Event: DHOW-MUN 2001 All Resolutions Passed Through to Final Debate
Question of: Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms.
Main Submitter: India
Co-submitters: Kenya, Tunisia, Nigeria, Chad, IMF, Vietnam, Ukraine, and North Korea
Author: Abdullah Al Asousi
Deeply Concerned by the fact that although there’s a high decrease in country weapons and wars, there’s an increase in illegal trafficking of firearms,
Keeping in mind the UN charter chapter 7, articles 39-51 which describe the action with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of the peace, and acts of aggression,
Recalling the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, signed in December 12-15 2000, Palermo, which marked a significant step forward in international cooperation on the rule of law and global crime,
Recalling also the Vienna Declaration on Crime and Justice, which asked Member States to take effective, resolute and speedy measures to prevent and combat criminal activities carried out for the purpose of furthering terrorism,
Deeply disturbed by the fact that Pakistani-led Islamic terrorist militias have killed more than 2000 innocent Kashmiri men, women and children, and over 279 civilians this year alone,
Regretting the killings in Algeria which have taken a long period of time and cost a lot of innocent lives,
Fully alarmed by the fact that the terrorists have a variety of weapons and firearms,
Taking into consideration that the Centre For International Crime Prevention (CICP), which is part of the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (ODCCP) and is headed by Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director, Pino Arlacchi, and employs about 15 professional staff members, plus support personnel, is the United Nations office responsible for crime prevention, criminal justice and criminal law reform,
1- Declaring that the issue of illegal trafficking of firearms is a complex issue since it has illegal drugs and terrorist issues with it;
2- Emphasizes that illegal drug trafficking yields illegal arms trafficking, which yields terrorists organizations to grow, and Taliban, which remained the home to 75 per cent of the world's drug output and is A terrorists organizations, is an obvious example;
3- Notices that illegal drugs trafficking and terrorists are being dealt with by various organizations, but emphasizes that illegal arms trafficking is not being dealt with in effective ways;
4- Resolves the formation of the Office for Illegal Arms Trafficking (OIAT), which will be a body of the (CICP), that will:
a- meet regularly around the year in New Delhi, India
b- include forces from:
i) International Police (Interpol),
ii) UN army, and
iii) volunteering UN member countries
c- choose regions, specific locations, and terrorist groups to collect firearms from, giving priorities to regions with current conflicts;
5- Strongly urges the OIAT forces will NOT collect firearms from the chosen locations until the government of the chosen location agrees to, and if not then the ODCCP will submit a report to the Secretary General to discuss it in the SC;
6- Reassures that the OIAT forces will collect firearms, when the government of the chosen location agrees, with coordination with the government or without;
7- Declares that the OIAT will NOT collect firearms from citizens whom their governments agree to have firearm;
FORUM: Disarmament Committee
QUESTION OF: Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.
DELEGATION: The Republic of Chad
DELEGATE: Abdullah Bourahmah
Defining international as an relationship between two or more nations or their people,
Defining threat as something said or expressed with the idea of hurting or punishing,
Defining nuclear weapons as an instrument or device that be used to set upon with violent force to anther by the energy from the nuclei of atoms,
Noting with deep concern that non-nuclear states are being threatened massively by nuclear states.
Having considered that some nuclear states do not do this despicable act, and appreciates those nations.
Deeply concerned of the fact that these non-nuclear states are suffering from the fact that nuclear states are threatening them non-stop.
Expressing with appreciation that nations around the world are cooperating to eliminate this action.
Emphasizing that the United Nations should take measures to improve and increase its efforts towards this action.
1- Draws the attention to the increase of threats from nuclear states towards the non-nuclear states,
2- Congratulates the United Nations and other nations on their efforts towards the act of nuclear threats,
3- Regrets those nations that are not willing to help prevent nuclear states threatening non-nuclear states,
4- Further resolves that any nation willing to help form another international committee to prevent these threats towards non-nuclear states called the Non-Nuclear States Protection Committee (NNSPC), that would try to do its best at all times, and will meet twice a year, The NNSPC:
a) will meet at a different country every time they meet, and this country will be chosen randomly,
b) would have an agreement with nuclear states that will consist of a signed agreement from every nuclear state saying
i) that they would not attack non-nuclear states or threaten them with nuclear weapons,
ii) that they would not even try to sell these nuclear weapons to non-nuclear states to make them a NUCLEAR state,
c) would also have an agreement with non-nuclear states willing to enter this committee to sign an agreement that consists of the following:
i) that any nation would not acquire a nuclear weapon from any available source,
ii) that any nation would not start the production of nuclear weapons even if the reasons were significant,
5- Further Resolves that the NNSPC will eliminate the use and threatening of nuclear weapons by establishing and reinforcing the following strictly applying punishments for countries who signed the agreement but broke on of the rules of the agreement,
a) these countries that committed these crimes would be asked to go voluntarily to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for punishment which includes:
i) the nation that committed this crime would be striped of all nuclear weapons and,
ii) would be unable to produce a nuclear weapon again, form reasonable agreements with nations so that the use or threat of nuclear weapons would not be needed,
6- Encourages all countries willing to help to place a 3% tariff on its highest imports, to help fund the NNSPC,
7- Urges the IMF for financial support,
8- Further Requests the UN to help the NNSPC in any way possible,
9- Urges all nations across the world that aid this committee would help it in any way the nation would help it.
Main Submitter: Kenya
Co submitter: Chad
Forum: Environmental Committee
Issue: Effective implementation of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves.
Student: Fahad Al-Sultan
Defining poaching as To take or appropriate something unfairly or illegally.
Bringing To Your Attention that countries such as Kenya and many of its African brothers have an increasing rate of poaching and illegal trade of ivory.
Bearing in mind that elephants take 22 months of pregnancy to give birth and have a time span of 4-9 years between babies.
Expecting that all countries that have animal reserves or forests or savannas will come down to an agreement that will try to prevent poaching from around the world.
Deeply disturbed that many countries are suffering from poaching and animals are becoming endangered and the countries are doing nothing.
Expressing its appreciation to the American Association of Zoo Keepers (AAZK) for all its efforts in trying to collect donations to build wild life reserves in Kenya and many other countries.
Reporting that poaching and illegal ivory trade in Kenya and many of its African brothers is increasing even though ivory trade and poaching has been completely band in most African countries since 1989, and in 1977, it was band in Kenya.
Congratulates CITES on its achievement in implementing all the resolutions that have been proposed in 1997 and 1999, and is very ashamed of South Africa’s very inappropriate behavior.
Notes that many Africans would prefer to use lands for grazing and local tribes are compensated with a percentage of the fee charge to visit the parks in Kenya. and
Notifies that over 160 species mammals find homes in Kenya ONLY.
Appalls South Africa for trying to expand international trade in ivory on the CITES conference held in April 10th to 20th in April of 200a, in Nairobi.
Applauds CITES, the United Nations-Administered endangered species treaty, that has agreed to maintain a total worldwide ban on trade in elephant ivory at least until the autumn of 2002.
Congratulates all countries on defeating Japan and Norway’s attempt to reopen trade in sea turtle shell in the CITES meeting held in 1997.
1. Emphasizes the fact that many countries economy’s and wild life, have been, as said, "to be going down the drain," since poaching supports the individuals benefit and NOT the country’s benefit.
2. Expresses its hope that all countries that are suffering from loss of animals and endangered species will help into implementing this resolution and will try to help in any way
3. Mediates the expansion of CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) and creating the World Anti Poaching Organization (WAPO) that would be an expansion of CITES and that that will be doing the following:
a. Monitoring of the rangers in all countries needing protection and giving rangers educational lessons by:
One. Positioning a member of WAPO in every ranger head quarters in each region that will observe all actions taken and will report any false actions. This member will be chosen from the country itself (one of the best reliable rangers) and will be given this job.
Two. This member will be starting a educational program that would be held once a week to teach rangers:
* How to rescue injured animals
* Plans to capture poachers and to stop any illegal ivory trades.
b. Position a head quarter of WAPO in Kenya or any other volunteer such as its African brothers that will:
One. Fund all countries’ wild life reserves that are already have been opened with additional money to provide access food and water supply to comfort all animals in a reserve, this money will be obtained by increasing tourist attractions such as Safari after poaching is eliminated.
Two. Assure fair trails for any poachers that are found:
·Poaching any animal
·Trading ivory or and skin of any animal
c. Build Wild Life Reserves in each country over time that will be funded by donations such as the American Association of Zoo Keepers and from the UN and will do the following:
One. Secure a large portion of the open lands for all animals found in that region.
Two. Provide food and water to meet all animals’ comfort standards.
Three. Secure all parts of the reserve from any kind of threat made by poachers.
Four. Try capturing as many species of animals as possible and releasing them in the reserve to allow them to continue a normal life style and reproduce in a protected region.
d. Create Jobs for civilians of the country that have stopped poaching by:
One. Creating Game Parks out of the reserves by building restaurants and facilities in the parks that would open new jobs that would eventually distract people from poaching and will in return bring benefit back to the country’s wild life and the civilians.
Two. Having more offers in ranger quarters that would take in people that poached before and would tall the rangers how they used to trade and poach to help with the capturing of other traders and poachers.
e. This Organization will be Voluntary and no country will be forced, but all countries are encouraged to be members since it is a plan to raise the countries economy and affect the country and people positively.
4. Requests to have meeting that will encourage all countries to participate and exchange thoughts and give their opinions and practice freedom of speech. By this we can improve the organization by listening to new ideas.
5. Affirms that all poachers and ivory traders should be punished severely for:
a. Killing many animals and putting the species life in danger and putting it on the risk of being extinct.
b. Breaking the law, which completely band poaching, and ivory trading in 1989.
One. Trails within the country itself held by its courts.
Two. If it is a very significant case it will be passed on to the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
·If a person is found guilty he will be put in jail or he would have to pay a fee according to the judge’s decision. That money will be granted for the organization.
6. Further encourages the United Nations and all nations around the world to try to eliminate poaching and ivory trading, and
7. Resolves that WAPO should be granted additional funds form the UN.
8. Requests that all poachers and Ivory traders are to be put threw trail.
9. Fully Believing that all countries will cooperate in making this world a poaching free world where all animals can live an undisturbed life and secure a future full of natural wild life for coming generations by voting for this effective resolution that will try to minimize the killing results resulting from poaching.
Main Submitter: Ethiopia
Co-Submitter: IMF, India, Ukraine, Vietnam, North Korea
Issue: Measures to control population growth
Delegate: Sara Al-Dukair
Defining population as the people, or number of people living in an area,
Emphasizes that African woman still prefer large families and is alarmed with the fact that Ethiopia has an ideal family size of one with 5.3 children according to the 2000 CIA Factbook,
Aware of the point that the many African countries are having the fastest rates for population growth such as Nigeria, Egypt, Ethiopia – with a population growth of 3.9 per cent yearly according to the UNFP,
Noting with deep concern that the ten countries which will contribute most to world population growth over the next 30 years are India, China, Pakistan, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Indonesia, United States of America, Bangladesh, Zaire, and Iran,
Keeping in mind that the widespread poverty and recurring famine, the prevalence of unsafe abortion, and limited access to health services, have resulted in some of the highest maternal, infant, and child morbidity and mortality rates in Africa,
Recognizing the United Nations Population (UNFP), United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Center for International Health Information (CIHI), Economic Commission of Africa (ECA), and National Population Council (NPC), World Bank for their financial aid and their continuos projects to try to solve this issue,
1.Urges all nations to support the organiztions that help with a great deal of effort to reduce the danger of this problem by:
a. setting projects by the UN in all high populated countries to study the problem clearly,
b. sending financial aid,
2.Calls upon all nations to take the immediate action to aware all its citizens about the dangerous aspects of population growth, and especially the females,
3. Draws the attention that the issue of population growth is not very much related to resources (crops, agriculture, food, etc.) as much as it is to development and economic inequality,
4. Requests the immediate action into this issue before it can get out of hand and will affect the country’s economy, human, social, and environment sectors,
5. Applauding the World Bank and the United Nations Population (UNFP) for taking charge in all financial aid and expenses according to the UN site to try to solve this issue to:
a. be in charge of the clauses that need money for this resolution,
6.Resolves that the National Population Council (NOC) has to take a deal with the situation by setting more objectives such as:
a) Closing the gap between high population growth and low economic productivity through planned reduction of population growth and increasing economic returns by:
-limiting a reasonable number of children per couple,
-the use of birth control pills
-the use of contraceptives during parenting years
-the use of condemns
b) Expediting economic and social development processes through holistic integrated development programs designed to expedite the structural differentiation of the economy and employment,
c) Reducing the rate of rural to urban migration,
d) Maintaining/improving the carrying capacity of the environment by taking appropriate environmental protection/conservation measures,
e) Raising the economic and social status of women by:
-freeing them from the restrictions and drudgeries of traditional life
-making it possible for them to participate productively in the larger community,
- issuing guidelines on ways and means of financing family planning services,
f) Significantly improving the social and economic status of vulnerable groups (women, youth, children and the elderly),
-by involving them in community services,
7. Further Resolves that The National Population Council will be responsible for:
a) Developing specific policies and programs pertaining to population and development to be undertaken in the various sectors of the economy and creating conditions conducive to intersectoral collaboration,
b) To develop related information that is to be accessible to the general population by various governmental and non-governmental groups such as:
population growth percentage
statistics of the population
- a yearly count of many females, males are there and their ages
- a yearly/monthly death rate
c) Production of plans that take action in leading to:
- a significant reduction of the current high level of fertility as soon as possible
- recommending same for adoption by government,
Main Submitter: Federal Republic of Nigeria
Co-Submitters: Tunisia, Liberia, Kenya, Chad
Issue: Measures to control population growth
Student: Yousef Dashti
Defining population as "all of the people inhabiting a specified area",
Defining population growth as "the increase in the members of a species in a particular area",
Defining the UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) as an organization that helps developing countries find solutions to their population problems through funding and helping,
Aware of the fact that the most populated countries are the countries that are the poorest and least prepared,
Expressing Its Appreciation towards the UNFPA for its continuous effort in trying to stabilize population growth through their missions that is:
Ã. "Extend assistance to developing countries, countries with economies in transition and other countries at their request to help them address reproductive health and population issues."
B. "To ensure universal access to reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health, to all couples and individuals on or before the year 2015."
C. "Is guided by, and promotes, the principles of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (1994)."
D. "Convinced that meeting these goals will contribute to improving the quality of life and to universally accepted aim of stabilizing world population",
Draws the attention to the fact that the world population increases by 77 million per year,
Deeply concerned about the fact that the population has doubled since 1960 to reach a population of 6 billion according to the UNFPA sources,
Approves of the working model of China in which the amount of childbirths for each citizen is limited to help reduce the increasing population, and also applauds the very effective system that fines citizens for having more offspring than what is limited to the citizen,
Confident that if all countries cooperate with the UNFPA, the population crisis would eventually decrease dramatically within a short period of time,
Emphasizing that the United Nations should take effective measures to improve the UNFPA through various policies to help control the worlds increasing population rate,
1. Notes that the UNFPA began operation in 1969, and is the largest international source of population assistance with about a quarter of all population assistance from donor nations to developing countries is channeled through UNFPA;
2. Expressing its appreciation to all committees and countries for their help and support, and wish to resolve this issue within a short period of time;
3. Congratulates the UNPFA for its activities and programs that are helping decrease the rate of population growth;
4. Regrets that fact that some nations aren’t doing anything about their increasing population rate;
5. Further recommends that all countries worldwide should concentrate more on the issue of population growth;
6. Calls upon all countries to cooperate and join the UNFPA in order to control the rate of population growth before the year 2015 according to the UNFPA target;
7. Resolves that the UNFPA should increase its activities, programs, and responsibilities to further heights through various programs that include:
One. Increasing education throughout member countries and especially the most populated countries by:
i- Adding sex education classes to public and private schools.
ii- Lecture campaigns and awareness programs in schools and public places.
Two. Increase awareness through media programs that include:
Ã. Television advertisements.
B. Radio advertisements.
C. Street posters and signs;
8. Further resolves that the UNFPA will be responsible for providing member countries with diverse methods for safe sexual activities such as:
A. Providing condoms for all member countries to help achieve safe sexual activities by distributing them throughout community centres, first for free, and the then for a small amount of money.
B. Provide other birth control methods such as pills, etc, with the presentation differing from culture to culture;
9. Encourages the UNFPA, through research, to place a suggested limit to the amount of childbirths for citizens of each overpopulated country according to the population of that country. The country then may voluntarily employ this law; it does not have to. The law works in that if the limit of offspring allowed has been crossed, a monthly fine will be the result for a limited number of time until the offspring reaches 18 years of age;
10. Further recommends that any nation that joins this program be awarded with a grant from the World Bank that is equal to 2% of the country’s GDP. Countries that implement clause number 8 law will receive a further 2%.
11. Requests that the UNFPA should study the population problem of each country and then desirably decide on the appropriate next step that should be taken for the specific countries award of the grant from the World Bank.
12. Expresses its hope to a world with a controlled population rate that would help countries regain their power and overcome poverty that results from the overflow of the population.
Submitter: Nigeria (Nada Al Abduljader)
Co-Submitter: OAU (the Organization of African Unity)
Co-Signers: Chad, India, Vietnam
Commission: Human rights
Issue: The Question of capital punishment
Defining Capital Punishment as a "legal infliction of the death penalty"
Bearing in mind that murder rate in nations applying capital punishment has decreased by a rate of 85%.
Have studied the Old Testament of the bible and the holy Qur’an and found that they both state/believe that capital punishment is necessary to promote peace.
Recalling that, in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that the ideal of free human beings "enjoying freedom from fear", and therefore Capital Punishment must be put to action.
Taking into consideration that many nations such as our brother African Nations, China, the United States of America, and the Middle East nations use capital punishment as an important part of its laws and constitutions.
Fully believing that capital punishment will set an example of what will become of committers of high crimes.
Viewing with appreciation the study of the economist Stephen K. Layson, published in 1985, at the University of North Carolina that showed that every execution of a murderer deters, on average, 18 murders. The study also showed that raising the number of death sentences by one percent would prevent 105 murders.
Referring to an article written by "Richard Worchop" that states that death penalty has risen 80% since 1998 which clears that all nations should be concerned on applying capital punishment on high degree criminals.
Noting with regret that certain European and world nations do not employ capital punishment because of certain confusion that it is against human rights.
Welcoming all nations willing to support this resolution.
1- Draws the attention to the importance of the implementation of capital punishment in all nations.
2- Looks down upon the acts of nations who employ alternative sentencing on high degree criminals who deserve the death penalty.
3- Requests all nations that do not imply capital punishment to consider changing their constitution and voluntarily adding the death penalty law.
4- Further Requests countries that implement capital punishment to meet up in a summit with the countries that don’t, where there will be a clear presentation of the law to be held in Geneva in Switzerland on the 10th of January 2002
5- Resolves the formation of ICCA, International Criminal Court Agency, a sub committee within United Nations which will do the following:
1) Hire expert lawyers/ detectives that majored in criminal justices/investigations who will:
a) Study and investigate the cases of high degree criminals sent to the court by member countries.
b) Decide if the criminal is eligible to go through capital punishment, if so they search for reason (cause and effect) of the crime.
c) Choose an alternative sentencing if and only if there is a reasonable doubt of a criminal being innocent (after meticulous investigations on the case).
2) Set an arbitration committee in Geneve consisted of 12 experienced judges that will make a final decision on the criminal (taking into account the different laws according to the constitution / religion of each country) by:
a) Reading a report of the case submitted by the lawyers’/detectives’ studies and investigations against this criminal
b) Listening to what the criminal has to say
3) Send the punishment’s decision to the criminal’s member country’s ministry of justice, so that they would apply the capital punishment on the alleged criminal.
6- Expresses its hopes that all countries present in this event will vote for this resolution on the question of capital punishment that will promote peace and justice in the world.
Submitted by: OAU
Delegate: Khaled al- Rubie
Committee: Human rights
Question of: Child warfare
Defining child warfare as taking advantage of children and using them in wars,
Noting that in 1989, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a special human rights convention for children. It states that all children around the world have a right to good food, shelter, education, play and the right to say what they think and to be listened to, and the right to protection from abuse,
Disgusted that families and children are getting caught in crossfire and are sometimes specific targets. Killing adults is not enough; future generations must also be eliminated,
Noting the reasons why children are in wars:
A) They are easier to intimidate and they do as they are told. And they do not demand salaries,
B) Children who have grown up surrounded by violence see this as a permanent way of life. Alone, orphaned, frightened, bored and frustrated, they will often finally choose to fight. In the Philippines, which has suffered for decades from war, many children have become soldiers as soon as they enter their teens,
C) Modern weapons are simple to use, inexpensive and light; an AK-47 can be stripped and reassembled by a child of 10. In one African country an AK-47 costs no more than 6 US dollars each,
D) Joining an army may also be the only way to survive,
Pointing out that many children suffer appalling violence as soldiers, but even those who remain 'civilians' can be subjected to horrific experiences. Anything that can be done to adults, however monstrous, can also be done on children,
1 Resolves forming the UNACW, the UN against child warfare, which will:
a. Emphasize on increasing awareness not only around the world but especially in countries where violence is something normal through:
i. Educating students in schools
ii. TV commercials and in magazines
iii. Street posters and in places where children often visit
iv. Sending representatives to schools and explaining to them that a 10-year-old soldier is not something natural, and will try to help children be more aware and not to be intimidated
b. Giving children psychological help so they can cope with the trauma of war;
i. Restricting usage of weapons to minors by:
ii. Stopping illegal weapon trafficking; increasing guards on the borders of countries where weapons can easily be reached
iii. Make weapons more expensive
iv. Financial aid for countries which have this problem to give them the money to solve this problem independently
c. Give children the best alternative than joining an army, education
2 Appalled that recent developments in warfare have significantly heightened the dangers for children. During the last decade, the UNICEF has estimated that child victims have included:
a) 2 million killed,
b) 4-5 million disabled,
c) 12 million left homeless,
d) More than 1 million orphaned or separated from their parents,
e) Some 10 million psychologically traumatized,
3 Urges all nations to approve of the UNACW because of the importance of this issue;
4 Condemns some countries that don’t have this problem for neglecting this issue.
Delegation: The republic of India
Delegate: Mohammed Al-Essa
Forum: General Assembly
Question of: Freedom of speech and the control of racism, pornography, terrorism, and incitement to violence on the Internet.
Defining racism as, "discrimination based on the belief that some races are by nature superior,"
Defining pornography as, "depiction of erotic behavior meant chiefly to cause sexual excitement,"
Defining terrorism as, "regular covert warfare to make terror for supporting bullying,"
Defining freedom of speech as, "freedom of expression and one of the most fundamental right that individual enjoy it is fundamental to the extances of democracy and the respect of human dignity it is also one of the most dangerous right because freedom of"
Acknowledges the fact that several countries have banned certain websites because of either political or religious reasons,
Aware freedom of speech on the Internet is being violated,
Seeking the rights of individual on the internet,
1. Calls upon member states to take effective measures to not violate human right on the Internet and freedom of speech.
2 Further recommends protecting human rights over the Internet, and not blocking erotic websites.
3. Draws the attention to the violating of rights and freedom of speech in the Internet, which will result in the near future result in gradually decreasing human rights around the world.
4. Trusts all internet service providers such as (Providers of commercial Internet access) and services (wizard IT Service) to not violate human right on the internet by not blocking the racist, pornography, and terrorism website since they are in no connection or right to have the authority to block sites.
5. Congratulates countries like the United States Of America for not violating human right on the Internet and wishes countries to follow the United states action on not violating human right and freedom of speech.
6. Condemns nations that have censored sites on the internet since it is the freedom of speech and the right of every human being
7. Further resolves that all member states take action to not to violate human right on the Internet by
a. Implementing the declaration of human right, which states that each individual has freedom of speech and action, and this includes porn, racism, and violence on the Internet.
b. Checking websites that have been censored or banned; after the implementation of clause seven sub-clause a. and come up with a punishment fit for the violation and the freedom of speech and the control of racism, pornography, terrorism, and incitement to violence on the Internet.
8. Expresses its hope that all nations and the UN will take measured step and try to achieve freedom of speech and rights on the Internet
Delegate: Khalid Al-Humaidhi
Committee: Human Rights
Issue: Question of Prison Overcrowding
Signers: India, Vietnam, OAU, Nigeria.
Defining prison over crowding as a situation in which the number of prisoners exceeds the capacity of the prison.
Regrets that prison over crowding leads to:
a) Starvation, because of lack of food,
b) Diseases, because of the poor maintenance of prison and lack of medicine and medical aids,
c) Sexual harassment;
Deeply Concerned with the fact that prison over crowding is increasing in especially African regions;
Noting With Appreciation that the ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross) have been cooperating in trying to minimize the amount of prison overcrowding in the world, by upgrading prison facilities;
Noting the reason for prison over crowding:
i) Insufficient funding to build new prison facilities with better organization.
1. Draws Attention to the fact that prison over crowding has been increasing yearly 12%.
2. Urges all countries to cooperate with the ICRC and help with all means possible in solving the issue of prison over crowding.
3. Requests that the UN gives financial aid to the ICRC so it will be easier to get rid of prison overcrowding.
4. Resolves that the ICRC sends specialized teams to countries with high rates of prison overcrowding, and they will be in charge of:
a. Checking the maintenance and health of the prisons.
b. Checking the food supply and the medical facilities in comparison to the prisons inmate capacity.
c. Checking the management of the prisons and make changes to the management if necessary.
d. Writing a financial report to be able to manage the ICRC’s budget so that they will be able to upgrade the defaults in prison facilities.
5. Looks Down Upon all countries that do not cooperate with the ICRC to end the issue of prison overcrowding worldwide.
Main Submitter: Ethiopia
Co-Submitters: Tunisia, Nigeria
Question of: Implementation of the UN Program on HIV/AIDS
Co-Submitters: Tunisia, Nigeria
Author: Latifa Ben Essa
Defining AIDS as "acquired immune deficiency syndrome in which certain cells of the body’s immune system are destroyed by a virus, and the patient acquires a life-threatening disease",
Defining HIV as human immunodeficiency virus and a retrovirus that causes AIDS by infecting helper T cells of the immune system;
Defining UNAIDS as "the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS cosponsored by seven UN organizations-UNICEF (UN Children’s Fund), UNDP (UN Development Programme), UNDCP (UN Drug Control Programme), UNFPA (UN Populations Fund), UNESCO (UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), WHO (World Health Organization) and the World Bank, which includes a Geneva-based secretariat and the seven co-sponsors working with governments, civil society, other international organizations, communities and people living with AIDS."
Gravely concerned that despite continued improved efforts by UNAIDS, HIV/Aids is still a challenge to the world,
Noting with deep concern that at the end of 2000, 38.1 million people worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS, 90 per cent in developing countries and 75 per cent in sub-Saharan Africa, according to statistics at the UNAIDS-UN discussion.
Noting with grave concern that Africa is currently the worst-affected region, where HIV/AIDS threatens development, social stability and security and life expectancy and imposes a devastating economic burden,
Taking into consideration the fact that in Asia 6,800,000; in Latin America, 2,400,000; in North America 960,000; in North Africa and the Middle East 700,000; in Western Europe 750,000; East Asia and the Pacific 840,000; in Eastern Europe and Central China 900,000; and in South and South East Asia, 7,800,000 people were infected by HIV/ Aids at the end of 2000 according to the UN-UNAIDS Statistics 2000.
Realizing that "both a vaccine and a cure remain indefinable, and there are no quick technological `fixes' to prevent new infections or the consequence from the millions of infections to date." (UNAIDS World Aids Campaign 2001)
Expressing its appreciation towards the largest donors to UNAIDS-The United States, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark.
1. Calls upon all countries to adopt effective measures to strengthen and support an extended response aimed at preventing the transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS, and lessening the impact of the epidemic.
2. Supports the efforts of member states who have acknowledged the growing epidemic of HIV/ Aids
3. Affirms member states that UNAIDS has four roles that apply to its activities in countries:
a) Policy Development and Research: a major source of international practice to promote and support relevant research on HIV/AIDS.
b) Support: provides selected technological support targeted at strengthening national capability for an expanded response to HIV/AIDS.
c) Support by speaking out and promoting a complete, multicultural response to HIV/AIDS that is technologically, ethically and advantageously good, and is provided with adequate resources.
d) Coordination by organizing and rationalizing action by the cosponsors.
4. Further resolves that the UN create a new branch to the organization UNAIDS which is to be called UNPTO (UNAIDS Prevention and Treatment Organization) that focuses on prevention, reduction, care and treatment of HIV/Aids by:
a) Access to various culturally acceptable prevention strategies and products by creating anonymous HIV testing sites, needle exchanges and condom distribution programs delivered through public health units and community clinics
b) Promotion of appropriate prevention education, including sex and gender education, for youth in and out of school by:
-Updating and developing curriculum material to meet current standards
-Provide training of teachers in sex education
-Establish and maintain sexual health clinic services in school-based communities to meet the needs of young people
c) Specific risk-reduction activities for and in association with the most vulnerable populations, such as groups at high risk of sexual transmission (Sub-Saharan Africa in particular with 75% of the population infected with HIV/AIDS)
d) The safety of blood and blood products by checking the blood for infected diseases or viruses with specific equipment used in the medical field, and if the blood is not checked by certain doctors, than each country according to its cultural and ethical beliefs deal with that specific doctor in its own ways.
e) Strengthen primary health care systems as a basis for prevention and care, and ensure reasonable access to inclusive care and available medical (AZT) and scientific techniques ("the annual cost of basic care and treatment for a person with HIV can be as much as two to three times the annual per capita gross domestic product in developing countries.")
f) Mother-to-child transmission by
-Having access to AZT Prophylaxis (a medicine used to treat HIV infection and to prevent transmission of HIV from a pregnant woman to her child) in all areas in the world
-Urging mothers not to breastfeed their babies by discussing the transmission of HIV from mother to child by national awareness and education.
-Having free access to Caesarean delivery in all hospitals in the world for women infected with HIV since the risk of transmission is reduced if the baby is delivered by planned caesarean section, rather than by vaginal delivery.
5. Draws the attention that external debt and debt servicing problems have significantly undermined the capability of many developing countries to finance the fight against HIV/Aids
6. Urges international aid finance to the least developed countries struggling with the growing epidemic of HIV/AIDS by eliminating the debt burden of the undeveloped countries since the amount already given is insufficient and unable to meet local requirements;
7. Expresses its hope that the significant problem of HIV/Aids, with international help and cooperation, decreases.
8. Fully believes that all nations will vote for the passing of this resolution.
Question of: Implementation of the UN program on Human Immunodeficiency.
Main Submitter: India
Co-Submitters: North Korea and Vietnam.
Author: Zooman Al Mesbah
Defining HIV as a retrovirus that causes AIDS by infecting helper T cells of the immune system.
Adding that HIV infects humans from sex, infected blood or from infected drugs’ injections. For example 78% of the infected people by Aids in India are from heterosex. Other people are infected from blood transfusion, homosex and other things.
Noting significantly that AIDS causes huge health, social and economical problems,
Fully concerned on the people that are infected by AIDS around the world, and understanding the fact that they need a special care in the community. Also understanding that medical care is expensive and most of them don’t have the ability of being cured,
Encouraging the efforts of all organizations and societies that help governments in dealing with AIDS. Non governmental organizations (NGO) are needed to help the governments in dealing with Aids. NGO are needed to help governments with building medical facilities and other things,
Thanking the great efforts done by Joints United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). UNAIDS had effective efforts in India that made India’s government thank this organization. UNAIDS take care of helping countries in solving the AIDS’ issue,
Deeply appreciate governments that cooperate with the UN to eliminate Aids infections,
Stating that by cooperation and putting the world’s benefits in front of us all good things can happen,
1. Prevents the spread of HIV infection and reduce personal and social impact by using media to:
a) Encourage people to do the HIV test.
b) Make people be aware that they may be effected by Aids after sex.
c) Give the infected people the hope of getting cured.
2. Supports Non Governmental Organizations to take part in solving the problem by encouraging NGOs to help governments. If NGOs cooperate successfully with governments they must be awarded so they can continue their work successfully.
3. Promotesa more supportive socio-economic environment for prevention of HIV/AIDS by:
a) Increasing UNAIDS budget, which have effective efforts in a lot of countries.
4. Prevents women, children and other socially weak groups from becoming vulnerable to HIV infection by improving health education, legal status and economic prospects.
5. Provides proper health care both in the hospitals and at homes for the care and support of people ill with AIDS by cooperating with NGOs’.
6. Resolved to establish a branch from the UNAIDS program called UNAIDSST (UNAIDS Special Treatment) for countries that ask the UN for extra help that concerns AIDS issue. This branch must be supervised under UNAIDS. The branch must do the following for countries that need help:
a) Send people with experience selected by the UNAIDS to study the country’s problems with Aids.
b) Selected people must come out with ways to solve the problems.
7. Asks the UN to think more about AIDS because rate of infection by HIV is increasing rapidly in countries. The UN should have a special meeting that concerns the issue of AIDS only.
Delegate: Shadi Alsuwayeh
Issue: Child Labor
Concerned with the fact that some children are doing labor instead of getting a good education in school,
Reminds all nations that children are unfit not only mentally but also physically to do market labor,
Congratulates all countries that have put a lot of effort in trying to minimize and stop this way of living,
Deeply concerned with the fact that some countries are ignoring this serious problem,
1. Urges all countries to unite together in helping other countries get rid of youth employment;
2. Congratulates all counties that are doing something to stop the exploitation of children in the labor market;
3. Encourages more countries to participate and the countries the are participating to keep on participating in solving this serious issue;
4. Condemns all countries that are not taking care of children exploited in market labor;
5. Resolves that the U.N sends a specialized team to all countries that have a high rate of exploitation of children in the labor market and they will be in charge of:
a) Checking that the government is taking measures to eliminate this problem,
b) Help the government in anyway to put an end to this issue,
c) They will also have to report to the Security Council if the government is doing something or not;
6. Further resolves that the Security Council takes some measures and gives consequences to countries governments that don’t co-operate and try to stop this issue.
7. Asks the WSSD (World Summit For Social Development) that policies should seek to guarantee all youth constructive option for their future by:
a) Providing equal access to education, with literacy as a priority and with special attention to girls,
b) Encouraging the struggle against illiteracy and promoting literacy in national languages in developing countries, in particular in Africa.
c) Encouraging various actors to join in designing and carrying comprehensive and coordinated programs that stimulate the resourcefulness of youth,
d) Ensuring the participation of youth, commencing at their age and responsibility, in planning and decision-making with regard to their future;
8. Strongly Urges all countries to donate financially to help come to a solution for child employment.