Republic of Tunisia




Event: Dhow-MUN 2001/KFSAC 2001



Ambassador: Abdulaziz Al-Ateeqi (Security Council)

Vice Ambassador: Sulaiman Al-Amar (Disarmament)

Khalid Al Rubie (Human Rights Commission)

Saja Fakhraldeen (Social Committee)

Faisal Al-Obaid (Environmental Committee)






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Tunisian National Anthem



 

Tunisia

Country Profile

Political Structure:

Tunisia is a constitutional democracy headed by President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali. Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali has all the power because he appoints the council of Ministers lead by a Prime Minister, the president is to be popularly elected to a five-year term. He chooses the people he wants to be ministers, thus, he has all the power in his hand that controls Tunisia. Legislative power in Tunisia belongs to the National Assembly, which consists of 182 members also popularly elected to five-year terms. The principal political party in Tunisia is the Constitutional Democratic Assembly. The party permeates all aspects of political, social, and economic life in Tunisia. Other parties include the Movement of Democratic Socialists, the Movement of Popular Unity, The Popular Unity Party, and the Tunisian Communist Party.

The president's party is the Constitutional Democratic Rally Party (RCD). RCD has a majority hold on the government with 144 seats in parliament and controls all of the country's 257 municipalities. There are six other legal parties: the Movement of Democratic Socialists (MDS); the Party for Popular Unity (PUP); the Socialist Progressive Party (RSP); the Social Liberal Party (PSL); the Union of Democratic Unionist (UDU); and the Communist Party. While these parties are recognized, their small size and lack of any broad-based support do not allow them to play a significant role in the political sphere. The country's legal system is based on French civil law system and Islamic law. There is some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court.

 

Natural Resources:

Despite the fact that Tunisia lacks diversity in natural resources, the available natural resources have a positive affect on the Tunisian Economy. The natural resources found in Tunisia are, petroleum (crude oil), phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt, agricultural products (20% of GDP) and they are olive oil, dates, oranges, sugar, almonds, grain, and beets. Tunisia’s large agricultural business makes it also an exporter of agricultural products. Tunisia’s major trade partners are France, Italy, Germany, Belgium, U.S., Canada, Turkey, Greece, and the Middle East.

 

Cultural Factors:

Tunisia is one of the few Middle Eastern countries that a have a blend of cultures; activities and different civilizations. Bulks of museums, libraries, international festivals, and cultural institutions are spread around Tunisia. Tunisia puts a lot of effort on restoring and protecting archeological monuments by encouraging investments in doing that by giving companies tax breaks to do that.

Tunisia has three major libraries, which are all located in Tunis the capital. The National library contains about 700,000 volumes. Another library contains collections of Greek, Punic, Roman, and Islamic art; this museum is called the Musee National du Bardo.

The main language in Tunisia is Arabic then goes Berber, second in seed. Despite the fact that Tunisia is mainly Arabs (98%), European (1%), and Jewish and others (1%) they all get along with each other without any problems although they are from different races.

 

Defense:

The Tunisian army is divided is comprised of five branches: the army, the navy, the air force, paramilitary forces, and the national forces. $356 million have been spent on the Tunisian military and its defense system for the 2,669,934 that are included in the military manpower. Tunisia does not suffer any pressure, neither internally nor externally, in addition to the peaceful relations maintained with its neighbors for the past decade, thus it does not spend much on its military.

 

Geography:

Tunisia is a North African republic, bounded on the south by Libya, on the west by Algeria, while on the north and east by the Mediterranean Sea. Tunisia has a strategic location in central Mediterranean with a total area of 164,418 sq. km. It also has a coastline of about 1,148 km. Tunisia’s capital is Tunis with a population of 674,100 and the other major cities are Aryanah (152,700), Safaqis (230,900), and Ettadhamen (149,000). The highest point in Tunisia is Jabal ash Shanabi 1,544 m, and the lowest point is Shatt al Gharsah 17 m. The climate in Tunisia is hot and dry (Mediterranean) in the summer, while it's mild and rainy in the winter. The rainfall is irregular. Tunisian agriculture remains plagued by the country's uncertain rainfall patterns, and the size of its harvests varies as a result. The terrain of Tunisia is arable and fertile in the north and along central coast making it good land to invest in with agriculture, while the south is mostly semi-arid and desert. It also has a coastline of about 1,148 km.

 

Views on World Problems:

President Ben Ali's foreign policy includes among its priorities working for regional integration in the Maghreb, inter-Arab consensus-building and co-operation, and Euro-Mediterranean co-development. Ben Ali's chairmanship of the Organization of African Unity demonstrated a strong commitment to seeking negotiated solutions to the conflicts shaking the continent and to preventing armed confrontations in Africa. In his view, globalization should be a source of universal progress and mutual development, not a factor of imbalance or domination. In 1999, he announced an initiative for the creation of a World Solidarity Fund.

Tunisia has always endeavored to promote a comprehensive and peaceful settlement of all problems. It has advocated peaceful settlement of conflicts around the world, especially in Africa. Tunisia has participated in various humanitarian relief and peacekeeping operations around the world since the 1960's. More recently it has dispatched hundreds of peacekeepers to Cambodia, Namibia, Rwanda and Burundi. Tunisia advocates international relations based on cooperation and mutual help. In 1999, President Ben Ali called for the creation of a World Solidarity Fund.

Relations between Tunisia and the United States date back to the eighteenth century when Tunisia signed a treaty of friendship with the young American republic. Strong ties of cooperation were developed between both countries since Tunisia's independence in 1956. The two nations maintain today close relations of friendship and cooperation.

Tunisia is a member of various international and regional organizations including the United Nations, the League of Arab States, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Organization of African Unity and the Islamic Conference Organization. Tunisia has advocated peaceful settlement of conflicts, tolerance and dialogue.

 

Economy:

Tunisia has a mixed economy in which both the public and private sectors participate. Services, agriculture, light industries, and the production and export of petroleum and phosphates are the largest sectors of the economy. Unemployment and underemployment are widespread, and economic development has been heavily subsidized by Western countries and international organizations. The gross national product (GNP) is growing faster than the population; the GNP per capita is among the highest in Africa but is low for the Middle East and North Africa.

The unit of currency is the Dinar, subdivided into 1,000 millimes. 1.19 Tunisian Dinar equals $1. Fossil fuel production, mining, manufacturing, and tourism dominate the Tunisian economy. The GDP estimated in 2000 is $62.8 billion and also the inflation rate is slowing down and it is 3%. Tunisia exports $6.1 billion mostly Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, and Libya. They export textiles, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, agricultural products, and hydrocarbons. Tunisia also imports products and the cost is $8.4 billion mostly to Germany, France, Italy, and Belgium. The products are machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, and food.

Electricity is generated almost entirely by thermal plants using domestic fuels, though some hydroelectric power is also produced along the Majardah River. Tunisia's road and rail network is sufficiently dense that all its cities and major towns are linked up. The country has several ports along its lengthy coastline. Tourism, based on Tunisia's long beaches as well as its ancient Roman sites and later Islamic buildings, is an important industry.

Tourism, foreign aid, and remittances from Tunisians working abroad are important sources of foreign exchange and help to offset the country's unfavorable balance of trade. Petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, fertilizers, and agricultural commodities are the chief among Tunisia's exports. Its chief trading partners include France, which supplies up to one-third of Tunisia's imports, Germany, Italy, and Belgium-Luxembourg.

The Tunisian work force is distributed amongst the agricultural, manufacturing, and the traditional partisanship sectors. The Tunisian economy is a fairly stable and developed economy with many forms of income.

 

History:

Because of Tunisia’s crucial location it has been part of many empires and nations like Carthage, the Roman Empire, the Spanish, Turks, Arabs, and finally the French. Tunisians traded and interacted with other Mediterranean cultures since the 12th century BC. Ancient Carthage, the great city-state founded in 814 BC, so succeeded in trade and commerce that it attracted the eyes of an expanding Roman Empire. It is hard to imagine that this place housed the most beautiful and the richest sea port of ancient times, lasting for centuries until the destruction by the Romans in 146 BC. Carthage was destroyed simply because this capital had a tendency of surviving anything, and as it almost changed world history in the century before, Rome could not rest until three years of destruction, ending in 17 days of conflagration, had wiped Carthage out. Even after the destruction of Carthage, the city returned too much of its old splendor, but this was first under Roman rule, later it was after the decline of Rome. Actually Carthage survived Rome, and its era stretched over almost twice as many centuries as Rome did. Trying to discover what Carthage is difficult. Even if the "total destruction" left some of the structures of Carthage in good shape, the need for building material removed both ancient Carthage and the younger Roman structures.

The Arab conquerors ruled Tunisia from the late 7th to the early 16th century, replacing the Roman Christian culture with a Muslim way of life.

A French army entered Tunisia from Algeria in 1881. On May 12, 1881, the reigning leader of Tunisia signed a treaty, which acknowledges Tunisia to be a French protectorate. After the independence from France in 1956, President Habib Bourgiuba established a strict one-party state. On June 1, 1959, the first Constitution of the Republic was adopted. Bourgiuba dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In 1987 Bourguiba’s prime minister Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali and his party decided that Bourguiba was medically unfit to rule and Zine and his party overthrew him in a bloodless takeover. This leadership transition, the first in Tunisia’s post-independence history, took place peacefully and according to the terms of the Constitution

 

 

 

 

Policy Statements

 

Sulaiman Al-Omar

Disarmament Committee

 

1) Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons:

Tunisia is against the use of any use of nuclear weapons for threating or killing people and she is ready to sign for any resolution that would stop the devastating nuclear weapons will cause from killing thousands of innocent peoples. Nuclear weapons are not harming a country only at a war but they are harming the people of the country and the nearby countries also. Although we will never forget the radiation given off by nuclear weapons and will have side effects on the people of the country.

 

2) The relationship between disarmament and development

If a country stops disarmament then it will have development. Disarmament is making weapons they will have side affects on the country because weapons are made only for wars and killing people and this is one of the main reasons of causing a country not to develope like other countries. Causing tunisia’s economy not to grow. But if a country concentrate on things that are for the good of the country not things that will destroy the country, when they do they will they will get to inventing and making things that will help devolope the country. If Tunisia spends money on weapons, then she can’t spend it, on, say, roads, schools, or anything that will help the development of the country. The more Tunisia moves towards the development side, the greater the PPF will shift out over time.

 

3) Compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti Ballistic Missile systems

Sixth NPT Review Conference, Briefing No 4, April 28, 2000. As the General Debate kept going in the UN General Assembly hall, 17 more national statements were heard on Wednesday and a further 21 on Thursday and tunisia was one of the countries that signed for the treaty. It signed it because of its knoweldge of what weapons could cause. If both sides have weapons and they make a treaty limited their total production. Imagine one side comes up with a weapon that could tottaly shoot down the other side's weapons. Suddenly the prior treaty becomes worthless.

 

4) Reducing availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms

The availability of firearm for normal civilains will cause the civilians to become aggressive. Causing them to kill each others and spreading hatness and war between them. That will cause people to get in trouble and do forbided things. It can make them also become terrorists and be wanted by law. Everyone that has a firearm must be qualified to have one or have a license for owning own and must be wise when owning one. Tunisia is ready to vote for any resolution that will keep its people in peace and reduce the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms. Across Africa weapons are bought and sold right and left as various movements try to overthrow the government, fight tribal wars, civil wars, etc.

 

5) Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.

Tunisia is overwhelmed with the efforts of fellow countries that compete in the field of developing a code to preserve international security. That code will unbelievably, if agreed on, make the world a safer place to be in. Unfortunately, our nation does not have such technological advances so it cannot provide much assistance in this area, alongside to having a more important role in the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East.

 

 

 

Faisal Al-Obaid

Environmental Committee

 

1) Use of Herbicides and defoliants in drug control programs

The use of herbicides and defoliants is very essential to destroy drugs. Herbicide is a pesticide that is used to kill weeds and other plants that grow where they are not wanted. A defoliant is term that accompanies pesticides, which causes the leaves from plants to drop. These pesticides are used in some parts of the world to reduce the plantation of drugs. Many countries are testing many kinds of herbicides to come to an accurate result.

Tunisia urges the use of herbicides on all plantations that plants weed and other kinds of drugs that could kill a whole generation of young people. Tunisia, an Islamic country, is against the trading of drugs in its country and other because its religion is against any harmful thing that effects the body. So it urges countries that has weed and other drug plantations to use herbicides to destroy this epidemic that is spreading around the world.

 

2) Effective implementation of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves.

Poaching is to catch or hunt wild animals illegally. This phenomenon is wildly in Africa because of its rich diversity of flora and fauna. Wild animals are most wanted by people so when the demand for it increases and it is hard to be supplied the price increases, which encourages poachers to kill these animals for money. Organizations are working on putting effective implementations of anti poaching policies in wildlife reserves.

Tunisia would like to help put effective implementations to help reduce or stop anti poaching in wildlife reserves. The diversity of fauna and flora in Africa is large and must be protected from forest destruction and illegal poaching that is widely spread in African forests and savannas. African countries should make reservations and increase the rangers that protect the wildlife. Tunisia urges countries to increase the protection on wildlife reserves and put effective policies in which the poachers get a fair trail and be punished.

 

3) Measures to control population growth

 

Many countries in the world and especially developing countries have a problem in population. There are certain reasons for this and can be controlled. Population growth means when the population of a certain country or place increases dramatically. The population causes trouble when the space for one individual in a certain land decreases. Many countries in Africa have this problem which must be controlled or else many problems and diseases will spread around.

Tunisia doesn't have population growth problems because it is large according to the population in it. Its population growth percentage is very low, which is 1.15% (2001 est.). Tunisia urges all countries specifically countries that are suffering from over population to develop effective measures to control the population growth. Many people think that the problems of population growth in a country effect only this country and that is wrong. Tunisia would like to show how it effects the world. The environmental and social impact of population growth knows no national boundaries and affects all countries. Population growth anywhere in the world ultimately has an impact on the entire planet's environment. As population grows the demand of thing increases gradually which causes more pollution and consumes more energy, which causes air pollution and many kinds of environmental problems. These were some of the reasons why Tunisia urges countries to have effective measures on controlling population.

(http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ts.html)

 

4) Land reform policies with particular regard to Southern Africa

In Southern Africa particularly in Zimbabwe the blacks are seizing lands. Blacks are taking lands and claiming that they own them because the whites took them when Britain created colonies. Mr. Mugabe and his government have been happy to keep it that way, accusing the former colonial power, Britain, of meddling in its affairs and of failing to pay reparations for land taken during colonial times. The government is looking the other way and agreeing with the current situations. Not every African country neighboring it is concerned. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/africa/newsid_1527000/1527606.stm)

Tunisia urges all African countries to get concerned in this political problem. If this problem continued without a solution then there would be a war. Not a real war, but their would be racism and problems between whites and blacks. Tunisia suggests to have an agreement. The UN must get concerned in it and solve the problem because people are suffering. The increasing political instability in Zimbabwe, along with rising unemployment and food shortages, is creating acute problems.

 

 

 

Khalid Al-Rubie

Human Rights Committee

 

1) Promotion and protection of the rights of children and youth:

In 1989, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a special human rights convention for children. It is called The Convention on the Rights of the Child. It states that all children around the world have a right to good food, shelter, education, play and the right to say what they think and to be listened to, and the right to protection from abuse. By now more than 180 countries, including Tunisia, have signed the Convention On The Rights Of The Child. But children around the world still die from diseases that can easily be treated or immunized against, and still have to work long hours instead of going to school or playing, and still are recruited into armies as soldiers, still are discriminated against because of their gender, race or ethnic background, still are neglected, abused, and exposed to violence and harmful drugs.

The Tunisian Government respected the rights of its citizen, particularly regarding the rights of children and woman. A national plan of action had been developed. A code for children was taught in schools, and a Children's Day had led to a generation proud of its future. Support machinery had been set up. A Commissioner for children had been appointed, and judges had been trained specifically to deal with minors. The program had been extended to education, with an emphasis on pre-school, daycare and kindergarten. As a result, both the vaccination rate and education levels had gone up. Child labor continues to decline, due principally to government efforts to address the problem. Among 10- to 14-year-old children, 5.5 percent of urban girls are illiterate and 2.2 percent of urban boys, and 27 percent of rural girls with less than 7 percent of rural boys. The Government demonstrates a strong commitment to public education, which is compulsory until age 16.  The Government reported that 99.1 percent of children attend primary school full-time.  The Government offers a maternal and child health program.  It sponsors an immunization program targeting preschool age children, and reports that over 95 percent of children in Tunisia are vaccinated.

 

2) Questions of capital punishment, prison overcrowding and alternate sentencing.

Tunisia believes that the death penalty is something that should not be used, except for very terrible crimes. In Tunisia capital punishment has been abolished. It was applied only very rarely and for the most atrocious crimes. Prison conditions range from basic to poor but always meeting minimum international standards. National High Commissioner for Human Rights in Tunisia Rachid Driss, has conducted bimonthly, unannounced prison inspections since 1996. Driss has declared that prison conditions and prisoner hygiene were " good and improving."

One of the most alternate sentencing used is detention for a short period of time. In August 1999, the Government changed the Penal Code to reduce from 10 days to 6 the time that the Government may hold a suspect in solitary confinement following arrest and prior to arraignment. Another change requires arresting officers to inform detainees of their rights at the time of arrest, and requires police to inform detainees’ families of the arrest at the time of the arrest

 

3) Limitations and restrictions on the right of freedom of speech with regard to the restriction of coverage of military and police action

Freedom of opinion and expression is guaranteed by the Constitution. Since November 7, 1987, various measures have been taken to ensure real exercise of these freedoms. The Creation of a Higher Communication Council for example which is responsible particularly for studying and suggesting all measures that may contribute to the establishment of a policy of communication aimed essentially at enabling the citizen to enjoy his right to free information and to contribute to the promotion of legislation in this field.

However Tunisia has been criticized many times of not giving the right of freedom of speech to its people and of using police actions on them, on the contrary Tunisia is only keeping certain individuals under control for the peoples own good.

 

4) Use of children in warfare

Tunisia is astonished at how children are used in warfare around the world. The situation of children around the world is very disturbing. More than 300,000 of them below the age of 18 are involved in armed conflict and half the world's refugees are children. Who could not be angry at seeing a 13-year old child killed by soldiers when he was innocently walking along?

To protect its own children Tunisia had changed its laws to comply with the child's rights Convention. Tunisia believes that children should never be part of warfare or conflicts that jeopardize their lives. Because our children are our future.

 

5) Economic migrancy into developed nations’

There are a lot of Tunisian immigrants around the world but the 2 countries with the most immigrants are France and Italy. Tunisia is frustrated over Italian policies. For example, illegal immigrants caught near the island of Lampedusa, just 75 miles or 14 hours by boat from Tunisia, are supposed to be escorted by Tunisian authorities back to Tunisia. However, the foreigners often say that they need food and water, so that, after landing in Italy, they are given orders to leave within 10 days. Most of them head to France or Germany. Therefore Italy is discussing with Tunisia the establishment of joint patrols of Tunisian harbors using Italian ships, and development aid to offset the cost to Tunisia of screening those who leave through Tunisian ports.

In Italy some 2,000 immigrants are being housed in barns set up in various Sicilian cities. The air inside these buildings is unbreathable and temperatures soar above 40 degrees centigrade. There are violent confrontations everyday between immigrants and the security forces. "Italy must not treat people like livestock," said one of the inmates. The immigrants are herded into these centers to await discharge, but this can only occur when their country of origin accepts them back, and in the case of Tunisia this can be a long wait. However on August 5 1998, Italy and Tunisia signed a readmission agreement that obligates Tunisia to accept the return of illegal Tunisians apprehended in Italy. In return, Italy promises to invest $50 million a year for three years in Tunisia to create jobs and discourage emigration. On May 1998, ten Algerian and Tunisian nationals who were to be deported after serving prison sentences in France ended their 50-day hunger strike, and were permitted to remain in France on probation for one year. The 10 Algerians and Tunisian have special links to France, such as having arrived when they were very young, living in France nearly all their lives, or having been married to Frenchwomen with children who are French nationals.

 

 

 

Saja Fakhraldeen

Social Committee

 

1)  Global code of ethics for tourism.

Tourism may be described as a complex of phenomena which are caused by the voluntary and temporary movement of an individual or a group to a place which is not their normal home for purpose of recreation and/or cultural improvement. Tourism generates the need for more information about other lands, their geographical characteristics, and their people. Tourists are only guests in the host country and should therefore behave appropriately, and respect all the country's laws, restrictions, and forbiddings. Tourism should be a self-restraining activity, respectful to the environment.

There are many cultural heritages, local landmarks, and historic landmarks in Tunisia; Tunisia has strict laws, that these landmarks and heritages should be fully respected as well as the laws prohibiting illegal use of prospecting or detecting devices. Tunisia has many tour operators and tourist industries to make sure that foreigners do not bend the law.

 

2)  Implementations of debt burden in less developed countries.

Tunisia does not have many debts, but many of its neighboring countries do, and Tunisia is not a selfish country, it cares about its neighbors. Tunisia's external debt, as a percentage of gross national production (GNP), for example is approximately 63, but some of its neighbors, like Jordan and Niger, for instance have higher external debts varying between 86 and 117, there is a big difference. Tunisia may be lucky because it has its oil and phosphate, but its neighbors and other countries weren't as fortunate. So Tunisia asks of debts to be implemented in less developed countries.

The Tunisian government actively encourages selected foreign direct investment (FDI), particularly for export-oriented industry. The Tunisian government does screen potential foreign investment to minimize the impact of investment on domestic competitors and employment, and to minimize foreign currency overflows. Tunisian government officials have identified restaurants, real estate, retail distribution, and other service industries as among the area in which foreign investment is discouraged. For onshore companies, government authorization is required if the foreign capital share exceeds 49 percent. Foreign investors are denied national treatment in the agriculture sector. Foreign ownership of agricultural land is prohibited, although land can be secured through long-term (up to 40 years) lease.

 

3)  Exploitation of children in labor market.

Many countries, especially the countries who suffer from poverty, also have children suffering from the acts of the desperate elders, who exploit them in the labor markets. What they do, is use the children as slaves to gain money, and to get free help. This of course is unjust and unfair to the children of that country.

Tunisia is one hundred percent against these actions, for it believes that children should be treated fairly, and equally all over the world, they should get an education, and shouldn't have to work, until they've reached the right age to do so. This is also one of the many reasons why the United Nations opened a program called UNICEF, to make sure that children everywhere are being treated equally. And Tunisia totally supports this program.

 

4)  Implementation of the UN program on human immunodeficiency virus/acquired syndrome (HIV/AIDS).

Aids stand for acquired immunity deficiency syndrome. It is a disease that is spread throughout the world, especially in countries that suffer from poverty. Many people say that Asia and the pacific hold the key to the global future of the epidemic. But that is not completely true, for there are countries in Europe that have a lot of people suffering from Aids. There is a yearly campaign for the HIV positive patients, which is extremely helpful, for they collect donations for the patients, and the search for a cure.

Tunisia does not suffer a lot from aids, for fortunately, it does not suffer from poverty, or any other similar thing within all its borders. But it aids the campaigns that help the HIV positive patients, and the scientists and doctors searching for a cure, for it believes that it is a wonderful idea. And it fully approves with the suggestion to implement a UN program to help solve this world wide problem.

 

5) Human cloning and organ harvesting:

Two years ago, human cloning was predicted to be with us within two years, but it is still not here, even though scientists are very close to reaching this new technology. But organ harvesting has been here for quite a long time now. Some people think that, ethically, one should not use the human cloning technology until they are convinced that it is safe and efficient by testing it on animals first, as they did with organ harvesting. But scientists don't have enough patience; they want to reach new points in technology every other day.

Generally during the process of cloning a person, what happens is the genetic material was taken from an adult cell and that genetic material was placed into an egg whose own genetic material has been removed. And during the process of organ harvesting, doctors take donated organs, and replace them with the patient's ones that are not working.

Tunisia does not approve of cloning, unless it's for a necessary cause or reason, in which, in this case, it isn't, so Tunisia does not think it necessary, and disapproves of cloning, not only because it could do more harm than good, but also because it disagrees with Islam, which is Tunisia's main religion. Quite the contrary is Tunisia's behavior towards organ harvesting, for it believes it to be an essential thing in life!

 

 

 

Abdulaziz Al-Ateeqi

Security Council

1) Security problems in: West Africa, Kashmir, Myanmar and former Yugoslavia.

Tunisia would like to highlight the issue of security. War is a criminal that costs us the youth of the country and so its future. Ladies and gentlemen, we have to solve the issue of security in West Africa, Kashmir, Myanmar and former Yugoslavia. People are dying and we have to take action. Serious action! Peace and stability should be maintained in all these regions and the world as a whole. Tunisia is willing to actively contribute to the search for a just and lasting peace throughout the world. Tunisia is willing to participate in maintaining peace and stability by dispatching peacekeepers as it has more recently done in Cambodia Namibia Rwanda and Burundi. We hope the Council would be successful coming up with ideal solutions for these crises. We can no longer wait.

 

a. Policy towards Kashmir:

Kashmir is a country that has been suffering war and brutality for a long time. Its people are turning to refugees and in their own land. Peace and stability should be maintained there immediately. The war should end and Kashmir should choose its destiny instead of a country trying to do that for it. The problem has to be put to and end as soon as possible.

b. Policy towards Macedonia:

Macedonia has been suffering a lot through the past years and up to now no solution has emerged. People are being killed and deprived of their own homes. Macedonia should be given its independence to solve its current problem. War and crime against Macedonians shall not stand!

 

2) Security Council Reforms:

Tunisia believes that we are at a crossroad in the history of international relations in which the Security Council is one of the major players and this is the main reason it has to be equitable. We believe that there is no equity in the presence of the Veto power. Tunisia believes that there should be a time limit on the veto. In that it is an exceptional privilege almost contrary to the nature of things it cannot be forever; at some point an end has to be put on it and time to begin working on doing so is now. This is the civilized way of starting to put an end to something exceptional. Efficiency in the Security Council is a political and power - related problem since the Security Council was inefficient with 10 members, it was inefficient with 15 members and will continue to be inefficient no matter how many members if the political conditions predominating then would prevail again.

Elimination of the veto is a desire of the vast majority of the members of this Organization, but we are faced with a total refusal on the part of the current permanent members to allow their rights embodied in the Charter to be questioned. Tunisia believes that proposals for its immediate elimination praiseworthy though they may be do not seem to us as workable. This is something that has to be done in the long term. The P-5 will never accept their privilege coming to an end from one day to the next. Obviously this can only take place slowly and a great deal of patience will be needed. Sooner or later the P-5 will have to recognize that the privilege of the veto is not for all time and that we need to begin resolving this problem right away slowly and in a civilized manner.

Tunisia also supports an expansion of the Council based on the principle of geographical distribution in which permanent members should be included for the geographical balance within the Security Council. Regions with diverse points of view should be taken into consideration. We believe that the General Assembly should periodically ratify the services of all the members of the Security Council. Only then would we guarantee a Security Council comprised of members widely supported by the community. States that interpret the general could be reelected but they could never be permanent members as a granted right.

 

3) The deteriorating security situation in Northern Ireland:

The IRA group in Ireland has been threatening the security and stability of the Northern Irish society. People of the same nations are killing each other. They all have to get along and cooperate with each other instead of tearing apart the country’s stability. People are dying and we have to take action because of religious reasons. Discrimination and terrorism shall not stand! They have to be put to an end as soon as possible. Serious action! Peace and stability should be maintained in all these regions and the world as a whole. Tunisia is willing to actively contribute to the search for a just and lasting peace throughout the world. Tunisia is willing to participate in maintaining peace and stability by dispatching peacekeepers as it has more recently done in Cambodia Namibia Rwanda and Burundi. We hope the Council would be successful coming up with ideal solutions for these crises. We can no longer wait.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resolutions

 

1. COMMITTEE: DISARMAMENT COMISSION (DC)

2. FORUM: GENERAL ASSEMBLY

3. SUBMIITED BY: SULAIMAN AL OMAR

4. DELEGATION: TUNISIA

5. QUESTION OF: REDUCING THE AVAILABILITY OF FIREARMS TO CIVILIANS AND STOPPING ILLEGAL TRAFFICKING OF SUCH FIREARMS

 

Fully Alarmed the spreading of crimes in our country and instability that it causes, causing its civilians to become aggressive,

Expressing Its Satisfaction with efforts that successfully curbed crime,

Noting With Deep Regret there are still crimes and we need more affective measures,

Fully Deploring the people do not feel safe and weapons are bought and sold left and right as various movements try to overthrow the government, fight tribal wars, civil wars, etc,

 

1.Urges the United Nations to form a committee called UNFRC (United Nations Firearm Trafficking Committee) that:

a) Members of the committee will be chosen by the United Nations and participating countries.

b) 10 of the members will be in each country.

c) Weekly reports to the United Nations on the results of reducing of firearms and about the crime status in the country.

2.Strongly Urges that the UNFRC’s job will be:

a) To reduce the use of firearm and prevent unqualified users.

b) To be a threat to the criminals and the firearm users in each country.

c) Representatives for the committee in each country will do a survey every two years for the reduction of firearm, and the survey will include:

i) Total deaths by firearm

ii) Suicides with firearm

iii) Total firearm homicide victims

iiii) Thefts/robberies with firearm

3. Noting that the availability of firearm between normal civilians is causing the civilians to become aggressive. That will cause people to get in trouble and do forbidden things.

4. Resolves there are many benefits from this committee and the most important one is that crimes will become less and everyone will live safely. This is the UNFRC policy:

a) Everyone that has a firearm must be qualified to have one and must have a license for owning own.

b) Everyone that has a firearm must be wise and big enough to have one.

c) Before getting the license the person will be tested using the firearm.

d) Anyone caught without a license using a firearm will be sent to trial.

e) The person must show his licensee when buying a firearm.

5. Calls Upon

a) Countries to support and join Tunisia in it’s efforts to improve.

b) Interpol to co-operate with UNFRC, to reduce the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping illegal trafficking of such firearms.

 

 

 

Environmental:

Forum: Environmental committee
Delegation: Tunisia
Delegate: Faisal Al Obaid
Issue: Measures to control population growth.


Pointing out that the increase population growth in certain countries is a worldwide crisis that effects many nations,

Deeply concerned that some countries especially Africans cannot do enough by themselves toward this problem,

Bearing in mind that the percentage of population growth in some African countries exceeds 2% which is extremely high in the long term,

1.Draws the attention to all nations, especially developing countries, that the population growth problem resulting for the past years is extremely important and must be taken into consideration;

2.Affirms that the reason why there is a large population growth in some nations mostly due to poverty and uneducated people;

3.Calls upon the UNFPA (United Nation Population Fund Association),  to strongly and financially support Tunisia in carrying out its efforts in finding a solution for the increase in population in different countries around the world, of which Africa is known to be a major one, because what their doing isn't good enough;

4.Expressing its appreciation to all committees and countries for their help and support, and wish to resolve this issue at sometime;

5.Encourages the establishment of committees with the support of the UNFPA in countries that suffers from this problem to research and reach an effective resolution to control the increasing population growth;

6.Congratulates all nations that realized the severity of this problem and established committees and effective solution to control the population growth;

7.Further recommends China and other countries that had population problems to help countries to adopt an effective plan to control its population growth;

8.Encourage all African countries come together to find an effective plan that agrees with their countries policies toward this issue to decrease the percentage of population growth by:

a) countries with a low percentage of population growth opens its borders for other countries to bring there citizens in,

b) establish an organization with the help of the UNFPA (United Nation Population Fund) to provide enough money to this plan.

9.Resolves that first world countries with a GPD larger than $55 billion, should help with major roles in decreasing the population growth in poor countries, which is effecting the whole world in general, by:

a) donating money to poor countries, 0.15% of their income.

b) holding fundraising, about helping poor countries to put effective measures to this worldwide problem, around the world, and sending the money to poor countries.

c) help the economy of the country to rise up to deal with its problems.

10.Further Resolves the UNESCO and UNFPA to :

a) organize jobs for the citizens: farming, businesses for their craft works, and businesses on their natural resources,

b) provide free education until the country could afford private schools,

c) grow specialized crops benefit from its exports and help provide food;

11.Urges all countries that have population growth problem to:

a) restrict the number of births in each family to at least 4 per family.

b) education;
-) encourage women and men to continue education to the highest level.

-) stop them from early marriage.

c) provide lectures about the effects of a high population growth percentage.

d) giving opportunities to people to work instead of sitting at home, which encourages the increase of births.

12.Notes that the lesser the population growth percentage is the

a) the better the country economically,

b) the cleaner and better the environment will be,

c) lesser the spread of diseases,

d) the richer the country will be;

13.Declares African Countries to consider about developing it's nation wisely and through an organized way. Population growth must not exceed a certain percentage put by the population growth organizations.

 

 

 

Submitted by: Tunisia

Committee: Human Rights Commission

Delegate: Khalid Al-Rubie

 

Defining child warfare as WHATTTTT;

Noting that in 1989, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a special human rights convention for children. It states that all children around the world have a right to good food, shelter, education, play and the right to say what they think and to be listened to, and the right to protection from abuse;

Appalled that recent developments in warfare have significantly heightened the dangers for children. During the last decade, the UNICEF has estimated that child victims have included:

a) 2 million killed,

b) 4-5 million disabled,

c) 12 million left homeless,

d) More than 1 million orphaned or separated from their parents,

e) Some 10 million psychologically traumatized,

Disgusted that families and children are getting caught in crossfire and are sometimes specific targets. Killing adults is then not enough! Future generations must not also be eliminated! But as one foolhardy political commentator ex-pressed it in a 1994 radio broadcast before violence broke out in Rwanda, "To kill the big rats, you have to kill the little rats!"

Applauds The Middle East Children's Alliance for dealing and trying to solve this issue;

1 Noting the reasons why children are in warfare:

a) They are easier to intimidate and they do as they are told. And they do not demand salaries,

b) Children who have grown up surrounded by violence see this as a permanent way of life,

c) Modern weapons are simple to use, inexpensive and light; an AK-47 can be stripped and reassembled by a child of 10. In one Asian country an AK-47 costs no more than 6 US dollars each,

d) Joining an army may also be the only way to survive;

2 Disturbed that the situation in Africa and Palestine is getting worse everyday;

3 Pointing out that many children suffer appalling violence as soldiers, but even those who remain 'civilians' can be subjected to horrific experiences. Anything that can be done to adults, however monstrous, can also be done on children;

4 Requests all nations to be aware if the importance of this issue and the rapid growth of it;

5 Resolves Emphasize on increasing awareness not only around the world but especially in countries where violence is something normal through:

a. Educating students in schools,

b. Through TV commercials and in magazines,

c. Street posters and in places where children often visit,

d. Sending representatives to schools and explaining to them that a 10-year-old soldier is not something natural, and will try to help children be more aware and not to be intimidated;

6 Further resolves to give children other alternatives than joining an army like education.

 

 

 

Social Committee: (Saja)

Submitted by: Tunisia

Delegate: Saja Fakhral-Deen

Committee: Social

QUESTION OF: The implementation of the UN program on human immunodeficiency virus/acquired syndrome (HIV/AIDS)

Defining AIDS as the acquired immune deficiency syndrome,

Defining HIV as the human immunodeficiency virus,

Noting that HIV/AIDS is the frightful epidemic of this age,

Alarmed by the fact that in some countries the distribution of free syringes to users of illegal, injectable drugs is legal,

Reminding all countries, that AIDS is becoming a word wide epidemic that can reach any country, at any time,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that most laboratories (especially in countries that suffer from poverty) do not check donated blood for diseases such as AIDS before injecting it into another person, which is another way that may help the epidemic spread faster,

Aware of the fact that some rich countries such as the United States are aiding the countries in which AIDS is spreading at a rapid pace, and forming campaigns to raise funds for the search for a cure,

Noting the fact that Tunisia supported the noble goals and orientations set forth in the draft declaration submitted by the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS,

1. Recommends more special session held by the United Nations, in order to try and come up with a way fight this epidemic entirely;

2. Further recommends that countries, which are lucky enough to have healthy population, to help the countries which are less fortunate by

a) sending financial aids (if possible),

b) helping in the search for a cure,

c) sending physical aid (doctors, surgeons, medical supplies,…etc);

3. Requests the implementation of a worldwide campaign that will help the virus, and its suffering patients, in ways such as

a) collecting donations,

b) helping in the search for a cure,

c) building special hospitals for patients who are suffering from AIDS;

4. Sets up a United Nations program on human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired syndrome (UNPHIV/AIDS);

5. Urges all nations to aid in the formation of the UNPHIV/AIDS;

6. Draws the attention to the increase in the number of distribution of free syringes in less developed countries due to financial desperation;

7. Emphasizing the majority of HIV/AIDS patients picked up the disease by ways of free syringes;

8. Requests the prohibition of the distribution of free syringes;

9. Further urges all nations to secure their laboratories with equipment with which doctors may check t he blood for viruses and diseases, and sentence the doctor who doesn't do so to a number of years in jail, or community service;

10. Trusts the HIV/AIDS campaigns around the world to help the UNPHIV/AIDS, by

a) letting the program know about the status of the patients in the different countries that are hosting these campaigns,

b) by giving new information about any new research, and helping in the search of a cure;

11. Expresses its hope that one day the UNPHIV/AIDS will find a cure for this horrific epidemic;

12. Propose that all countries that have not faced the horror of this epidemic to be prepared, or take a step further (for safety precautions) and join the UNPHIV/AIDS;

13. Strongly condemns the way that the few campaigns in the world only pay attention to the patients in rich, developed countries, and not in African countries, where they need much more attention;

14. Also condemns the neglect of the significance of the disease in some countries, especially those who cannot afford to provide the patients with what they need. Which is why these countries suffer from the epidemic more than the countries that do care, and that do not neglect the disease;

15. Has resolved that the UNPHIV/AIDS will

a) take care of HIV/AIDS patients worldwide,

b) provide all the medical needs to the patients worldwide,

c) help in the search for a cure.

 

 

 

Security Council: (Aziz)

The IRA issue:

1. Decides that all States shall:

(a) Prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts;

(b) Criminalize the wilful provision or collection, by any means, directly or indirectly, of funds by their nationals or in their territories with the intention that the funds should be used, or in the knowledge that they are to be used, in order to carry out terrorist acts;

(c) Freeze without delay funds and other financial assets or economic resources of persons who commit, or attempt to commit, terrorist acts or participate in or facilitate the commission of terrorist acts; of entities owned or controlled directly or indirectly by such persons; and of persons and entities acting on behalf of, or at the direction of such persons and entities, including funds derived or generated from property owned or controlled directly or indirectly by such persons and associated persons and entities;

(2) Calls upon all States find ways of intensifying and accelerating the exchange of operational information, especially regarding actions or movements of terrorist persons or networks; forged or falsified travel documents; traffic in arms, explosives or sensitive materials; use of communications technologies by terrorist groups; and the threat posed by the possession of weapons of mass destruction by terrorist groups;

 

 

Security Council Reforms:

1. Requests an additional membership of the Security Council in which it will consist of 16 non-permanent states that rotate every 2 years in which:

One. The seating would be divided as follow:

a. The Middle East would have 2 seats (Diverse points of views, i.e. Israel/Palestine and Iraq/Kuwait),

b. Asia 2 seats (Pakistan, India, and Indonesia are major regional powers, crises, nuclear proliferation, and economic affairs),

c. North America 1 seats (Since the US is a permanent member and so there is no need for more than a 1 seat since there are not many countries and crises),

d. South America 3 seats (Economic affairs, some crises, and regional powers),

e. Australia and Oceanic 2 seats, Europe 2 seats (Economic affairs and regional powers),

f. Africa 4 seats (Nigeria, South Africa, and Egypt are major regional powers. Also there are many diverse points of views, crises, and economic affairs),

g. Priority for membership is to countries making significant contributions to the UN's peace and security functions and to the other purposes of the Organization,

2. Urges all member states to support an increase in the membership of the Security Council since this will:

a. Introduce diverse points of view in each topic, which will result in more thoughtful and rightful decisions.

b. Give a chance for nations to express their policies towards issues.

3. Resolves that to promote equity in the Security Council, taking into consideration the permanent 5 members and elimination of this right away slowly and in a civilized manner:

a. The permanent 5 members would have the full veto right until 2010, and vetoes should only be allowed on peacekeeping and enforcement measures.

b. From the year 2010 - 2020, the permanent 5 members would have the veto right, but if there was a unanimous vote their veto power wouldn't affect the passing of the resolution unless there is a triple veto.

c. From the year 2020 - 2030, the permanent 5 members veto power will be equivalent to 6 non-permanent member states' vote,

d. The veto power should be permanently eliminated by the year 2030,

 

Kashmir Issue:

1. Demands in particular that Pakistan and India put an immediate and verifiable end to violence and repression in Kashmir, and begin and complete verifiable phased withdrawal from Kashmir of all military, police and paramilitary forces according to a rapid timetable, with which the deployment of the international security presence in Kashmir will be synchronized;

2. Decides on the deployment in Kashmir, under United Nations auspices, of international civil and security presences, with appropriate equipment and personnel as required, and welcomes the agreement of Pakistan and India,

3. Requests the Secretary-General to appoint, in consultation with the Security Council, a Special Representative to control the implementation of the international civil presence, and further requests the Secretary-General to instruct his Special Representative to coordinate closely with the international security presence to ensure that both presences operate towards the same goals and in a mutually supportive manner;

 

Macedonia and Yugoslavia Issue:

1. Affirms the need for the rapid early deployment of effective international civil and security presences to Macedonia, and demands that Macedonia and for Yugoslavia to cooperate fully in their deployment

2. Authorizes the Secretary-General, with the assistance of relevant international organizations, to establish an international civil presence in Macedonia in order to provide an interim administration for Macedonia under which the people of Macedonia can enjoy substantial autonomy within the Former Yugoslavia, and which will provide transitional administration while establishing and overseeing the development of provisional democratic self-governing institutions to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life for all inhabitants of Macedonia;

3. Emphasizes the need for coordinated humanitarian relief operations, and for the former Yugoslavia to allow unimpeded access to Macedonia by humanitarian aid organizations and to cooperate with such organizations so as to ensure the fast and effective delivery of international aid;

 

West Africa Issue:

1. Decides that the West African Nation’s trade would be frozen without delay and other financial assets or economic resources of nation who commit, or attempt to commit, any harm to neighboring nations,

2. Declares that acts, methods, and practices of misconduct or harm to neighboring nations are contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations and that knowingly financing, planning and inciting such acts are also contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations;

3. Decides also that all West African Nations shall:

(a) Refrain from providing any form of support, active or passive, to entities or persons involved in deteriorating relationships between the nations,

 

 

OPENING SPEECH