Country: United Kingdom
Event: Pearl-MUN 2002
Student: Mohammad Ben Essa
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2001-2002 Team page
The House of Lords, (the Upper non-elected House of Parliament), comprises over 750 hereditary peers and peeresses, over 20 Lords of Appeal (non-hereditary peers), over 370 life peers, 2 archbishops and 24 bishops of the Church of England. The House of Commons consists of 651 members elected for five years by universal adult suffrage.
Legislative power is based on constitution in parliament, with the royal assent needed for a bill to become law. The ruler (Elizabeth II), on the advice of the Prime Minister, dissolves parliament. After a general election, the monarch appoints the head of the winning party as the new Prime Minister, although if no one party had a working majority, the ruler would have to seek advice on whom to ask first to try and form a government, the real power goes to Elizabeth II, she order the government to do what’s suppose had been done.
Local government does much of the work of governing Britain. Local authorities (county councils and district councils in England and Wales, regional and district councils in Scotland) are responsible for services such as education, social services, local authority housing, and the fire brigade
The UK is one of the world's greatest financial systems in the entire world, and its economy position is the best between the four largest in Western Europe. Over the past 13 years the judgment Tories have greatly reduced public ownership and limited the increase of social interests list. Agriculture is intensive, very important to the UK, and well organized by the European standards, making about 60% of food needs with only 1% of hard work with energy.
The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil reserves, one of the highest shares of any industrial nation. Army, mainly banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest quantity of GDP while industry continues to decline in importance, now using only 25% of the hard work and producing only 21% of GDP. The economy registered 4.2% GDP growth in 1994, its fastest annual rate for six years.
The population of the United Kingdom if 59,647,790 since July 2001, the there eight ethnic groups that are first of all the English that are the most people in the United Kingdom, and the English are 81.5% of the population, that is an approximate of three quarter of the population, and then there is the Scottish, and are the second largest amount after English, and the Scottish are 9.6% of the population, after the Scottish comes the Irish that are 2.4% of the population, after that comes the welsh and the Ulster that are both 1.9% of the population, after the last comes the West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other that are an approximate of 2.8% of the population.
In the United Kingdom there are nine different religions and they are the Anglican that are 27 million, then comes the Roman Catholic that are 9 million, after comes the Muslim that represent 1 million of the population, after the Muslims comes the Presbyterian that are 800,000, later one the centuries the Methodist came and they represent a total of 760,000, later after that came the Sikh that are 400,000 of the population, and the last two religions that are the Hindu, and the Jewish, and the Hindu are 350,000, and the Jewish are 300,000, and that was calculated since 1991
Most of the ethnic groups in The UK get along but other have a sense or racism in their minds, there are no serious effect on new immigrates in the UK.
The United Kingdom has a couple of military branches but the most important branches are Army that accept English from the age of 18 to 49 years old, the after the Navy comes the Royal Army, and this Army includes royal marines, that are from the age of 15 to 39 years old, after that comes the last important branch that’s called Royal Air force and this army accepts the age of the same first army from the age of 18 to 49 years old, and these are most three important branches in the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom is one of the most powerful country after the United States, the UK in some cases it can defend itself without the help of The United States, but in other huge wars no it cannot, yes indeed the United Kingdom does carry a stock pile of nuclear weapons, the UK defense have aircrafts that are used in wars and that carries weapons are on air.
The United Kingdom is located in Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France; The United Kingdom is located in Europe. The area of land in the United Kingdom is 241,590 sq km and the area of water is 3,230 sq km that gives a total of 244,820 sq km and that is the area of The United Kingdom. To compare the area of the UK it is slightly smaller than Oregon, The UK is mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast, the elevation extremes the lowest point in the UK is -4 m that is the Fenland, and the highest point in the UK is 1,343 m and that is Ben Nevis. The climate is temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast.
In the 1960’s the United Kingdom has discovered five major natural resources that are coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, but then as the United Kingdom discovered the resource petroleum The social economic factors have improved in the UK, in couple of years after the discover of petroleum. And then the United Kingdom started looking for more, then in the early 1980’s the United Kingdom has found nine minor resources that are iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica, arable land. The UK has many natural resources and is benefiting from them in countless ways and purpose.
The UK’s imports are mostly all food and they are manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs, and the imports partners are EU 53% (Germany 14%, France 9%, Netherlands 7%), US 13%, Japan 5%, and for the petroleum it is located in the far south of The Untied Kingdom.
Views on World Problems:
The United Kingdom is a member of the United Nations (UN) and occupies one of the five permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council. The UK is also part in the European Union (EU), an organization dedicated to economic cooperation among European nations.
As for know the relationship of the EU with the UK is that the EU is that it chose to remain outside of the European Monetary Union for the time being.
Britain's defense policy leans on membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). As a member of the Western European Union (WEU), the UK is part of a forum that consults and cooperates on defense issues concerning European NATO members.
The most historically significant international organization the United Kingdom belongs to is the Commonwealth, the Commonwealth is a dynamic association active in a broad range of areas, from observing elections to providing models for good health practices for women, advising member countries on debt management and helping small states negotiate better trade arrangements Britain belongs to many other international organizations. The IMF is an international financial system and helps member nations that are experiencing financial difficulties. Britain also joined with other countries to form the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), which promotes partnership on economic issues, gathers statistical information, and offers advice to less-developed countries. In the present day, the UK is a fairly secure and stable country.
The United Kingdom is one of the United States' closest friends, and British foreign policy emphasizes close coordination with the United States. United Kingdom and the United States continually discuss with each other foreign polices and global problems and share major foreign and secure policy objectives.
Both Wales and Scotland was independent king that virefuse to accept English rule. The English invasion of Wales succeeded in 1282 under Edward I, and the Ruling of Rhuddlan established English rule 2 years later. To mollify the Welsh, Edward's son (later Edward II), who had been born in Wales, was made Prince of Wales in 1301. The tradition of giving this title on the eldest son of the British ruler continues today. An act of 1536 completed the political and governmental union of England and Wales. While maintaining separate parliaments, England and Scotland were ruled under one crown beginning in 1603, when James VI of Scotland succeeded his cousin Elizabeth I as James I of England. In the resulting decade, strong religious and supporting differences divided the kingdoms. Finally, in 1707, England and Scotland were united as Great Britain, sharing a single Parliament and flag.
Ireland's invasion by the Anglo-Normans in 1170 led to centuries of trouble. Succeeding English kings required overcoming Ireland. In the early 17th century, large-scale agreement of the north from Scotland and England began. After its strike, Ireland was subjected, with unstable amount of success, to control and law by Britain. The governmental union of Great Britain and Ireland was completed on January 1, 1801, under the name of the United Kingdom. However, armed moved violently for independence continued now and again into the 20th century. The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 established the Irish Free State, which then left the Commonwealth and became a republic after World War II. Six northern, mainly Protestant counties have remained part of the United Kingdom.
Britain's control over its empire loosened during the interwar period. Ireland, with the exception of six northern counties, broke away from the United Kingdom in 1921. Although weakened by economic and political nationalism, the Commonwealth offers the United Kingdom a voice in matters concerning many developing countries. In addition, the Commonwealth helps preserve many institutions deriving from British experience and models, such as parliamentary democracy, in those countries
At first to support William the Vanquisher holdings in France, Britain's policy of active involvement in European affairs endured for several decades. The UK business revolution greatly makes stronger skills to go up against Napoleonic France. Peace in Europe allowed the British to focus their happiness on more isolated parts of the world, and during this period the British Empire reached its top. British colonial development reached its height largely during the time in power of Queen Victoria that was born in 1837 and died in 1901. British colonies added to the United Kingdom’s unusual economic growth and make stronger its voice in world affairs.
Margaret Thatcher: Elections in 1979 brought the Conservatives to power, and party leader Margaret Thatcher became Britain’s first woman Prime Minister. In April 1982, Argentina seized the Falkland Islands, a British colony off the tip of South America. A British expeditionary force retook the islands in June. The Conservatives called for parliamentary elections in 1983 and won an overwhelming victory. Parliamentary elections in 1987 reaffirmed Conservative rule. In 1988, Thatcher became the longest-sitting Prime Minister since Lord Liverpool (1812-27). In 1989, she introduced a community poll tax. In 1992, she entered the House of Lords, created Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven. In general, Thatcher greatly influenced the British economy, changing it into more of a free market economy than a command economy.
1) Ensuring the rights of minorities within a country
Defining minorities as "The smaller in number of two groups forming a whole", the situation of ensuring the rights of minorities within the United Kingdom is through certain actions is trying to be implemented. Although the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has a certain percentile amount of their population consisting of minorities, their rights are questioned by the upper classes in society. The United Kingdom is hoping and trying to equal the rights of all individual minorities are not.
The United Kingdom fully believes that ensuring the rights of minorities within a country are fully necessary and help create a multi-cultural society such as the United Kingdom itself, the United Kingdom believes that minorities in a country no matter how small they’re number actually is are in need to be respected with certain rights that ensure them the right that they deserve.
2) The question of Palestine and the peace process in the Middle East
Defining peace as "The absence of war or other hostilities", as for the question of Palestine and the peace process in the Middle East, well the United Kingdom does not really care about this issue because the United Kingdom if not in trouble in any way, the United Kingdom thinks that this issue is really crazy, "why couldn’t the live in piece".
The United Kingdom is 100% with the United States what the United States say well the United Kingdom is a follower, whatever it does the United Kingdom agrees, the United Kingdom thinks that this issue should stop immediately by peace, and no more death, the United Kingdom thinks that half of Palestine should be for the Jews and the other half should be for the Palestinians.
3) The question of drug usage, trafficking and rehabilitation programs
Defining Drugs as "A substance used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a disease or as a component of a medication", the United Kingdom is a country full or drugs, one of the most biggest problems in the United Kingdom is drug trafficking, and drug usage, that will cause to AIDS and the death of the British, Drug trafficking is a problem that the United Kingdom are trying to solve, The United Kingdom thinks that this problem is the most important issue.
The United Kingdom is trying to stop the problem of drugs by using a system that will track down drug dealer and drug traffickers, and there the government the committee of capital punishments will decide punishment. And this is how the United Kingdom is trying to stop drug usage and drug trafficking.
4) The question of preventing international terrorism
Defining international as "Of, relating to, or involving two or more nations" and defining terrorism as "The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons, the United Kingdom is a natural country with no much of terrorism, the UK things that international terrorism must stop, and if it did not it will cause war.
The UK is not helping stop international terrorism because the UK as a country itself has no terrorism except a little bit that will fade away by time, international terrorism is a bad thing that if it will keep on going it will destroy the world
Country: The United Kingdom
Defining drugs as "A chemical substance, such as a narcotic or hallucinogen, that affects the central nervous system, causing changes in behavior and often addiction",
Noting with deep concern the 25% increase since 1988 of illegal drug trafficking in nation worldwide according to a UN survey,
Noting with deep regret the fact that millions of people are dying yearly because of drugs according to the CIA fact book,
Stating that drugs worldwide are increasing in an amount that is starting to go out of order due to the careless of the government, by not trying hard and not surrounding the border according to the UN website,
Aware of the situation of illegal drug trafficking through borders of other’s according to the world fact book,
Having Considered that drug addicts getting HIV\Aids through SHARING NEEDLES (note) according to BBC.com
Keeping in mind that drugs are responsible for the deaths of 52,000 people a year, and the cost of the problem adds up to $110 billion a year according to CNN.com
Having Studied that if drugs are to be unchecked, illegal drugs will cost the world up to 1000,000 deaths and trillions of dollars over the next decade according to Cnn.com
Regretting that according to CNN.com that drug amount has risen 15% since 1990,
Concerned that according to Dr. James sterling of MIT that despite continued improved efforts by countries, international organizations and non-governmental organizations, the drug crisis is still a challenge to the world,
Condemns the fact that in some nations it is legal to plant drugs according to www.drug.com\worldcrisis.nl
Appreciating the fact that the UN has passed multiple resolutions in the effort of decreasing this problem according to www.un.org
Calls upon all member states to take more effective measures into stopping the problem of drugs worldwide
1) Resolves the formation of the UNODC (The United Nations Organizations for Drug Control) which would be responsible of all the things mentioned, the UN will determine the location of headquarters, which will be formed as soon as this resolution is passed;
2) Encourages all nations allow the UNODC to secure:
A) Sea Borders, through radars,
B) Land Borders, through border patrol,
C) Air Borders, through radars,
D) The country's military force and equipment will aid the security of sea, land, and air borders;
4) Recommends all nations to allow the UNODC to position private rehabilitation centers, in each area of the country due to the 15% increase amount of drugs since 1990, to encourage drug addict to come:
A) Developed countries that do not have private rehabilitation programs allow the UNODC to set up to build them,
B) Undeveloped countries allow the UNODC to set up private mobile clinics with available medical supplies, supplied by the UNODC;
5) Congratulates countries such as the US, Australia, and other countries for putting an effort in reducing the amount of people infected with drugs worldwide through rehabilitation centers, and encourages other nations to join them;
6) Draws the attention of the effects of taking drugs on individuals, families, society, and country:
A) Physically: drugs cause people to suffer from problems in the nervous system,
B) Mentally: drugs cause changes in the behavior and very often addiction,
Which proves that drugs have negative side effect, which increase them amount of disabled people in the world;
7) Urges that the UNODC further alert people about the effects of drugs in many ways such as:
A. Articles in magazines, newspapers, handouts, etc: The UNODC will provide for developed and undeveloped countries all the magazines and handouts needed to help decrease the amount of drugs worldwide,
B. Forming a drug awareness month: that will be established in every country, the country will decide were and how will they hold and organize it due to the cultural or religious beliefs,
C. Advertisements on television and radio: The UNODC will help the undeveloped and developed countries that do not have advertisements on television and radio, to educate them by making up story and passing them on from a country to another,
D. Education: The UNODC will educate the undeveloped countries that the drug amount increases rapidly over the year;
E. Mass media: many different methods of advertisement have been presented so if a person cannot have access to one, they can get access to others;
7) Further reminds countries that the aims of stopping drugs include:
A. To help young people resist drug misuse in order to achieve their full potential in a society,
B. To protect communities from drug-related behavior,
C. To enable people with drug problems to overcome them and live healthy and crime-free lives,
D. To strangle the accessibility of illegal drugs on streets;
8) Further reminds all nations and drug addicts that drugs may lead to many diseases such as:
A) HIV- Human immunodeficiency virus,
B) Aids-Acquired Immune deficiency syndrome,
C) Hepatitis B- An infection of the liver that is caused by a DNA virus
Which can further increase abnormal people;
10) Draws the attention that there are certain ways to stop drugs such as:
A) Preventing border trafficking, by military forces and radars,
B) Awareness and education about risks of drug taking, by mass media;
11) Expresses its hope that the United Nations considers this resolution because of the rapid increase of drugs as a worldwide dilemma and this resolution, if passed can tackle the problem;
12) Further resolves that drug dealers will be sentenced according to the countries religious and diplomatic laws, and drug addicts will be send to rehabilitation center, until such time they have overcome their addiction;
Good Afternoon/Evening, welcome fellow delegates. Welcome, from the land of kings, of queens, of knights. Welcome, from the land of poets, of dramatists, of playwrights. And finally welcome from the land of the biggest clock tower in the world "Big Ben", As the words of Dorothy Parker "Razors pain you; Rivers are damp; Acids stain you; And drugs cause cramp. Guns aren't lawful; Nooses give; Gas smells awful; you might as well live".
A warm welcome for every nation present here today, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland welcomes you all.
Nations, we are gathered here today, united, for the hope that we will be able to solve or at the very least reduce world problems. One crisis of this world is that of illegal drugs, its’ usage and its’ trafficking from country to country. The United Kingdom encourages all nations in attendance, to come together as one to find a solution to the problem of illegal drugs that is destroying our world…
The United Kingdom beliefs that all nations here today are suffering from this matter, The United Kingdom urges al nations to put our hand together and stand up and put an end to the crisis