Event: Dhow-MUN 2001/ KFSAC 2002
Country: Republic of India
Disarmament Committee/Ambassador: Abdullah Al-Asousi Social Committee/Vice-Ambassador: Zooman Al-Mesbah Environmental Committee: Abdulrahman Al-Shatti Human Rights Committee: Mohammed Al-EssaLinks to other sites on the Web: Back to the Model UN 2001-2002 page
According to its constitution, India is a "sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic." Like the United States, India has a federal form of government. However, the central government in India has greater power in relation to its states, and its central government is patterned after the British parliamentary system. India gained its independence from the UK. in August 15, 1947, but it made its constitution on January 1950.
The government exercises its broad administrative powers in the name of the president, (currently Kocheril Raman Narayanan) whose duties are largely ceremonial. The president and vice president are elected indirectly for 5-year terms by a special electoral college. The vice president does not automatically become president following the death or removal from office of the president. The real national executive power is centered in the Council of Ministers (cabinet), led by the prime minister. The president appoints the prime minister, who is designated by legislators of the political party or coalition commanding a parliamentary majority. The president then appoints subordinate ministers on the advice of the prime minister.
India's bicameral parliament consists of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), which is appointed by president and elected by state and territory assemblies, and lower house--Lok Sabha (House of the People) which’s popularly elected and has the real power. The legislatures of the states and union territories elect 233 members to the Rajya Sabha, and the president appoints another 12. The elected members of the Rajya Sabha serve 6-year terms, with one-third up for election every 2 years. The Lok Sabha consists of 545 members; 543 are directly elected to 5-year terms. The other two are appointed. The "world’s largest democracy" has more than 500 parties. The Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who took office in October 1999, is the leader of the BJP (Hindu-nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party) which led a coalition of 13 parties called the National Democratic Alliance that emerged with an absolute majority. The Congress Party, led by Sonia Gandhi (widow of the late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi), holds the second-largest number of seats in the Lok Sabha. Priding itself as a secular, centrist party, the Congress has been the historically dominant political party in India. Its performance in national elections has steadily declined during the last decade. There’s also the Janata Dal (United) Party which draws much of its popular support from Muslims, lower castes, and tribals.
India's independent judicial system began under the British, and its concepts and procedures resemble those of Anglo-Saxon countries. The Supreme Court consists of a chief justice and 25 other justices, all appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister.
India's economy includes traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services. More than a third of the population is too poor to be able to afford an adequate diet. India has debts evaluated by 98 billion $. India tries hard to increase its economy, but the growth of population is standing in front of India’s efforts. India’s real growth rate of the GDP is going up 5.5%.
Textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum and machinery are some of India’s industries. The Indian rupees are going down at the last years. India’s imports and exports partners are a lot but the US comes in the first, UK second place and some European countries on the third place.
India’s trade began when the British arrived to India. The British made India the gateway for the trade in the world. India’s exports were on the British control, but that thing made a big role for India in the world’s trade. The British made India the place where their trade starts. The natural factors in India made India an important country in the world trade. The British took the natural factors from India to their country and other European countries so they can use it in making a lot of things. So, the British arriving opened India to the world of trade.
If there is a country with different ethnic groups, believes and religions it’s India. 72% of the Indians are Indo-Aryans, 25% are Dravidians, and the rest 3% are Mongoloids and from other groups. The 1,4 billion Indians live among themselves with problems. The main reason is the variety of religions in India, which make citizens have different believes. 80% of the Indians are Hindu, 14% are Muslims, 2.4% are Christians, Sikh are 2%, and the rest are from different religions most are Buddhist. India alone is a world from these facts.
The main problems in India are between the biggest two religions in India Hinduism and Islam. Hindu Indians and Muslim Indians fall in internal wars because of a lot of things. The Hindu Indians kill Muslims and burn the mosques when the Muslims kill cows for food. The cows are Hindu’s gods, because of that and other beliefs the problems happen. Muslims in India think that their rights are been murdered, so they do things against the Hindu government. This is the main problem inside India and the most significance one between religions. Also when the turn comes to solve the problems in India it’s hard, because of the different 18 official languages in India. Life in India is hard because of different cultures.
Supreme command of India's armed forces--the third-largest in the world-- rests with the president, but actual responsibility for national defense lies with the cabinet committee for political affairs under the chairmanship of the prime minister. The minister of defense is responsible to parliament for all defense matters. India's military command structure has no joint defense staff or unified command apparatus. The ministry of defense provides administrative and operational control over the three services through their respective chiefs of staff. The armed forces have always been loyal to constitutional authority and maintain a tradition of non-involvement in political affairs.
The army numbers about 1.1 million personnel and fields 34 divisions. Designed primarily to defend the country's frontiers, the army has become heavily committed to internal security duties in Kashmir and the Northeast.
The navy is much smaller, but it is relatively well-armed among Indian Ocean navies, operating one aircraft carrier, 41 surface combatants, and 18 submarines. The fleet is aging, and replacement of ships and aircraft has not been adequately funded. India's coast guard is small and is organized along the lines of the US. Coast Guard. With India's long coastline and extensive Exclusive Economic Zone, the navy and coast guard work hard to patrol the waters dictated by India's economic and strategic interests.
The air force, the world's fourth largest, has over 600 combat aircraft and more than 500 transports and helicopters. The air force takes pride in its ability to fly low and fast, as well as to operate in the extremes of temperature and altitude ranging from the Thar Desert to the Siachen Glacier. The air force has enhanced the capability of its fighter force with the addition of the multi-role Sukhoi 30, and it hopes to replace much of its Mig-21 fleet with the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft currently under development. Overall, India is much stronger then its enemy, Pakistan.
Both India and Pakistan have nuclear weapons, and the US., because of that, placed sanctions on them. However, India is still developing its nuclear weapons as long as Pakistan has nuclear weapons. India also fears from the Islamic fundamentalist groups.
India’s area is 3.3-million sq. km. (1.3 million-sq. mi.), which is about one-third the size of the US. India has one of the most amounts of populations in the world. Its capital is New Delhi that has a population of 11 million. Other major cities in the country are Mumbai formerly Bombay, Calcutta, Chennai formerly Madras, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad. India’s terrain mostly is varies from Himalayas to flat river valleys. India’s climate is temperate to subtropical monsoon. India’s border countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, and Pakistan.
The Geography in the Indus River Valley was very good for farming. The good soil was provided from the irrigation canals which brought water to the farms. The fertility of the land also led to a very big risk of diseases. Their soil was also good for farming because the Indus River floods yearly. The area of the land in India is 1,269,345 sq. miles, and the Indus River is about 1,800 miles long. The mountains that are around the Indus Valley are some of the biggest in the world. The Indus River Valley's river is what the people depended upon very much, along with other things, such as the Asian monsoons. All of these things make the Indus Valley stand out even more from the other civilizations. The elevation of India's highest was mountain level, 25,645 feet, and the lowest was sea level. The temperature ranged from thirty-two degrees F to one-hundred degrees F. The rainfall was between five and twenty inches. The Indus River Valley civilization stretched from the Arabian Sea to the Simla Hills.
India’s natural resources are coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromate, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, and arable land. India uses from its natural resources the arable land (56%), permanent crops (1%), permanent pastures (4%), forests and woodland (23%) and from the other natural resources India uses 16%. India’s irrigated land is about 480,000 sq km. India’s natural hazards are droughts, flash floods, severe thunderstorms common; earthquakes.
In the 1860s sub surface oil exploration activities started in the dense jungles of Assam in north-east India and in March 1867, oil was struck in the well drilled near Makum. This was the first successful mechanically drilled well in Asia.
Views on World Problems:
India's size, population, and strategic location give it a prominent voice in international affairs, and its growing industrial base, military strength, and scientific and technical capacity give it added weight. It collaborates closely with other developing countries on issues from trade to environmental protection. The end of the Cold War dramatically affected Indian foreign policy. India remains a leader of the developing world and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), and hosted the NAM Heads of State Summit in 1997. India is now also seeking to strengthen its political and commercial ties with the United States, Japan, the European Union, Iran, China, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. India is an active member of the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IORARC).
India has always been an active member of the United Nations and now seeks a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. India has a long tradition of participating in UN peacekeeping operations and most recently contributed personnel to UN operations in Somalia, Cambodia, Mozambique, Kuwait, Bosnia, Angola, and El Salvador.
As for Pakistan, India’s relations are influenced by the centuries-old rivalry between Hindus and Muslims which led to partition of British India in 1947. The principal source of contention has been Kashmir, whose Hindu Maharaja chose in 1947 to join India, although a majority of his subjects were Muslim. India maintains that his decision and the subsequent elections in Kashmir have made it an integral part of India. The Indian union, while Pakistan insists that UN resolutions calling for self-determination of the people of the state must be taken into account. This dispute triggered wars between the two countries in 1947, 1965, and the last war in 1971 that resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. Since the 1971 war, Pakistan and India have made only slow progress toward normalization of relations. In July 1972, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto met in the Indian hill station of Simla. They signed an agreement by which India would return all personnel and captured territory in the west and the two countries would "settle their differences by peaceful means through bilateral negotiations." Diplomatic and trade relations were re-established in 1976. After the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, new strains appeared in India-Pakistan relations; Pakistan supported the Afghan resistance, while India implicitly supported Soviet occupation.
In May 1998 India, and then Pakistan, conducted nuclear tests. Attempts to restart dialogue between the two nations were given a major boost by the February 1999 meeting of both Prime Ministers in Lahore and their signing of three agreements. These efforts have since been stalled by the intrusion of Pakistani-backed forces into Indian-held territory near Kargil in May 1999, and by the military coup in Pakistan that overturned the Nawaz Sharif government in October the same year. However, talks have been resumed before a few weeks in India when Musharraf visited India and agreed to another meeting in Pakistan. As for Bangladesh, there are always clashes in the borders, but a very small thing.
India’s has also some territorial disputes with China but India doesn’t consider China a threat as its Prime Minister stated. India had good relations with the former Soviet Union, however, it’s trying to improve its relations more with the US. especially because of the sanctions imposed due to the 1998 nuclear tests.
India has also inner problems like the mass overpopulation and India is the world’s largest producer of licit opium for the pharmaceutical trade, but an undetermined quantity of opium is diverted to illicit international drug markets.
Life began in India from long ago, people migrated to India from the northwest. In the 4th and 5th centuries AD., northern India was unified under the Gupta Dynasty. During this period, known as India's Golden Age, Hindu culture and political administration reached new heights. Islam spread in India for more than 500 years also Turks and Afghans invaded India. The first British outpost in India was established in 1619. Later in the century, the East India Company opened permanent trading stations in a lot of cities of India. In the 1850's, British expanded their influence in most of India's lands.
British government took the role of domination in India for a long time. Beginning in 1920, Indian leader Mohandas K. Gandhi transformed the Indian National Congress political party into a mass movement to campaign against British colonial rule. The party used both parliamentary and nonviolent resistance and non-cooperation to achieve independence. On 1947 enmity between Hindus and Muslims led the British to partition British India, creating East and West Pakistan, where there were Muslim majorities. India passed through a lot of problems, Mrs. Gandhi (assassinated year 1980) declared a state of emergency and suspended many civil liberties. Tamil extremists from Sri Lanka, also assassinated Rajiv Ghandi her son took the role after her, apparently. After that a lot of problems faced the Indian government, but India's economic relations were widely opened to the world.
In the last ten years a lot of changes happened in the India Parliament because of corruption. In November 1997, the Congress Party again withdrew support for the United Front. New elections in February 1998 brought the BJP the largest number of seats in Parliament--182--but fell far short of a majority. On May 11 and 13, 1998, the government of Vajpayee the Prime Minister, conducted a series of underground nuclear tests forcing US. President Clinton to impose economic sanctions on India pursuant to the 1994 Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act. In April 1999, the BJP-led coalition government fell apart, leading to fresh elections in September.
India is now, with the BJP in command, is moving to the Right. They’re moving economically by capitalizing their economy, moving politically and socially by being more conservatives and keeping their traditions, especially Hindu ones.
This is mainly what happened in India in the last ten years.
1-Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons
Since Independence, India has consistently pursued the objective of global disarmament based on the principles of universality, non-discrimination and effective compliance. Given the horrific destructive capacity of nuclear weapons, India has always believed that a world free of nuclear weapons would enhance both global security and India's own national security. Thus India has always advocated that the highest priority be given to nuclear disarmament as a first step towards general and complete disarmament.
As early as 1948, India called for limiting the use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes only, and the elimination of atomic weapons from national armaments. India was the first country to call to an end to all nuclear testing in 1954. This was followed up in subsequent decades by many other initiatives, for example, in 1982 calling for a "nuclear freeze" - i.e. prohibition on the production of fissile material for weapons, on production of nuclear weapons, and related delivery systems. At the special sessions of the United Nations General Assembly on disarmament, India put forward a number of serious proposals including the 1988 Comprehensive Plan for total elimination of weapons of mass destruction in a phased manner. It was a matter of regret that the proposals made by India along with several other countries did not receive a positive responsive and instead, a limited and distorted non-proliferation agenda, meant above all to perpetuate nuclear weapons was shaped. India remains the only state possessing nuclear weapons to unambiguously call for a Nuclear Weapons Convention to ban and eliminate nuclear weapons just as the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) and the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) have banned the other two categories of weapons of mass destruction. In conclusion, India supports any proposals to illuminate all Nuclear weapons and if possible to ban them all directly with no bias or step-by-step.
2- The relationship between disarmament and development
India is a country that’s a potentially big market and that is one of the countries that have nuclear weapons. However, unlike Russia or Pakistan, India is balancing between its budget on weapons and development programs, and that’s because India isn’t spending as much as it used to in 1999 where it made nuclear tests. Currently, India is even moving more on spending on development programs. India’s government doesn’t have problems also because they are not spending money on nuclear weapons just to show off, they really need them to face Pakistan and, most really, China.
However, India is, currently, focusing more on development programs than on nuclear weapons. However, India would urge nations to eliminate and disarm themselves from the nuclear weapons so that MORE development would occur.
3- Compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti Ballistic Missile systems
On May 26, 1972, Russia and the U.S.A. signed an ABM treaty that controlled and arranged the work on ABM systems, However the U.S.A. now wants to withdraw and just ignore the treaty which represents the heart and basic soul of the nuclear stability. The ABM defense system works by exo-atmospheric interception of incoming warheads midway toward their targets. However, this system is very expensive ($60 billion) and only the US. is the only country that can develop such a system. If the US. is the only country that can afford and make this system, then there will be an arms race between Russia, the US., China, and other countries which is a very bad and unstable situation.
India is 100% against the ignorance of this treaty, and as the saying "Treaties are not made to be broken.", especially since this treaty was signed between the world’s largest powers. As stated previously, the ABM systems cost a lot and it will surly start an arms race, and that’s what India sees as very dangerous, and India stated more than once that it will not be part of an arms race and is against any arms race that will happen. Another reason for India to oppose the U.S.’s action is that India is calling for an entire disarmament on all the categories of weapons of mass destruction. This will lead to making more weapons and some countries will even try to find ways to make even more complex and devastating weapons to be more effective than the ABM defenses. Also, these systems might go into the wrong hands and some terrorist countries might have these systems that would cause an entire global insecurity.
4- Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms
Since 1990, planned and organized secessionist-terrorism has brutalized Kashmir, the valley of peace and exquisite beauty. Systematic efforts have been made to destroy its valuable culture, traditions, and heritage, by an orgy of mindless violence fueled by religious fanaticism and extremism, aided and abetted from across India's borders.
Terrorism has taken the lives of more than 2000 innocent men, women and children; the terrorists have indulged wantonly in abduction, rape, murder, arson, extortion and looting. Government officials, political leaders and workers, members of judiciary, print and electronic presspersons, and prominent citizens have been threatened, attacked and killed. Religious "codes of conduct" have been imposed on common people, and there has been large scale destruction of public and private property including over 400 secular state schools. More than 350,000 people of the minority community have had to flee their homes in the valley and today live as refugees in other parts of their own state and country. The total number of civilians killed this year alone is horribly 279! This is the "accomplishment" of the secessionists proxy-war in Kashmir.
What is particularly surprising and distressing is the fact that the leadership of Pakistan continues to do nothing to restrain these terrorist organizations, which operate from Pakistani soil, even as it professes its eagerness to resume talks with India. Its argument that violence will stop once talks begin is strange, to say the least. It convinces neither India nor the international community. There cannot be meaningful talks for resolving outstanding issues and normalizing bilateral relations when the guns of terrorist outfits continue to do their own talking.
India’s readiness to have talks with Pakistan at any level, including at the highest level has been well established. We have also strongly demonstrated our sincerity to create a conducive atmosphere for talks through specific confidence-building measures, such as unilateral cessation of combat operations in Jammu & Kashmir. However, the continuation of terrorist activities in and outside the State shows that the purpose of our taking these unilateral initiatives is not being fulfilled.
Therefore, India would encourage, and even propose, any resolution that takes firearms and guns and all sorts of weapons from the terrifying terrorists in Pakistan...AND THOSE OF A LIKE MIND.
5- Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.
India believes that telecommunications and computer technology have a great effect in today’s life, and it also understands the harms that they can cause. Going from that purpose, India would encourage developments and the control of the computer technologies. If viruses can cause a lot and high percentage of damage to the national security, then how can purposed hacking and attacks on government and defense systems?!
India believes that this is a very sensitive and dangerous situation, especially since India is the major supplier of programmers. That’s why India believes that there should be encouragements to personnel who develop security programs to defend the international security by means of money, encouragement, and every other possible way.
(1) Use of Herbicides and defoliants in drug control programs.
India believes that the drug problem should be controlled, and should be reduced. This problem is spreading now everywhere in the world. These drugs are known as the major cause of death among teenagers. Therefore, each country must realize and keep in consideration that the drug problem should stop immediately. The UN should support all organization that are working hard to stop the problem and should also help them stop it because if it is not stopped then the cost will be the people and the country. India does not support the spraying of herbicides and defoliants.
India supports the resolutions that ban spraying of herbicides and defoliants and India opposes any resolution that support spraying of herbicides and defoliants.
(2) Measures to control population growth.
Because India is the second after China in population growth this is making population a great deal and a great problem. India’s population has increased a lot among those years and now India is having a great problem that it cannot offer services for all of these million people. India was planning for several years a way to solve this problem and try and keep the population he same. This plan was to let each family only contain two children. Now India is applying this solution and hopes that it will work. India believes that the results will be positive and that they will appear later. India’s prime minister has a brilliant set of advisors who brought this problem to his attention and then he came with several solutions.
India supports the resolution that helps control the population growth and opposes any resolution that dose not support the control of growth population.
(3) Effective implementation of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves.
India is working very hard to protect the wildlife reserves. India provided agencies that will protect the wildlife. India had displayed harsh consequences to those people who trade in rare and endangered species. These agencies are the National Wildlife Action Plan (which does strategies and programs to protect the wild life), and the Indian Board of Wildlife (that implement the strategies and programs). The wildlife protection is adopted by all states of India except Jammu and Kashmir. The Center provides financial and technical assistance to states for development and improved management of national parks; protection of wildlife and control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife products; eco-development in areas around national parks and sanctuaries; conservation of elephant and its habitat; and conservation of rhinos in Assam.
India supports the resolution that supports the protection of wildlife reserve and opposes any resolution that goes against the protection of wildlife reserve.
(4) Deforestation and the economy of indigenous peoples
The homeland of simple and colorful tribal is the land of lush green forests, gentle hills, rivers gusting through, large water fronts and vast green meadows. It is estimated that there are 66.5 million tribal in India. With few exceptions, the majority of the tribal are forest dwellers. Tribal continue to depend on forests for their livelihood. Tribal perspectives on forests and government policies affecting forests have followed very different trails. In the last five years, under the joint forest management policy of the Indian government, various state governments have experimented with devolving authority for forest management to local communities. This new approach to control, protection and management of forests - joint forest management (JFM) - has profound implications for forest dwelling tribal. The Indians let the local tribes take care of the forest instead of having the Indian government do it.
India supports the resolution that supports the protection of forests and the protection of tribal and opposes any resolution that dose neither support the protection of forests nor the protection of tribal.
(5) Ratification and implementation of the Kyoto Protocol
Developed countries should undertake urgent and effective steps to implement their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol through domestic action. The Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change, which mandates emission-reduction targets for developed countries, is unlikely to come into force soon or without substantial modification. Even in the absence of a formal treaty, however, some incremental progress will be made in reducing the growth of greenhouse gas emissions. Both India and China will actively explore less carbon-intensive development strategies, although they will resist setting targets or timetables for carbon dioxide emission limits. A number of major firms operating internationally will take steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Kyoto Protocol was an historic step toward the protection of the earth's climate system. The Kyoto targets are significant milestones on the path toward more sustainable global economic growth.
The importance of the Kyoto Protocol, therefore, lies not in the emission reduction numbers, but in the structural elements of its climate control regime.
The greatest achievement at Kyoto was the creation of an architectural blueprint for sustained, broad-based, and cost effective international action on climate change. The Kyoto Protocol allows countries the flexibility to achieve real emission reductions cost-effectively. The mechanisms also create incentives for the transfer of advanced technologies and capital to developing countries when they take steps to reduce their own greenhouse gas emissions.
India supports the resolution that is against Kyoto protocol and opposes the resolution that supports the Kyoto Protocol.
(6) Land reform policies with particular regard to Southern Africa
Indians are among the leading nations that are in favor of protecting the wildlife that is relevant to animals and plants by implementing land reforms.
Reform in the legal and administrative manner in which land rights are recognized and regulated is occurring widely in sub-Saharan Africa. Rwanda, Malawi, Lesotho, Zimbabwe and Swaziland have new national land policies and in some cases laws, in draft. Immediate motivations vary widely, from frustration with shortfalls in the colonial-derived property laws, a desire to free up the market in land, accelerate entitlement programs, or to redress land losses caused by racially discriminatory laws. Without exception, political change underwrites and directs land reform. New national constitutions have been promulgated since 1990 in Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Malawi, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Uganda, Eritrea and South Africa.
India supports the resolution that protect the wildlife that is relevant to animals and plants by implementing land reform and opposes any resolution that goes against it.
(1) Global code of ethics for tourist.
India is a country that a lot of tourists visit. Tourists visit India for a lot of reasons like discovering the different life in India and visiting antique places. Some tourists travel to India for other reasons, which are bad. These things are traveling for prostitution and for taking drugs.
Tourism brings a lot of money to India, so this thing will make the Indian government try to be careful when dealing with this issue. Muslims in India have a different point of view because a lot of things are illegal in their religion. This thing will make the Indian government think carefully, because this is really a very complicated issue.
India will think carefully before voting if there is a resolution about tourism, and it will think carefully about every clause in the resolution. A lot of things will make the Indian government think carefully, because this is really a very complicated issue. India will think carefully before voting if there is a resolution about tourism, and it will think carefully about every clause in the resolution. India will vote for resolutions help tourism in it, and it will stand against resolutions that effect tourism in it.
(2) Elimination of debt burden in less developed countries
India is a developing country but it doesn’t have debts. India doesn’t take money because of the government’s policy. India doesn’t give other countries money because they don’t have the ability right now.
This issue will not concern India a lot. India will be with elimination of debt burden in less developed countries because this thing will not effect India negatively. India will stay with other developing countries, although India doesn’t have debts. India will stand against resolutions that effect developing countries.
(3) Exploitation of children in the labor market.
There are more children under the age of fourteen in India than the entire population of the United States. The great challenge of India, as a developing country, is to provide nutrition, education and health care to these children. Children under fourteen constitute around 3.6% (11.28 million) of the total labor force in India. Of these children, nine out every ten work in their own rural family settings. Nearly 85% are engaged in traditional agricultural activities. Less than 9% work in manufacturing, services and repairs, only about 0.8% work in factories. The main cause of working is poverty.
The government of India is working hard through programs from the year 1993 to eliminate child labor in India. The Indian government understands the problems of child labor. There are a lot of programs supported by the Indian government towards eliminating child labor. Under the action plan of the National Policy on Child Labor, there has been National Child Labor Projects (NCLP) set up in different areas to rehabilitate child labor. A major activity undertaken under the NCLP is the establishment of special schools to provide non-formal education, vocational training, supplementary nutrition etc. to children withdrawn from employment. The Indian government sets programs with very high budgets to eliminate this problem. India was the first country to join The International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor, which is a global program launched by the International Labor Organization in December 1991. India joined this organization which does a lot of programs to benefit from it and benefit other countries as it can.
India needs a lot of help in this issue So India will be with any resolution that supports this issue, because it wants to help itself and other countries. India will stand against any resolution that doesn’t do anything, because India has already programs concerning this issue. India’s policy towards this policy is obvious either with it or against it
(4) Implementation of the UN program on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS).
Aids is the most important health problem facing India. The initial cases of HIV/AIDS were reported among commercial sex workers in Mumbai and Chennai and injecting drug users in the north-eastern State of Manipur. There is not any report with an accurate number of Indians that are effected by HIV, because of the absence of epidemiological data in major parts of the country. The number of people effected by HIV is increasing and the disease is separating in different areas of the country.
AIDS control program has hitherto been seen as a public health matter dealt by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The Indian government is trying to make Indians aware of its implications and provide them with the necessary tools for protecting themselves from getting infected. Indian government is trying to make the effected Indians manage the problem themselves with their family and community support. Improving services for the care of people living with AIDS in times of sickness both in hospitals and at homes through community health care. These are Indian’s government efforts toward this issue. India participates with other countries in programs that deals with AIDS, but India can’t have a major role because of the lack of money. India tries hard to help other South Asian countries with studying the status qua. India does that so that they can find a way to work together with dealing with AIDS. India definitely will be with any resolution that helps with decreasing the numbers of people infected by HIV.
Aids really need to be solved in India. The Indian government works hard to solve the problem and it needs a resolution that gives it a financial support. India will be with any resolution that can help it. India will be against any resolution that doesn’t give financial support. What India really needs a financial support to help it in Aids issue.
(5) Human cloning, organ harvesting and stem cell research
Indians are known of their great influence in sciences. This surely will make the Indian government think about this issue. Organ harvesting is found in India because of one reason, which is poverty. Some Indians sell their organs to have money to help them in their lives.
Selling organs will not be solved until the poverty’s problem is solved. The most issue that is concerning the Indian government is poverty India tries to increase its GDP as high as possible, also India tries to get Financial support. Indian government has a lot of programs to eliminate poverty. If poverty is eliminated in India organ harvesting will be eliminated. Indians are from different religions and ethnic groups and the individuals have different point of views towards human cloning.
The Indian government can’t have a specific policy in this issue. Indian government needs a resolution that can give it really a huge financial support to help with destroying poverty. When poverty is destroyed organ harvesting in India will be destroyed. India can’t have a specific policy towards this issue, it really depends in the resolution.
1-Freedom of speech, and the control of racism, pornography, terrorism, and incitement to violence on the Internet.
I will define each topic by its own first I will define freedom of speech, freedom of speech means that guaranteed by the 1st amendment to the US constitution, then I will define racism, and that means "discrimination based on the belief that some races are by nature superior." then I will define pornography and that means depiction of erotic behavior meant chiefly to cause sexual excitement." then there is terrorism and that means orderly covert combat to create fear for political compulsion, then the last is violence on the internet and that consists hacking, cracking and other bad things that can be done, and India is trying to solve this small problem.
India perfectly understands the big problem of the Freedom of speech and the control of racism, pornography, terrorism, and incitement to violence on the Internet, especially that it will effect other generation in India but in some way India is totally okay with it, and India perfectly stand with this issue, one person would find it perfectly acceptable to publicize pornographic material and sexually explicit words to a interested world for anybody to see, while the other is totally not okay about it. India it trying to stop these problems by punishing the guilty and the people who are after these problems. India are sending some police officers undercover and sending them to work to these places were porn is starting and find the guilty, and they will catch them, and for the violence on the internet, India is trying to secure all the Internet connection that are made by tracking them down.
2-Questions of capital punishments
Capital punishments means the punishments that are given by the capital, and these punishment must be given for the guilty only when they proved that this person id guilty, capital punishments are different type it depends on what the country gives and it depends on the type of crime that is done, and who harsh is that crime is. Capital punishments are getting harsher and harsher every second in India, the crimes in India are getting worse, and worse everyday, that’s why the punishments are getting harsher it, depends on the type of crime that is done, if it was a small crime the punishment are sentencing or something like that, but if it is a big crime then the punishment will be worst like sentencing for life, or execution punishments like that are apprehended in India.
India would support this issue, because this issue would help decrease the amount of crime that are going on, and India thinks that if the punishment will be put on TV it would be much better so all the other criminals would take their change to stop the crimes that they are doing and that it is causing a big problem that are going on rapidly and every second the crimes are getting worst, as a result India stand bravely with this issue "Question of capital punishment".
3 Limitation and restriction on the right of freedom of speech with regard to restriction of coverage of military and police actions
Limitation and restriction on the right of freedom of speech with regard to restriction of coverage of military and police actions that means that every person should have it right and in general that is every person should have its right it does not depend weather he is a child or and adult or and man or a women and it totally should not depend on the caste, creed, color, nationality, and religion, weather he is black or white, or English or Arabic, or if he or her are ethnic or Muslim or Christian, and everyone should have their rights that they deserve.
Although India is an undeveloped country but still, India gives every human being its right, but a man has more priority than a women, India gives more right to men that women because a man will serve his country and die for it if needed. India is strict about this issue, but know as they will use women in warfare too, they will give the women all her rights as their suppose too. Every Indian should have their rights, and it does depend on their caste, creed, color, nationality, and religion, weather they are ethnic or whatever. But India is trying to give every human being it right that they deserve by voting on this prouder even the children should get their right into doing anything they wants that are legal, and India is voting every once in a while, and that how they will solve this problem.
4-Use of children in warfare (fighting)
Use of children in warfare is being a huge problem to the universe, the use of children means families, or countries, or continents that use their children from the age eight to eighteen in warfare, and warfare means fighting all types of fighting from neighbor fight to wars, it doesn’t matter, the only thing that is in their mind is victory, so that’s why tons of children are dying all over the world, so India is trying to stop this big problem and have a military consisting only big people like from age nineteen and above, and no one that’s under the age of nineteen will join the military only the children that wants too.
India has always been a harsh victor of the cause of children in warfare, although India is not included in a lot of war that would make use of children in warfare a big problem their. But in some way India needs the use of children in warfare for example if India is going to have a war with Kashmir, India have the weapons to support them during the war but don’t have the people who will use these weapons, that’s why India needs these children to help them, but the government are trying to stop this problem by trying not use all of the children in warfare only some of them that are grown up like the age from 15-18 and not under the age of 15 for children, that’s how India is trying to stop this problem, thus India stand totally against this issue "Use of children in warfare".
5-Economic migrancy into developed nations and within underdevelopment nation.
Economic migrancy is a big problem for underdeveloped countries, or countries with no resources to live on, so people have to migrate to live a good life, like other people but rich countries are happy with how their life is going because they have everything that they want and everything is offered to them and that’s for the rich and developed countries like the United State of America and the United Kingdom, but unlike India an underdeveloped country so the people there have to migrate to get a job and work for their rest of their life and nothing is offered to them they have to work to get what they want.
Even though India is a poor country but still Indian citizens, must migrate to stay alive. This is the biggest problem in India according to migrancy almost 99% of the Indian migrated to the other countries of the problems that’s been going on there, Because of the poor agriculture in India they have no resources that will support them for life, that’s why they need to migrate, India is trying to find a new resources so all the Indian all over the world would stay in India and serve their own country and even work for their country, and will not migrate to their country because of the lack of jobs their. That’s why Indians are working hard to get money so they would solve the problem of Economic migrancy into developed nations and within underdevelopment nation, and the government is taking the money that the Indian make and make India a developed country much like the other developed countries in the world.
Question of: Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms.
Main Submitter: India
Deeply Concerned by the fact that although there’s a high decrease in country weapons and wars, there’s an increase in illegal trafficking of firearms,
Keeping in mind the UN charter chapter 7, articles 39-51 which describe the action with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of the peace, and acts of aggression,
Recalling the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, signed in December 12-15 2000, Palermo, which marked a significant step forward in international cooperation on the rule of law and global crime,
Recalling also the Vienna Declaration on Crime and Justice, which asked Member States to take effective, resolute and speedy measures to prevent and combat criminal activities carried out for the purpose of furthering terrorism,
Deeply disturbed by the fact that Pakistani-led Islamic terrorist militias have killed more than 2000 innocent Kashmiri men, women and children, and over 279 civilians this year alone,
Regretting the killings in Algeria which have taken a long period of time and cost a lot of innocent lives,
Fully alarmed by the fact that the terrorists have a variety of weapons and firearms,
Taking into consideration that the Center For International Crime Prevention (CICP), which is part of the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (ODCCP) and is headed by Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director, Pino Arlacchi, and employs about 15 professional staff members, plus support personnel, is the United Nations office responsible for crime prevention, criminal justice and criminal law reform,
1- Declaring that the issue of illegal trafficking of firearms is a complex issue since it has illegal drugs and terrorist issues with it;
2- Emphasizes that illegal drug trafficking yields illegal arms trafficking, which yields terrorists organizations to grow, and Taleban, which remained the home to 75 per cent of the world's drug output and is A terrorists organizations, is an obvious example;
3- Notices that illegal drugs trafficking and terrorists are being dealt with by various organizations, but emphasizes that illegal arms trafficking is not being dealt with in effective ways;
4- Resolves the formation of the Office for Illegal Arms Trafficking (OIAT), which will be a body of the (CICP), that will:
a- meet regularly around the year in New Delhi, India,
b- include forces from: International Police (Interpol), UN army, and volunteering UN member countries,
c- choose regions, specific locations, and terrorist groups to collect firearms from, giving priorities to regions with current conflicts;
5- Strongly urges the OIAT forces will NOT collect firearms from the chosen locations until the government of the chosen location agrees to, and if not then the ODCCP will submit a report to the Secretary General to discuss it in the SC;
6- Reassures that the OIAT forces will collect firearms, when the government of the chosen location agrees, with coordination with the government or without;
7- Declares that the OIAT will NOT collect firearms from citizens whom their governments agree to have firearm;
Question Of: Measures to control population growth
Delegate: Abdulrahman Al Shatti
Defining population as the people, or number of people living in an area.
Reminding that India is the second after China in population growth.
Noting India did plans to solve this problem and now India is applying these plans.
Listing some of the major causes of population growth:
a) Technology and modern transportation had covered most countries.
b) The wide land area of India.
c) The availability of great facilities such as oil, forests (wood)…etc.
d) New services and new projects had appeared in most countries.
Reminding India is a third world country, which is in need of financial support from other countries in the UN.
1) Calling upon all countries to act immediately in supporting India's and other countries population crisis.
2) Requests from countries of the UN to support and help the plans of India:
a) To MAKE each family only contain two children.
b) To build high building for people to live in instead of wide buildings.
3) Resolves UN and the IMF (International Monterey Fund)
a) These two plans will help people get more jobs and more salary.
b) Provide more places so the country will start doing more projects to earn money such as planting the area with food that they can trade with…etc.
4) Further requests the United Nations to strongly financially support IMF in carrying out its jobs of buildings and future projects to help all countries that suffer from population growth.
5) Emphasizing on the continuing increase in the number of population cases in India causing therefore the immediate need for a decisive solution.
Delegation: The republic of India
Delegate: Mohammed Al-Essa
Forum: General Assembly
Question of: Freedom of speech and the control of racism, pornography, terrorism, and incitement to violence on the Internet.
Defining racism, "discrimination based on the belief that some races are by nature superior."
Defining pornography, "depiction of erotic behavior meant chiefly to cause sexual excitement."
Defining terrorism, "orderly covert combat to create fear for political compulsion,"
Aware of the consequences that will be faced if caught in violence on the Internet,
Noticing the problem in India and that is unacceptable and it is trying to be stopped as soon as possible is: erotic behavior, working in unacceptable places, selling drugs, and porn places,
Noticing with deep concern that the government is trying to replace the "black" with "white,"
Having considered that Racism will stop one day,
Having studies the fact that every Internet connection made from any services are censored for twenty-four hours,
Realizing that some of the honorable nations are trying as hard as they can to get rid of these big problems,
Deeply Concerned that the problems will not be solved and the problems will getter bigger and bigger every second, then these problems will effect individuals, adults, children, nations, and families,
1. Notes that human rights include freedom of speech and the Indian constitution guarantees the basic freedom of speech;
2. Further recommends protecting the rights of the citizens under the law;
3. Declares that the Criminal Activity on the like violence on the Internet will soon reach its peak, if Internet usage is not managed responsibly, according to statistics;
4. Trusts all Internet service providers and services to take a careful step into stopping the violence on the Internet by security in each and every Internet connection that is made;
5. Draws the Attention on the human rights that are diminishing gradually over the world;
6. Supports the fact that stopping violence on the Internet will take a lot of time, and the help of other services;
7. Congratulates all the Indian countries that stopped these problems that are going on rapidly;
8. Accepts that freedom of speech will soon be for all the Indian citizens that live in India;
9. Condemns some of the developed for not helping the underdeveloped country;
10. Expresses its hopes that worldwide problems will diminish;
11. Further resolves that all countries will work together to make a better universe and the strong will help the weak;
Zooman Al Mesbah: Social committee
English: Implementation of the UN program on Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS).
Defining HIV as the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS),
Adding that HIV infects humans from sex, infected blood or from infected drugs’ injections,
Noting significantly that AIDS causes huge health, social and economical problems,
Fully concerned on the people that are infected by AIDS around the world, and understanding the fact that they need a special care in the community,
Encouraging the efforts of all organizations and societies that help governments in dealing with AIDS,
Thanking the great efforts done by Joints United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS),
Deeply appreciate governments that cooperate with organizations, other governments and UN programs dealing with drugs,
Stating that anything can be done concerning AIDS after cooperation,
1) Helps infected individuals with getting cured from the disease, and giving them the hope to be curd in local hospitals;
2) Encourages infected people to help the governments with showing the dangers of AIDS by:
A) Writing their suffers with AIDS,
B) Appearing in media to show people their experience with AIDS,
3) Improves the countries’ police investigations to catch drug sellers and prostitutes that carry the HIV virus;
4) Increases UNAIDS budget, so it can help countries more in dealing with the AIDS issue;
5) Establishes a United Nations AIDS Special Treatment (UNAIDS) organization for countries that have a large percent of people infected by HIV. This organization must do the following:
A) Comes with new ideas to help governments in dealing with AIDS after studying the AIDS issue in the country,
B) Gives a financial support for the countries after studying the amount of money each country needs,
6) Considers every infected person as a normal person that should continues his life the same as other citizens with having a special medical care.
7) Stands against any efforts that try to make infected people with AIDS as they are a problem for the country, instead AIDS must be the problem facing the country.
Cradled in the lap of majestic mountains of the Himalayas, Kashmir is the most beautiful place on earth. On visiting the Valley of Kashmir, Jehangir, one of the Mughal emperors, is said to have exclaimed: "If there is paradise anywhere on earth, it is here, it is here, it is here."
And, till very, very recent times it was paradise on earth. But now the paradise has been turned into hell.
Kashmir has a myth and history, language and literature, art and architecture, culture and tradition, and religion and ritual that is distinct, yet similar to the civilization of the Indian subcontinent. In this once happy valley with its peace-loving and crime-free people, Buddhism reached the zenith of its glory, Hinduism extended its philosophical frontiers, and Islam achieved a new meaning and practice in its traditions.
But with the emergence of Islamic fundamentalism all over the world, this theo-fascist brand of political philosophy accompanied by hatred, intolerance, and terrorism was pushed into and peddled in the peaceful valley by Pakistan. And now the rapture of birdsong and murmur of gentle streams of yesteryears is replaced by the misery of physical and psychic violence instigated by the terrorists.
Ladies and Gentlemen, on behalf on the Indian government, I urge all of you to stand with India on is war against terrorism.