Country: Solomon Islands
Event: SAIMUN 2002
Khaled Al Humaidi, Disarmament
Saja Fakhral-Deen, Ecolology and Environment
Adel Al Omar**, Economic Development, Ambassador
Faisal Al Ibrahim, Health
Khaled Al Rubei, PoliticalLinks to other sites on the Web: Back to the SAIMUN page
The Solomon Islands is a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth, with a unicameral Parliament and a ministerial system of government. The head of state is the British Monarch who is represented by the governor-general, a citizen of the Solomon Islands who is appointed on the recommendation of Parliament. The national Parliament has 50 members, elected for 4-year terms. The Prime Minister, elected by Parliament, chooses the other members of the cabinet.
Weak political parties and highly unstable parliamentary coalitions characterize the Solomon Islands governments therefore government leadership changes frequently. There are two main coalitions that consist of political parties, The Coalition for National Unity, Reconciliation, and Peace or CNURP and The Alliance for Change. The Alliance for Change represents the former government and now is the opposition. Former Prime Minister Bartholomew Ulufa’Alu was forced to resign his position in June 2000 following the armed takeover of the capital, Honiara, by elements supporting the CNURP. Mannaseh Damukana Sogavare, who had been opposition leader, was then elected Prime Minister at a sitting of National Parliament on 30 June 2000. The CNURP took power on 30 June 2000, it consist of members of the Liberal Party, People's Alliance Party, and the United Party. Basically, they have a democracy, but no coups. They have weak political parties and unstable parliamentary conditions which result in frequent "democratic" changes.
Until 1998, when world prices for tropical timber fell steeply, timber was Solomon Islands main export product, and, in recent years, Solomon Islands forests were dangerously overexploited. This fall in timber demand negatively decreased the GDP15%-25%. The government has said it will use the fall in demand to reform timber harvesting policies with the aim of resuming logging on a more sustainable basis.
Other important cash crops and exports include copra and palm oil. In 1998 Ross Mining of Australia began producing gold at Gold Ridge on Guadalcanal. Mineral exploration in other areas continues, and there are hopes for further gold production.
Exploitation of Solomon Islands rich fisheries offers the best prospect for further export and domestic economic expansion. Currently, a Japanese joint venture, Solomon Tiayo Ltd., operates the only fish cannery in the country. Tourism, particularly diving, is an important service industry for Solomon Islands. Growth in that industry is hampered, however, by lack of infrastructure and transportation limitations.
The population of Solomon Island is 480,442 with 45% of them under the age of 14 The annual growth rate is 3.3%. The net migration rate is 0-migrant/1,000 population, meaning that the people living over there are satisfied with their lives and face no difficulties and suffering (moreover, the people are known for their attachment to their land as it will be remarked later). The total fertility rate is 4.65 children born/woman. Sex ratio at birth is 1.05 male(s)/female. Children under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female. Adults between 15-64 years is 1.03 male(s)/female, and 65 years and over is 0.96 male(s)/female.
Solomon Islands people (Solomon Islanders) belong to several ethnic groups. These group include: Melanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%, European 0.8%, Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%. They have different religions including: Anglicans 34%, Roman Catholics 19%, Baptists 17%, United (Methodist/Presbyterian) 11%, Seventh-Day Adventists 10%, other Protestants 5%, indigenous beliefs 4%. They speak Melanesian pidgin in much of the country (lingua franca), English spoken by 1%-2% of population and note that there are more than 120 indigenous languages spoken there.
Solomon Islands is one of the Melanesian countries, the name Melanesia means the dark Islands (Melas - Black: nesia - Islands) is the name for the islands of South West Pacific Ocean encircling Australia's north eastern and eastern seaboards. Yet today this is home to one of the most natural peaceful races in the South Pacific. Colorful traditions, age - old customs, ritual and taboos which date back four to five thousand years to their forebears, the Austronesians.
The chief characteristics of the traditional Melanesian social structure are:
·The practice of subsistence economy;
·The recognition of bonds of kinship, with important obligations extending beyond the immediate family group;
·Generally egalitarian relationships, emphasizing acquired rather than inherited status; and a strong attachment of the people the land.
·Most Solomon Islanders maintain this traditional social structure and find their roots in village life.
The Solomon Islands maintains no military forces, although the police force of nearly 500 includes a border protection element. The police also have responsibility for fire service, disaster relief, and maritime surveillance. The police force is headed by a commissioner, appointed by the Governor General and responsible to the Prime Minister. As a member of the Commonwealth, the Solomon Islands are provided military help when needed. Further, it has no countries that border it, which makes it hard to invade.
From its name you can conclude that it is an island and is surrounded by water. It is located in the South Pacific Ocean east of Papua New Guinea. The land area is 27,540 sq. km, while the total area is 28,450 sq. km (slightly smaller than Maryland). It is about 1900 kilometers northeast of Australia. The total coastline is 5,313 km. It does not have any land boundaries with another country. The islands' ocean-equatorial climate is extremely humid throughout the year, with a mean temperature of 27° C (with few extremes of temperature and weather). The cooler period is June through August. Though seasons are not pronounced, the northwesterly winds of November through April bring more frequent rainfall and occasional squalls or cyclones. The annual rainfall is about 305 centimeters. More than 90% of the islands are forested. The coastal strips are sheltered by mangrove and coconut trees. Luxuriant rainforest covers the interiors of the large islands. Soil quality ranges from extremely rich volcanic to relatively infertile limestone. More than 230 varieties of orchids and other tropical flowers brighten the landscape. The highest point is Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m.
Views on world problems:
Countries with diplomatic missions in the Solomon Islands are Australia, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Japan. The Solomon Islands also has diplomatic relations with the Republic of China, which has a resident representative in Honiara. The U.S. Ambassador resident in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, also is accredited to Solomon Islands. As for the Solomon Islands, its Permanent Representative to the United Nations also is accredited as its ambassador to the United States and Canada.
Relations with Papua New Guinea, who, had become strained because of rushing refugees from the Bougainville rebellion and attacks on the northern islands of the Solomon Islands by elements pursuing Bougainvillean rebels, have been repaired. A peace accord on Bougainville confirmed in 1998 has removed the armed threat, but refugee return has been slow.
As for the Solomon Islands memberships, it is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth, South Pacific Commission, South Pacific Forum, International Monetary Fund, and the European Economic Community/African, Caribbean, Pacific Group (EEC/ACP)/(Lome Convention).
In recognition of the close ties forged between the United States and the people of the Solomon Isles during World War II, the U.S. Congress financed the construction of the Solomon Islands Parliament building. There are approx150 American citizens residing permanently in Solomon Islands. U.S. military forces, through the Pacific Theater Command in Honolulu, Hawaii, carry out annual bilateral meetings as well as small-scale exercises with the Solomon Islands Police Border Protection Force. The U.S. also provides appropriate military education and training courses to national security officials. The U.S. Peace Corps has been present in the Solomon Islands since 1971. Currently, more than 70 volunteers serve throughout the country. Volunteer work is concentrated in rural community development, education, environmental management, and youth programs. There is a Peace Corps Administrative Office in Honiara.
U.S. trade with Solomon Islands is limited.
In 1997 U.S. exports to Solomon Islands were $2.3 million, consisting primarily of machinery and aircraft. Solomon Islands exports to the United States in that year were about $700,000, consisting primarily of fish and shell products.
Basically, the Solomon Islands follows Britain and Australia who provide them with much of the donations. Further, it enjoys a close economic relationship with the US.
Although its per capita GDP of $900 ranks Solomon Islands as a middle-income developing nation, over 75% of its labor force are engaged in subsistence farming and fishing. Solomon Islands was particularly hard hit by the Asian economic crisis. The Asian Development Bank estimates that the crash of the market for tropical timber reduced Solomon Island's GDP by between 15%-25%. About one-half of all jobs in the timber industry were lost. However, the government has said it will use the fall in demand to reform timber harvesting policies with the aim of resuming logging on a more sustainable basis.
Since 1998 the Government of Solomon Islands has pursued a program of government and fiscal management reform intended to restore its financial credibility. The initial steps in the program, for which it hopes to obtain support from the World Bank and the IMF, include downsizing the public service by 5%, payment of outstanding obligations on government debt, and increasing revenues both by applying new taxes and by eliminating import and export duty exemptions granted by previous governments.
Foreign aid accounts for about 13% of Solomon Islands GDP. Principal aid donors are Australia, the European Union (Mainly Britain), Japan, the Republic of China, Taiwan and New Zealand
The Solomon Islands currency is the Solomon Islands Dollar (SBD). 1 USD = 5.76040 SBD. Currently, the Solomon Islands are in a recession since they have been affected by the decrease in prices of their resources and some debt obligations.
The people of the Solomons originally came from Asia. Spanish explorers were the first Europeans to reach the islands. They found gold there and named the islands the "Isles of Solomon." Germany claimed the islands in the 1800's, but later they were settled by the English as they came to Australia. The English recruited 30,000 people to work on plantations. The Solomon Islanders still depend mainly on forestry, fishing, and agriculture.
They were in the center of the world's attention in World War II, with many battles being fought there. Rusty artillery still reminds the islanders of the famous battle at Guadalcanal. In 1976, the Solomon Islands gained independence.
Disarmament Committee: Khalid Al Humaidhi
1. The question of the production and trade of small arms and light weapons:
The illegal trade of small arms has been neglected because it was a very small issue in the Solomon Islands. Now there is an upsurge of illegal trade in handguns and rifles. Tens of thousands of people had been killed in the Solomon Islands over the past decade, mostly by illegal small arms. Uniform laws, coupled with regional cooperation between police and customs officials, would help reduce the trafficking of small arms. "We have in the past been inclined to be a bit complacent about this in the South Pacific because there wasn't a great deal of it happening ... but it is a growing problem," he said. (Greg Urwin)(Australian High Commissioner to Fiji and Vanuatu)
2. The question of the peaceful and safe use of outer space:
The Solomon Islands do not have a very high standard of technology though it has wealth. It does not have much to do with the control of outer space control and investigation.
2. The question of landmines:
The Solomon Islands signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 4 December 1997 and ratified on 26 January 1999. The treaty entered into force for the Solomon Islands on 1 July 1999. It has not submitted its initial Article 7-transparency report, which was due by 27 December 1999. The Solomon Islands voted in favor of UN General Assembly Resolution 55/33V in November 2000. The Solomon Islands is believed to have never produced, transferred, stockpiled, or used antipersonnel mines.
Ecology and Environment Committee: Saja Fakhral-Deen
1. The question of global warming:
Global warming is a disaster that takes place in all corners of the world. Although, its catastrophic side has a positive side next to it. That is this environmental disaster draws together the remote island communities of the Pacific Ocean, which are often threatened by this natural disaster.
The Solomon Islands' leader, along with others from the little nations in the Pacific are demanding a meeting with George W. Bush to try and win his support as rising sea levels threatens low-lying atolls. Their little nations have also warmed of an environmental catastrophe if efforts to stop global warming are not speeded up. The Islands want to put its case to the United Nations General Assembly some time in the near future and to President Bush who has rejected the Kyoto Protocol on climate change. A Solomon Islands' official believes that global warming has created an ecological time bomb that threatens to slowly drown the islands over the next fifty years. The Solomon Islands are helping by allowing the corrupt distribution of foreign aids within its territory.
2. The question of genetically modified crops:
To genetically modify something is to change or alter the origin of something slightly; having to do with the genes of the thing. To genetically modify food is to change something having to do with the genes of the food to make the food look, taste, or smell like something else.
The Solomon Islands, along with other countries such as American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Samoa, Tonga, and many more have recommended a halt on the import of genetically modified food during the implementation of appropriate national risk assessment and risk management procedures. Risks such as lowering the income of the country, and unemployment to those who work in companies that import genetically modified foods. Since the Islands income is mainly focused on importing, it could really risk an economic hardship.
3. The question of desertification and drought:
Desertification and drought are spread in many corners of the world, it occurs mostly in desert places such as Africa, which's land consists of sixty-five percent desert. Desertification is a process by which fertile land turns into desert. Drought is a lengthened period during which no rain falls. Drought causes desertification. For rain helps make lands more productive, and if no rain falls, then there is nothing to help the land.
Since the Solomon Islands are volcanic ones, they do not have a lot of trouble with desertification or drought, for they have no desert areas, and rain is not scarce. Even though, the Solomon Islands attended the United Nations press release held on 25 October 1999. The Solomon Islands' representative also made a statement; he mentioned that the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) had made efforts at the national level to implement Barbados Programme of Action (POA). He also said that there had been little international action to complement those efforts. The Solomon Islands had taken steps towards implementation by adopting appropriate policies and enacting the needed legislative measures. Biodiversity conservation, coastal and marine/fisheries resources, land resources and agriculture would continue to be among priority areas where national, regional and international partnership would be critical, for the Islands believe that politics cannot stop desertification, but Cross-Border Partnerships Can. One other thing he mentioned is that investment in renewable sources of energy would contribute to the development of provincial and rural areas.
4. The question of endangered marine species:
The Solomon Islands depends on the surrounding waters of the Pacific Ocean for their income. All through its history, the Islands take from its fish for food and import, blubber from its whales, and many other sea products. However, lately, the people have neglected the sea, and polluted it. They were presented with this one gift, and they abused it instead of using it. Their abuse has resulted in damaging many of the marine species of the part of the Pacific Ocean surrounding the Solomon Islands.
A Solomon Islands representative attended a conference held by the worldwide fund for nature (WWF) on the conservation and management of highly migratory fish stocks in the Western and Central Pacific region. The conference was aimed at establishing ways of maintaining tuna stocks at sustainable levels. The WWF believe that these fisheries are vitally important for not only the Solomon Islands’ economy, but also for all the Pacific islands’ economies. The WWF believe that there is a need for urgent action since some world tuna populations have already declined while others are likely to be endangered soon. This data was taken from the United Nations food and agriculture organization (FAO). There are many other marine species that are endangered, not only tuna, but the WWF would like to take the species one at a time… therefore saving all, which is their goal.
Economic Development Committee: Adel Al Omar (Ambassador)
1. The question of rapid urbanization in the developing world:
The Solomon Islands shouts, " We are getting poorer in this age of accelerating economic globalization." Solomon Islands has been particularly hard hit by the Asian economic crisis. Solomon Islands would like to highlight the imminent problem of debts. Instead of developing, many countries are "falling out" of the global economy. Globalization is skirting the heart of Solomon Islands, as industrial nations reduce the levels of aid and focus their trade strategies on emerging markets.
Decreasing foreign aid and increasing government debts is killing most nations including the Solomon Islands. Through the macroeconomic catch-up effect concept whereby countries that start off poor tend to grow more rapidly than countries that start off rich, our needs are proven to be by all means correct. We need a push from the highly-developed nations.. a push that would give us the courage and power to urbanize and develop. This push should first start with debt cancellation, and then be followed by foreign aids and foreign investments.
2. The question of an international response to natural disasters:
Most countries, if not all, depend on natural resources and the Solomon Islands is one of them. We call upon the international community and particularly highly developed countries to implement an advanced response to natural disaster mechanism. Countries such as the Solomon Islands highly depend on natural resources such as fisheries and timber which make up most of our GDP and an advanced mechanism is direly needed to secure these natural resources.
3. The question of the elimination of the debt of lesser economically developed nations:
Solomon Islands believes the debt problems are being measured in terms of cold financial data, but the debt crisis wears a human face. It is the face of a young child denied an opportunity for the education which could lift her out of poverty because some governments regard national debt repayment as a higher priority than her schooling; it is the face of a child whose mind and body are not growing properly because of recurrent infectious diseases that could be prevented by transferring a fraction of what is spent on debt to primary health care. Solomon Islands uncovers these faces of people whose lives are affected by debts.
Solomon Islands urges all nations to implement debt elimination that would provide the resources needed for a sustained assault on poverty, making an important contribution by increasing the financial resources available for investment in people. Debt elimination would make a ultimate contribution to a broader social development strategy. The Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) is working on debt elimination, but the framework fails in achieving our goals. In particular, the time-frame for implementation is too long and debt relief has not been integrated into a broader program for advancing human development. Reforms are needed in each of these areas. Solomon Islands would like to point out that the IMF has played a highly destructive role. Previously, the IMF denied the existence of a debt problem and ruled out participation in any debt reduction. Solomon Islands regrets it evident that one of the primary concerns of the Fund has been to minimize the costs to itself of financing debt relief, placing narrow institutional self-interest over the needs of the world's poorest countries. A firm stand by the international community should be taken in eliminating debts since their repayments hugely exceed social expenditures which result in the lost opportunities for health, education, poverty reduction, and the potential human welfare gains.
Currently, Solomon Islands are undergoing a program of government and fiscal management reform intended to restore its financial credibility. We hope to obtain support from the World Bank and the IMF.
4. The question of economic co-operation between nations:
Economic co-operation can be in various ways including debt elimination, foreign aids, free trade, and foreign investment. The most significant first step required is debt elimination, which would have many adverse benefits on a country’s standard of living. After this step, several other measures can help improve the "beneficial" cooperation between nations including foreign donations which would help give confidence and a short-run push to the beneficiary’s economy and a long-term gain to the donator economies. The Solomon Islands has many plans to help nourish its economy, which has shrinked 25% in recent years, but a foreign aid is a necessity in the short-term and is a step in the right track.
Moreover, the Solomon Islands realize that our world is the world of globalization and will try to change its policies from inward-oriented policies to out-ward oriented policies. It was thought in previous years that inward-oriented policies tend to raise productivity and living standards within the Solomon Islands by avoiding interaction with the rest of the world and placing tariffs, but time has proven us wrong. Simply, by implementing inward oriented policies a country doesn’t realize the benefits gained from the comparative advantage in addition to the deadweight loss that results from placing tariffs. Free trade is a major advanced technology, which has to be adopted by all nations to realize all gains from trade.
Health and Youth Committee: Faisal Al Ibrahim
1. The question of the prevention and spread of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa:
The HIV/AIDS is spreading very fast in these years. We really have to get ride of it because thousands of people are dying every year especially in the poor country. It might even spread in the rich countries. So this problem effect all the countries in the world so we have to solve it all together. The first and main is education. All poor countries must be educated. The first step must be by the rich country to give loans without interest. Then they can get their money back after get a job. As I said previously we have to solve it ALL TOGETHER! So lets eat it as a lunch before it eats as a dinner.
2. The question of the legalization of voluntary euthanasia:
The Solomon Island does not agree which the voluntary euthanasia. It is true that everyone is free to do what ever he wants with his self. But it is a way of commuting suicide and countries must not encourage suicide. Doctors are the people who inject the person to die. So that means that the doctor actually killed the person. The doctor must be taken to justice as a criminal for killing some one. The countries must stop the injections that kill the people to enter their boarder and manufacture this injection.
3. The question of international illicit trafficking of human organs:
The most important thing in the world is being healthy. Everyone is born with organs to function for live but some, which God had, choose them do not function. Every year small children are kidnapped for their organs. Sadly some people how have no feeling would kill a small child and cut his two kidneys other organs and sell them to other people. A fresh child killed for someone else, is it because he is better than someone. Imagine that this child who is kidnapped and kill for someone else what would will you feel. Solomon Islands is totally against international illicit trafficking of human organs, because how can you make sure that these organs are not stolen from someone else?
4. The question of the legalization of voluntary euthanasia:
The children are going to be the future leaders. So if they grow up what will they think of themselves? Why would they look to the society? Researches have proved that the children who were sexually attacked would have health problems and they would hate the society and work against it. They are not blamed for that, because it is not their mistake. The community did not take this case seriously to solve the problem so the community has to pay the price for not solving the problem. Children are not a game or a doll to play with and throw it. They are human being we have to save them so that they would have many problems physically and mentally.
First Political: Khalid Al Rubie (Vice-Ambassador))
1. The question of the integration of the disabled into society:
Worshipped as god thousands of years ago, burned at the stake hundreds of years later, and now they are outcasts of society, they are the disabled. Although in the last decade their were significant changes on how the world treats and look at the disabled, it is still not enough. Disabled persons live in solitude because of society they are not given the care they need and they are often neglected.
Because this is such an important issue The Solomon Island health ministry and the UN’s Save the Children fund have built rehabilitation centers in the Solomon Islands for the disabled. The centers support rehabilitation workers in each province to assist disabled people and their families to cope with their disabilities, help them to attend school or obtain a trade, and enable them to live full and productive lives. The Solomon Islands believe that the issue of the disabled is not to be neglected and the world has to realize its importance.
2. The question of global commitment to combat terrorism:
Terrorism with its many forms has existed since the beginning of time, from Genghis Khan’s barbarian hordes, to Hitler’s massive brigades of terror. Terrorism has destroyed people, cities, nations and empires. Terrorism is the threatening use of force and violence by someone or some organization against people with the intention of intimidating societies, governments, and even for political reasons.
The Solomon Islands is against terrorism completely and it believes that the war on international terrorism will make a difference, but the war against international terrorism must have more far-reaching solutions, rather than be reactionary. More international cooperation is critical to the global implementation of anti-terrorism measures. Countries such as the Solomon Island need a lot of support to implement those measures.
3. The question of Palestine:
There has never been peace in the holy land, cursed with never ending wars and conflicts from the expulsion of the Jews to Babylon to the Roman invasion to the Crusades. The conflict in the middle east has to come to an end the international community must put a bigger effort in having peace in the Middle East.
The endless conflict between Israel and Palestine will never come to an end unless they make every effort to end the current hostilities. The situation in Palestine is very alarming Israel and Palestine have to go back to negotiations rather than violence and war. The Solomon Islands wishes there to be peace through negotiations.
Delegate: Khalid Al-Humaidhi
Delegation: Solomon Islands
Committee: Disarmament Committee
Issue: The question of the production and trade of small arms and light weapons.
Defining small arms as weapons that can be carried on a person including pistols rifles, sub-machine guns, and lightweight machine-guns,
Defining also light weapons as heavier and more powerful weapons than small arms. These include everything from heavy machine-guns to portable launchers of anti-aircraft missile systems,
Reminding all nations that the trade of illegal small arms and light weapons leads to many problems, such as:
A. The increase of armed crime and murder,
B. The increase of killing and loss of innocent and guilty lives,
C. The decrease of population in specific countries with a lot of illegal small arms and light weapons trade,
D. The increase of armed disputes between the people and themselves and armed revolts against the government,
Gravely concerned at the extent of insecurity and banditry linked to the illegal trade of small arms in the world,
Considering that the trade and accumulation of small arms and light weapons in many countries constitutes a threat to national and regional security,
Considering also that the massive numbers of small arms and light weapons in the world obstructs the progress of development and is a source of increased insecurity,
Thanking the UNDP (United Nations Development Program) on their actions towards the increase of illegal small arms and light weapons trade in many countries,
1. Calls upon all countries to cooperate and work together to ratify the issue of the illegal trade of small arms and light weapons;
2. Urges all countries to bring its attention to the growing problem of illegal small arms and light weapons trade because of its destructive force worldwide. For example:
A. 500,000 people are killed every year world wide by illegal small arms and light weapons,
B. 20,000 people were killed only in Solomon Islands in the last decade alone by illegal small arms and light weapons,
C. 10,000 people were killed in Mali by illegal small arms and light weapons in the last decade;
3. Resolves that the UNDDA (United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs) opens branches in every continent; these six branches will:
A. Investigate the rate of illegal trade of small arms and light weapons,
B. Write a report that will be submitted to the United Nations for record and planing;
4. Further resolves that these reports will be analyzed to plan the perfect locations for sub-branches in every continent. These sub-branches wilinclude UNDDA personnel. These people will:
A. Analyze the situation in the specific region to find the reason for illegal weapons trade and the sources in which they are provided,
B. Work with other committees in the region (Organization of African Unity in Africa) to bribe militants to give up their weapons by money or products or talk,
C. Destroy all weapons collected with the people to encourage the surrender of illegally trades weapons,
D. Train government personnel to maintain a strict border check on imported products to stop trafficking,
E. Clean up all unused weapons in region either by correct storage or by destroying them;
5. Encourages the governments of member states in the UN to give financial aid to countries less developed to help stop illegal trafficking of small arms and light weapons with stronger and stricter border control.
Submitter: Solomon Islands
Delegate: Saja FakhralDeen
Committee: ecology and environment
Question of: genetically modified foods (debated)
Defining genetically modified foods as foods that’s genes have been manipulated,
Noting with deep regret that on May 29, 1992 the FDA formally recognized genetically modified foods to be safe and declared they do not require safety testing according to BBC news,
Having learned with deep concern that 37 people died, 1,500 were permanently disabled, and 5,000 were left with blood disorders due to the consumption of the amino acid L-tryptophan scientists of the company blame the genetic modification process,
Emphasizing on the fact that according to an ABC news poll, 93% of Americans support labeling "such near unanimity in public opinion is rare",
Pointing out that two-thirds of all products sold in markets are genetically modified, and seventy to eighty million acres of land grow genetically modified crops,
Recalling the incident of Starlink, a biotech corn, originally intended for animals was found in Kraft food "taco bells, taco shell" and in as many as 300 different foods in the market for human consumption,
Deeply depressed by the fact that no major insurance company has been willing to limit risks, or insure bioengineered agricultural products the reason given is the high level of unpredictable consequences,
Bearing in mind the death of the 21-year-old champion hurdler from anaphylactic shock after one bite of a chicken sandwich highlighted the problems faced by nut allergy sufferers the burger was genetically modified,
1. Encourages the UN to hold a special session it its headquarters in New York in order to discuss the question of labeling genetically modified foods;
2. Invites all member nations to attend this special session and present their own suggestions regarding this question;
3. Urges all nations to support the idea of labeling genetically modified products as well as mandidating it in order to prevent accidents such as recalls, deaths, or allergic reactions;
4. Resolves the formation of a sub-organization of the FDA (Food and Drug Administration), the GMFA (Genetically Modified Food Administration) which will have its branches in the same place as the FDA and each branch will
a) keep a list of all biotech companies in its area,
b) mandates the clear labeling of any genetically modified product issued by these companies "contains genetically modified products",
c) periodically check on all companies to assure that a sample of all products produced are sent to the GMFA for safety testing prior to distributing these products in the market;
5. Further resolves that any company that violates these laws will fact the following consequences
a) it will be shut down for one year,
b) there will be a moratorium on its products for one year;
6. Calls upon all nations to aid in the formation of the GMFA by asking its companies to cooperate;
7. Strongly urges all biotech companies to cooperate with the GMFA and abide by its rules or else suffer the dire consequences;
8. Trusts that this if this resolution is passed will solve the problem of not labeling genetically modified foods.
DELEGATION: Solomon Islands
DELEGATE: Saja FakhralDeen
QUESTION OF endangered marine species (written but not debated)
Defining endangered species as those species that are on the verge of becoming extinct,
Noting that water pollution is by far the biggest cause of danger for marine species according to scientists and marine biologists worldwide,
Recalling with gratitude all the efforts done by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), but its efforts were only awarded to endangered species on land, and not endangered marine species,
Recognizing all the acts from protests to lawsuits regarding endangered marine species, such as the protest that Floridians held calling it: "Sharks are more sinned against than sinned",
Deeply disturbed by the acts of animal cruelty all over the world,
Noting with deep regret the fact, that Singapore does not care that sharks are endangered, but would rather kill them for their fins, declaring, "Shark fins are a traditional meal, and are only eaten at occasions like weddings",
Draws the attention to the huge decrease of number of marine animals especially in the
Pacific ever since technology reached it,
Emphasizes the fact that some nations do not give this matter the attention it needs and are ignoring obligations demanded of them according to the World Wildlife Fund,
1.Requests of all nations, large or small, to get together and hold a conference to discuss the vital issue of endangered marine animals, the conference could be held in various countries that volunteer, and are ready to admit that they are aiding the process of decreasing marine species, it would be held any time between April and August;
2. Urges nations, especially islands, to make sure that their waters are kept clean, and not polluted in any way, from factory wastes, chemicals, smoke and fires, oil (tankers or barrels), in order to ensure the safety of marine animal;
3. Expresses its hope that one day water pollution will be put to a stop, and the United Nations will present obligations after an emergency session of the General Assembly, and all nations will be forced to obey them, penalties will be put forth for those who do not obey, things such as
A. Fining those responsible of the act,
B. Withdrawal of some of the country's resources;
4. Strongly urges that the World Wildlife Fund open a subcommittee especially for endangered marine species, in order to ensure the safety of the animals, it will have a main office in a volunteering Pacific Island, it may have an annual meeting during winters, in which they would present new ideas, and start performing these ideas;
5. Further requests that the United Nations present a new law of the sea that would have a specific number of marine species allowed to be killed in a year, of course that would be after long research of the level of the country's need of the species;
6. Emphasizes the importance of the World Wide Fund subcommittee for Endangered Species in order to be able to maintain the ratio of how many species are allowed to be killed in a year over how much the country needs it;
7. Resolves that the World Wildlife Fund for Endangered Species would do all of the following:
A. Find ways to decrease water pollution at the annual meetings,
B. Provide the appropriate habitat for marine animals to make it possible for them to reproduce,
C. Raise money for the animals, through collecting donations from stands set up in all volunteering countries,
D. To specify a certain day in the year, and declare it a day where people go to beaches and clean them in order to decrease water pollution,
E. To prevent any acts of animal cruelty in every possible way;
8. Further resolves that all nations capable to join and volunteer in aiding the creation of the World Wildlife Fund for Endangered Species, then help further by agreeing to locate an office of the committee in the country, therefore helping with raising money, awareness talks, etc…
Submitted by: Solomon Islands
Delegate: Adel Al Omar
Question of: Elimination of debt burden in less developed countries.
Defining developed countries as countries that have 1 or more than 1 computer per 10 people,
Deeply regrets that the debt burden in less developed countries results in the lose of opportunities for health, education, poverty reduction, and the potential human welfare gains,
Disturbed that some of the most powerful Group of Seven (G7) countries - Germany, Japan, and Italy - opposed the initiative from the outset, and are now using their influence on the Boards of the IMF and World Bank to delay implementation and minimize the level of debt relief provided,
Fully alarmed that unfortunately, the US, a strong supporter of the HIPC framework is now seeking to delay implementation, even for countries with exemplary track records,
Bearing in mind that applied with flexibility and common sense, the HIPC framework could make a critical contribution to poverty reduction. Instead, the initiative is being implemented more with a view to minimizing the costs to creditors than to maximizing the benefits for debtors, and poverty reduction considerations remain of marginal concern,
Reminds that delaying debt relief sends the wrong political signals to countries in which governments have undertaken politically painful economic reforms e.g. According to the Ugandan Government, the finance lost as a consequence of delaying debt relief will amount to around $193 million over the next year,
Further reminds of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948 which contains a number of economic rights which should take precedence over the payment of debt service including:
(a) Article 25: Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control,
(b) Article 26 Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory.
Deeply disturbed that lethal interaction between the debt crisis and the fiscal crisis results in the growing inability of governments to finance spending on basic services such as health and education out of domestic revenues,
Recalling the statement from the finance minister of the UK, Mr. Gordon Brown, regarding the need for all developed countries to meet the UN aid target of 0,7 per cent which is a promising, but lonely sign,
Further recalling the World Bank Vice-President, Mr. Madavo’s statement, when he said, "Chances of misusing the funds are minimal,"
1. Expressing concern over the sharp decline in the prices of raw materials produced and exported by the least developed countries;
2. Draws the attention to the fact that foreign debt constitutes one of the main obstacles preventing the developing countries from fully enjoying their right to development;
3. Urges acknowledging:
A. The negative effects of the foreign debt and the policies adoptedto face it on the full enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights in developing countries;
B. Measures taken by Governments, the private sector and international financial institutions to alleviate such effects in developing countries, especially the poorest and heavily indebted countries;"
4. Further urges developed countries to increase their contributions and initiate new means within the framework of the International Development Strategy and to follow the example of countries who converted the debts contracted by the least developed countries into grants which would:
A. Facilitate the implementation of the structural adjustment measures undertaken by these countries,
B. Provide resources needed for a sustained assault on poverty,
C. Add an important contribution by increasing the financial resources available for investment in people,
D. Achieve a broader social development strategy;
5. Requests selling of at least $1 billion of IMF gold to pay the IMF costs of debt relief, followed by a worldwide boost to aid levels;
6. Further requests the HIPC to review:
A. IF they have provided lower levels of debt servicing in the early years,
B. Committing themselves to deeper debt relief overall so that countries can secure a permanent exit from their debt problems and implement:
1. an upper ceiling of 15% as the proportion of government revenue absorbed by debt repayments since expenditure in excess of this level is likely to represent an unacceptable diversion of resources from investment in priority social services.
2. Establishing a stronger link with poverty reduction and the international development targets,
D. Having a faster debt relief - countries should not have to wait six years to see a reduction in their burdens of debt and implement reducing the period of eligibility for multilateral debt reduction from 6 to 2 years;
4. Resolves the UN and technologically advanced nations grant financial aid to help developing and under developed countries get over their debts, by:
A. Increasing the dues on technologically advanced countries as previously defined by an amount of 2.5%,
B. Donations from Regional Organizations and the United Nations extra dues to all developing who:
1. Have a leader and government that apply to the program and have a true will to modernize,
2. Have adopted a plan for the future debt payback,
3. Have an adult literacy rate below 50%,
7. Further resolves that the UN must properly recognize developing countries that are working on ending their debt obligations with full cooperation and welcoming by:
A. Debt exemptions,
B. Granting those countries financial support for all their development efforts that they offered to their citizens,
8. Further requests that the UN should immediately:
A. Cut donations, debt services to the countries and governments slowing down or stopping the growth of their economies and people’s standards of living,
B. Impose a UN special team to value the countries and governments co-operation with the development their economies and ending debt obligations,
Delegate: Faisal Al Ibrahim
Delegation: Solomon Islands
Question of: The question of the prevention and spread of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Committee: Human Rights
Noting that throughout the continent, every single day, women and men are actively preventing and coping with HIV/AIDS, conflict, and gender-based violence and that there are particularly remarkable lessons to be learned from African women who through a series of grass-roots efforts have evolved unique approaches towards these challenges;
Bearing in Mind: Every 13 seconds someone in sub-Saharan Africa dies from AIDS—more than 17 million people already,
Deeply Concerned: that Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 70% of adults and 80% of children living with HIV and 75% of those who have died of AIDS, worldwide, since the pandemic’s onset. (Source: House Concurrent Resolution 102, 107th Congress) (do I have to state that),
Deeply Conscious: UNAIDS reports AIDS is spreading rapidly in the Caribbean, Eastern Europe, and parts of Asia,
Believing: that there are some organizations that are trying to work on AIDS such as the African members of the international development and health community who assembled in Durban South Africa and deliberated for three full days, and (USAID) but sadly there is no a big improvement,
Acknowledging: that conflict, HIV/AIDS and gender inequalities are inextricably related and therefore solutions to these problems must take in to account this complex interrelationship which requires interdisciplinary and intersectoral approaches,
Realizing that in sub-Saharan Africa, where over 23 million people are infected, HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death with more women now being infected than men,
1. Giving special consideration: to vulnerable groups such as women, children, young adults, people with disabilities, orphans, refugees and internally displaced persons, child soldiers and ex-combatants;
2.Recognizing the entire attention that the HIV\AIDS organization gives to decrease the AIDS in the world but sadly no improvement;
3. Urges HIV/AIDS organization to creates and focuses on only at two committees and they are: education and financial;
4. Requests the education committee to do the following by going to small comminutes that are poor:
A) Give the people a free a condom to each person,
B) Teach the people how it is important to have safe sex,
C) Shows how important the woman to the society,
5.Requests financial committee to give the money education committee by earning it as the following:
A) Collect donation form countries instead of paying money and not knowing where it is going,
B) Helping the governments to construct an industrial building but the workers that are infected by HIV\AIDS can be accepted to work because some don’t accept, and the money can be between the governments and the financial committee,
C) The money that comes out can go to the education committee;
6.Urges the UN and all countries to support HIV/AIDS organization and makes it the first step for solving the AIDS problem;
7. Urges: Donors increase resource levels in support of programs to address these critical problems through a process of regular consultation that facilitates strategic partnerships, community ownership and mutual accountability.
Delegation: Solomon Islands
Delegate: Khaled Al-Rubie
The question of: global commitment to combat terrorism:
Committee: First Political
Defines terrorism as "the unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons,"
Condemns the tragic events of September 11, 2001,
Deeply concerned that by the increase in acts of international terrorism, the lives and well-being of individuals worldwide as well as the peace and security of all States is endangered,
Condemns all acts of international terrorism, no matter what the motive is, wherever
and by whomever committed,
Applauding nations like the US and the UK that are supporting the worldwide campaign against international terrorism,
Alarmed by the current hostilities between Palestine and Israel,
Noting that the world did not need September 11th to tell us that terrorism is an issue that is must not be neglected,
1) Pointing out that the war on international terrorism must have more far-reaching solutions;
2) Calls upon all countries to unite on a global effort to combat international terrorism;
3) Resolves forming the UN-OAIT (United Nations Organization Against International Terrorism.) which will be based in Geneva, Switzerland and will:
a) Form a committee that would
i. Monitor safety of major international airports,
ii. Send agents to test the security of airports annually,
iii. If airports do not pass tests airports must double security,
b) Form an investigation agency that would:
i. Investigate any act of international terrorism,
ii. Find out who is supporting and harboring terrorist organizations by hiring detectives and secret agents,
iii. Investigate terrorist organizations,
c) Host an annual international anti-terrorism convention,
d) Form a committee that would:
i. Consider any person that participates in or contributes to the activities of a terrorist group or instructs anyone to carry out a terrorist activity or an activity on behalf of a terrorist group a terrorist,
ii. Capture and bringing forward terrorists in a country with the help of the government of the country,
iii. Give terrorist a fair trial,
iv. Decide fair sentences for terrorists,
4) Urges all nations to cooperate, through agreements and arrangements, to prevent terrorist acts, protect their nationals and other persons against terrorist attacks and bring to justice the ones who commit such acts.
As the ever glowing vibrant sun sets on the cerulean pure waters of the Pacific illuminating the world for the last time, saying farewell to the heavens, there is a lingering moment that tells of love, of bliss, tranquility and mostly, peace. This moment can be felt, touched and seen only in the paradise that is called the Solomon Islands.
Honorable chair, fellow delegates, from the green emerald forests of Mount Popomanaseu to the shining beaches of Guadalcanal, the Solomon Islands greet you.
Sadly, this paradise isn’t as it used to be. For this paradise is entwined with pain, the pain of knowing that the world is not in peace, and the pure waters are contaminated with poison.. poisons of debts, terrorism and pollution.
Huge debt obligations are a serious problem that is not only, murdering the present of nations, but also sending their future to capital punishment. Moreover, terrorism is yet another important issue that shall not be neglected. However, the war against international terrorism must have more far-reaching solutions, rather than be reactionary and kill innocent civilians. AIDS, on the other hand, is an increasingly threatening worldwide problem that should be at least.. realized!
We, at The Solomon Islands, hope that this session will, hopefully, advance us steps closer to the essential aim of achieving worldwide welfare, peace, and stability.