Country: France

Event: Pearl-MUN 2002, Security Council

Student: Sukaina Fakhral-Deen

 

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The French National Anthem

La Marseillaise

by

Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle.

Allons enfants de la patrie,
Le jour de gloire est arriv?
Contre nous de la tyrannie
L'?tendard sanglant est lev?
Entendez vous dans les campagnes,
Mugir ces f?roces soldats?
Ils viennent jusque dans nos bras
Egorger nos fils, nos compagnes!

Refrain

Aux armes, citoyens!
Formez vos bataillons!
Marchons! Marchons!
Qu'un sang impur
Abreuve nos sillons!

Amour sacr? de la patrie,
Conduis, soutiens nos bras vengeurs!
Libert?, Libert? cherie,
Combats avec tes defenseurs!
Sous nos drapeaux, que la victoire
Accoure ? tes males accents!
Que tes ennemis expirants
Voient ton triomphe et notre gloire!

Refrain

Nous entrerons dans la carriere
Quand nos ain?s n'y seront plus;
Nous y trouverons leur poussiere
Et la trace de leurs vertus.
Bien moins jaloux de leur survivre
Que de partager leur cercueil,
Nous aurons le sublime orgueil
De les venger ou de les suivre!

Refrain

English:

Ye sons of France, awake to glory!
Hark! Hark! the people bid you rise!
Your children, wives, and grandsires hoary
Behold their tears and hear their cries!
(repeat)

Shall hateful tyrants, mischief breeding,
With hireling hosts a ruffian band
Affright and desolate the land
While peace and liberty lie bleeding?

CHORUS

To arms, to arms, ye brave!
Th'avenging sword unsheathe!
March on, march on, all hearts resolved
On liberty or death.

Oh liberty can man resign thee,
Once having felt thy gen'rous flame?
Can dungeons, bolts, and bar confine thee?
Or whips thy noble spirit tame?
(repeat)

Too long the world has wept bewailing
That falsehood's dagger tyrants wield;
But freedom is our sword and shield
And all their arts are unavailing.
CHORUS

France


 

Country Profile France

 

POLITICAL STRUCTURE:

Executive power is vested in the President, who has the real power and is elected for a 7-year term by universal adult suffrage. The President appoints a Prime Minister and a Council of Ministers –both responsible to parliament- but it is the President, rather than the Prime Minister, who presides over the Council of Ministers.

The Senate (the upper house) comprises 321 members -269 of whom represent individual departments and territories- elected by members of municipal, local and regional councils. The remaining 12 senators are elected by French citizens resident abroad. Senators serve for nine years, with one third of the Senate retiring every three years.

The National Assembly(the lower house) comprises 577 deputies elected for a five-year term by universal adult suffrage from single-member constituencies, with a second ballot for the leading candidates if no candidate obtains an absolute majority in the first round.

The Constitutional Council oversees national elections and referendums and examines the constitutionality of laws and government decrees. Former presidents are life members and the president and the parliament appoint nine other members for nine-year terms.

NATURAL RESOURCES:

France's natural resources include coal, iron, ore, bauxite, zinc, potash, timber, fish, and crops. France is also one of the world's largest nuclear power producers, and has ranked second in total installed nuclear capacity. As well, along with Spain, France had the biggest nuke power program in Europe.

France is Western Europe's leading agricultural country and has benefited greatly under the agricultural policy of the European Union. Agriculture employs about 5 percent of the labor force, supplies virtually all the basic food required by the nation, and provides valuable exports. About 55 percent of the land is used for farming, mostly for the production of crops. Cereals are widely grown in France. Wheat is the leading crop; barley and corn, which are used mainly for livestock feed, are grown in large amounts. France is Western Europe's largest producer of wheat, and accounts for about 40 percent of the annual EU production. Sugar beets follow cereals in both acreage and production are the chief industrial crops. Other important crops include oilseeds and flax. France is also the EU's leading producer of beef and dairy products.

Food processing and the making of beverages have long been major activities. France is especially famous for its wine making industry, which in output is rivaled only by that of Italy. French wines and cheeses are among the finest in the world.

The mining of coal and iron ore, once produced in great amounts, has declined significantly. Some petroleum and natural gas are produced but France remains heavily dependent on imports on these fuels. Varieties of other minerals are produced, including uranium, copper, zinc, gypsum, and potash.

With its nearly 2,000 miles of coastline, France has long been a prominent fishing nation. It usually ranks among the top five nations in Europe in total catch, which consists chiefly of Pollock, tuna, hake, whiting, cod, pilchard, haddock, mussels, and oysters.

French energy policy has been relatively consistent in recent decades, with the main objectives including securing energy supply, achieving international competitiveness, and protecting the environment. The focus on energy security has led France to become one of the world's top producers and consumers of nuclear power, France's production of primary energy rose by 2.1% in 2000, to about 5.04 quadrillion Btu. France's energy demand rose bye 1.1% to about 10.3 quadrillion Btu. However, France's total energy bill rose by 102% in 2000, to 155.2 billion French francs (FFR).

About 1.9 million barrels of oil per day of France's approximate 2 million-oil consumption are imported. France has reserves totaling only 140 million barrels.

France has the potential to feed itself and its people, with all of its agricultural products. France has sufficient energy sources, such as oil, and other minerals mentioned above.

 

CULTURAL FACTORS:

France has a population of 56,634, 299. The population density was 270 persons per square mile; almost four times that of the United States but relatively low for a country of Western Europe. About three-fourths of the people live in urban areas. The capital, Paris, has a population of 2,175, 110.

French is the language spoken by the majority of the people. There are two major dialects though, one spoken on the North of the Loire River, and one on the south. French is a romance language, one that is derived from Latin. Breton (of Celtic origin) is spoken in parts of Brittany. The Basques, who live on the northern slopes of the Pyrenees, speak a language believed to be unrelated to any other.

Education is compulsory from age 6 to 16 and is free within the public school system. However, nearly 20 percent of elementary grade children attend private schools. Private schools are regulated by the government and are eligible for government financial aid. Elementary schools have five grades. Pupils then proceed to secondary schools.

There is a separation of church and state. There is full freedom of religion in France. A majority of the people are Roman Catholics. About four percent, mainly immigrants fro North Africa, are Muslims; about two percent are Protestants; and about one percent are Jews.

French ethnic groups include Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, and Basque minorities.

France has long held a unique position in the culture of the western world. As early as the 12th century Paris was the greatest teaching center in Europe, producing philosophers, scientists, and men of letters. The crown befriended scholars and poets, magnificent gothic cathedrals were erected.

French opponents of socialism voted on behalf of Jacques Chirac in the recent election, while socialists voted on behalf of Le Pen. Opponents of socialism and socialists do not always get along.

France has had a long and intimate acquaintance with terror, earned in years of attacks by Algerian independence fighters. Some of them still live in France and stir up some trouble now and then.

 

DEFENSE:

The president of the republic is commander of the armed forces. The minister of defense, Alain Richard, who is under the authority of the prime minister, carries out defense policy. The armed forces consist of an army (which includes Marines), navy (which includes Naval Air), and air force (which includes Air Defense). An 18-month term of military service is compulsory for all men. The military age of work force is 18 years of age. The military work force availability is 14, 573,199. The Army costs $203,200. The Air Force costs $78,100. The Navy costs $63,300. The amount of money spent on the military (the military expenditure) is $39.831 billion, which is 2.5% of GDP. France also has aircraft carriers as a part of its defense system for its army; it has also sent one to the Indian Ocean as mentioned below.

France is one of the world's largest nuclear power producers. The focus on energy security has led France to become one of the world's top producers and consumers of nuclear power.

French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin announced that France is to send its only aircraft carrier (the De Gaulle) to the Indian Ocean in mid-December to support the US led military campaign in Afghanistan. The 40,000-tonne nuclear-powered device recently underwent lengthy repairs.

French military intervention in central Africa would usually take place because of internal instability in, or of regional threats to any of its former colonies, but whether intensive or not depends on the factors of time and place.

 

GEOGRAPHY:

France is located in Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain. Its geographic coordinates are 4600 N, 200 S. Its total land area is 545,630 sq. km, its total water area is 1,400 sq. km. its total area is 547,030 km. its total land boundaries are 2,889 km. its coastline consists of 3,427 km.

As for the climate, the Mediterranean south has warm summers and mild winters. The rest of France has a temperate climate, although the more continental east experiences warmer summers and colder winters. Rainfall is moderate, with highest falls in the mountains and lowest falls around Paris.

France's land consists mostly of flat plains or gently rolling hills in the north and west; the remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in the south, and the Alps in the East. France's lowest point would by the Rhone River. Its highest point would by Mont. Blanc, which reaches a height of 4,807 m. France is the largest West European nation.

 

VIEWS OF WORLD PROBLEMS:

France is a member of the United Nations (UN), the European Union/European Commission (EU/EC), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), G7, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the Western European Union (WEU).

France plays a very big role as one of the larger nations in the European Union, and the largest in Western Europe, socially and economically. President Jacques Chirac has reassured the presidents of the outermost regions (Azores, Canaries, Guadeloupe, Guiana, Martinique, Madeira and Reunion) that the EU will continue to recognize their unique situation. France, even though now separated from its former colonies is still concerned for their welfare.

France has two kinds of cooperation agreements, which stand the institutional basis of security-geared partnerships with the African countries: military aid and defense agreements. At the French-African summit of 1998, French President Chirac pronounced the age military intervention in Africa as ended with relations between the two sides to depend in future on preventive diplomacy. A program for building African capabilities to maintain peace has since been inaugurated.

Not only does France have close relations with its EU neighbors, it also harbors a unique relationship with the US, despite the few incidents blocking their way. The relationship between the US and France is one of the most important –and most difficult- for both nations. Yet, until recently, no center anywhere in the US focuses on this relation ship from a policy-relevant perspective. On September 1, 1999, Brookings established the Center on the United States and France (CUSF) to fill this gap.

France is also one of the most active members of the five permanent (P5) nations in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), and has a big role in solving world problems.

One former status that former African colonies of France have is in the economic realm. After World War II, the French created the Franc Zone to help the growing economies of its African colonies. The Franc Zone consists of a currency cooperation agenda between France's ministry of Treasury and fourteen African countries.

 

ECONOMY:

One of the world's largest economies, France is a founding member of the European Union (EU), a member of the Group of Seven (G-7) industrialized nations, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the International Energy Agency (IAEA). France joined the common European Currency, the Euro, on January 1, 1999. France's economy has had stronger growth that than of many of its neighbors in recent years, having experienced a cyclical upturn since late 1997 that is now winding down. France's economy grew 3.4% in 2000, but growth is estimated to have declined 2.1% in 2001. France's economy in 2002 is forecast at 1.4%. Euro coins and bills were introduced beginning January 1, 2002, though the French franc has been pegged to the Euro since 1999. France is one of the most centralized countries in Europe with a strong history of state ownership in the aviation, telecommunications, and energy industries.

The economy, finance, and industry minister is Laurent Fabius. The French GDP reaches up to $1.21 trillion (2001 estimate). The inflation rate is 1.7%. The unemployment rate is 9.8%.

Exports rate up to $294.3 billion. Export commodities include machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, and beverages. France's export partners include the EU (63%), Germany (16%), UK (10%), Spain (9%), Italy (9%), Belgium-Luxembourg (8%), and the US (8%). Imports rate up to $320 billion. Import commodities include machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, and chemicals. France's import partners include the EU (62%), Germany (16%), Belgium-Luxembourg (11%), Italy (9%), UK (8%), and the US (7%).

One former status that former African colonies of France have is in the economic realm. After World War II, the French created the Franc Zone to help the growing economies of its African colonies. The Franc Zone consists of a currency cooperation agenda between France's ministry of Treasury and fourteen African countries.

France has always had governmental companies; all companies in France were owned by the government. That makes France a socialist country. No other country succeeded in making socialism work, except France. France has achieved the impossible in making socialism possible! That is what the world calls "The French Exception".

 

HISTORY:

In ancient times, France was part of the Celtic territory known as Gaul or Gallia. Its present name is derived from the Latin Francia, meaning "country of the Franks," Germanic people who conquered the area during the 5th century, at the time of the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It became a separate country in the 9th century.

Since the 17th century, France has played a major role in European and world events. In the 20th century, it has experienced numerous crises, including the devastation of two world wars, political and social upheavals, and the loss of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa.

In the 18th century, Jean Jacques Rousseau proclaimed freedom and equality to be political ideals. He denounced existing governments because they made men unequal. To Rousseau, the best form of government was popular sovereignty, with the government being the agent of the general will of the people. Rousseau defined the general will as that which rational, enlightened persons would consider best for the society. He also held that life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness were inalienable rights of all people.

Rousseau's ideas helped bring on the French Revolution in 1789 and were incorporated into the Declaration of the Rights of Man. The revolution overthrew the French monarchy, abolished the privileges of nobles and clergy, and tried to set up a government under the control of the people. The revolution ended in dictatorship in 1804 when Napoleon became emperor of France. After Napoleon was defeated in Waterloo, the old Bourbon monarchy was restored, which led to the establishment of the Third Republic.

Nevertheless, the French Revolution was a great landmark in the advance of democracy. Eventually, after the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71, France became a democratic republic. Meanwhile the ideas of the French Revolution had sparked the development of democracy in many other countries of Western Europe.

In World War I, France, led by Clemenceau, bore the brunt of the fighting in the West. In World War II, defeat by Germany (1940) was followed by occupation; Marshal Petain headed the collaborationist Vichy government in unoccupied France, while General Charles De Gaulle led the "Free French" resistance. In 1994, the allies expelled the Germans from France. The Fourth Republic, proclaimed in 1946, was weakened by the defeat (1945) of French troops in Indochina and a war for independence in Algeria. De Gaulle was returned to power at first president (1958-1969) of the Fifth Republic. Seeking to restore French prestige in the world affairs, De Gaulle stressed independence from the US and NATO in military affairs. His conservative policies county successors, Georges Pompidou and ValGiscard D'Estaing. In 1981, after 23 years of Gaullist dominance, Socialist Francois Mitterrand was elected president and embarked on a program that included administrative decentralization and nationalization of banks and industry. In 1986, the Socialists lost their parliamentary majority, and Mitterrand was forced to appoint Jacques Chirac, a Gaullist as premier. Chirac reversed the Socialist program with a policy of re-privatization and opposed Mitterrand in the 1988 presidential election. Mitterrand won, and the Socialists regained control of the national assembly. Mitterrand turned increasingly to foreign affairs and pursued a more moderate economic program. Rising unemployment and other economic difficulties, as well as several corruption scandals, led to a resounding Socialist defeat in 1993. Conservatives captured nearly 85% of the seats in the national assembly, and Edouard Balladur, a Gaullist, became premier.

The recent French election gave the presidency to Chirac for a second time. That means that once again, Chirac will try to reverse the Socialist program, and try to privatize companies, instead of the government owning them.

 

 

 

 

 

POLICY STATEMENTS

France SC

Delegate: Saja Fakhral-Deen

 

1) RIGHTS OF SPACE USAGE (SATELLITES/MILITARY):

France has always valued space as a strategic domain; in fact, space research has been a political and budgetary priority in France for the past forty years, thanks to which France is now a European leader in this field. On the one hand, it has always been the main contributor to the European Space Agency (ESA) and the leading European country in space in terms of budget, technology and industrial capacity. On the other hand, it has enjoyed long-standing cooperation in space with the US, who, as the war on terrorism is going on, has once again demonstrated to the world the tremendous tactical and strategic advantages of space assets. France is also cooperating on military technology with Russia, for Russia's Putin and France's Chirac are to consider joint space launches.

France feels that wars through space are meaningless, and should be avoided as much as possible, for France believes that wars through space will spread pollution in the air, and that could cause problems to humans, plants, and the entire ecosystem. France opposes "starwars".

The CNES (Centre National d'Etucles Spatiales), which is France's National Center for Space Research has worked in civil space with both NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and NOAA (National Oceanic Atmosphere Administration) for more than thirty years. Their cooperation has always been very efficient, fruitful and safe. Over the past decade, it has grown in both quantity and quality. Today there are more than thirty ongoing bilateral space projects between France and the US.

OnApril 11, 2002, Mr. Roger-Gerard Schwartzenberg, the French Minister for Research, and Mr. Antonio Rodata, ESA Director General, signed an agreement on the Guiana Space Centre (CSG), Europe's spaceport in French Guiana. Covering theperiod 2002-2006, the agreement extends the French government's guarantee of ESA's access to facilities and resources belonging to the CNES at the CSG and use of them for its programmes and activities.

To show France's concern about space activity control, two France-Japanese Space Cooperation symposiums were held co-sponsored by NASDA and CNES. As well as French representatives attending the "Space and Security" seminar held at the MIT faculty Club in Boston on April 22, 2002.

 

2) SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAQ:

France, along with China, Malaysia, and Russia, have abstained to the United Nations Security Council approved (11 with, 0 against, and 4 abstentions) Omnibus Resolution 1284 (1999) establishing a Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission to ascertain Iraqi compliancewith disarmament provisions established after the 1991 Gulf War and so allow for the lifting of the sanctions against the country. This resolution was adopted a year after US-UK bombing of Iraq.

France explains its vote by stating: "we think it may give rise to an interpretation allowing some countries to keep on forever saying that the cooperation hasn't taken place and that, consequently, the embargo can't be suspended. That's what we fear…" France also stated, "The text (referring to resolution) risks causing distorted interpretations… which could have as an objective an indefinite delay on any decision over the sanctions. Such a position could only lead to a new crisis… this could [have] be[en] the occasion to remove the last ambiguities in the text of the resolution and regain the unanimity of the Council for the full weight of its authority… [There is an urgent need to remedy] the catastrophic humanitarian situation in Iraq [produced by the sanctions]…"

The US said it is willing to suspend the oil export embargo on Iraq but differences with Russia and France have already put the plan in doubt. A British UN Security council resolution that would suspend the embargo if Baghdad gave up the remaining information it is withholding on its weapons of mass destruction did not receive France's support. French president Jacques Chirac said France would not support the British draft because Iraq would never accept its terms. "It would be a somewhat pointless gesture which would not lead to any concrete results, but might strain the solidarity of the SC."

France has instead proposed its own draft resolution that would also suspend the oil embargo and place monitors on Iraq's borders to prevent it from rebuilding its weapons of mass destruction. French Non-Governmental Organizations, which want to break the embargo imposed on the air aviation flight to Iraq, fight to rent a plane to head for Iraq. The Secretary General for the French-Iraqi friendship society said, "We are making now negotiations with three private airline companies in west Europe and Russia."

 

3) FIGHTING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM:

France has had a long and intimate acquaintance with terror, earned in years of attacks by Algerian independence fighters.

Although currently plagued by an Islamist terror threat, French authorities have made their country so inhospitable to terrorist networks that many have relocated to Germany. France has been remarkably successful in thwarting terrorism. The French experience holds some challenging lessons for the US. French President Jacques Chirac has expressed solidarity with the US over the attacks of New York and Washington. Mr. Chirac said that his country is determined to support the US campaign against what he called the absolute evil of terrorism. However, he disputed whether the word "war" should be used to describe the campaign, and only committed France to discussing the means to be deployed against terrorists. Mr. Chirac was the first of a stream of foreign visitors visiting Washington, which just shows the extent of French concern.

France has strongly backed the campaign against terrorism since the September 11 attacks on New York and Washington, however France has warned the US twice of the dangers of unilateralism in its approach to the war on terrorism. "Our conception of the world aims to create a more balanced international community… based on a multilateral approach," said Lionel Jospin, French Prime Minister. France is currently hosting a meeting of seventy-eight states negotiating a code of conduct on limiting the proliferation of ballistic missiles. One of the states France invited to the meeting was Iran, which, according to US President, George W. Bush, is a part of the 'axis of evil'.

French military contribution to the fight against terrorism includes sending its only aircraft to the Indian Ocean to support the US-led Military Campaign in Afghanistan. France already has 2,000 military personnel in the Afghan region and has provided logistical and intelligence support for the US-led campaign. France has sent 450 men to the Manas Multinational Airbase in Kyrgyzstan, 100 men to the Transit Detachment Stationed in Dushanbe in Tajikistan, 500 men to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Kabul; it has sent the Naval Aviation Group to the Maritime Force, and 3,500 men to the Maritime Warfare Group. France's total force strength reaches 4,500 men. France has also sent 200 men to secure the Mazar-i-Sharif airport perimeter during repair of the runway for two months.

 

4) WEST AFRICA (LIBERIA):

France, a permanent, influential and standing member of the Security Council, has viewed actions on the government of Liberia for its illegal arms-for-diamonds trafficking punitive and negative. Earlier, France had called for moderation, a kind of gradualapproach to how sanctions would be applied, urging that full and comprehensive sanctions would hurt ordinary Liberians. However, it supported sanctions conditionally, only if it excluded the timber and logging industry in Liberia.France constitutes a majormarket for Liberia. France imports 37.7% of the Liberian timber, making France the largest importer of Liberian timber. France increased its imports of Liberian timber by 11% in the first six months of 2000. France and Liberia say that the timber industry accounts for 30% of the Liberian budget and that those sanctions will hurt ordinary Liberians. France was a major trading partner with Taylor's so-called "Greater Liberia" during the war.

Although, on August 4, 2000, France, Britain, and the US turned the heat once more on Liberian president Charles Taylor over the brutal civil war in Sierra Leone by threatening sanctions against his government. Britain and France have accused the government of Liberia and Burkina Faso of fuelling the war and benefiting from it by exchanging arms for diamonds.

France offers a lot of aid to Liberia; it has offered scholarships to six instructors of the University of Liberia in July 2000, demonstrating its commitment to help the country largely destroyed by six years of war. France has also sponsored 20 Liberian teachers who completed a two-month training program in Abidjan (the capital city). France would also train journalists. France had given US $500,000 worth of humanitarian aid to Liberia through the World Food Programme (WFP). France had also identified health projects in Liberia's Sinoe and Grand Gedeh counties, for funding.

France still holds close relations with its former colonies (including Liberia), especially economically. It also cares for the welfare of these colonies.

 

 

 

 

 

SECURITY COUNCIL CLAUSES

 

ISSUE 1: TERRORISM:

1. Resolves the formation of the UNATC (the United Nations Anti-Terrorist Campaign) which would, among the permission and agreement of all involved nations,

a) Send UN peacekeeping troops to any region where there is terrorism, or it is imminent that there will be terrorism, until any conflicts have been settled completely, however long that may take,

b) Send medical aid to all required regions,

c) Publicize any conflicts with un-biased details of all that is happening through ways of mass media.

2. Encourages all nations not wanting international intervening to implement ways to solve any terrorism problem on their own, such as:

a) forming a national organization that would take care of any terrorism problems, as well as any imminence of terrorism problems existing,

b) Allowing the government to take all necessary measures to try to stop any existing problems related to terrorism, as well as preventing the imminence of terrorist incidents.

3. Urges all nations to consider the significance of terrorism and the importance of a multi-lateral approach in trying to solve it rather than a unilateral approach.

 

 

ISSUE 2: SPACE:

1. Urges all nations to consider space research a political and budgetary priority and to set up radar space monitors in all military bases in the country if they do not already have them and to develop their radar equipment and replace it with all new, technically advanced radar equipment as soon as they are developed in order to avoid any mishaps from occurring.

2. Resolves the formation of the UNSA (United Nations Space Agency) which would have headquarters in the US, the most technically advanced country in issues concerning space, it would have sub-organizations in all countries that are related to space issues in any way, and it would:

a) Examine all satellites launched from any country to ensure that it does not contain anything that may be used as a spying tool, or anything that poses a threat in any way to any other nation,

b) Ensure that any satellites launched without being examined by the UNSA and any country feels insecure regarding these satellites positions in space, they will instantly be removed, and become possessions of the UNSA, if the satellite does not pose a threat to any nation and no country feels insecure, then the launcher of the satellite will be asked to bring it down and take it to the UNSA to be examined and that country will be warned,

c) Ensure that any country that does not cooperate with these regulations, or get three warnings will be denied the right to launch any satellites until it chooses to abide and cooperate with the regulations presented by the UNSA.

d) secure any nation that cannot afford any equipment with all equipment necessary

 

 

ISSUE 3: SANCTIONS ON IRAQ:

Noting with deep appreciation all the efforts presented by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq (CASI) which aims to raise awareness of the effects of sanctions on Iraq, and campaigns on humanitarian grounds for the lifting of non-military sanctions. The CASI does not support or have ties to the government of Iraq.

Pointing out that the British and US Governments continue to seek Iraqi disarmament by starving, or threatening to starve, Iraqi children, and that the solving of the humanitarian crisis must be de-linked from the solving of the inspection crisis.

Having learned that sanctions are the most brutal form of war because they punish an entire population, targeting children, the future, most of all. Sanctions are a weapon of mass destruction.

Noting with deep regret that from 1990, when sanctions were imposed on Iraq until 1995, half a million children under the age of five died of malnutrition and preventable diseases. Sanctions impose artificial famine. A third of Iraq's surviving children today have stunted growth and nutritional deficiencies that will deform their shortened lives.

1. Resolves that the oil embargo against Iraq be suspended, seeing that it poses a threat to the Iraqi economy, which would, instead of helping the Iraqi problem, ruin it further,

2. Further resolves that UN monitors be placed around Iraqi borders, until any suspicion of Iraq producing weapons of mass destruction ends, in order to try to prevent Iraq from any further production of weapons of mass destruction that would lead to even bigger problems for Iraq.

3. Encourages the UNICEF to step and take a role in solving this problem, seeing that this problem is killing children as it is adults, and it is the UNICEF's role to care for children's health around the world, and assure that they live in peace, love, and prosperity, which is not a state Iraqi children are growing in, UNICEF should also pitch in order to ensure the prevention of child labor in Iraq, seeing that it's economical background is decreasing.

 

 

ISSUE 4: WEST AFRICA (LIBERIA):

1. Resolves that UN border patrols on the borders of Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Burkina Faso be placed, in order to stop any further illegal-diamond-trafficking, which is increasing rapidly as the civil war is getting out of hand, which is something Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone are benefiting from, and which is fueling the war.

2. Further resolves that UN peacekeeping troops immediately be sent to Liberia, to decrease, and eventually end the horrific civil war, it would withdraws its troops as soon as all conflicts have ended.

 

 

 

 

OPENING SPEECH

Ladies and gentlemen, bonjour/ bonsoir from the home of Napoleon Bonaparte, home of Jean Jacques Rousseau, greetings all from the Eiffel Tower and Notre dame, greeting from the heart of Europe, greetings from France…

France is honored to be a part of this Security Council Session and wishes that this session be an active one that passes concrete resolutions that help reduce, and hopefully solve the world's problems.

France would like to draw your attention to two very important issues on the agenda this morning/evening, the question of international terrorism and the question of space control.

France would like to express its condolences once again to the US regarding the horrific attacks of September 11. France would also like to applaud the US on all its efforts in trying to combat terrorism, but France believes that the question of terrorism should be approached at a multi-lateral status, for it is not a simple issue, and requires that most nations of the world come together, unite, and try to put an end to terrorism. Terrorism is taking the lives of thousands of innocent people yearly, it should be stopped immediately before more are killed, France hopes that during this session, a concrete resolution be passed regarding this issue, and its termination.

France would also like to emphasize on the importance of controlling space usage, as we can see, the situation is getting out of hand. With anti-ballistic missiles, satellites, spying, insecurity, and space shields: space is becoming a starwars zone! This should be stopped at once, for tampering with space is tampering with trouble, so France believes that if the question of space control is not solved eventually, then even bigger trouble will arise, which the world will not be able to solve.

France would like to express its deepest wishes in solving, or at least reducing all the issues on the agenda. For France, believes that in the words of Jean Jacques Roussaue life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are inalienable rights of all people.

As well as living in................. liberty, fraternity, and equality.

Merci…