups: indigenous African tribes 90%, Americo-Liberians 5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 5%.

-Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%.

-Languages: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence.

 

Defense:

The regular security forces included: The Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL); the Liberia National Police (LNP), which has primary responsibility for internal security; the Antiterrorist Unit (ATU), composed of an elite special forces group; and the Special Security Service (SSS), a large, heavily armed executive protective force. There are also numerous irregular security services attached to certain key ministries and presidential corporations, the responsibilities of which appear poorly defined. The national army, which fought against Taylor's faction during the civil war, has yet to be downsized and restructured as required by the Abuja Peace Accords, although a restructuring plan exists. Only a few contingents have been deployed to maintain security in parts of rural areas.

The many newly created security services absorbed Taylor's most experienced civil war fighters, including undisciplined and untrained loyalists. While civilian authorities in Monrovia generally maintained control of the security forces, frequently they acted independently of government authority, particularly in rural areas. Members of the security forces committed numerous serious human rights abuses.

In total, there are 715,753 men available in service distributed upon three main branches of the defensive force: Army, Air Force, and the Navy. There are also 385,460 men fit for service, that may be called upon in times of need.

 

Geography:

The coast of Liberia extends about 595 km (370 mi.) from the Mano River in the west to the Cavalla River in the east. From a narrow, flat coastal belt the country rises in a series of ill-defined plateaus to a higher interior. The coastal strip, extending about 80 km (about 50 mi.) inland, is virtually the only developed region. The interior is heavily forested; mountains reach elevations of about 900 to 1200 m (about 3000 to 4000 ft). Many comparatively small rivers traverse the country.

The climate of Liberia is equatorial and humid, particularly during the June to July and October to November rainy seasons. Annual rainfall varies from 2240 mm (88 in) in the interior to 5200 mm (205 in) along the coast. The average temperature in Monrovia is about 26° C (about 79° F) in January and 24° C (about 76° F) in July.

 

Environment:

The climate of Liberia is equatorial and humid, particularly during the June to July and October to November rainy seasons. Annual rainfall varies from 2240 mm (88 in) in the interior to 5200 mm (205 in) along the coast. The average temperature in Monrovia is about 26° C (about 79° F) in January and 24° C (about 76° F) in July. The rainfall in Liberia is a very good source of water for the plants. Unfortunately its humid weather causes the ground to dry up but the frequent rainfall nourishes it.

The trees of Liberia’s extensive tropical forests include cotton, fig, mahogany, ironwood, and various kinds of palms, as well as rubber trees. Large numbers of pygmy hippopotamus are found, as well as chimpanzee, elephant, buffalo, and monkey. There is not much use of the animals in Liberia but many of the plants are a source of income for many people. There are cotton factories in Liberia that helps give the people a chance of a job as well as may coffee factories.

 

Natural Resources:

Although Liberia has primarily an agricultural economy, minerals and forest products are its most important resources. The production of iron ore, wood, and rubber are of major importance to the Liberian economy. Hydroelectric power plants have been constructed on several streams, including the Saint Paul River. The total annual electricity production stood at about 750 million kilowatt-hours in the early 1990s, much of which was hydroelectric power. Liberia’s natural resources are that of rich value. They have provided many riches for the Liberian economy and helped put its people in motion.

 

View on World Problem:

Liberia strongly condemns the September 11 terrorist attacks in the U.S. "We denounce those who perpetrate such senseless campaign of death and destruction. We are profoundly saddened by this unspeakable crime, which took the lives of an estimated 7,000 people in the four hijacked planes, the World Trade Center in New York, and the Pentagon in Washington, DC. Reports that hundreds of people from some 97 countries perished in the attacks indicate how much this crisis has equally touched the whole world". *

There can be no justification for the slaughter of innocent civilians to achieve political or other goals, no matter what the grievances or motivations of those who commit such crimes may be". * Quotes made by a highly respected Liberian journalist called Alja

Liberia is having good relations with the US. Their relation with the US is growing by the minute.

 

Economy:

Liberia has primarily an agricultural economy. Minerals and forest products are its most important resources. The production of iron ore, wood, and rubber are of importance to the Liberian economy. Hydroelectric power plants have been constructed on several streams, including the Saint Paul River. The total annual electricity production stood at about 750 million kilowatt-hours in the early 1990s, much of which was hydroelectric power.

Liberia is a very poor country with a market-based economy that has yet to recover from the ravages of the civil war. Average per capita income is estimated at only a small fraction of the prewar level. Prior to 1990, the cash economy was based primarily on iron ore, rubber, timber, diamond, and gold exports. Unemployment of 85 percent, a 15 percent literacy rate, the internal displacement of civilians in Lofa and Nimba counties, and the absence of infrastructure throughout the country continued to depress productive capacity, despite the country's rich natural resources and potential self-sufficiency in food. Government officials and former combatants continued to exploit the country's natural resources for personal benefit. Extortion is a widespread phenomenon in all levels of society.

 

History:

Americo-Liberians, descendants of freed African-American slaves from the United States and the Caribbean who make up about 5 percent of the population, dominated the country's government through the True Whig party until 1980. In 1980 Sergeant Samuel K. Doe, a member of the indigenous Krahn ethnic group, seized power in a military coup. Doe was killed by rebels in 1990 early in the 7-year-long, ethnically divisive civil war, which was ended by the Abuja Peace Accords in 1996. Forces led by Charles G. Taylor, who is of both indigenous and Americo-Liberian ancestry, emerged dominant. In July 1997, Taylor won the presidential election, and his National Patriotic Party (NPP) won three-quarters of the seats in the Legislature.

The elections were administratively free and transparent, but were conducted in an atmosphere of intimidation, as most voters believed that Taylor's forces would have resumed fighting if he had lost. Most other leaders of the former warring factions subsequently left the country. The bicameral Legislature exercised little independence from the executive branch. The judiciary is subject to political influence, economic pressure, and corruption.

 

 

 

Liberia Policy Statements (Human Rights)

 

Issue #1: Promotion and protection of the rights of children and youth

Liberia believes that child labor should be legalized under certain circumstances. For example, if there was a very poor family with many children, whose parents can not afford to feed them all because of their modest salary. Here, the older children will have to work to ensure daily food for their brothers and sisters and also for themselves. Therefore, Liberia believes that Child Labor is not a crime against the rights of children and youth, because it results in the overall well-being of the community.

 

Issue #2: Questions of capital punishment, prison overcrowding and alternate sentencing

Liberia believes that the overcrowding of prisons shouldn’t be a big issue. That’s because the prisoners are considered lawbreakers that committed at least one crime. So, they should learn a lesson the hard way! They deserve it! It’s a way of preventing them from committing any crime again. It’s also a way of scaring any person who is thinking of committing a crime or breaking the law, because that person is going to think of the consequences of the act that he/she is about to do. So, if prisons were palaces, then they won’t even care if they were caught. However, if the prisons were "real" prisons, that are small, dark, and had many people, then they’ll think a million times of the consequences before committing a crime! Therefore, the community will have fewer crimes.

 

Issue #3: Limitations and restrictions on the right of freedom of speech with regard to the restriction of coverage of military and police actions

Liberia fully agrees with this issue. It completely supports that there should be some limitations on the freedom of speech. For example, the freedom of speech may not insult or reduce the governments’ rank or authority in any way, and it may not be used to insult any religion or belief. That’s because if there was a full freedom of speech, then there will be more problems, fights, and killings, and Liberia wouldn’t want that to happen! Also, if there was total freedom of speech, then there will be a great chance for the opposition parties that oppose the government to increase hatred and disrespect for the government. Then, the political, economic, and social life of that country will be in great risk, and will be very unstable. Therefore, Liberia fully supports that there should be some restrictions and limitations on the freedom of speech.

 

Issue #4: Use of children in warfare

Liberia believes that in most cases, children must not be used in warfare because it’s dangerous and they can be safer hiding in their homes. However, here comes the magical question: What if they’re not any safer at home than at the battlefield? What if the battlefield and their homes have the same percentage of safety? What if their homes had even a higher chance of the children having physical and psychological damage?

Then, shouldn’t they, at least, help in the victory of the side that they support, since they have a better chance of survival on the battlefield?

Liberia believes that they should!

 

Issue #5: Economic migrancy into developed nations

Liberia fully supports the idea that if a person believed that they could get the kind of life they desire in another economy outside their country, then they should follow their instinct. Liberia doesn’t have any problem with its people migrating to other countries that have stronger economies to get a better job or to earn more money. In fact, this is one of their rights!

It is also BETTER for the Liberian government if many Liberians migrated to other countries. That’s because then, there will be fewer people opposing the Liberian government. So, president Taylor can do whatever he wants!

 

 

 

Human Rights: Shadi Alsuwayeh

Policy Statements

 

Issue #1: Rights of Tourists

There should be no codes for tourists that are from different ethnic groups. People should be treated equally and not separated because of race nor religion. That is why god created man. Liberia faced many difficulties with slavery. Liberia is not ready to face this segregation again. That is why Liberia wants to solve this problem seriously.

 

Issue #2: National Debts

There are many countries in debt for many reason. Most of the countries in debt are from Africa. These countries have almost no money. Even if hey have reasorces they still don’t have enough money to get these reasorces. Liberia preposes to the rich and developed countries to forget about all the loans and start at zero again. This will help the country grow its economy in place of giving the money back to the countries they owed every time they have some money available.

 

Issue#3: Child Labor

Children aren’t made to work. If children work then how are they supposed to study? If children don’t study then they will have lousy jobs when they grow older. Children should go to school so they can have better jobs when they are older. Which means that they’ll get better paid. This issue is rather more economic then social. In fact all this problem is because of poverty. If these countries had more money and the adults were better paid then their children would not need to work. The rich countries also incourages child labor by buying the clothes and things made by children workers, and Liberia condemns that.

 

Issue #4: AIDS

AIDS is a sickness that is growing more and more around the world. The UN should pay more money for researches on this dreadful syndrome. The UN cannot stop this vexing problem alone. All countries should also aid the UN by doing awareness programs and other stuff like that. With the help of all countries this problem should come to a solution.

 

Issue#5: Human Cloning

Liberia is against Human Cloning. Human cloning could result in hundreds of problems. Life will also seize to exist. Every body except babies of coarse will be cloned. The meaning of life will also disappear. Population will increase abnormally and life won’t be respected anymore. No one will die and this is not how life started. Nature will not be in control anymore but human clones will.

 

Policy Statements: Environmental

 

Herbicides and Defoliants

To many Nations plants are of extreme importance to the economy as well as to the people. Plants can be the only source of income for people. To use Herbicides and defoliants to stop drugs is what needs to be done. There is a great risk to this but if it were successful the rate of drugs in the world would drop. I know many may think that two wrongs don’t make a right but be reminded that we should fight fire with fire. Drugs are the poisons in our society and if poison is the only thing that can stop it then so be it.

Liberia’s drug problem is a majestic one. Our children, our future, are becoming dependent to drugs because of its high-income rate. We need to stop this disease. The world needs to stick together on this and needs to stop all illegal drugs.

 

Land Ownership

What is the correct way to own land? Is it to buy it with the money that you have worked hard for? Or is it by taking it with force and threat? For hundreds of years the natives in Africa have been forced out of their own land. They have been forced out of the land they had grown up on and bled for and sweat for. Now it all belongs to the settlers that came along. The settlers did not pay for this land they simply claimed it to be theirs. The settlers stole this land. Now it is time to give this land back. There has been so much blood shed and so many deaths. It is now time to return to the native what is theirs.

Liberia suffers as many other African countries have suffered. It is now time to stop this suffering and stop this crime. Violence is not the answer but the natives have no other choice. They just want what was stolen from them.

 

Pop Growth

The world has already entered the 21st century and %50 of the people are dying of poverty. There is just not enough to go around. Many people are suffering today because food and shelter are very scarce. 1 out of every 5 people in the world has committed a crime in their lifetime and already crime has started to take over the world.

Liberia is country that already has had its share of killing and deaths. And it is still suffering from poverty and hunger. Something needs to be done about the world and the size of people in the world.

 

Poaching

Poaching is a crime t is murder. There is no difference between killing a man and killing an animal. A life is taken in both cases. To kill for food or to kill as an act of self defense is not murder, but when an animal is killed for its leather, fur, tusks, claws, etc. it is murder. There have been many cases of illegal poaching in Liberia each year %3 of the elephants in Liberia die from a poacher’s bullet. After the tusks are cut off the bodies are left on the ground to rot. The dead elephant bodies have caused many diseases and viruses to spread in the air.

 

 

 

Policy Statements

Disarmament Commission;

Country: Liberia

Delegate: Ahmed Al- Kulaib

 

1. Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.

Liberia is a peaceful country and wishes peace all around the world. Nuclear weapons threat world peace and safety, especially to non-nuclear countries. Power and greed are the two main things that lead to destruction. Liberia suggests that arrangements should be done to aid non-nuclear countries and put an end to threats and fear. Liberia notes and applauds the United Nations for its effort and time on this issue. Liberia urges international countries to take part and put an end to fear.

 

2. The relationship between disarmament and development.

Liberia notices that to develop there should be a little destruction. In our world today many countries are terrorized, which set back development. To disarm those terrorist and criminals the world will be a safer place in which people could work for the better of their country. Liberia wishes the world to be a place to develop not to live in constant fear of death. Liberia thanks the UN for its effort to end fear and seek development. Liberia suggests that all countries should take notify that disarmament aids development. Liberia urges all countries to help the world be safe.

 

3. Compliance with the treaty on limitation of anti ballistic missile systems.

Liberia believes that each country should have the ability to defend itself. Over the years of military technology many defenses have been invented for the safety of people. Liberia notes that many countries do not have the money to purchase such defenses like the ABM system. The ABM system can protect a country and make it untouchable. Liberia recommend the limitations of these ABM systems and urges all countries to do so.

 

4. Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms.

Liberia suffers from a high rate of firearms and trafficking. Liberia further reminds that firearms are a worldwide problem. A lot of countries have a high rate of illegal firearms sold to civilians. Liberia thinks the strengthening of co-operation and co-ordination in international firearm control is a good way to start. Liberia recalls the hard effort of the UN to stop this issue, but suggests a new approach should be made. Liberia reminds that firearms are a main source of crime and murder. Liberia requests countries to help end the problems of firearms, regulate it, and control it.

 

5. Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.

Liberia notices that the communication between security agencies is week. If the communication is improved and increased it can help not only disarmament, but prevent many problems or stop them. Co-operation between agencies with the exchange of inf. can speed up disarmament. This development can prevent a lot of terrorist acts. The world will be safe if countries begin to interact with others. Liberia applauds the UN for its work and effort on this issue. Liberia thinks this is a good issue and urges all countries to aid its implementation.

 

 

 

 

 

RESOLUTIONS

Delegation: Liberia

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

Committee: Social

Concerned with the fact that some children are doing labor instead of getting a good education in school;

Reminds all nations that children are unfit not only mentally but also physically to do market labor;

Congratulates all countries that have put a lot of effort in trying to minimize and stop this way of living;

Deeply concerned with the fact that some countries are ignoring this serious problem;

 

1. Urges all countries to unite together in helping other countries get rid of youth employment;

2. Congratulates all counties that are doing something to stop the exploitation of children in the labor market;

3. Encourages more countries to participate and the countries the are participating to keep on participating in solving this serious issue;

4. Condemns all countries that are not taking care of children exploited in market labor;

5. Resolves that the UN sends a specialized team to all countries that have a high rate of exploitation of children in the labor market and they will be in charge of:

a) Checking that the government is taking measures to eliminate this problem,

b) Help the government in anyway to put an end to this issue,

c) They will also have to report to the security council if the government is doing something or not;

6. Further resolves that the Security Council takes some measures and gives consequences to countries governments that don’t co-operate and try to stop this issue.

7. Asks the WSSD (World Summit For Social Development) that policies should seek to guarantee all youth constructive option for their future by:

a) Providing equal access to education, with literacy as a priority and with special attention to girls,

b) Encouraging the struggle against illiteracy and promoting literacy in national languages in developing countries, in particular in Africa,

c) Encouraging various actors to join in designing and carrying comprehensive and coordinated programs that stimulate the resourcefulness of youth,

d) Ensuring the participation of youth, commencing at their age and responsibility, in planning and decision-making with regard to their future;

8. Requests that all countries that are able to donate financially.

 

 

 

Resolution: Measures to control population growth

Delegate: Hamad Sultan

Committee: Environment

 

Defining population growth as a stage or condition attained in growing,

Realizes that control and regulation is needed in the world today,

Disappointed that this major crisis has not been taken as seriously as it should,

Concerned about the Chinese and Indian people who do not have enough for their people,

Congratulates the Chinese for creating a tax on every other child that is born,

Denounces Nations who do not care for their people,

 

1. Urges the UN to help the world by realizing that half of the world is dying of poverty,

a) More food should be brought into countries needing them,

b) Allowing oil sales for food and other goods by third world countries,

c) Lifting the Sanction of no trades on every country that is in need of food,

d) Creating a worldwide fundraiser for the poor;

2-Limiting the amount of children being born per family by:

a) Taxation on every child being born,

b) If a repeated sex is born per family then an amount of $1500 is to be paid at birth and %3 of the family’s yearly income for twelve years after the birth of the child,

3- The opening of borders by neighboring countries to countries with high population rates will help in:

a) The countries need for food,

b) The country's inflation rate to lower,

c) The neighboring countries economy will improve because now it has the help of the UN as well as more working hands,

3. Encourages the UN’s children found to help all orphans that are in need;

4 Urges the UN to help the people of the third world countries and to supply them for with what is needed;

5 Hopes that the nations of the world can realize the fact that 1 out of every 5 people in the world has committed a crime which has a positive correlation with the growth of the population;

6 Wishes that the UN General Assembly go over this resolution;

7 Guarantees that the fewer the people that less crimes there are.

 

 

 

Forum: Disarmament Commission,

Question of: Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms.

Country: Liberia

Delegate: Ahmed Al Kulaib

 

Defining firearm as a portable gun of any sort, a gun that can be carried,

Expecting the support of as many States as possible to the existing international firearm control treaties is vital to achieving regional and international co-operation and co-ordination in reducing illicit demand for firearms and crushing the illicit traffic, in improving training, administrative practices and data collection, and in undertaking joint activities,

Recalling the obligations of Member States under the international firearm conventions to provide information on illegal sales to civilians, like the Convention on Transnational Organized Crime (TOC), Criminal Justice Systems UN International Study on Firearm Regulation, The Geneva Conventions, and many more,

Aware of the practical difficulties of producing reliable and valid information on the issue of illegal trafficking of these firearms,

Recognizing the need to rationalize international information systems concerned with firearm issues and the importance of cooperation between international organizations to achieve that aim,

Emphasizing the need for cost-effectiveness in the compilation and analysis of information on demand and supply reduction and for alleviating the burden on Member States in supplying information to the Secretariat (cleric staff),

Recognizing the need for information on prevalence and trends in civilian use for firearm and the diversion of precursors as a prerequisite for an effective firearm policy at the national level,

Recognizing also that there are considerable costs associated with the compilation of information by both Member States and international organizations,

1. Urges all States to agree to the existing international firearm control treaties;

2. Also urges parties to those treaties to implement the provisions (supply, Equipment) thereof;

3. Invites Governments to establish appropriate national mechanisms for the appropriate co-ordination of activities and co-operation between agencies engaged in firearm sales prevention, the control of the supply of firearms and the suppression of illicit trafficking;

4. Recommends that Governments, where they have not already done so, seek to establish at the regional level an organizational structure to stimulate, where appropriate, common activities and training seminars and workshops on firearm control, to be held at regular intervals, for the following purposes:

(a) Undertaking research and surveys to estimate the nature and extent of civilian usage for such weapons,

(b) Providing training in law enforcement and improving administrative practices,

(c) Introducing programs to prevent firearm use at the national and regional levels,

(d) Exchanging experience and consulting on new policies measures or experiments regarding the reduction of firearm supply and demand,

(e) Making use of any expert knowledge and other resources in the region and requesting expertise from other regions;

5. Recommends that Governments and international organizations, could usefully consider the following activities in greater detail, with a view to implementing them:

(a) Studies of patterns of illicit consumption, with a view to bringing about greater awareness and sharing of information and providing policy guidance on effective countermeasures,

(b) The development of public education programs, including the use of kits, publications and audio-visual equipment, to reduce the trafficking in specific target groups and to make the general population aware of the hazards of firearms,

(c) Programs in prevention, law enforcement and administrative practices required by the international firearm control treaties,

(d) The detection and identification of sellers and their origin,

(e) The development of a methodology for the collection and analysis of data on the illicit traffic,

(f) The establishment of mechanisms for the speedy and secure exchange of information between firearm law enforcement authorities locally, nationally and across common borders,

(g) The improvement of co-ordination among all agencies concerned with regard to the scope, content and scheduling of seminars and other training programs, in order to enhance their effectiveness;

6. Requests the specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system, to support, whenever possible, the efforts and initiatives undertaken by Governments as recommended in the present resolution;

7. Strongly supports the United Nations to put an end to the illegal blockades, which forces poor people to use firearms for crimes.

 

 

 

Country: Liberia

Committee: Human Rights

Issue: Economic migrancy into developed nations

 

DEFINING Economic Migrancy as the passing or coming into a country for the purpose of permanent residence and with the hope of having a better economic life in that country,

RECALLING the Resolution adopted on 5 December 1951 by the Migration Conference in Brussels, which contains the full rights of migrant workers,

ASSURING that there is a need to promote the emigration of persons who desire to migrate to countries where they may have better economic lives and achieve self-dependence through their employment and live with their families in dignity and self-respect,

FURTHER NOTING that economic migrancy may stimulate the creation of new economic opportunities in receiving countries and that a relationship exists between migration and the economic, social, and cultural conditions in developing countries,

REASSURING that there is a need to promote research and consultation on economic migrancy issues, not only in regard to the migration process but also the specific situation and needs of the economic migrant as an individual human being,

SUGGESTS that there should be close co-operation and co-ordination among States, international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, on economic migrancy matters,

APPLAUDS the International Organization for Migration (IOM) for its significant, constant, and visible efforts in trying to minimize all obstacles that get in the way of any migrants, whether economic or not, throughout the world,

1) Declares that everyone-- without any discrimination due to ethnicity, sex, religion, etc--should be able to exercise the right to seek economic betterment and find safe refuge in another state, and to return home voluntarily;

2) Has Resolved that all Nations should adhere to the Migrant’s Rights, which include but not restricted to:

a- right to life,

b- prohibition against genocide,

c- prohibition against slavery/slave trade,

d- prohibition against torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment,

e- prohibition against prolonged arbitrary detention,

f- prohibition against systematic racial discrimination,

g- right to self-determination,

h- right to humane treatment as a detainee,

i- prohibition against retroactive penal measures,

j- right to equality before the law,

k- right to non-discrimination,

l- right to leave any country and return to one’s own country;

3) Urges all governmental and non-governmental organizations that are concerned with migrants, such as the UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), to coordinate with each other to help cease any obstacle that might face an economic immigrant by:

a. holding monthly meetings,

b. creating universal laws to which all Nations WILL adhere,

c. coordinating with the governments of nations to discuss any problems that some nations are facing due to these organization’s activities, and finding solutions to these problems,

d. discussing the option of geographic divisions, which simply divides the world into certain balanced geographic regions, in terms of the number of immigrants, and assigning each organization a certain division in which it will have the full responsibility to organize its immigrations and solve its immigration problems;

4) Further Resolves that if clause 3 wasn’t accomplished for one reason or another, then a sub-committee from the UNHCR will be formed to fulfill the goal(s) of clause 3,

a. This sub-committee will be called Economic Migrancy Organizing Committee (EMOC),

b. It will have 15 members, all of which are non-permanent; and changed, by a vote in the general assembly, every 2 years,

c. Its headquarters will be in Geneva,

d. It will hold monthly meetings, in which member countries will discuss:- the progress they’ve achieved so far in their mission, future activities or projects, other details of their work, (e.g. Salaries, employees, etc.),

e. This sub-committee, if formed, will be permanent,

f. It will be funded by the UN.

 

 

 

OPENING SPEECH