Nouf Al Fraih: Ambassador, SocialKhalid Shahroor, Disarmament Fahed Al-Sultan Environment
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Kenya's constitution was introduced at independence on 12 December 1963. It has been amended several times. Amendments established in 1964 made the country a democratic republic within the Commonwealth of Nations. It has an adapted parliamentary form of government. However, although it is a democratic republic, it isn’t quiet so.
Authority in Kenya is exercised by a president, elected for a five-year term by popular vote. A vice president and a cabinet are chosen by the president from members of the National Assembly, the legislative branch of government. The assembly consists of 188 directly elected members, the attorney general, the speaker, and 10 members who are nominated by the president. The judiciary is headed by a High Court, consisting of a chief justice and at least 30 High Court judges and judges of Kenya's Court of Appeal (no associate judges), all appointed by the president. The government is based on English common law, tribal law, and Islamic law; judicial review in High Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
Since independence, Kenya has maintained incredible stability despite changes in its political system and crises in neighboring countries. Particularly since the re-emergence of multi-party democracy, Kenyans have enjoyed an increased degree of freedom.
The current Kenyan president is Daniel Toroitich Arap Moi. Kenya is now focusing on the succession of President Moi, whose current term expires in December 2002. The government has limited opponent party activities as the 2002 elections draw near. The elections have been complicated by a stalled constitutional review process and uncertainty about President Moi's intentions regarding a third term in office.
Kenya's main natural resource is its land, of which eight percent is currently cultivated. Almost all of the agricultural land is located in the south, as the northern two-thirds of the country is mostly desert or semidesert. Kenya does not have significant mineral deposits. Forests constitute approximately 2 percent of Kenya's land area. Kenya's rivers provide hydroelectricity. Other natural resources include gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower
The population of Kenya (1996 estimate) is about 28,176,286. About 75 percent of the people live in rural areas. The population of Kenya is estimated to be about 40 percent Protestant, 30 percent Roman Catholic, and 6 percent Muslim. The remaining 24 percent of the people are followers of traditional religions, and all though there are many religions, not one of them conflicts with are, as all have nothing but respect to the other.
Kenya has many ethnic, racial groups as well as many minorities. In the mid 1990’, just before the elections, a few violent acts were committed, and they continued to erupt until the late 1990’s. However none of these violent acts were committed in recent years, and the ethnic groups are back to their stable relations with each other.
Nearly all the African ethnic groups in Kenya have their own language. Swahili is the official language of Kenya, and English was added as Kenya’s other official language later during the changes in the constitution in the early 1990;s. Kikuyu, Luo, and Asian languages such as Hindi are also used. Education is not necessary in Kenya, and the government provides the first eight years of primary school free.
In the traditional society, tribes or ethnic groups were normally dominated by geographical region and common culture. A deep sense of kinship has been on of the strongest forces in traditional society. It is kinship that controls social relationships between people in a given community. In traditional like the individual does not and cannot exist alone. He owns his existence to other people, even those to the past generations. Whatever happens to the individual happens to the whole group and vice versa. Therefore, the individual can only say: " I am, because we are; and since we are, therefore I am."
Agriculture is a big part of Kenya’s culture. For it is Kenya’s rich fauna and flora that made them famous for the safaris. Arts & Crafts is also a part of it’s culture, for they were known for there handwork goods, such as baskets, beaded and carved jewelry, statues, and also woven goods. Storytelling was also widespread in the olden days.
Kenya does not have a very strong army, or a very large army. Kenya’s army is very small, and not a-lot of money gets spent to improve it. The Military consists of three major parts, which are the army, the navy, and the air force. Kenya also has another defense branch, which is the GSUP (general security unit of the police).
The manpower available is very low, and is also certified between age limits, which are 15-49 years old. The availability of the manpower is 7,482,095 (2000-estimate CIA factbook) but the fit manpower available is only 4,631,987 (2000-estimate CIA factbook). Even though Kenya’s military is small, it is quiet good as proved in their war against Uganda. The money spent on the military branches is $197 million (1998 and 1999), which ads up to 1.9% of the GDP.
Kenya is situated right along the equator, on the eastern coast of the African continent. Its coastal region is on the southeast, and to the east lies Somalia. Ethiopia is to the north, the Sudan to the northwest, and Uganda directly to the west. The southwestern border of the country is marked by Lake Victoria, and southward lies Tanzania. Kenya’s geography is marvelously varied. While much of northeastern Kenya is flat, bush-covered plain, the remainder of the country encompasses pristine beaches, scenic highlands and lake regions, the Great Rift Valley, and the magnificent Mount Kenya.
Although Kenya’s varied environments experiences a wide variety of climate conditions, the temperature remains comfortably warm year-round. Much of Kenya’ experiences heavy rainfall from March through May and to lesser extent, from October through December. The best time for most outdoor activities (including safari and mountain climbing) is during the dry season (June- September)
Views on world problems:
Kenya is a totally peacekeeping nation, although from time to time revolts happen in the country, Kenya at the UN is considered a peacekeeper. Kenya is a permanent participant in the many peacekeeping operations, which are controlled by the United Nations. It joined the West African peacekeeping force in Liberia (1990). In 1963 Kenya got its independence, and shortly after joined the United Nations. Kenya is recently having greater relationships with the UN, and is participating in any world problem. Kenya is also a member of all the following organizations: ACP, IFAD, ITU, AfDB, IFC, MINURSO, CCC, IFRCS, MONUC, EADB, IGAD, NAM, ECA, ILO, OAU, FAO, IMF, OPCW, G-77, IMO, UN, IAEA, Inmarsat, UNAMSIL, IBRD, Intelsat, UNCTAD, ICAO, Interpol, UNESCO, ICFTU, IOC, UNIDO, ICRM, IOM, UNIKOM, IDA, ISO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, WCL, WToO, UNMOP, WHO, WtrO, UNU, WIPO, UPU, WMO.
Despite internal tensions in Sudan and Ethiopia, Kenya has maintained good relations with its northern neighbors. Recent relations with Uganda and Tanzania have improved as the three countries work for mutual economic benefit. The lack of a cohesive government in Somalia prevents normal contact with that country. Kenya serves as the major host for refugees from turmoil in Somalia. Kenya maintains a moderate profile in Third World politics. Kenya serves as a major host for refugees from Somalia and Sudan and currently has troops in three UN peacekeeping operations.
Kenya's relations with Western countries are generally friendly, although current political and economic instabilities are often blamed on Western pressures.
The United States and Kenya have enjoyed cordial relations since Kenya's independence. More than 6,000 U.S. citizens live in Kenya, and as many as 35,000 Americans visit Kenya annually. U.S. assistance to Kenya promotes broad-based economic development as the basis for continued progress in political, social, and related areas of national life. U.S. aid strategy is designed to achieve four major objectives--reduced population growth, increased agricultural productivity, increased role of private enterprise in the economy, and civic education to expand the knowledge of democratic institutions. It focuses on small farmers and the rural landless, a group that comprises more than four-fifths of Kenya's poorest citizens and accounts for about one-quarter of the population. The U.S. Peace Corps has more than 165 volunteers in Kenya.
Other Kenyan alliances are Uganda, Egypt, Germany, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Japan and India, as it is a major trading partner to them.
Kenya is well places to serve as an engine of growth in East Africa, but its economy is "vegetating" because of poor management and uneven pledge to reform. The independent government was faced with many challenges revolving around the basic problems of economic development. The new government immediately implemented various economic policies and incentives which were intended to transform the structure of the economy to enable Africans to participate fully and productive in the economic activities. To attract foreign investment, the government enacted the Foreign Investment Protection Act (FIPA) in 1964 which guarantees the investor the right to transfer profits, dividends and capital out of Kenya. As to inside Kenya the government gave many incentives, appropriate pricing policies, extension services for crop, and financial aid to help both small and large-scale farmers.
Between 1974 and 1990, however, Kenya's economic performance declined. Inappropriate agricultural policies, inadequate credit, and poor international terms of trade contributed to the decline in agriculture.
From 1991 to 1993, Kenya had its worst economic performance since independence. Growth in GDP stagnated, and agricultural production shrank at an annual rate of 3.9%. Inflation reached a record 100% in August 1993, and the government's budget deficit was over 10% of GDP.
The Government of Kenya took some positive steps on reform, including the 1999 establishment of the Kenyan Anti-Corruption Authority, and measures to improve the transparency of government procurements and reduce the government payroll. In July 2000, the IMF signed a $150 million Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and the World Bank followed suit shortly after with a $157 million Economic and Public Sector Reform credit. By early 2001, however, the pace of reform appeared to be slowing again, and the IMF and World Bank programs were in abeyance as the government failed to meet its commitments under the programs.
The exports of Kenya are 2.2 billion dollars, which consist of tea, coffee, horticultural products, petroleum products and are exported to Uganda, Tanzania, United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Egypt, South Africa, United States. Kenya’s imports are 3.3 billion dollars of which it imports machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, iron and steel from the UK., Japan, South Africa, Germany, United Arab Emirates, Italy, India, France, United States, Saudi Arabia. This goes against Kenya’s economy because its imports are greater than its exports, which creates a 1.1 billion loss each year. To make things worse Kenya is in debt of 6.5 billion dollars externally.
The population growth rate is 1.53% which is greater than the GDP growth rate which is 1.5%,. Which comes back at Kenya with a minor loss. Kenya’s currency is a Kenyan shilling. 1 US dollar is equal to 73.943 Kenyan Shillings.
Kenya has known the presence of humankind since the very earliest development of our species. Moreover, the region has long been a migratory path, passed through by wave upon wave of people from all over Africa, and later from the Middle East as well. By the 10th century or so, the region had developed its own lingua franca, Swahili, which is a Bantu Language heavily overlaid with Arabic.
With the arrival of the Portuguese at the end of the 15th century, the East African coastal region was for a time dominated by the Europeans. However in 1729 the Portuguese were expelled to be replaces by two Arab dynasties. Arab rule lasted until the end of the 18th century, when Kenya passed into the British sphere of influence. The country became independent in 1963. Independence was, to the majority of people, expected to be a turning point. The Africans, the majority expected a reversal of all things in their favor. For the European settlers who had enjoyed everything in the pre-uhuru governments, there was fear and uncertainty over their future. Kenyatta, one of Kenya’s former leaders, knew that independence was not really the end of the struggle, but the beginning. The hopes of millions of Kenyans for a new way of life and better standards of living would not be easy to fulfill. The slogan "Harambee" was given to Kenyan workers for the purposes of national development. Kenyatta likened the task ahead of the new nation to that of workers with a burden which would only be overcome by working together to successfully heave up or put together their heavy load. The workers successfully did their work spurred on by the rallying cry of "Harambee".
A major political development occurred which affected the business
language of Parliament. In 1975, Swahili was made the language of the House. It was to last up to 1979 when it was amended to use both Swahili and English languages.
In 1977 the East Africa Community collapsed as there was a cold war in East Africa, whilst 1982 was noted for an ineffectual coup involving the Air Force section of the Armed Forces. The one - party state was legalized by section 2A of the constitution that was passed by Parliament where no other political party could be legally formed in the country.
After Independence, Kenyatta chose his ministers from different tribes to balance the interests. Tribalism was to be a thing of the past. He also had to win the support of White settlers as the economy depended on their exports. He put an end to the policy of regionalism that is of developing each area and its inhabitants separately and instead placed the central government offices in Nairobi.
Land reform was introduced giving small areas of land to a large number of African farmers who did not have farms. This was from Europeans who left Kenya. By so doing, he hoped to reform the way the nation's land by creating many small but economically workable farms for Africans. Kenya had experienced its share of internal and external strife, however it has in recent years been moving toward a more stable, and multi-party political system, hopefully for a better future.
Policy Statements Kenya
Issue#1: Promotion and protection of the rights of children and youth.
Kenya tries its utmost to promote the protection of the rights of children and youth. Kenya developed a system of free education after independence, however it gave up to a system of "cost-sharing" in which the students pay the tuition and other costs. That is a heavy burden for most families, and therefore this results in a heavy dropout rate. Even the school’s medical or health care system that used to provide periodic medical checkups and free milk now appears to be completely defunct.
Economics displacement and population growth continues to fuel the problem of homeless street children. These children are often involved in theft, drug trafficking, assault, trespass, and property damage. Children also tend to face harassment as well as physical and sexual abuse from the police and within the juvenile justice system simply because they are poor and homeless.
Although Kenya’s children rights aren’t that stable, it is trying, however it’s utmost to improve them. Kenya strongly supports the promotion and protection of the rights of children and youth. Kenya is a strong supporter of the rights of children, for it realizes that our youth is our future. Kenya would accept any law that will take effective measures and action to better the situation of this issue around the world, especially in Kenya and other African countries. Kenya strongly believes that this issue should be taken seriously, and effective measures must be taken to improve the situation of the rights of children and youth.
Issue#2: Questions of capital punishment prison overcrowding and alternate sentencing.
Prison overcrowding is a complex problem, which represents a major challenge to prison administrations and the criminal justice system as a whole. Kenya is aware of the fact that prison overcrowding may result in outbreaks of violence in prisons, a development that could pose a grave threat to law and order. It could also create conflicts between prison inmates. Prisoners in overcrowded prisons are subjected to inadequate water, poor diet, substandard bedding, and deficient health care. Many prisoners die from heart attacks, malaria, typhoid fever, dysentery, tuberculosis, and AIDS.
Kenya, unfortunately, has been suffering all of this. The country’s 78 prisons are severely overcrowded, ranging from 35% to 100%, above capacity. Some facilities, like the Nairobi Remand Prison, are overcrowded by several hundred percent. Men and woman, can children are kept in separate cells. However, there are reports of men and women being placed in cells together, and youths (as young as early teenagers) are frequently kept in cells with adults due to the over capacity.
Kenya strongly believes that Capital punishment should be implemented in all countries. Kenya believes that by applying Capital Punishment crime rate will decrease since it deters other murders, and that in fact it has proven to decrease the criminal rate. Kenya also believes that Prisons shouldn’t be overcrowded since it leads to many harms, like inadequate water, poor diet, substandard bedding, and other psychological problems, instead, alternative sentencing should be taken. It has been studied that forst time criminals actually become better criminals by going to jail, therefore alternative sentencing would be better to the first time criminal, and to the society.
Issue#3: Limitations and restrictions on the right of freedom of speech with regard to the restriction of coverage of military and police actions.
Although Kenya’s constitution provides for freedom of speech and of the press, the government has interpreted broadly several existing colonial-era laws to limit free expression. It has used these laws to prevent speakers from criticizing the government. Some independent periodicals report that the business community is under pressure from the government refraining from advertising in their magazines. In spite of all the pressure, the press, civic organizations, and the opposition continued to present their views to the public, particularly in print media. However, government pressure leads journalists to practice some self-censorship.
On the whole, however, the print media remained candid and independent, despite continued government pressure and harassment. The largest newspaper, The Nation, is independent and publishes articles critical of government policies.
In recent years, the relations between the media and the government have greatly improved in recent years. Even when government officials have requested the independent press to suppress damaging articles, the final decision has been left to the editors.
Despite constitutional provisions for free speech, both school administrators and security forces circumscribe academic freedom. Administrators and security forces frequently take harsh action against even peaceful student demonstration forcefully and sometimes arrest students. Student leaders report that they are sometimes threatened by government security forced. Kenya restrictions on the right of freedom of speech with regard to the restriction of coverage of military and police actions, it is trying to improve the situation and hope to take measuring effects in doing so, and abide by their constitution.
Issue#4: Use of children in warfare.
Kenya doesn’t believe in using children for warfare. Kenya’s army and other defense branches’ minimum limit age are at the age of eighteen, after graduating from high school. Kenya believes that the children should be educated first, and then serve the country if they wish to. Kenya has some wars in the past since independence, but it never used children and doesn’t intend to do so in the future. For Kenya believes that the future are in the children’s’ hands.
Issue#5: Economic migrancy into developed nations.
Kenya doesn’t mind economic migrancy into developed nations. For one thing it reduces the population in underdeveloped and developing nations, where the population is much higher, and there are less job opportunities. Kenya also believed that the developed nations might need labor in their country since they have a wide range of job opportunities and job positions, whether in factories or business firms. Kenya believes that migrancy to developed nations benefits both developed and developing nations.
Issue #1: Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.
Nuclear states is more clearly defined as a state that has mass production of nuclear weapons, and not a state that owes a few nuclear warheads. Non-nuclear states on the other hand are states were only a few or no nuclear weapons are present, and the country can’t protect itself against a nuclear attack. For example in 1945 in the second world war America not only threatened Japan but actually dropped two nuclear warheads on two different targets, and Japan then was considered as a non-nuclear state so it couldn’t do a thing, and since 1945 the nuclear warheads negative affect is still present. Kenya for these reasons is very well aware of the danger of a nuclear threat to a non-nuclear state.
Kenya is well aware of what nuclear threats, or even attacks can do, and especially when they come from a nuclear warhead possessing country. Kenya also is well aware of the danger a nuclear warhead can cause, and therefore is very afraid of the outcomes of a nuclear war. Kenya would like to suggest that each country should at least have one nuclear warhead so that if a threat does arise it will be ready. Kenya would also like to suggest to the nuclear countries to limit the number of nuclear warheads built since it scares the non-nuclear countries, and has really negative outcomes.
Issue #2: The relationship between disarmament and development.
The relationship between disarmament and development is clear, and that is that the more money spent on disarmament, the less a country develops economically, and socially. Since there are so many poor, or developing countries, and the price of defense materials is high, then the country would have to spend a lot of money on defensive material, and that would affect how much money is left for the use of the countries development. In some cases when countries receive war threats, they tend to put more money into buying defensive materials, and therefore take money out of the country budget for development. The country would eventually loose more economy and loose much more money to be given to people in that country.
Kenya iwell aware of this relationship since it ha been in a familiar relationship before when it was in war. Kenya is also aware that this could lead to more poverty in the country, and also loss of economic growth. Kenya also notices that when such things happen the economy has a tend to flip from a rising and stable economy, towards an unstable and decreasing economy. This relationship has an affect on many countries in modern days, and its affects today are much more severe than those of any relationship that has anything to do with economy.
Issue #3: Compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti Ballistic Missile systems.
Ballistic missiles are a problem in our daily world. A very good example, which is happening recently, is the Ukrainian missile, which hit the Russian airplane, and they had no intention of doing such a thing. Although ballistic missiles can cause problems, they are the only forms of defense to have in a poor country, which can’t afford nuclear warheads and undetected missiles. Anti-ballistic missile systems can make a poor country poorer, and force it to spend extra money on expensive missiles, which do not get detected with these systems. These systems also have a negative affect since their accuracy level is low, and that could be considered as a waste of money to some countries.
Kenya is aware of what might happen if theses systems are released, and therefore notes that these systems are a total waste of countries economic growth money, and have no exact advantages. Some countries might buy these systems to protect themselves, but the only countries who can afford them are the countries who have the missiles themselves, and therefor the poorer countries are now unarmed properly, unsafe, and unable to protect themselves due to the low economy rate of the country.
Issue #4: Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms.
In the modern days illegal trafficking of nearly anything is now present. Illegal trafficking of drugs, alcohol, and even firearms. The illegal trafficking of firearms means when one or a group of people steel firearms from a place, or buy them cheap, and then sell them to gangs, and terrorist group with gaining interest. This problem has become really visible in our daily life, since people own guns as if they were sold on the street. These firearms are causing mischief and murder in all the countries of the wold, weather they are developed, or developing.
Kenya believes this is a problem since natives, or citizens of a country get killed under no circumstance what so ever, and therefore leading to fights, and also leading to mischief inside the country, and outside of it. Kenya would like to suggest some ways of reducing trafficking, and the sale of such firearms. Kenya suggests that more police should be put on the force, and that their salary should be raised especially in countries were firearm trafficking is high, and also suggests that no one is allowed o buy a firearm except with permission from the country police force.
Issue #5: Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.
International security means not only the security of one nation, but also the security of all the nations together, and from what? From the terrorists, and gang members or spies who have a tendency to ruin peoples lives, and ruins a nations future. A good example could be the September 11th attacks were over 6500 innocent Americans were killed for no reason at all, and that not only caused internal mischief, but international and worldwide problems. If there was better telecommunication between countries and themselves, then the number of such attacks could decrease randomly, and the nation would be safer, and the world also as well.
Kenya sees that it is important for a country to communicate with another country so that vague things between those countries are settled, and are also becoming understandable issue. These issues could talk about danger coming towards a country, or how the countries could help protect each other from wars, and the list keeps going on. Hence it is important to have international communication between countries, and by having communication increase, the world would become much safer.
Issue#1: Use of Herbicides and defoliants in drug control programs
Kenya strongly supports the use of herbicides and defoliants in control programs and will help with all it effort. Kenya is a strong supporter of a drug free environment and will help in any way possible. As know drugs are very rarely found grown in Kenya, but with that, drugs are found all over the world and are fought against very strongly. Therefore, it must be stopped very fast and Kenya would accept any law that has to do with drug control and would implement it in Kenya. We, all the nations of the world should rise as on voice and eliminate drugs around the world and make drug traders pay a great price. Kenya strongly believes that this issue should be taken seriously, and strongly supports it and will do anything to prevent it.
Issue#2: Ratification and implementation of the Kyoto Protocol
Kenya will assist the Kyoto Protocol in trying to decrease the green house gases. We Kenya do not have that much industrial production but are willing to give as much as we can to make the world a better place to live. Pollution is destroying the world and sooner or latter we will have to live people in the Stone Age. Kenya is willing to do anything to secure a better future for the up coming generations. Kenya strongly urges all countries to take into consideration what is happening around the world, and Kenya strongly believes in and supports the Kyoto Protocol.
Issue#3: Land reform policies
Kenya in the Past have had deals and promises with the minority of white people in our country and will work to keep this promise and would do its best to assist all countries whom are willing to do the same. Kenya strongly supports the land reform policies, since it has some of its own. Kenya thinks that the minority of white people should have their right of have lands to own and construct. This policy should have effect around the world.
Issue#4: Measures to control population growth
Kenya does not have that big of a problem with the population growth, but suffers a little, anyway it considers the rest of the world’s problems and supports a policy that would help support such a problem. Kenya strongly urges and is willing to help all countries that are facing this problem and urges all countries to try controlling their population growths.
Issue#5: Deforestation and the economy of indigenous peoples
Kenya does not have that big of a problem of Deforestation, but supports this issue in every way. Kenya realizes that this problem affects not only one country but the entire earth after a while. This is called Global Perspective. We are trying to bring to the worlds attention how deforestation not only affects one country but the whole world.
Issue # 6: Effective implementation of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves.
Kenya is a heaven that has great green lands and a population that is mostly active in agriculture. It has great spread lands with many animals. We would like to implement a great policy that would severely punish illegal hunting and poaching and punish severely those who break this policy. We, the entire world, should help save those innocent animals and try to make this a better world where the rate of extinction is very rare. Kenya supports all anti poaching organizations and is willing to help in any way. Kenya wants to bring to the world’s attention that this too is in the Global Perspective. Animals are part of the food chain, if they become extinct, then guess what? WE DIE TOO.
FORUM: General assembly
Delegate: Khalid Shahroor
Question of: reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms
Defining illegal as "anything against a countries law or constitution,"
Noting that illegal firearms trafficking has shockingly increased over the last 10 years in all countries of the world,
Applauds the UN, Interpol and UNICEF for tacking effective measures, and for seeing illegal trafficking as an international crisis,
Regrettably notes that over 14,000 people MONTHLY are killed all over the world because of illegally trafficked firearms,
Thanks the UN again due to its wide support in this issue, and not only supporting it but ruining illegal firearms as well,
Regrets to hear that in some countries police also help in the trafficking of these illegal firearms for a little bribe,
Is deeply concerned about the future of the world if firearms are still illegally trafficked to professional killers such as: the Italian Mafia; the Chinese Triads; the Japanese Yakuzzu; and many other gangs who are responsible for murder all over the world,
Supports and thanks all countries who are even thinking about this issue since they feel it is an awful issue,
Agrees with every speech given out by the following countries Central and South America: (Rio Group and MERCOSUR) and North America: (the US and Canada) and Asia: (except China, Pakistan and Afghanistan who did not give nay speeches) and Eastern Europe: (+ EU Candidates, Baltic States and Russia) and last of all Middle-East: (+ Iraq, Israel),
1. Requests all countries to take certain measures to insure that police don’t get bribed, for example:
a. Putting more than one police officer in the same place to try to decrease the chance of a police officer taking a bribe from a trafficker of illegal firearms,
b. Giving the police officers a higher salary to decrease the chance of a police officer taking a bribe because he already has the money he needs,
c. Explaining to each police officer the importance of catching these traffickers since a high number of innocent people get killed monthly due to the illegal trafficking of firearms,
d. Giving an officer who brings in any trafficker a reward to thank that officer for his nobility, and trustworthiness;
2. Urges all countries o secure their borders with highly experienced police officers to insure maximum safety of any firearm passing by the border police;
3. Deeply urges all countries o apply much harsher, and stricter rules on anyone caught dealing, or using an illegal firearm, these punishments could include:
a. Higher fines to all those caught trafficking very little amounts of illegal firearms to anyone,
b. Stricter jail sentences to all people caught trafficking high amounts of illegal firearms to anyone,
c. Life sentences in jail for all the traffickers who refuse to give the coordinates of their head/mastermind behind all the illegal trafficking of firearms,
d. Death sentences to any person caught buying illegal firearms, or using them for any bad mean,
e. Death sentences also for the masterminds behind the plan of illegal trafficking of firearms;
4. Recommends that countries help make an anti-firearms trafficking organization, to be called AFTO which will:
a. be headed by an elected member from the country most successful to destroy most illegal firearms,
b. consist of 5 members from each country who will have issues to solve individually concerning illegal trafficking of drugs,
c. be funded by all countries who are in this organization with only a small amount of money;
5. Notifies all countries that the AFTO will look into issues concerning illegal firearms trafficking such as
a. how to stop illegal firearms from getting passed police,
b. how to deal with weapons once they are found,
c. how to deal with traffickers once they are caught;
d. how to deal with the masterminds behind the trafficking,
e. and how to prevent citizens from using or getting affected by illegally trafficked weapons;
6. Resolves that all people wishing to owe a firearm should:
a. get a license in order to control a firearms,
b. get a paper from the police allowing him to have a firearm, this will be based on
has the person ever been in jail and if he has why was he put their
c. get practice on using a firearm before purchasing one;
7. Believes that all countries should cooperate together since
a. illegal firearm trafficking is an international issue
b. helping each other in this issue could lead to being allies, or even helping each other in certain other related issues.
Delegate: Fahed Al Sultan
Forum: Environmental Committee
Issue: Effective implementation of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves.
Defining poaching as To take or appropriate something unfairly or illegally,
Bringing To Your Attention that countries such as Kenya and many of its African brothers have an increasing rate of poaching and illegal trade of ivory,
Putting in mind that elephants take 22 months of pregnancy to give birth and have a time span of 4-9 years between babies,
Bearing in Mind that many animals around the world are suffering and getting endangered because of poaching,
Deeply concerned about the environment and the life of animals around the world,
Expecting that all countries that have animal reserves or forests or savannas will come down to an agreement that will try to prevent poaching from around the world,
Deeply disturbed that many countries are suffering from poaching and animals are becoming endangered and the countries are doing nothing,
Regretting all the past problems caused by poaching and illegal hunting,
Expressing its appreciation to the United Nations Environmental Committee for its continuing efforts to eliminate poaching,
Expressing its thanks to the American Association of Zoo Keepers (AAZK) for all its efforts in trying to collect donations to build wild life reserves in Kenya and many other countries.
Deeply conscious that the nations of this dying earth are not paying enough attention to the very disturbing issue of poaching and its killing results,
Pointing out that ivory trade and poaching has been completely band in most African countries since 1989, and in 1977 it was band in Kenya,
Reporting that poaching and illegal ivory trade in Kenya and many of its African brothers is increasing,
Congratulates CITES on its achievement in implementing all the resolutions that have been proposed in 1997 and 1999, and is very ashamed of South Africa’s very inappropriate behavior,
Notes that over 160 species mammals find homes in Kenya ONLY,
Notes that many Africans would prefer to use lands for grazing and local tribes are compensated with a percentage of the fee charge to visit the parks in Kenya,
Appalls South Africa for trying to expand international trade in ivory on the CITES conference held in April 10th to 20th in April of 200a, in Nairobi,
Applauds CITES, the United Nations-Administered endangered species treaty, that has agreed to maintain a total worldwide ban on trade in elephant ivory at least until the autumn of 2002,
Congratulates all countries on defeating Japan and Norway’s attempt to reopen trade in sea turtle shell,
1. Emphasizes the fact that many countries economy’s and wild life, have been, as said, "to be going down the drain," since poaching supports the individuals benefit and NOT the country’s benefit;
2. Expresses its hope that all countries that are suffering from loss of animals and endangered species will help into implementing this resolution and will try to help in any way;
3. Mediates the expansion of CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) and creating the World Anti Poaching Organization (WAPO) that would be an expansion of CITES and that will be doing the following:
a. Monitoring of the rangers in all countries needing protection and giving rangers educational lessons by:
I. Positioning a member of WAPO in every ranger head quarters in each region that will observe all actions taken and will report any false actions. This member will be chosen from the country itself (one of the best reliable rangers) and will be given this job,
II. This member will be starting a educational program that would be held once a week to teach rangers how to rescue injured animals and plans to capture poachers and to stop any illegal ivory trades,
b. Position a head quarter of WAPO in Kenya or any other volunteer such as its African brothers that will:
I. Fund all countries’ wild life reserves that are already have been opened with additional money to provide access food and water supply to comfort all animals in a reserve, this money will be obtained by increasing tourist attractions such as Safari after poaching is eliminated,
II. Assure fair trails for any poachers that are found:
- Poaching any animal,
- Trading ivory or and skin of any animal,
c. Build Wild Life Reserves in each country over time that will be funded by donations such as the American Association of Zoo Keepers and from the UN and will do the following:
I. Secure a large portion of the open lands for all animals found in that region,
II. Provide food and water to meet all animals’ comfort standards,
III. Secure all parts of the reserve from any kind of threat made by poachers,
IV. Try capturing as many species of animals as possible and releasing them in the reserve to allow them to continue a normal life style and reproduce in a protected region,
d. Create Jobs for civilians of the country that have stopped poaching by:
I. Creating Game Parks out of the reserves by building restaurants and facilities in the parks that would open new jobs that would eventually distract people from poaching and will in return bring benefit back to the country’s wild life and the civilians,
II. Having more offers in ranger quarters that would take in people that poached before and would tall the rangers how they used to trade and poach to help with the capturing of other traders and poachers,
e. This Organization will be Voluntary and no country will be forced, but all countries are encouraged to be members since it is a plan to raise the countries economy and affect the country and people positively,
4. Requests to have meeting that will encourage all countries to participate and exchange thoughts and give their opinions and practice freedom of speech and by this we can improve the organization by listening to new ideas;
5. Affirms that all poachers and ivory traders should be punished severely for:
a. Killing many animals and putting the species life in danger and putting it on the risk of being extinct.
b. Breaking the law, which completely band poaching, and ivory trading in 1989.
I Trails within the country itself held by its courts.
II. If it is a very significant case it will be passed on to the International Court of Justice (ICJ);
6. Further encourages the United Nations and all nations around the world to try to eliminate poaching and ivory trading;
7. Resolves that WAPO should be granted additional funs form the UN.
8. Requests that all poachers and Ivory traders are to be put threw trail.
9. Fully Believing that all countries will cooperate in making this world a poaching free world where all animals can live an undisturbed life and secure a future full of natural wild life for coming generations by voting for this effective resolution that will try to minimize the killing results resulting from poaching.