Al-Bayan Bilingual School
Model U.N. Presents

Pearl-MUN 2001

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The Pearl-MUN 2001"

Pearl-MUN emerged in 2001 in its final evolution as an event it its own right. This was the third year that BBS sponsored its own MUN. In 1999, BBS had its own Security Council, rightly called the "Tiny-MUN." In 2000, this evolved into a larger event with a Security Council and a ECOSOC. 2001 marked the logical evolution of that activity, an ECOSOC, a Security Council, and the first International Court of Justice in Kuwait.

The event featured a number of innovations. First, BBS continued its tradition of having lobbying and merging by regional organizations, even seating one session of the ECOSOC as regional organizations. Second, BBS invited FAIPS, a school totally new to Model United Nations. Third, BBS continued to slant its event towards new students to Model United Nations. Finally, BBS gave awards to delegates who best represented their countries.

Mustafa Malaki served as Security General. Mustafa oversaw the operation from start to finish and did a superb job. Truly, one can call this his event.

Mustafa is ready to start.

The International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice is a unique body. It hears cases appealed to it by two parties, often two countries. Its legal procedures cross American-British traditions of lawyers in opposition with the European one judges as investigative agents.

This particular case involved the American bombing of Iranian oil platforms during the Iran-Iraq War. It's a particularly interesting case because the two agree on almost nothing, even the most basic of facts. The US contends that the Iranians used the platforms as a means of practicing a kind of "high seas piracy." Hence, those killed on the platforms were soldiers at best, pirates at worst.

The Iranians, in contrast, consider the workers on the platforms as civilians. Their bombing then constitutes a kind of illegal action, the sort typical of the Americans: trial by military authority. They, further, question why the United States supported Iraq in the first place. By what right, they question, did the United states appoint itself "guardian of the high seas."

The larger questions remains this: What are the rights of so-called neutral parties in warfare. What is "fair" for a so-called "neutral" party. Can a strong party get away with asserting its justice on the weaker ones.

An interesting sidelight to this case: Iran and the United States both seldom would subject themselves to a case. Neither of them much trusts the judgement of the court of world opinion: Iran due to its revolutionary stance and the US because it fears its military become legal targets for world animosity. Why did both sides submit: Each was CERTAIN of winning that they put their normal fears to rest. Again, this shows how totally the two sides see this entire affair in their own light.

In the end, the United States ended up deserted its position. The controversy involved the peculiar and, to Americans, unusual procedures of declaring an agreement as to agreed upon beliefs. Iran's statement of fact, heavily weighted in its favor, became the only one read by the court. Since that statement drew the courts belief structure so heavily into the Iran's system of beliefs, the United States didn't feel it could continue the case and withdraw. The court awarded $2 billion dollars to pay for the deaths of the platform workers.

The International Court of Justice (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book), Maryem Al Hamad and Nada Abduljader presiding tried a case involved the United States and Iran.

Saad makes his case for the USA.

The court with Maryem and Nada presiding.

Saad, the US, and Nabil, Iran, consult their notes.

Faisal Shatti comments while Shaika ponders.


Statement of the ECOSOC Presient, Nouf Al Fraih:

The ECOSOC achieved many accomplishments in the 2001 Pearl- MUN hosted event. The ECOSOC debated four issues, Drug control and rehabilitation programs, measures to eliminte discrimination, racism, and xenophobia, improving the financial system of the United Nations, and crime prevention and criminal justice.

During the given time the ECOSOC debated 4 resolutions, 2 about drug control and rehabilitation programs, improving the financial system of he United Nations, and measures to eliminate discrimination, racism and xenophobia. Due to the lack of time, the resolution on crime prevention and criminal justice wasn't debated. Two of the resolutions debated passed, while the other two failed. The first resolution that passed was the submitted by Benin about eliminating discrimation, and the other one was submintted by Brazil on Drug control and rehabilitaiton Programs. Moreover, the ECOSOC presented an emergency situation which led to signing two treaties. One that was between India and Greenpeace, and the other one between Greenpeacem ASEAN, China, USA, UK and France (click here to read all the relevant documents).

Lobbying and Merging

The ECOSOC continued its tradition of lobbying and merging by regional organizations. This resulted in resolutions with a stronger basis of support.

While Latifa (UK) speaks, Saudi Arabia and Norway listen.

Shadi encourages the group with US allies.

Ahmad (Cuba), Abdullah (China), and Bader (Russia).
ponder what kind of mischief they can create.

The General Session

Cuba and Iran distinguished themselves for their individual contributions to debate. Iran received recognition as the third most distinguished country while Cuba received the award for second most effective.

A pensive Nouf prepares a stirring opening speech.

The Chair, Nouf Al Fraih and Deputy, Shadi Al Suwayeh.

Austria, Khaled Al Rubei

Austria (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting and added some comments on drugs.

Austria gets its placard high.

Benin, Talal Al Rashoud

The Republic of Benin (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) played a large role in the recent Pearl MUN event. In lobbying and merging, Benin was the main submitter of a resolution co-signed by South Africa, Rwanda, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 11 countries signed the resolution. Benin also signed several other resolutions presented by the UK and Nigeria. Later on, Benin delivered an excellent opening speech to the delegates and chair. The next day, Benin presented its resolution and it passed. Benin spoke and voted against a resolution presented by Cuba on drugs as it felt that the resolution was too harsh and not in the interest of itself and the international community. The resolution was not passed. Benin was later shocked by the acts of the People’s Republic of China and asked several questions during the emergency situation. Benin then supported and spoke for a resolution presented by Brazil on drugs and the resolution passed. Benin feels it spoke a satisfactory number of times, yet because of time restraints and the decisions of the chair Benin didn’t get to say everything it wanted to. The Republic of Benin feels it could have made additional worthwhile contributions.

Benin springs into action.

Benin defends its resolution.

Brazil, Khaled Al Humaidhi

Brazil (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting. Though introduced a the end of the session, Brazil was able to get its resolution on drugs passed.

Brazil has its own private joke.

Brazil sells its drug plan.

Canada, Haya Al Anjari

Canada (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting. It added its opinion on the world crime issue.

Canada asks its questions.

Canada review several proposals.

Republic of Cuba, Ahmad Al Kulaib
true to form constantly questioned the United States. The US, it claimed, really caused the drug problem, not the poor countries.

Cuba questions a certain "morally bankrupt country."

Cuba attacks.

Cuba is seldom at a loss for words.

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nada Al Mousa

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting.

Dr. Congo enjoys asking some questions.

Nada takes the stand.

Fiji, Saja Fakhral-Deen

The Republic of Fiji attended this meeting (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)despite the threat of another coup handing over its head.

Fiji adds a Commonwealth perspective.

The Republic of France, Mohammad Al Matrouk

The Republic of France (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting. France had some things to say about the crisis situation, which involved French citizens.

France protects: liberty, fraternity, and equality.

Greenpeace, Huda Al Mousa

Greenpeace attended this meeting as a special guest star. The Greenpeace organization found itself outraged that China could sink its ships and India deny it entry into India's borders. Did no one care about the environment?

Special appreciation goes to Huda Al Mousa, a recent BBS graduate and former ambassador of France, who came to fill this suprize role in the emergency situation.

Greenpeace protests environmental problems.

Honduras, Faisal Al Shatti

Honduras (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) attended this meeting and, along with Brazil, added a Latin American voice to the proceedings..

The Honduras responds carefully.

India, FAIPS

FAIPS represented India at this meeting. India's representatives found themselves not only at their first MUN but also in their first crisis situation as Greenpeace demanded the right to see (and protest) their on-going nuclear testing program in Bihar.

India argues the death penalty.
"The big boss always gets away."

India defends its nuclear industry.
"Do you want to hear the technical details"

The Islamic Republic of Iran, Fatma Al Ibrahim

The Islamic Republic of Iran (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting. Iran, like Cuba, constantly questioned the United States and its allies and exuded a strong presence all around.

Iran questions the USA.

Iran makes its point clear.

Italy, Yousef Dashti

Italy (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting adding another G8 presence. Italy brought personal greetings from its new businessman-prime minister, Burlesconi.

Italy has many questions.

Italy gives a European perspective.

Japan, Ahmad Abduljader

Japan (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) and South Korea jointly presented a proposal to straighten out the UN budget.

Japan worries about the UN budget.

The Republic of Mexico, Zooman Al Al Mesbah

The Republic of Mexico (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting as an ally of the the US, a clear sign how the wind has changed since the heady days of the PRI.

Mexico adds its two pesos worth.

Nigeria, Khaled Shahroor

Nigeria (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)had a particularly strong voice on the issue of slavery, which afflicts West Africa.

Nigeria gives the voice of Africa.

Nigeria listens intently.

The Kingdom of Norway, Mohammad Al Al Essay

The Kingdom of Norway (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) functioned as about the only representative of the Northern European trade league.

Norway listens to the UK's opinion.

Norway thaws the ice.

Romania, Ala'a Al Sayer

Romania (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) represented one of the few countries that emerged from the death of Communism.

Romania watches intently.

The budget crisis has ended.

Rwanda, Fahed Sultan

Rwanda (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) seconded Benin on the issues of crime and drugs. It's opening speech called attention the dangers of racism as exemplified in its own destructive Civil War.

Rwanda backs its African brothers in Benin.

The Russian Federation, Bader Al Tukhaim

The Russian Federation (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) played an important part in the Pearl MUN Event held at BBS. Knowing the major role played by Russia in the world today, that was not the same in the ECOSOC Assembly for the following reasons: (1) Countries did not recognize the part Russia plays. (2) The Chair did not recognize Russia when raising the placard. Allies of Russia went out of their country's position and yielded the floor to enemy countries Although the problems Russia faced, it is still happy with its accomplishments. I represented Russia in the best way and gave the best image of Russia. First, Russia merged a resolution with China regarding xenophobia and racism. For technical reasons, the resolution was not debated. Another accomplishment Russia achieved was the amendment it proposed with only 2-3 delegates going against it, which obviously passed. One problem Russia faced was that it prepared killing or saving speeches for ALL resolutions but was not picked on. Russia also gave out its policy statement on the emergency crisis which affected the delegates positions on which countries to aid or attack. I am happy with the goals I accomplished taking into consideration that it is my first participation in an MUN event and the problems I faced. Special thanks to Ms Joan and Mr. Dan for their great efforts they put in making this event a success and helping out all students reach their desired positions. Special thanks again go to Nouf and Shadi for organizing the event and helping us out when in need.

Russia listens intently.

Russia avoids pounding on the table.

Saudi Arabia, AAG

American Academy of Girls represented the Kingdom of Saudia Arabia.

Saudi Arabia quotes the Sharia.

Drug dealers deserve the death penalty!

The Republic of South Africa, Dana Al Essa

The Republic of South Africa (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) along with Nigeria lent the strength of their economies to the voice of Africa.

African unity: South Africa, Rwanda, and Benin

South Africa condemns racism.

The Republic of South Korea, Faisal Al Ibrahim

The Republic of South Korea (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) played a major part of the MUN pearl 2000-2001. Korea was one of the main supporters of Benin resolution to pass. Korea was staying beside her for the whole the resolution passed. Korea had made a speech that had must countries vote for it that said imagine that you are know lock for these weekend in this theater treated as a slave without being paid. What will you feel? So that is why most people voted for it. Although that the resolution that had been done by Korea had not past but Korea, Japan and India had faced most of the questions but there was no luck or some delegates had a lack of experience, but is a pleasure to be a part of the MUN. korea had restricted the other two two resolutions. tried to add more but due to the lack of time there wasn't time to add or even have an open debate. This was a very good event. everyone had enjoyed his time and we really had learned alot through that event.

South Korea discusses the UN budget.

The Republic of the Sudan, Sulaiman Al Omar

The Republic of the Sudan (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)made the expected attacks on the hegemonism of the United States.

If the Sudan is happy, the US probably isn't.

The United Kingdom, Latifa Ben Essa

The United Kingdom (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) probably raised its placard more than any country. Yet, this year, the flow of events simply didn't involve the UK as much as usual.

The UK gives its opinion.

The other side of the same question.

The United States, Abdullah Bourhamah

The United States (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) responded to all of those attacks and then some.

Naturally the US denies all of Cuba's charges.

The Emergency Situation in the ECOSOC

The Emergency Situation: Greenpeace and the Spratleys

The Emergency Situation in the ECOSOC (click here to read about the situation) involved the Greenpeace organization. While between protests in Japan about breeder reactors and India, where it planned to protest nuclear testing, a Greenpeace ship sank in the Spratleys due to missile attack.

A very tense situation indeed.

Shadi reads as the world listens.

Of course, all eyes turned on China whose claims to the Spratleys had long bordered on the military. China, of course, denied all knowledge of who launched the missile. Various European nations whose nationals died in the attack, wanted action.

Meanwhile, India fell under international scrutiny for its decision not to allow a second Grenpeace ship to land on its shores.

In the end, however, China agreed to pay an indemnity to the survivors of the attack. India reluctantly allowed Greenpeace limited access to its nuclear facilities.

The Security Council

The Security Council debated three isses and an emergency situation. The first issue, that of the missile defense, pitted the US against the rest of the Security Council and ended up in no resolution, a fair depiction of the true situation.

The SC made more progress discussing the Spratleys and Security in the Gulf. On the latter issue, it asked for testimony from both Saudi Arabia and Iran from the ECOSOC as to the meaning of their new security agreement.

The Security Council also passed a resolution on the crisis situation (below).

The USA delegate, Aziz Al Ateeqi won the award as the most effective delegate at the event. Meanwhile, Russia's delegate, from FAIPS, claimed the award as the "most charismatic" delegate for his intelligent and forceful presence in the session.

Adel, SC co-president is ready to start the session.

Mohammad, the co-President explains the rules.

Faye, head of administrative staff

Students from FAIPS, AAG, and BBS pose together.

Hamad Sultan shares a smile with the camera.

Bangladesh, Sukaina Fakhral-Deen

Bangladesh listen intently.

The People's Republic of China, Ghazi Al Sharhan

The People's Republic of China (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)attended this meeting and took a very active role in the debate particularly on the issue of the Spratleys and the nuclear defense system.

China shares a lighter moment

China reads a speech.

Colombia, FAIPS

Bangladesh listen intently.

FAIPS' Colombian delegate rises to speak.

Colombia questions.

Farwaniyeh Watiney Indian School made their first MUN appearance at Pearl-MUN 2001. Their impressive SC performance included representing three Security Council countries, Colombia, Russia, and Singapore.

Three FAIPS countries confer.

Colombia questions Singapore.

The Republic of France, Abdullah Al Asousi

The Republic of France (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) as a “neutral” country, made a great performance in the Security Council. There were three issues to be discussed: the issue of Anti-Ballistic Missile defense systems, the issue of the security of the Gulf, and the issue of the Spratley Islands (plus the emergency situation).For the ABM issue, France didn’t want them to be spread because of a possible arms race unless it would be given to the five permanent Security Council countries only, but if not then why bother because its also too expensive. In the session, France tried to pass a clause that would force just the 5 SC countries to join in making the ABM defense system, but it failed, so then France didn’t allow any clause that would allow the development of the ABM defense system. For the Gulf issue, France saw that there was a move by almost all of the SC countries to force Iran to go to the ICJ, so it was against that since it’s a direct defiance of the U.N. rules, and France succeeded. The third issue was discussed quickly due to the lack of time, so there were only two clauses that were submitted: from France and the U.S. France failed the U.S.’s clause because of the incredible lack of details. As for France’s clause, every country in the SC voted for it except for China which vetoed it because it formed a convention that would state the decision for whom the Islands will go to. That showed that China was maybe afraid and lying about the facts that the islands belonged to it. The emergency situation was very silly and was just an ordinary hijack, so France just wanted the safety of the passengers first, and to have the kidnappers brought to justice (with French judges ;)) and that’s what it got.

France listens to the speeches.

France presents its own clause.

Ireland, Yasmeen Sultan


Yasmeen Sultan represents Ireland.

Mali, Hessah Malallah

Bangladesh listen intently.

Mali reads a long introductory speech.

The Kingdom of Norway, Sarah Al Dukair

The Kingdom of Norway (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) played a key role in the Security Council MUN- 2001. The SC discussed three issues all of which had importance. Each issue was from a different field. The issues were, the prevention of the deployment and development of the Anti-Ballistic Missile, measures to increase the stability and security in the Gulf, and the issue of the Spratley Islands.

Norway was somehow active in the session. Norway gave its policy statement about the ABM issue. It also spoke on some clauses. On the second issue, Norway challenged the delegate of Iran on several issues regarding the Gulf. Then on the issue of the Spratley’s Islands Norway presented a clause, but unfortunately it failed. In the emergency situation, Norway spoke about its point of view, and challenged Ukraine but the delegate had nothing useful to say. Norway had so much that it offered in the session.

Norways melts the cameras.

Russia, FAIPS

Bangladesh listen intently.

Russia shows why it won the charisma award.

Singapore, FAIPS
Singapore listen intently.

Singapore represents ASEAN in the ECOSOC emergency situation.

Singapore in action.

Is this the face of Confucian democracy?

The Ukraine, Nada Abduljader
Bangladesh listen intently.

The Ukraine looks very confused.

The United States, Aziz Al Ateeqi

For the United States (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)
Without any of the secretary general’s, chair’s, administrative staff’s, delegates’, and the coaches’ efforts then this event would have been a total failure to be talked about throughout the Kuwaiti neighborhoods every now and then. Although we were in a battle against time in preparation for this event, we never gave up in order to reach our goal and bring up this event to life. However, without the other school’s participation the event would have been nothing. Therefore, I really thank FAIPS and AAG for their participation in this event, which was a success. Thank you.

As for my experience in the Security Council as the Ambassador of the United States, I really think that everything was under control. I exploited the situation successfully and succeeded in controlling everything. However, that made many countries mad on me because I really represented the United States of America. Stubbornness, ambition, and leadership were characteristics that I had to possess in order to succeed in presenting the United States of America. I tried my best, never gave up, and thankfully that yielded me the best performance award for the event. These are the exact characteristics an Ambassador has to possess and especially the Ambassador of the United States. Two aspects that have to kept in mind to succeed in your job as a delegate, one must abide by his policy no matter what, and must not give up at any time, always fight.

The United States speaks.

The United States is on the attack.

The two co-Presidents listen intently.

The Security Council, suport staff, and a couple
of people that just happened to be there.

Faye watches intently.

Mr. Dan considers the action.

Mustafa has a nice laugh.

The Emergency Situation
The Emergency Situation: Russian Rendezvous

The Emergency Situation in the Security Council (click here to read about the situation) involved a terrorist incident.

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