Country: Jamaica

Event: SAIMUN 2002


Students:

Nouf Al-Fraih, Human Rights, Ambassadores

Talal Al-Rashoud, Security Council, Vice-Ambassador

Shadi Al-Suwaiyeh, First Political

Yousef Dashti, Second Political

Khalid Shahroor, Disarmament

Fahed Al-Sultan Ecology and Environment

Bader Al-Tukhaim Economic Development






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The Jamaican National Anthem

Jamaica

Eternal Father, Bless our Land
Guide us with thy mighty hand
Keep us free from evil powers
Be our light through countless hours
To our leaders, great defender
Grant true wisdom from above
Justice, truth be ours forever
Jamaica, land we love
Jamaica, Jamaica, Jamaica, land we love

Teach us true respect for all
Stir response to duty's call
Strengthen us the weak to cherish
Give us vision lest we perish
Knowledge send us Heavenly Father
Grant true wisdom from above
Justice, truth be ours forever
Jamaica, land we love
Jamaica, Jamaica, Jamaica, land we love



Jamaica

 

 

Jamaica’s Country Profile

 

Political Structure

The Jamaican constitution was declared in 1962 establishing a government similar to that of Great Britain, with the Prime Minister serving as the head of the government, and the legal and judicial system based on the English common law. The "real power" in Jamaica is represented in a cabinet. The cabinet consists of 20 ministers and is headed by the Prime Minister.

Jamaica has a three-party political system. The People's National Party (PNP) is socialist in orientation, and the Jamaica Labor Party (JLP) supports free enterprise in a mixed economy, and a democratic form of a government. Minor parties include the Workers' Party of Jamaica, a Marxist group, and the Jamaica American Party, which favors US. statehood for Jamaica.

 

Natural Resources

Jamaica enjoys a wide variety of natural resources. Jamaica’s land is excellent for agricultural products, like fruits, vegetables, dairy products, cocoa beans, coffee, honey, sisal, sugar cane, tobacco, and different types of meats. Jamaica has full access to the sea, benefiting greatly from it, not only does it serve as a major tourist attraction but it’s also a main source of agriculture. Other natural resources include paperboards, and sand-wood. Thanks to all these natural resources Jamaica earns over $2 million annually each year from these products alone.

 

Cultural Factors:

The population of Jamaica is primarily of African or mixed African-European origin, descended from slaves brought to the island between the 17th and 19th centuries. Other minorities include East Indians, Europeans, and Chinese. About half the population lives in rural areas. Emigration, especially to the United States, Britain, and Latin America, has been popular in the last 20 years.

English is the official language, although many Jamaicans speak a local dialect of English that incorporates African, Spanish, and French elements, called "Creole." Among the Christian majority, several well-established Jewish, Muslim, and Hindu communities exist.

School attendance by children between the ages of 6 and 11, and 70.9 percent of all 12- to 18-year-olds attend secondary institutions. Jamaica also has a number of vocational and technical schools, teacher-training colleges, and a college of arts, science, and technology.

Jamaica is most famous for its music, most popularly reggae music. The Jamaicans are also known for being good drummer and good dancers with brightly colored dresses.

Since colonization, the African slaves, who were moved to Jamaica in large numbers, brought a distinct African beat to the island of Jamaica. This eventually gave rise to Reggae, the Rasta-inspired music of black protest that emerged in Jamaica during the late 1960s. Reggae incorporates the rhythmic influences of Nyabinghi drumming as well as that of other African Jamaican musical traditions. During the 1970s, Rastafari-inspired reggae themes gave rise to a new national conciseness. During this same period, the music developed a large following all over the world. No doubt the most prominent figure of Jamaican Reggae was Bob Marley. Through his inspirational music and religious beliefs he gained a large following of Jamaicans and non-Jamaicans alike as a spiritual leader, to the point of reaching semi-legendary proportions.

 

Defense:

Jamaica’s military consists of about 730 thousand soldiers. Its defense force includes Ground Soldiers, Coast Guards, and Air Wing. About thirty million dollars is spent each year towards Jamaica’s military.

In 1963 the need for light aircraft in the newly formed Jamaica Defense Force led to the formation of a Reserve Air Squadron. This was staffed with a number of enthusiastic pilots from the Jamaica Flying Club, who either owned or had access to private light aircraft. In July that year the United States, as part of a military agreement, handed over four Cessna 185B Sky wagon aircraft to Jamaica. A pilot who was at the time employed by the Jamaican Government was seconded to the JDF. A Bell 47G helicopter was delivered in October and a second Bell 47G was collected by JDF AW pilots from Forth Worth, Texas in March 1964 and flown to Jamaica. In October of that year, a British Army Air Corps officer, the first officer to command the Air Wing, arrived in Jamaica. His main tasks were to train the helicopter pilots and organize the unit. This officer, with a small team of JDF officers and other ranks, started the JDF Air Wing on its growth and versatility.

The mainstay and strength of the Defense Force is derived from the people in the organization. However an increasingly sophisticated range of weapons and equipment are available to help the Defense Force complete its tasks.

There aren’t any military threats to Jamaica. However it is in between the US and Cuba, two countries not a good relation. Jamaica feels that might be a threat since a war between them would mean a war for Jamaica who would probably take the United States side, but does not want to anger it’s other neighbor.

 

Geography:

Jamaica is an island in the West Indies, south of Cuba and west of Haiti. With an area of 10,911 square kilometers, Jamaica is the largest island of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The island is made up of coastal lowlands, a limestone plateau, and the Blue Mountains, a group of volcanic hills, in the east.

Temperatures are fairly constant throughout the year, and has rich and fertile soil which is very useful for agriculture. Jamaica also lies at the edge of the hurricane track; as a result, the island usually experiences only indirect storm damage. Hurricanes occasionally score direct hits on the islands, however.

In general, Jamaica is an island well known for its tropical, hot, humid and temperate interior climate and known to be a major tourist attraction of the Caribbean, and helpful for good agriculture.

 

View on world problems:

Jamaica maintains diplomatic relations with almost every nation in the world. It is a member of the United Nations and many of its specialized agencies. Jamaica is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, The Inter American Development Bank, and the Caribbean Development Bank. Jamaica is a signatory to the Lome IV Convention between the European Economic Community countries and the developing countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific. CARICOM is a regional common market established with the objectives of promoting the integration of the economies of the member states, coordinating the foreign policies of the member states and engaging in functional cooperation in the provision of services such as education, health and transportation among its 15 member countries. Jamaica tries to act neutrally with all countries so that it won’t get into wars.

One of Jamaica’s closest allies is the United States of America. They’re good allies politically and economically. Many Jamaicans are also known to migrate to the US, and there’s also a political party that favors the idea of Jamaica belonging to the United States. Another important ally is the United Kingdom, as Jamaica was a former British colony. After independence Jamaica declared an institution similar to that of Britain and the English law and practice.

Many see Cuba a threat to the world and a "bad" country, but that’s not the way Jamaica sees it. Although Jamaica is a strictly US ally sided, it does not have a bad relation with Cuba, and doesn’t intend on having one. Jamaica is a peaceful and loving country having no enemies and is not known for being in war.

 

Jamaican Economy:

The key sectors of the Jamaican economy are bauxite. The principal ore of that accounts for more than half of exports, and tourism. The Prime Minister, Patterson, eliminated most price controls, streamlined tax schedules, and privatized government enterprises, and continued tight monetary and fiscal policies have helped slow inflation, although inflationary pressures are mounting, and stabilize the exchange rate. This, on the other hand, has resulted in the slowdown of economic growth (moving from 1.5% in 1992 to 0.5% in 1995), and showing negative growth in the GDP that reached –1.4$ and remained negative throughout 1999. Many serious problems mounted including:

1. High interest rates

2. Increased foreign competition

3. Weak financial condition of business in general resulting in receiverships or closures and downsizing of companies

4. The shift in investment portfolios to non-productive

5. Short-term high yield instruments

6. A pressured, sometimes sliding, exchange rate A widening merchandise trade deficit

7. A growing internal debt for government bailouts to various ailing sectors of the economy, particularly the financial sector.

The depressed economic condition in 1999-2000 led to increased civil unrest, including a mounting crime rate. Jamaica’s financial expectations will depend upon encouraging investment in the productive sectors, maintaining a competitive exchange rate, stabilizing the labor environment, selling off re-acquired firms, and implementing proper fiscal and monetary policies.

Jamaica’s GDP is $9.7 billion with a real growth rate of 0.2% and a per capita income of around $3,700, the GDP composition by sector is as follows:

a. Agriculture: 7.4%

b. Industry: 35.2%

c. Services: 57.4%

The population that is held below poverty line is 34.2%, and the inflation rate is 8.8%. The labor force is 1.13 million and their occupations include services 60%, agriculture 21%, and industry 19%. The unemployment rate is 16%, and the current budget is $2.23 billion in revenues, and $2.56 billion in expenditures.

The Jamaican industries includes tourism, bauxite, textiles, food processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, and chemical products. The industrial production growth rate is at –2%. On the other hand, the agricultural products include sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, potatoes, vegetables (poultry, goats, milk).

Jamaica has an export of $1.7 billion that includes commodities such as alumina, bauxite, sugar, bananas, and rum. Its export partners are the US 35.7%, the EU (excluding UK) 15.8%, the UK 13%, and Canada 10.5%. On the other hand, Jamaica’s imports cost is $3 billion with import commodities including machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, fuel, food, chemicals, and fertilizers. Its import partners are US 47.8%, the Caricom countries 12.4%, Latin America 7.2%, and the EU (excluding UK) 4.7%. Finally, Jamaica’s external debt is $4.7 billion with an economic aid of $102.7 million.

 

History:

The first people to settle Jamaica were the Arawaks, a people from Venezuela. They are thought to have come to Jamaica in two major waves, the first in 650 AD, and the second in 900 AD. Later on, they were then joined by the Caribs who came from Guiana. While the Arawaks were a peaceful people, the Caribs were cannibalistic and fierce fighters. Much fighting arose between these two groups. The name Jamaica, in fact, was the Spanish form of the indigenous name for the island, Xaymaca.

Europeans first set foot on Jamaica with the arrival of Columbus and the Spanish on the 4th of May 1494. With them came fear, disease, and terror for the native populations. Diseases such as small pox wiped out large numbers of the indigenous peoples, as they had no antibodies to resist these viruses. Those who didn’t were terrorized and killed by Columbus and his sailors. Columbus then left, and returned several years later on his last voyage to the New World. During this return voyage, he spent a year stranded on Jamaica trying to rebuild his boats.

Soon after Columbus, in about 1510, there was an influx of Spanish European settlers. The Spanish, under the rule of Juan de Esquivel, treated the Jamaicans no better than Columbus had and the indigenous peoples were wiped out. The Spanish brought large numbers of African slaves to the island. A British force invaded the country in 1655, and Jamaica remained a British colony until 1962. During the 18th century the slave trade was greatly expanded to accommodate the needs of the huge plantations.

The abolition of slavery began in the 1830’s and was completely abolished by 1839. By 1840 indentured labourers were brought in from India to replace the newly freed slaves many of whom established free settlements in central Jamaica. In the 1930s Sir Alexander Bustamante founded the Jamaica Labour Party and later led the country to independence. Norman Washington Manley (Bustamante’s cousin) formed the People's National Party. In 1962, Jamaica achieved its independence from England, and joined the British Commonwealth.

The Jamaican economy began to deteriorate during the 1970s and this led to recurrent violence and a big drop in tourism. In1980, the democratic socialists were voted out of office. Other governments have been open market oriented. Political violence was experienced during elections in the1990s. Jamaica currently enjoys relative stability and a reviving economy.

Also, no text on the history of Jamaica would be complete without the mention of the Jamaican Rastafari movement and faith. The Rastafari people fashion their vision of a black African ancestral homeland through a belief developed in the late 16th century known as Ethiopianism, an ideology based on African-American concepts of nationhood, independence, and political uplift. Since the early 1930s, the Rastafari in Jamaica have developed a unique culture and faith based on an Afrocentric reading of the Bible. Today, when most people think of the Rastafari culture they think of one of Jamaica’s foremost popular and spiritual figures: Bob Marley, the "king of reggae." Bob Marley did more to popularize and spread the Rasta message worldwide than any other single individual through his reggae music, a form of black protest music that grew to be very popular. Bob Marley had considerable influence on the lives of Jamaicans during his time, and the Rastafari culture continues to influence the course of the Jamaican nation today.

 

 

 

 

POLICY STATEMENTS

 

Disarmament

Student: Khaled Shahroor

Issue#1: The question of land mines

Land mines are a very strong form of explosives they are said to blow a person to over 35 pieces if stepped on, and this is what makes Jamaica realize the harmful disadvantages of land mines, which are placed anywhere, and for no certain reason. Land mines have formed a certain threat to nations which have had wars and still suffer from the leftovers of it, and for example in some countries people who are tourists go to far places and step on mines still their. In some cases people have to wait hours for the bomb squad to arrive and rescue them.

Jamaica though also realizes that this issue does not face a threat to itself since Jamaica has no land mines, and that does not affect the people living in Jamaica, but people living other places where they are present need help, and this is the importance of this main issue.

 

Issue#2: The question of the production and trade of small arms and light weapons

Jamaica has realized that firearms, and especially small-arms are increasing rapidly in the world, and as they increase in number they get cheaper, and easier to find. These small-arms and light-arms are responsible for 82% of all murders, and suicides, and also accidental deaths. In certain countries firearms such as these are sold to children who are younger than the legal age, and cause many problems for them and other people.

Jamaica does know it suffers from small-arms, but it doesn’t suffer a great lot. Around 50% of the firearms in Jamaica are small arms, and of these 50%, 22% is illegally produced, but in Jamaica itself these arms are not used for various wrong purposes, and reasons. The amount of homicide, and suicide in Jamaica is very low (21 per 100,000) and therefore it doesn’t suffer much from this issue, but it stresses on its importance.

 

Issue#3: The question of the peaceful and safe use of outer space

Jamaica assures that outer space is one of the most fascinating views ever, but the missiles, warheads, and other arms that have been passed through it are causing it to become less attractive, and yet more harmful. Many a time have things been blown out of the air causing havoc, and unsafeness of using outer space as anything.

Jamaica doesn’t suffer from this problem since it doesn’t use outer space as a battle space, and doesn’t blow things out of midair. Jamaica thinks this issue isn't of real importance since not many countries apply to this problem.

 

Issue#4: The question of the development, manufacture and proliferation of new types of weapons of mass destruction

Every year Jamaica realizes that billions of new weapons are invented, and every year they increase in their amount of mass destruction, and casualties. Weapons have caused humans to flee from one place to another, and killed many others who couldn’t stand them, and yet countries still keep inventing killing warheads to kill and destroy.

Jamaica sees this as a problem which causes countries to make more and more weapons of destruction, and since Jamaica is right next to a defense powerhouse it get more scared as more weapons are produced. Some weapons are produced especially for killing purposes, and not for the countries own defense, and therefore the mass destruction of these weapons increase, and the harms of them increases as well. Jamaica sees this as one of the most important issues, and it needs attention from every single country.

 

 

 

Environment and Ecology

Student: Fahad Sultan

 

Issue # 1: The question of global warming.

Global Warming, increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere, oceans, and landmasses of Earth. The planet has warmed many times during the 4.65 billion years of its history. At present Earth appears to be facing a rapid warming, which most scientists believe results, at least in part, from human activities. The chief cause of this warming is thought to be the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which releases into the atmosphere carbon dioxide and other substances known as greenhouse gases. As the atmosphere becomes richer in these gases, it becomes a better insulator, retaining more of the heat provided to the planet by the Sun.

There are two major approaches to slowing the buildup of greenhouse gases. The first is to keep carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere by storing the gas or its carbon component somewhere else, a strategy called carbon sequestration. The second major approach is to reduce the production of greenhouse gases.

Global warming is predicted to hit the Caribbean islands with natural disasters of increasing number and severity, regional climate change experts are warning. Governments and inter-governmental agencies, community groups and scientists are mobilizing to deal with the danger.

Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change

program, which consists of 12 Caribbean countries. This project is designed to support the participating Caribbean countries in preparing to cope with the adverse effects of global climate change, particularly sea level rise in coastal and marine areas through, vulnerability assessment, adaptation planning, and capacity building linked to adaptation planning. Jamaica is trying its best to reduce Global Warming and signed the treaty put forward by the Kyoto Protocol to reduce green house gases by 55% but it was put down by the United States.

 

Issue # 2: The question of genetically modified crops.

Crops, which have been Genetically Modified to resist insects, kill not just the "target insect but beneficial insects such as the Monarch butterfly. They also threaten the habitats of other animals, such as birds. The Crops, which have been Genetically Modified, also to contain their own insecticide, such as BT, cause insects to become resistant to the insecticide. Those crops encourage the use of larger quantities of herbicide, with the effect that both weeds and beneficial plants are killed indiscriminately. These herbicides are harmful to both the environment and to humans. Genetically Modified plants may crossbreed with wild species to produce "super weeds", which cannot be eliminated using standard herbicides. Those plants contaminate conventionally grown and organic plants and honey. The use of Genetically Modified seed encourages dependence by the farmers on a single seed supplier and may involve the purchase of both the seed and herbicide from one supplier. The farmer is then at the mercy of the seed company who may vary prices of both seed and herbicide at will. Toxic compounds such as glyphosphate and Bromoxynil are used on Genetically Modified crops, The US Environmental Protection Agency has approved the use of Bromoxynil despite acknowledging "...serious concerns about developmental risks to infants and children." The nature of genetic modification and long term effects are not well understood, as these products have not been properly tested before being released into the environment. For example, in the USA, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) approved the use of all currently approved Genetically Modified crops based on data supplied by the manufacturers. Genetic material inserted into plants can transfer to animals and humans in the intestinal wall.

By 2010, an estimated 680 million people in the developing world will not have access to sufficient food to maintain health, says Dr. Per Pinstrup-Andersen, director general of the International Food Policy Research Institute. Speaking at a scientific meeting in Washington, DC, Pinstrup-Andersen and other experts confronted the potential crisis posed by a growing population, and discussed the contributions - and the risks - that genetically engineered foods could offer.

Jamaica knows about the negatives and positives, but encourages genetically modified crops since they are eliminating the papaya virus that has struck in Hawaii Jamaica and many other countries. Jamaica acknowledges all the ups and downs of genetically modified crops and believes it is a door into the future of farming.

 

Issue # 3: The question of desertification and drought.

Desertification means land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities.

Jamaica, the third largest island in the Caribbean, is dominated by an extensive cordillera. The island was once almost entirely covered by forest, of which there are four main types whose distribution is determined by the rainfall pattern: dry limestone forest on southern lowlands and hills; intermediate limestone forest in the central uplands, wet and very wet limestone forest in the Cockpit Country and John Crow Mountains, and rain forest

At present, Jamaica’s lowlands have been mostly cleared for agriculture, and overall more than 75% of the original forest has been lost. Remaining forest is largely secondary in nature and only the mountain forest in the most remote, inaccessible and steep part of the island has survived undisturbed.

The country has a sad record of local deforestation speed, much of it due to the fast growing tourism industry and agriculture expansion, mainly coffee plantations. While the tourism industry replaces beaches and forests with newly built hotels and roads, inappropriate agricultural practices on lands where forests once grew have resulted in accelerated soil erosion that cause downstream sedimentation and flooding. Like a chain reaction, this has caused the degradation of the coral reefs and beaches that surround the island.

Jamaica ranks fifth among the world's islands for endemic plant life. However, it still suffers from the effects of widespread plantation agriculture and patterns of development dating from colonial times. Leading environmental concerns include deforestation, soil erosion, population pressures, and lack of public awareness concerning conservation. Fortunately, with the growth of tourism as a revenue earner (earning 30 percent of Jamaica's foreign exchange), the environment has moved to the forefront of concerns. The government has decided to develop a series of national parks, has established a national natural resource and environmental authority, and is pursuing industrial decentralization and rural development. This environmental review of Jamaica was prepared as a briefing book for the Commission of the European Communities. After an introductory fact sheet and an outline of key issues, the report:

(1) Examines Jamaica's institutional infrastructure, especially as related to environmental issues, together with national and international legislation and training opportunities;

(2) Reviews the country's natural resources; and

(3) Evaluates the nation's ecological heritage and considers its past, current, and foreseeable environmental problems.

Because the information changes so rapidly, no attempt is made to provide a comprehensive survey of international organizations working in Jamaica. Includes detailed maps and a bibliography.

 

Issue # 4: The question of endangered marine species.

Endangered Species, plant and animal species that are in danger of extinction,

the dying off all individuals of a species. Over 34,000 plant species and 5,200 animal species around the globe are threatened with extinction, and many thousands more become extinct each year before biologists can identify them. The primary causes of species extinction or endangerment are habitat destruction, commercial exploitation, damage caused by nonnative plants and animals introduced into an area, and pollution

.Of these causes, direct habitat destruction threatens the most species. Marine species all over the world are becoming endangered and are facing extinction. Most of those species that are becoming extinct are dying because of pollution and habitat destruction mainly.

Marine life in the Caribbean is now better protected than it has ever been. An agreement that took nearly ten years to become international law came into effect recently. It is a legal commit Skindividually and jointly.

Many Caribbean countries are dependent on their coastlines for tourism and fishing. However, these resources are disappearing or are seriously threatened, with wildlife disappearing through over-exploitation and habitat destruction.

 

 

 

Economic Development

Student: Bader Al Tukhaim

 

Issue #1: The question of rapid urbanization in the developing world.

Jamaica believes it is the world’s definition of rapid urbanization to be "becoming urbanized"; changing from a rural to an urban state and occurring with great speed". Jamaica is facing problems towards rapid urbanization. Jamaica believes that without sufficient economic capabilities, this issue would be very crucial to development and economic growth. Rapid urbanization in developing countries only takes them a step back in development, and cause harms related to urbanization. We believe that economically developed nations should give developing nations a hand in controlling urbanization, either monetary or non-monetary.

 

Issue #2: The question of an international response to natural disasters.

Jamaica is susceptible to natural hazards, due to its physiography, geological history, and geographical location. These include earthquakes, hurricanes, tropical storms, flooding, and landslides, which usually result in loss and damage to human life, crops, ecosystems, and property. Some hazards are man-made; including oil and chemical spills, and fires. While natural disasters cannot be controlled, man's use of the environment can reduce or increase the level of impact experienced.

Jamaica Recalls hurricane Gilbert, which costs at an estimated $4-6 billion, and also saw losses of 4,000 to 7,000 jobs, an estimated 15-25% of the workforce. With tourism and agriculture being two of the major foreign exchange earners for Jamaica, natural disasters can mean devastation for the local economy.

Jamaica urges all capable nations to contribute to countries facing these threats, for the losses caused by natural disasters are dramatic, so this is a risk Jamaica urges not to take.

 

Issue #3: The question of the elimination of the debt of lesser economically-developed nations.

In 2000, Jamaica’s external debt is $4.7 billion with an economic aid of $102.7 million. Problems of debt grew so great that in the budget for the current year, the government estimated that 66 per cent of its revenue was being consumed in debt service. In order to raise extra revenue, the government proposed large rises in tax on fuel, which provoked rioting in the streets. The government was forced to back down, but it is still faced with severe debt problems.

Jamaica seriously needs its debt to be eliminated so it can progress in developing and economic growth. Jamaica would go for any resolution eliminating debt in the lesser economically-developed nations, but keep in mind that Jamaica has to be part of the lesser economically-developed nation.

 

Issue #4: The question of economic co-operation between nations.

Jamaica believes that economic co-operation between nations is the only solution for global economic growth. Currently, the nations reaction to economic disasters is not doing much. Jamaica believes that nations need to realize the vitality of this issue by strengthening their collaboration and cooperation with each other.

Jamaica is for economic co-operation since this will bring them one step forward in economic growth and development. Jamaica would not go for a resolution where it has to contribute financially since our financial state is not stable, but would go for resolutions where financial help is gained.

 

 

 

Human Rights

Student: Nouf Al Fraih

 

Issue #1: The question of human rights’ violations in China.

China has been attempting much brutal human right’s violations that most countries of the world do not approve of. Jamaica is most certainly one of them. Jamaica condemns China of taking such inhuman acts. It is well known that China has violated human rights in every way possible. In the few recent years, torture, beatings, and other abuses by security forces became wide spread, resulting in deaths. Also, killings in detention increased due to excessive force and torture. Besides that, children and women abuse continues to be a serious problem. Jamaica hopes that China would at least take "first step" to better situation of human rights and give the society it’s right in order to create social equanimity. Jamaica hopes that the United Nations would help China, and all the other countries that violate human rights, take that "first step" for a better, and hopefully brighter future.

 

Issue #2: The question of death penalty.

No information was found except that Jamaica is a retentionist state, meaning that it retains the death penalty for ordinary crimes. No cases were written about, and no documents saying how often do they act upon it. However, it could be predicted that like the United Stated, being a close ally, Jamaica uses all kinds of executions and believes that it is irrevocable and can be inflicted on the innocent. It has never been shown to deter crime more effectively than other punishments, and therefore is in the good of the society, since statistics actually proved that being a retentionist country does in fact lower crime rate. Jamaica is proud to be a retentionist state and hopes that countries against the death penalty look deeper into it, and hopefully join those states that do hope for a better society.

 

Issue #3: The question of Asylum Seekers, refugees, and displaced persons.

Jamaica believes that the Unites Nations should intervene to ensure the safety of refugees, returnees and displaced people, with a UN resolution or the Host County’s permission. Jamaica believes that refugees all around the world should be well treated and in good condition. Refugees are defined as, "any displaced person as a result of civil strife, war, and, or famine." The fact the number of refugees is increasing is disturbing. The problem is that the treatment and the condition of refugees’ worldwide are unpleasant. Countries all around the world should better the situation of refugee camps, providing clean water, a sufficient supply of food, and a health-friendly environment.

Jamaica hosted 37 refugees and asylum seekers at year's end. Haiti, from Cuba, with 17 recognized refugees, followed the largest number with nine, and Sierra Leone, with seven. Eighteen Cubans applied for asylum during the year; all were denied. Jamaica has signed the UN Refugee Convention and Protocol, but has not enacted implementing legislation. In other words, Jamaica does not host asylum seekers, thinking they’re dangerous.

Jamaica does not have displaced people, however hopes that this conflict would be resolved as soon as possible, and that all nations would help to achieve that goal. Jamaica is taking all actions possible and hopes that it could, one day, this problem of "displaced" people would be a thing of the past.


Issue #4: The question of child labor and child soldiers.

The widespread use of children in armed conflicts is one of the most horrendous and cynical trends in wars today. Youngsters may join armed forces or groups because social-economic breakdown has eliminated any viable alternative. Others are lured by the appeal of political, religious or ethnic beliefs. Jamaica is totally against child soldiers. Jamaica’s manpower military age is 18 years old. Jamaica believes that there should be no child soldiers and hopes the United Nations will do something about it.

As for the question of child labor, Jamaica is also against it. However, it is sad to say that Jamaica does have a little child labor due to poverty and the need of these children’s wages to support a family. Jamaica is trying to eliminate child labor, and hopes that other countries will so as well.

 

 

 

First Political

Student: Shadi Al Suwayeh

Issue #1: The question of a global commitment to combat terrorism.

Jamaica being a neutral country does not usually take any sides in issues that go on in the world. Jamaica only strives for peace among all nations. Jamaica usually looks for the most peaceful way to solve problems. Only this time Jamaica is obliged to take the side that combats against terrorism and tries to stop terrorists that take innocent lives every day.

Fortunately Jamaica does not have serious issues of terrorism. Only Jamaica is extremely depressed with the fact that terrorist attack are growing by the day. They are not only growing by the number of attacks that are happening, but also by the greater damages that are happened by the attacks. Now after each terrorist attack more and more innocent people, that have nothing to do with what ever the reason was for to cause these attacks, are dying, and Jamaica condemns that. Jamaica hopes that through this meeting after hard debates our committee will come up with a solution that will end or will start the process of ending this serious issue.

 

Issue #2: The question of Palestine

Again innocent people are dying for no reason at all. Jamaica stands here today as it always did neutrally. Jamaica isn’t taking any sides but its only hope is to end this issue. Both parties should come together and go through the issue, with the help of the countries in the United Nations, and come with a solution peacefully, rather than killing more people. Why should people die when we can all come together and solve the problems with peace talks? This is Jamaica’s policy "peace". Jamaica also thanks all countries especially the United States of America for their continuous help in trying to stop this issue.

 

Issue #3: The question of the interrelation of the disabled into the society.

Disabled people are still part of the society. Some countries have been ignoring disabled people and excluding them from the society. On the other hand Jamaica is grateful towards the US for their care and help to the disabled. The US government especially has encouraged the societies to come together with the disabled and gave everybody equal rights including the right to work. Jamaica does not have issue like these but encourages all countries to cooperate so we can solve this great issue.

 

 

 

Second Political

Student: Yousef Dashti

 

1. The question of organized crime

Organized crime has always been a threat to the world and to its advance in worldwide peace and harmony between nations. These organized groups that are spread throughout the world, have shown hate and disgust to the world and would stop at nothing to start war between nations and destroy all that the world has united to come up to.

Jamaica has been always against crime in all of its types, from gangs to organized crime, and Jamaica has worked hard in order to fulfill its mission in stopping organized crime and all its horrific activities. It has signed and joined different committees in the UNODCCP (United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention) that includes the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Jamaica has also worked internally to prevent any organized groups to enter Jamaican soil through the Ministry of National Security and Justice Jamaica that is functioning to secure Jamaica and prevent "illegal aviation and maritime firearms and the crimes of violence associated with these which are integral to the maintenance of law and order," that is according to the site of the Ministry of National Security and Justice Jamaica.

 

2. The question of Tibet

The conflict between the Chinese government and the Tibet region has been in constant argument between nations and has caused great concern in the Asian region. Conflicts that include religious beliefs are usually the most dangerous conflicts as which the smallest mistake may cause a great war that could destroy millions of innocent lives.

Jamaica calls out to the Chinese government and the people of Tibet to resolve this conflict in a professional and orderly manner, as this problem is very delicate in handling. Jamaica also calls out to all other nations in the world to help in solving the issue at hand and to restore order in the Asian region.

 

3. The question of the embargo on Cuba by the United States of America

The United States of America has been forcing an embargo on Cuba for a very long time and that has affected Cuba in many ways. Cuba now suffers from extreme poverty and from lack of products to get from other countries, as the United States does place sanctions against any other country that trades with Cuba. While on the Other hand, the United States has been forced to place this embargo on Cuba due to the various problems and conflicts Cuba and the United States have had in the past.

Jamaica, a country that is both a neighbor to The United States and to Cuba, and is also a friend to both countries, is also affected by the embargo and tension between the two countries and in the region in general, Jamaica wishes for Cuba and the United States to settle down and try to work out a solution to the conflict in the area, and if it also considerably necessary, to take the issue to the United States and solve it.

 

4. The question of Central Africa and the Congo

Jamaica believes that these endless wars in Africa should stop, and that all the African nations should look at solving their problems in an entirely different aspect. It is sad to see African brothers, all with common interests, tackling each other instead of uniting to get what they want. Therefore, Jamaica believes that the African countries should stop using war as a solution to their problems, and instead decide on how to share their resources and make the most out of what they have resulting in bettering their situation economically, having political stability, and hopefully start conquering the poverty throughout the African continent.

 

 

 

Security Council

Student: Talal Al Rashoud

 

Issue #1; The question of Afghanistan.

While Jamaica congratulates the Afghan people on their liberation from the oppressive Taliban regime, it offers its deepest condolences for those many innocents who lost their lives. Jamaica, like most of the international community, has high hopes for the future of Afghanistan and expresses its wishes for a stable state and government in which the Afghan people can settle and prosper in peace. Jamaica encourages all Afghan ethnic and political groups to come together and compromise to create a better Afghanistan, an Afghanistan filled with promise for future generations. It is also of the greatest importance that all ethnic and political groups are sufficiently represented in the new Afghani government to ensure a fair and just governing system free from prejudice in which no factions will be neglected.

Jamaica supports peacekeeping forces and minimal UN and/or foreign intervention in Afghanistan, yet only enough to ensure a safe environment and a stable foundation for the creation of the new government of Afghanistan. Anything more or less than that would be unacceptable. Jamaica also supports the sending of humanitarian, economic, and development aid to help relieve the suffering of the Afghan people, ensure a stable economy, and to lay the first brick in what will soon hopefully be the high-rise of Afghanistan.

 

Issue #2: The question of UN military intervention:

Jamaica feels that the UN has the right to intervene militarily in a member state’s affairs, yet only if the situation truly calls upon these measures to be taken. The United Nations was established as a window between nations, a window open for negotiation and compromise, encouraging peaceful relations between countries and a civilized approach to solving problems. It is in this respect that UN military intervention of any kind should only be used as a last resort and when all else fails. The UN should be quick to act though to lessen the costs of war and the losses of life.

 

Issue#3: The question of Sierra Leone:

West Africa is one of the most turbulent regions of the world today. Jamaica sympathizes with the West African people, and condemns all those who prolong the conflict for greed and personal gain. The West African problem, that of Sierra Leone in particular, is a sensitive one, yet it deserves the utmost attention by the UN. Jamaica also feels that the question of Sierra Leone cannot be addressed without regarding its neighbors Guinea and Liberia, since they play an important role in the conflict.

Jamaica encourages the UN to send peacekeeping forces into Sierra Leone. This would be the first step in resolving the conflict. Jamaica would also encourage serious peace-talks and weapons collection/destruction programs such as the one recently implemented by NATO in Macedonia.

 

 

 

 

RESOLUTIONS

 

DELEGATION: Jamaica

DELEGATE: Khalid Shahroor

QUESTION OF: The question of the production and trade of small arms and light weapons

Forum: Disarmament

Applauds the UN for taking excessive care in this issue, and relating issues which are hazardous to all people.

Reveals that around 300,000 innocent people are killed yearly by small arms, and light weapons. (source: UN resolution on small arms)

Warns states that what they are doing is not enough, and stated such as the US and Russia, and China are now having obstacles in the path of clearing weapons because it has grown out of their reach.

Stresses to show that the these light arms, and small weapons if left alone to spread will/are:

A. threaten regional and international peace and security,

B. take away resources from sustainable development,

C. contribute to the intensity, lethality and duration of armed conflicts,

D. constitute an inherent element of terrorist activity, and are closely related to high levels of violence and crime, including narco-trafficking (source: UN resolution on weapon trafficking),

Shows that the lacking of concern on this issue is really disapproved of especially since:

A. They are easy to get, and to find,

B. They lead and cause more serious problems,

C. They account for 90% of the deaths committed by firearms (source: UN resolution on peacekeeping),

Disapproves of the fact that robberies are taken more seriously than trafficking of arms, and that they also have a larger imprisonment time. Trafficking can hardly go up to a year, while some robberies go up to 3 years.

 

1. Requests to form an organization that is independent, and is responsible for:

A. Tackling firearms, and traffickers,

B. Taking care of the punishments for traffickers,

C. Peacekeeping missions that will drop the amount of firearms especially where there is rebels;

2. Encourages all countries to join this organization, due to its seriousness, and also due to its hazardous results;

3. Informs all countries that in order to join this organization they must be able to:

A .Be able to cooperate in finding, and arresting traffickers that have been spotted in their borders,

B. Allow special forces that would be sent to help in catching traffickers in the country borders,

4. Further requests that all countries not taking part in this organization should at least:

A. Make punishments against this issue more affective

B. Try stopping traffickers of all small arms, and light weapons

5. Asks all countries to follow certain ‘rules’ to lessen trafficking of firearms in their countries, and to also be sure that the buyers of any arms illegal or not are entitled to by:

A. Letting no one buy ANY firearm without a license from the Police Department of that country,

B. Making sure that anyone who buys firearms is able to use them properly ,

C. Limiting the amount of firearms sold to individuals, and the also to the country,

D. Safely storing all firearms, and checking on them continuously,

E. Educating people of the harms, and results of these firearms,

F. Recording all sold firearms, so that trafficked firearms can be found easier;

6. Points out that this organization should be funded by the UN, and that the UN should help effectively in this issue.

 

 

 

Forum: Economic Development

Question Of: The question of an international response to natural disasters.

Delegate: Bader Al Tukhaim

Expressing Its Appreciation to many organizations and committees that helped in humanitarian issues concerning natural disasters such as the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), United Nations Disaster and Assessment Coordination (UNDAC), and especially, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA),

Noting With Regret that some natural disasters caused a tremendous loss such as the unprecedented hurricane that hit Japan in 1995, and led to affecting more than 31 million people with a superb cost of money loss accounting to be 131,500,000,000, according to the government of Japan,

Deeply concerned about the size and ruinous effects of disasters and emergency situations, which call for more international cooperation to minimize the human suffering of their victims and to maximize the rehabilitation and reconstruction processes,

Underlining the need for an adequate, coordinated and prompt response by the international community to disasters and emergency situations,

Noting the increasing number and complexity of disasters and humanitarian emergencies,

Also underlining the need for availability of adequate financial resources to ensure a prompt response by the United Nations to humanitarian emergency situations,

Approving that the second Wednesday of October is the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction,

Supporting the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction between 1990-1999 campaign organized by the General Assembly,

Noting with Concern the fact the floods that hit Italy and Switzerland in October 16,17 caused many damages,

 

1. Regrets that the huge loss of life caused by natural disasters is increasing despite efforts from the OCHA to decrease them;

2. Supports the OCHA and asks it to continue its efforts regarding natural disasters;

3. Notes the resolution adopted in the late 1980's designating the last decade of the twentieth century as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction;

4. Takes note of the designated objective of the resolution which was to reduce through concerted international action, especially in developing countries, the loss of life, property damage and social and economic disruption caused by natural disasters;

5. Regrets that a decade is not enough to fulfill this objective;

6. Resolves that the International Decade for Natural Disasters Reduction resolution shall be renewed for another 10 years in order to:

a) Formulate natural disaster mitigation programs,

b) Participate in concerted international action to reduce the effects of natural disasters,

c) Establish, as appropriate, national committees in co-operation with relevant scientific and technological communities,

d) encourage the provision of appropriate support from public and private sectors,

e) take measures to increase public awareness of damage risk potential and the value of preventative and mitigation measure;

7. Further Resolves that the principle aim of the IDNDR is to capitalize on existing knowledge of ways whereby the impact of these natural events can be reduced, and to foster the systematic transfer of this knowledge to those countries and communities recognizably most at risk.

8. Invites those States in a position to consider increasing the resources of the Central Emergency Revolving Fund based on voluntary contributions, in order to further assist the United Nations system in its efforts to respond rapidly to humanitarian emergencies;

9. Calls upon those that have already pledged contributions to the Fund urgently to fulfill their commitments;

10. Expresses its hope that potential donors adopt the necessary measures to increase and expedite their contributions.

 

 

 

Delegate: Fahed Al Sultan

Delegation: Jamaica

Forum: Ecology and Environmental Committee

Issue: The question of global warming.

Defining global warming as an increase in the world's temperatures, believed to be caused in part by the greenhouse effect and depletion of the ozone layer,

Bringing to your attention that global warming not only affects the country its happening to but the whole world based upon the global perspective,

Defining global perspective as a theory based upon that the earth’s rotation and the moving of its atmosphere with it and the affecting of the entire globe if the air is polluted in a certain area,

Taking into consideration that the global sea level has risen about 4-8 inches and the temperature is going to rise about 10 degrees Fahrenheit ever 25 years at this rate of producing green house gases, which has been proven by researchers from the EPA,

Appalled at the United States for declining to sign the treaty on global warming out forward by the Kyoto Protocol on 28th March 2001,

Congratulates all countries for the passing of the Kyoto protocol (the resolution on the convention on climate change) that was signed on the 8th of December, 1997,

Shows gratitude towards the American Baptist Churches for issuing the American Baptist resolution on global warming in June 1991,

Warns that as a result of the increasing of the temperatures, the northern and southern ice caps will melt and the world will soon flood, and the affects will be killing to all humans and inhabitants on earth. And increased precipitation and evaporation, more intense rainstorms, and drier soils will occur therefore agriculture will be limited in very few areas and the economy of those countries will drop;

 

1. Emphasizes the fact that many countries are suffering from global warming or going to suffer from it and are willing to face the fact that if we continue emitting green house gases the world is going to come to an end sooner or later;

2. Expresses all its hope that all countries help implement this plan for they will sooner or later suffer from global warming;

3. Mediates the adding of one clause to the resolution of the convention on climate change that will be signed on once again;

a. Join in ways to build a culture that can live in harmony with God's creation by:

I. Assigning spiritual places tasks of giving lectures to people in understanding of creation and our role in preserving the gifts God has given through such activities as use and production of educational materials, courses, special programs, and personal study,

II. Acting with others to build a world community of cooperation to share justly the life-giving resources of the earth,

III. Learning about the causes of global warming through self-education and inclusion of materials in church school and learning institutions at all levels, from nursery to university;

4. Demands that all countries address the causes and reverse the consequences of global warming to their people by:

a. Supporting the passage of mandatory higher fuel efficiency for new vehicles and phasing out of older, less efficient vehicles.

b. Supporting rail and other means of increased transportation efficiency including subsidies for public transportation,

c. Combating deforestation domestically and internationally through programs of preservation and reforestation and through responsible consumption,

d. Sponsoring and supporting shareholder resolutions that try to eliminate the problem of the green house gases,

e. Calling for an international treaty such as the Montreal Protocols on global warming with specific targets for the reduction of greenhouse gases,

f. Educating the public in means of radio and television of ways to be electricity sufficient such as:

i. Installing your cooling units where they can remain shaded most of the day. Exposing them to direct sunlight will overwork the compressors,

ii. Scheduling regular maintenance checks for all cooling units,

iii. Checking for, and promptly repairing, leaks in air ducts, windows and doors. Leaks will facilitate dissipation of cold air and warm air,

iv. Reducing heat-generators,

v. Installing window blinds, curtains, and tints, and Keeping the drapes closed during the hottest hours of the day that conserves electricity,

vi. Shutting off the cooling vents in rooms you are not using,

vii. If there is a breeze, opening windows and vents that will cool the rooms and homes without using air conditioning,

viii. Planting shade trees around your house to help cool your surroundings that will conserve electricity;

5. Encourages all countries that by doing anything to save the environment they not only are saving their lives and other lives but are saving on money too;

6. Demands the forcing of commercial sanctions on all countries that refuse to clean up what they have polluted by:

a. Deploying UN forces that insure no trade is happening in the sea and on lands by:

I. Placing armed UN forces in the country controlling every movement in and out of the country,

II. Placing armed ships around the country checking all other ships going in and out,

III. Having a 24 hour radar connection that is going to be observing all the sanctioned countries by placing a head quarters in any voluntary country and having a briefing of what is happening in those countries sent to this headquarters every 48 hours,

IV. Taking action with the permission of the head quarters if any violation occurred;

7. Requests that all countries try to use natural sources of energy other than burning fuels such as: energy generators by wind, water, and sun;.

8. Demands that all countries follow these regulations and procedures and if this is done and the production of green house gases has gone down to half what it was over a period of 10 years the country will be granted 2.5% of it GDP every year;

9. Informs that the money being granted to all countries will be taken out of the UN budget, and the money that is going to be used to fulfill all duties taken by the headquarters;

10. Further request that all countries comply that all factories in that country filter the smoke and green house gases being produced;

11. Fully Believing that all countries will cooperate in making this world a global warming safe environment, where we could ensure a place to live for the future generations.

 

 

 

Delegation: Jamaica

Committee: Human Rights

Delegate: Nouf Al- Fraih

Issue: The question of Asylum Seekers, refugees, and displaced persons.

Defining asylum seeker as one seeking protection from a power,

Defining refugees as, "any person forced or escaped out of his country due to political or social pressure,"

Defining a displaced person as "one that was expelled or forced to flee from home or native land,"

Recalling Articles 104, which states that "The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfillment of its purposes,

Expressing its appreciation to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), which takes international action and cooperation for the worldwide protection for refugees displaced people, and returnees.

Bearing in mind that even with the UNHCR’s efforts, there are over 50 million refugees and internally displaced people that are crying out to the world's conscience for justice and wanting their right to life,

Confirms that the increasing number of refugees, asylum seekers, and displaced people indicates signs and are a cause of increasing political instability, internal strife, human rights violations and natural disasters,

Noting with regret that refugees are living an unstable and inadequate life in camps providing very little comfort and shelter, and this might lead to poor health conditions and to crime such as child labor and theft,

_____________________________________________________________________

1. Draws the attention to the fact that the number of refugees are increasing dramatically each year, indicating signs of more political instability, internal strife, human rights violations and natural disasters;

2. Emphasizes the need to enhance the security of refugee camps and settlements by emphasizing the fact that many nations regularly raid across borders and engaged in horrible tactics as capturing school-age children and incorporating them into armies as child soldiers, and child labor and theft;

3. Welcomes the increased cooperation between and international and regional organizations, States and relevant agencies and non-governmental organizations, which is essential to enhancing the contributions towards improved conditions for the refugees and thereby the social stability of the occupied territory;

4. Requests that countries hosting refugees would limit the number of refugees so that only refugees of serious matters, such as war, famine, and other human rights violation, would be given the right to stay in those camps;

5. Suggest that host countries host refugees above their "limit" only if they are willing to contribute to the host country by community service or working for the government;

6. Urges all host nations to improve the conditions of refugee camps by:

A. Providing running water to the camps,

B. Ensuring that the camps are clean to eliminate the spread of diseases,

C. Making sure that the refugees are getting adequate food;

D. Providing an educated center to:

i)school children from the ages of 6 to 17,

ii) teach children and adults of their native countries and the country they choose to seek refuge in;

E. Medical aid,

F. Employment office that will assist refugees in finding jobs,

G. Information centers where the refugees will find easy way to contact their families that they left behind;

7. Encourages all governments and member states to take an interest in and contribute to the Global Consultations on international protection undertaken by the UNHCR by a strengthened and more effective implementation;

8. Resolves the implementation of a strengthened and more effective implementation of the UNHCR’s activities undertaken by the UNHCR itself, that would include the following:

A. consist of diplomats and medics, especially from developed states, that are able and willing to contribute;

B. Monitoring the humanitarian situation of refugees by visiting the camps where they are located, or the host country, and monitor the facilities by the host nation towards the well-being of the refugees;

C. Supply annual reports about the current situation so that improvement can be discussed and assisted;

D. Meet regularly after the submission of the reports to discuss the current situation and considering improvement;

9. Resolves that the refugees and/or displaced people wishing to return to their homes should be permitted to do, and that compensation should be paid the loss of or damage to property, which, under principles of international law or in equity, should be made good by authorities responsible;

10. Emphasizes that refugee camps are in no way meant to be military bases or used for any military purposes what so ever;

11. Requests the immediate withdrawal of all military forces in all refugee camps;

12. Further requests all nations to allow the UNHCR to access the camps were refugees are kept in, in order to monitor the conditions of the refugees;

13. Calls upon the original member states of displaces people and asylum seekers to increase security forces to ensure safety;

14. Appeals to the United Nations, governmental and non-governmental organizations to create conditions that can help in the return of refugees to their own countries;

15. Trusts the safe and free return of all refugees and displaced persons under the supervision of the UNHCR;

16. Congratulates all countries which have managed to achieve peace and stability which resulted in the return of their refugees and displaced people to their homelands without having any problems.

 

 

 

Country: Jamaica

Delegate: Yousef Dashti

Commission: Second political

Issue: The question of the embargo on Cuba by the United States of America

Defining embargo as a prohibition by a government on certain of all trade with a foreign nation,

Defining the Caribbean as that relating to the Caribbean Sea, its islands, or its Central of South American coasts or to the people or cultures of this region,

Deeply concerned about the tensions in the Caribbean and the continuous threat to the Caribbean countries that surround the US and Cuba.

Aware of the fact that the US government has maintained an economic embargo against Cuba since 1960, totally prohibiting the sale of all goods originating in the US., including medicines and food,

Realizing that the embargo has caused not only serious difficulties in Cuba’s commercial and industrial development, but also enormous suffering to the people of Cuba, especially to the children, the elderly, and those in ill health,

Affirming that the General Assembly of the United Nations has voted overwhelmingly against the US. embargo for seven consecutive years, with the most recent vote being 167-3 (The US, Israel, and the Marshall Islands),

Keeping in mind the unbroken threats that Cuba has placed against the US that led to the embargo,

Expressing with appreciation persistent help that many organizations (governmental and non-governmental) have put in order to lift the embargo on Cuba,

Confident that eventually, the US and Cuba would reach a settlement and solve this four-decade issue that has affected the US and Cuba,

Emphasizing that the embargo on Cuba should be lifted, and if not, directed to the government of Cuba and not to the people of Cuba,

1. Calls upon the United States and Cuba to cooperate in order to solve the conflict of the embargo;

2. Expresses Its appreciation to all countries and organizations that are helping to resolve the embargo on Cuba;

3. Further Reminds the United Nations that the embargo has been active for 4 decades;

4. Regrets the fact that a lot of tension and threat has been imposed on the Caribbean region;

5. Requests that the United States lifts the embargo against Cuba under the following conditions:

a. That once the United States lifts the embargo, the Cuban government will pay a tax of 25% on all goods that enter Cuba, disregarding the US made products,

b. All imports into Cuba have to pass through US customs in order to be examined and checked,

c. The Cuban government will claim all responsibilities of illegal imports that enters the country,

d. The Cuban companies will feel free to do business with any desired US company under no conditions,

e. 50% of the Cuban imports has to be from US made products,

f. All citizens will claim the right to freely visit or live in each of the two countries,

g. The Cuban government will have the right to maintain any political status it pleases,

h. Both countries will not, under any circumstances, condemn or violate the other countries regulations and policies;

6. Resolves that if the United States and Cuba both agree to the terms and conditions that follow the lifting of the sanctions:

a. The United Nations will choose all allowed imports into Cuba and out of Cuba,

b. The United Nations will review and closely watch all taxes that is given to the US;

7. Further Resolves that if any of the two countries violates any term of the resolution:

a. The violating country will have to pay a debt to the other country that according to the seriousness of the violation, and that would be reviewed and placed by the United Nations,

b. The violating country will then be handed over to the ICJ for further punishment and ruling;

8. Expresses its hope that both the United States and Cuba agree to the terms and regulations of the resolution and be able to reach a solution to the embargo.

 

 

 

Delegation: Jamaica

Delegate: Talal S. Al-Rashoud

Question of: The question of Sierra Leone

 

Defining Sierra Leone as a war-torn, poverty stricken, West African country bordered by Guinea to the north, Liberia to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west,

Noting that Sierra Leone has only very recently come out of a bloody conflict between the APC government and the RUF rebels that started in 1991 and the situation is as yet unstable,

Noting with sorrow that according to the CIA, this 10-year long conflict was deemed the worst in history and resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of over 2 million individuals which account for well over one third of the population,

Commending the Sierra Leonean groups on finally reaching settlement, and congratulating the people of Sierra Leone and wishing them ever more peace and prosperity,

Condemning all groups and factions that are prolonging the disarmament process and threatening to fight on,

Applauds the IMF for approving in principle a US$169 million three-year PRGF arrangement for Sierra Leone in order to enhance the government’s 2001-2004 economic program, however, more development and humanitarian aid is badly needed,

Emphasizing that the Republic of Sierra Leone and its people will need all the help they can get from the international community in order to help them get back on their feet and recover from the war,

 

1-Draws the attention of the international community to this severe problem and the importance of solving it;

2-Requests that all Sierra Leonean factions cooperate with UN peacekeeping troops in order to complete the disarmament process as soon as possible;

3-Urges the UN to:

A. Leave all peacekeeping forces situated in Sierra Leone until full disarmament is complete.

B. Leave all peacekeeping forces situated in Sierra Leone for a minimum of six months after the completion of the disarmament process;

4-Resolves that Sierra Leone receive the following aid from the UN and/or its sub-organizations as soon as possible:

A. US$100 million in humanitarian aid distributed to the people of Sierra Leone directly by the United Nations,

i. A special contingent of UN troops numbering one third of those already present in Sierra Leone (an approximate 4350 troops) will be formed and assigned this mission,

ii. These troops will be only lightly armed, equipped with trucks, and accompanied by guides/interpreters from the Sierra Leonean army,

iii. The aid distributed to the populace will include basic foodstuffs, medical supplies, clothing, and other basic commodities,

B. US$200 million in development aid given to the Sierra Leonean government to help rebuild war-torn Sierra Leone through domestic projects,

C. Elimination of Sierra Leone’s US$1.28 billion debt burden,

D. Education and literacy programs provided by the UN in addition to the United Kingdom if it so pleases,

E. Camps will be set up for homeless Sierra Leoneans,

i. This task will be performed by the above-mentioned contingent of UN troops,

ii. The camps will include basic pre-fabricated huts and/or tents, latrines, and electric generators, and will be situated near water-sources;

5-Further resolves that the government of Sierra Leone, with help from the United Nations, will receive political restructuring in form of the following:

A. A summit will be held in Abuja, Nigeria on the 20th of April 2002, consisting of all Sierra Leonean groups, the UN, the OAU (Organization of African Unity), the ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States), and the United Kingdom, if it so pleases, to decide the country’s political future,

B. The RUF group will receive control of one of the countries’ ministries to be decided at the summit (the army is not an option for practical and security reasons),

C. The RUF will be officially recognized as a Sierra Leonean political party and members will have the right to run for presidency and the Unicameral House of Representatives at their own leisure,

D. All RUF members will be pardoned of political charges and charges related to the rebellion and guaranteed these rights providing they completely disarm and don’t take up arms again;

E. The UN will closely monitor the Sierra Leonean government’s stability for a period to be determined at the summit;

6-Calls upon the UN to send to Sierra Leone 15 teams of landmine and explosive removal experts to address the problem of unexploded landmines and explosives:

A. The teams will work in coordination with the Sierra Leonean army,

B. The mission will initially cover a period of a year to a year and six months, and it may be prolonged or reinstated at any time;

7-Asks that all Sierra Leonean refugees and displaced peoples be given safe passage back to their homeland from the governments of where they may be situated;

8-Expresses its hopes for a speedy yet fair and efficient resolving of this issue so that this bloody chapter of Sierra Leone’s history can be closed forever.

 

 

 

 

OPENING SPEECH

 

Honorable chair, fellow delegates…. Good evening.

Maybe it's the crystalline blue waters. Or the heavenly moonlight. Or the gentle refreshing summer breezes. Maybe it's just being in exactly the right place at the right time. Romantic and moving. Fun and elegant. Friendly and hospitable.

Greetings from Jamaica, a country of sun-drenched beaches, warm tropical breezes and rich cultural heritage.

In the words of Bob Marley,

"So much have been said,
so little been done..
They say the sun, shines for all.
but in some peoples world,
it never shine at all"

We see regions disturbed by war, regions where blood continually flows, children are continually hungry, and the sound of weapons coupled with cries of anger, fear, hate, and pain are continually audible in the night air. Ladies and gentlemen, we see a large area of West Africa ravaged and raped by war, we see Kashmir, Middle east…countless other battlefields on the face of this earth. You are imagining a place where the sun don’t shine.

Jamaica hopes that we all can achieve what we are really here for, to bring the sunshine to those who need it, and act as a single heart, for giving without any reward has a special quality of its own. …

As someone once said... those who bring the sunshine to the lives of others cannot keep it from themselves.