Al-Bayan Bilingual School
Model U.N. Presents

Pearl-MUN 2002

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The Pearl- MUN 2002"

Pearl-MUN emerged continued its tradition as one of the most exciting MUN events in Kuwait and the Middle East. The International Court of Justice, one of only three in the entire Middle East, continued to train justices for an eventual court in Kuwait. The ECOSOC, one of the most active perhaps in MUN history, set a standard as every member nation spoke as least six times. The Security Council situation, student written, could well have come from the front pages of today's newspaper and involved Iran, Iraq, and Bahrain in an extremely difficult situation.

As always, superb officers led by Nouf Al Fraih, not only ran the event in every respect but also trained over four dozen delegates for future MUN events. Thus the event continues to provide a service to all students interested in MUN in Kuwait.

The Pearl-MUN continued its history of innovtion. BBS continued its tradition of having lobbying and merging by regional organizations, even seating one session of the ECOSOC as regional organizations. Second, Pearl-MUN continued its tradition of inviting all schools in Kuwait, and Fahaheel Wataniyeh Indian Private School (FAIPS) attended once more. Third, BBS continued to slant its event towards new students to Model United Nations. Finally, BBS gave awards to delegates who best represented their countries. Students even got to participate in a school-wide dance.

Initial Letter Sent to Directors

Attention: MUN-Directors, Would-Be MUN Directors, Debate Coaches, Drama Directors
From: Al-Bayan Bilingual School
Regarding: Pearl-MUN 2002

Al-Bayan Bilingual School (BBS) will, once again host Pearl-MUN, an invitational Model United Nations event on May 22nd-23rd.

Pearl-MUN features an ECOSOC (Economic and Social Council), a Territorial Disputes commission, an ICJ (International Court of Justice), and a Security Council.

The Security Council will offer a challenge to even the most experienced MUN students. Not only will it consider the usual list of Security Council situations, but it will also have its own Security Crisis. Crisis situations include imperfect information, "special guest stars," and real-time events.

Pearl-MUN continues to offer the only International Court of Justice in Kuwait. Again, suitable for the most advanced MUN students, the ICJ will try two cases actually on the docket for the real court. Past ICJ cases have included some of the foremost debate students in Kuwait as attorneys.

A new commission, Territorial Disputes, will target the intermediate level MUNer. The list of issues will include some of the most divisive conflicts on the globe, and students will have to arrange political alliances in order to come to solutions and treaties.

The ECOSOC functions as the event's main assembly. A large body, it suits the beginning level MUN student, including those at their very first event. The ECOSOC will have practice sessions, extensive assistance from the chairs, lobbying and merging, support materials, and its own "mini-crisis," a good introduction to MUN for the new student.

Pearl-MUN also includes some other features that distinguish it. For example, the chairs give awards for best delegates and "most charismatic," and everyone gets a certificate. This year, Pearl-MUN will invite students to apply for deputy and co-chair positions within the event.

BBS would like to extend a special welcome to non-KFSAC schools and to others new to Model United Nations. With Pearl-MUN's practice sessions, support materials, etc., Pearl-MUN can serve as your doorway to Model United Nations.

This event can only accomodate about 150 students. Therefore, interested schools should reply quickly by emailing to: <>


Daniel R. Fruit,

Daniel R. Fruit

BBS MUN Director

Pearl-MUN 2002 Officers and Issues

Pearl MUN 2002Officers:
Nouf Al-Fraih: Coordinator
Nada Al-Abduljader: ECOSOC President
Faisal Al-Ibrahim: ECOSOC Vice President
Talal Al-Rashoud: SC Co-President
Yousef Dashti: SC Co-President
ICJ President: Daniel R. Fruit

Presidents:Nada Al-Abduljader
Vice-President: Faisal Al-Ibrahim
Argentina: Zianeb Abulhasan
Armenia: Noura Al Khaled
Australia: Dalia al Awadi
Azerbaijan: Sara Al Dalali
Brazil: Noufah Al Sabah
Chad: Ghaida A-Rifai
Cuba: Muneera Al Naibai
Egypt: Shaima Q
FAIPS: Russia, South Africa, and Saudi Arabia
France: Altaf Dukair
India: Manal Al Mussalem
Iraq: Hamad Al Sager
Iran: Omar Raafat
Italy: Mishal Al-Rashoud
Japan: Nasser Al Aujan
Lebanon: Fatemah Boukhudour
Liberia: Sara Abu-Saleh
Nigeria: Amna Al Sager
Pakistan: Saud Al Aujan
Qatar: Alla Al Fara
South Korea: Ahmed Al-Shimiri
Thailand: Areej Al-Bader
Turkey: Saud Al Otaibi
UK: Mohammed Al Essa
USA: Zaineb Al Mousa

1. Measures to alleviate the economic distress of the Palestinian people
2. Measures to guarantee affordable energy pricesContinued funding of the United Nations
3. Measure to slow the effects of the illegal drug trade
4. Measures to extend democracy in AfricaMeasures to ensure the rights of minorities within a country

International Court of Justice
ICJ:President: Daniel R. Fruit
Chief Justices: Ghazi Al Sharhan and Abdullah Al Asousi
Associate Judges: Sarah Al Dukair and Hessa Al Malallah
Judges: Sheika Al Sager, Amal

Libya: Abdullah Al Asousi
Uganda: Ghazi al Sharhan/Sarah Al Dukair
United Kingdom: Hessa Malallah

1. The UK versus Libya (Lockerbie sanctions)
2. DR Congo versus Uganda (invasion-related damages)

Security Council
President: Talal Al Rashoud
Deputy President: Yousef Dashti
Bahrain: Fahad Sultan
China Abdullah Bourhamah
FAIPS: Kazakhstan, Sudan, and the UK
France: Sajah Fakhral-Deen
Greece: Nada Al Mousa
Mauritius: Khaled Shahroor
Nigeria: Zooman Al Mesbah
Norway Latifa Ben Essa
Russia Khaled Al Rubei
Sudan: FAIPS
USA: Hamad Al Essa
Venezuela: Bader Al Tukhaim

Special Guest Stars
Bahraini National Movement: Khaled Kooheji
Islamic Movement (Shia) of Iraq: Ali Al Wazzan
Republic of Kurdistan: Hamad Al Khaled

1. Rights of space usage (Satellites/Military)
2. Sanctions against IraqFighting International Terrorism
3. West Africa (Liberia)



Preparation, Lobbying, and Merging

The ECOSOC continued its tradition of lobbying and merging by regional organizations. This resulted in resolutions with a stronger basis of support.

Nouf explains the process.

Nada is all smiles prior to the chaos.

Let the games begin.

The UK tries to sells its ideas.

Faisal offers his ideas.

Nigeria helps Nouf organize.

Egypt mans the machines.

Opening Speeches

Nada as ECOSOC president sets the stage.

Australia dressed in native garb.

Cuba with Egypt waiting to speak

Iraq wears the white suit but not the white flag.

Pakistan with Qatar waiting.

The ECOSOC General Session

Thailand asks a question.

American defends its tarnished reputation.

All eyes center on Egypt.

Guest speaker: Daniel R. Fruit

The audience just can't get enough.

Guest Speaker Speech: Daniel R. Fruit

Ladies and gentlement, countries of the world. Imagine for a minute that the vast divisions between you, the hatred, the love, the past wars, the cross rivers, the pollution, mean nothing more than pieces in some vast complex game. Well, in every game, someone wins...and someone loses, right?

That's actually what mathmetician John Von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstein said. The technical term for this is "a Zero-Sum" game, and it's a means of viewing not just games, but life situations. For someone to win, someone else must lose. Kill or be killed.

Now, imagine something a bit different.

Think of four men in Starbuck's. Suddenly, a beautiful blonde walks in along with four brunettes. If the four men go after the blonde, only one of them, at most, will get the blonde. The others will not only get the blonde but possibly destroy the friendship between them. And that friendship may, in fact, matter far more to any of them than the blonde.

Of course, I'm referring to the kind of situation described by mathemtician John Nash. The solution he proposed: The men would all do better NOT to go after the blonde, but to go after the brunettes. None of them gets what he most desires, but the group ends up better off.

What does this have to do with the United Nations? Imagine that, instead of buxom blondes, we're speaking instead about Northern Ireland, the state of Kashmir, or, dare I say it, the area that some call Palestine, and others call Israel.

It seems to me that many of the most difficult problems in the world today most resemble a Nash dilemma. Faced with this kind of situation, I ask: What will your nations do? Will they insist on getting what they most desire, or settle for the best they can get. I think, since the answer involves life and death, sometimes for millions of people, you'll see the importance of thinking before you answer.

Let me end with a final thought. John Nash was a mathemetician. Nash suffered from madness and received treatment. I put it to you this way. It's time that we leave the madness of the zero-sum games of war and try to make our world, truly, "a beautiful world."

Thank you.

Individual ECOSOC countries

Azerbaijan, Sara Al Dalali (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Ajerbaijan scares the Armenians.

Argentina, Zaineb Abdul-Hassan (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Argentina talks of another loan.

Armenia, Nourah Al Khaled (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Armenia accuses the Turks.

Australia, Dalia Al-Awadi (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Australia wears Australian shorts.

Brazil, Noufah Al Sabah (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Brazil rises to the occasion.

Brazil finishes its speech.

Chad, Ghaida Al Rifae (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Chad makes its opening speech.

Cuba, Muneera Al Nibari (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Cuba when not trashing the USA.

Egypt, Shaima Al Qatami (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Egypt wants more money.

France, Altaf Dukair (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

India, Manal Al Musallam (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

India is not that sari.

India tries to negotiate

Iran, Omar Raafat

Iran makes its presence felt.

Iraq, Hamad Al Sager (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Iraq has many questions.

Italy, Mishal Al Rashoud

Italy(click here to read the ambassador's briefing book. Italy brought personal greetings from its new businessman-prime minister, Burlesconi.

Italy brings news from Burlesconi.

Japan, Nasser Al Aujan (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Japan and South Korea jointly presented a
proposal to straighten out the UN budget.

Lebanon, Fatemah Boukhudour (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Lebanon in national dress.

Lebanon looks happy with the world.

The Republic of Liberia, Sarah Abu-Saleh

Liberia (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)participated in the 2002 pearl MUN event help at the BBS School. Liberia took part in the successful lobbying and merging session and merged itís resolution with Nigeria and South Africa. Liberia was the co-submitter for the issue of minorities. Luckily this resolution passed and many great countries such as the US, Britain and Russia agreed with it. Liberia had no problems and signed all the resolutions that were debated because they all were helpful to Liberia itself and to the whole world. The SC twice called Liberia to discuss the issue about sanctions and the rights and the humanitarian situation in Liberia. When there was an emergency situation about Iraq and Turkey concerning the dams, Liberia tried to solve it and make peace between those two countries. This MUN event was very successful and Liberia had a fun and interesting time and got to learn about and meet new countries.

Liberia talks to the Security Council.

Nigeria, Amna Al Sager (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Nigeria listens intently.

Pakistan, Saud Al Aujan (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Pakistan prepares to speak.

Qatar, Alla Al Farra (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Qatar lobbies and merges.

Saudi Arabia, FAIPS

Saudi Arabia questions.

Saudi Arabia finishes.

South Korea, Ahmad Al Shammari (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

South Korea negotiates.

Thailand, Areej Al Bader (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Thailand prepares to speak.

Turkey, Ahmad Al Shamari (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Turkey addresses others.

Turkey's personal secretaries.

The United Kingdom, Mohammad Al Essa (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Mohammad sells his resolution.

The United Kingdom speaks again.

The United States, Zaineb Al Mousa (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

The US rises to the occasion.

The US speaks again.

The Grand Finales

The session ended up passing two resolutions, one by the United Kingdom on drugs and the other by Nigeria on the rights of minorities within a country. To read all of the resolutions click here.

Nouf is still handing stuff out.

Doing the hokey pokey.

Faisal appears happy

Announcing the award winners.

The International Court of Justice

For the second year, Pearl-MUN featured an International Court of Justice. This year's court tried two different cases. In the first, Libya sued the United Kingdom for the damages causes by the UK's sanctions against Libya, sanctions which it imposed despite a UN order telling them to drop the sanctions.

In the second case, the Democratic Republic of the Congo sued Uganda for damages caused by Uganda's continued occupation of portions of DR Congo. Uganda, on its side, not only claimed that DR Congo invited Uganda but that DR Congo itself posed the greater threat to the local Congolese.

Click here to read all about both cases and see the relevant court documents.

The full court in session.

Another view.

The Republic of Libya, Abdullah Al Asousi

Your sanctions are unjust.

The United Kingdom Advocate, Hessa Al Mallah

The United Kingdom's defends its sanctions.

The The Democratic Republic of the Congo, FAIPS

Angry about the Ugandan troops.

The Ugandans committed atrocities!

The Republic of Uganda, Sarah Al Dukair and Ghazi Al Sharhan

Uganda listens.

Uganda thinks it can win the case.

Chief Justice Dan makes a point.

Chief Justice Abdullahs weighs the evidence.

Chief Justice Ghazi takes notes.

Justice Hessa listens to the arguments.

Sheika laughs at a humorous remark.

Arguing over a small point

A dramatic courtroom moment.

Testimony of a Congolese villager.

An intense argument about lunch.

The Security Council Session

The Security Council debated three issues and discussed a very complex and well-written Emergency Situation. The regular sessions included an attempt to resolve the Kashmir issue as well as a very short resolution on the situation in West Africa.

A classic session introduction.

Yousef leads the session.

Norway questions Liberia.

The Security Council Emergency Situation

After the death of Saddam Hussein, Iraq's new ruler fell subject to attempts to become independent both from the Kurds and the Shia. In response Iraq decided to clamp down on the Kurds and punish the Iraqis. Meanwhile, trouble brewed on Bahrain as an Iranian aided nationalist movement attempted to gain control for the islands Shia. Qatar, taking advantage of this attempted tried to retake disputed territory on Bahrain.

To read all of the details about this exciting situation and its resolution, click here to read.

The Bahraini National Movement makes its demands.

The full dimensions of the crisis emerge.

Iraq admits to having nuclear weapons

Iran has nukes too.

The Islamic movemennt of Iraq.

The Republic of Kurdistan.

Individual SC countries

Bahrain, Fahad Sultan (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Bahrain waits to hear the Qatari position.

The People's Republic of China, Abdullah Al Bourhamah (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

China remains suspicious of US intentions.

France, Saja Fakhral-Deen (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

France talks about Africa.

Nada Al Mousa (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

The Greeks quote Plato again.

Kazakhstan, FAIPS

Kazakhstan listens intently.

An intra-group consultation.

Mauretius, Khaled Shahroor (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Mauritius questions France.

Nigeria, Zooman Al Mesbah (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Nigeria, the African giant.

The Kingdom of Norway, Latifa Ben Essa

Norway questions France.

The Russian Federation, Khaled Al Rubei (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

Russia blames the Chechnyans

The Republic of the Sudan, FAIPS

The Sudanese challenge the West.

Sudan questions.

United Kingdom, FAIPS

The UK speaks.

United States, Hamad Al Essa (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)

The USA cautions Iraq.

Venezuela, Bader Al Tukhaim

Venezuela speaks.

Norway, Russia, and Maritius.

The US shares a moment with Sukaina.

Thankfully I recorded it all on video.

Yousef guards the door.

Talal and Yousef give awards.

As Published in the Kuwait Times

Pearl-MUN Brings Kuwait MUN Season to an Exciting Conclusion

On Wednesday and Thursday May 22-23, Al-Bayan Bilingual school hosted the second annual Pearl-MUN. Students from several schools around Kuwait attended highlighted by the appearance of guest school Fahaheel Wataniyeh Indian Private School (FAIPS). While only the second "official Pearl-MUN," in fact, this continues a four-year tradition of BBS hosting a May MUN-event. The event featured three separate parts, an International Court of Justice (ICJ), an Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), and a Security Council (SC).

The ECOSOC featured new MUN students ranging in age from 14-16. Students began by lobbying and merging their resolutions which tried to come with solutions to (a) international terrorism (b) drugs (c) the Palestinian situation, and (d) the condition of minorities. Through lobbying and merging regional blocks emerged. Five countries successfully emerged as "main submitters," i.e. leaders and principal authors of the resolutions: Italy (Mishal Al Rashoud) and the United Kingdom (Mohammad Ben Essa)-drugs; Japan (Naser Al Aujan)-terrorism; Nigeria (Amna Al Sager)-minorities; and Cuba (Muneera Al Nibari )-Palestine. Of these resolutions, Nigeriaís and Cubaís both passed the ECOSOC assembly while the United Kingdomís failed by a single vote.

In addition, the ECOSOC handled an emergency situation which occurred when Iraq, after a US bombing, tried to deal with a water shortage by threatening military action against Turkey. In the end, Iraq signed a cease-fire allowing UN troops to monitor the situation while Turkey agreed to open some of its dams to help with the humanitarian problem.

All ECOSOC delegates gave opening speeches. The delegates of Lebanon (Fatemah Boukhadour, Australia (Dalia Al Awad), and India (Manal Al Musallam) quickly drew the world's attention as they dressed in their countries national dress. Meanwhile, Italy (Mishal Al Rashoud) made its own mark by delivering half its opening speech in Italian.

The ECOSOC recognized Hamad Al Sager (Iraq) and Mishal Al Rashoud (Italy) as its outstanding delegates while Muneera Al Nibari (Cuba) received recognition as the "most colorful" delegate. The chairs complimented this as one of the most active MUN assemblies ever as all countries made several speeches and asked numerous questions.

Meanwhile, the Security Council dealt with a host of issues including: (a) international terrorism (b) the situation in Liberia (c) sanctions on Iraq and (d) the militarization of space. The SC passed two short resolutions on Iraq and on Liberia.

The bulk of the SCís time, however, went to the emergency situation that resulted after the sudden death of Saddam Hussein. While Husseinís son in Iraq threatened military action against Kuwait, revolts began against him from both the Shia (aided by Iran) and the Kurds. Taking advantage of this situation, Shias in Bahrain (aided by Iran) attempted to overthrow the government of Bahrain.

The Security Council recognized Khaled Al Rubei (Russia) and Abdullah Bourhamah (China) while Rohan Mathur and Subramanian S. Ashish (Sudan) won recognition as the most colorful. The Security Council also recognized the outstanding performances of Hamad Al Sager (Iraq), Omar Rafaat (Iran), and special guest star Khaled Kooheji (the Bahraini National Movement). SC co-presidents commented that the quality of debate and activity at this SC surpassed that of many international events they'd attended.

The ICJ tried two cases. The first involved Libya (Abdullah Al Asousi) suing the United Kingdom (Hessa Al Malallah) for the sanctions the UK posed in reaction to the 1984 Lockerbie bombing. The sanctions, Libya claimed, violated the Montreal Convention. In the end, the court ruled that the UK must pay for the time period of 1984-1992 and 1998-date and the economic cost of the sanctions.

In the second case, DR Congo (Vinod Ramakrishnan-Radhika Thakur) sued the Republic of Uganda (Ghazi Al Sharhan-Sarah Al Dukair) for damages caused by the Ugandan military presence in DR. Congo. In the end, the court essentially made each side pay for the damage it did for the other and ruled both countries in violation of the Lusaka Agreement. The court recognized Abdullah Al Asousi and Radhika Thakur as its outstanding and second outstanding participants.

The awards ceremony specifically recognized the efforts of FAIPS towards the success of this event. This included the work of the school's coach, Rithu Mathur and student coordinator Prerna Bang.

Al-Bayan Bilingual School provided all of the officers for the event. These included ICJ chief judges Ghazi Al Sharhan, Sarah Al Dukair, Abdullah Al Asousi, and Hessa Al Malallah. Nada Al Abduljader served as ECOSOC president with Faisal Al Ibrahim as her deputy while Talal Al Rashoud and Yousef Dashti served as SC co-presidents. BBS junior Nouf Al Fraih organized and ran this event as Secretary-General.

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